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"An extensive chapelry, in that part of the parish of Wrexham which is in the hundred of Bromfield, county of Denbigh, in the Union of Wrexham, 4 miles (W by N) from Wrexham; containing, in 1841, 628 inhabitants. The chapelry comprises the western portion of the parish, and abounds with mineral wealth. ..... It is bounded on the north by the river Alyn, which rises in this hilly district. The greater portion of the inhabitants are engaged in the mines, consisting of iron, lead and coal, the last wrought to a considerable extent."
[ A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 1833 & 1849, Samuel Lewis]

The new parish of Minera was formed by an Order in Council on 23 May 1844 (gazetted on 6 December 1844) from the townships of Minera and Esclusham Above, which until then had been in the parish of Wrexham.
In 1865, another Order in Council added to Minera that part of the township of Bersham which lay west of Offa's Dyke.
In 1879, a large part of the township of Esclusham Above was transferred from Minera to the new parish of Esclusham.



Church History

Ordnance Survey reference SJ 269519.
It is believed that there was a Chapel of Ease (to Wrexham) on the present site as early as 1577. In 1730, the district was combined with Berse, which was also a Chapel of Ease to Wrexham., an arrangement which stayed in force until Minera became a parish in its own right in 1844.
The original Chapel was probably constructed of wood. It was reconstructed between 1728 and 1733; and a gallery was added in 1815. It was demolished in 1864, and a new Church was built in 1865, preserving the shape and interior of the old building. The new Church was opened in September 1866.
Archdeacon Thomas notes that : "On the entrance step the height of the Church above sea level has been carved in the stone - 838 feet 4 inches above sea level".

The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.

A district church (or chapel of ease) to Minera was opened at Coedpoeth in 1894 (SJ 282513), dedicated to St. Tudfyl.

Nonconformist Churches "Welsh Church Commission - County of Denbigh - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905"lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civilparish of Minera :

Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Gwynfryn Wesleyans 194
Hermon, New Brighton Wesleyans 132
Penybryn, Mynglawdd Wesleyans 160
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Church Records

Parish Registers

Baptisms Marriages Burials
1786 - 1894 1845 - 1927 1847 - 1915
Baptisms Marriages Burials
1772 - 1820 None None

Bishop's Transcripts

Deposited at the National Library of Wales Microfilmed copies
1772 - 1859 None


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Civil Registration

Having been formed from townships of the ancient parish of Wrexham, the parish of Minera was assigned to the Wrexham Registration District.

In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Minera are in the format :

(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)

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Description and Travel

Minera - on wikipedia

Minera photographs - on




View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

On Clwyd FHS's site there is a diagram showing parish names/positions with links to pages for the parish church

Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.   Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county

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The Story of Minera Lead Mines - on


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