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Ruabon / Rhiwabon

"A parish in the Union of Wrexham, hundred of Bromfield, county of Denbigh; 5 miles (SW by S) from Wrexham; containing, in 1841, 11292 inhabitants. ..... The parish is situated in a picturesque part of the county, within three miles of the great Holyhead road, and is bounded on the south by the river Dee. The village ..... seems to have been indebted for its original prosperity to the noble mansion of Wynnstay, in the immediate vicinity, and to owe its present importance chiefly to the mines of ironstone and coal which abound, especially in the southern and western parts of the parish. ..... The parish comprises an important part of the Denbighshire coal tract, of which the principal seam is here nine feet thick; and its mineral wealth in coal and iron ore, particularly in the southern and western parts of it, has caused the establishment of numerous works. The whole give employment to from 1400 to 1500 men and boys. ..... Offa's Dyke and Wat's Dyke both intersect the parish, and in their courses approach within a quarter of a mile of each other, near the village, but diverge as they are traced either northward or southward, so as shortly to leave an interval of several miles."[ A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 1833 & 1849, Samuel Lewis]

The ancient parish of Ruabon comprised the townships of Belan, Bodylltyn, Cristionydd Cynrig ( or Y Dref Fawr), Coed Cristionydd, Cristionydd Fechan ( or Y Dref Fechan, or Dynhinlle Uchaf), Dinhinlle Isaf, Hafod ( or Hafod y Gallor), Moreton Anglicorum ( or Moreton Above), Moreton Wallichorum ( or Moreton Below) (where Above and Below refer to Offa's Dyke), Rhuddallt, and Tref Robert Llwyd.
On 24 May 1844, Coed Cristionydd and part of Cristionydd Cynrig went to the new parish of Rhosymedre.
On 3 September 1844, Cristionydd Fechan went to the new parish of Rhosllanerchrugog.
On 28 October 1879, Moreton Above and the remainder of Cristionydd Cynrig went to the new parish of Penycae.


Church History

See Welsh Chapels and Churches for a photograph of Ruabon St Mary's Church

Ordnance Survey reference SJ 303437.
The first church at Ruabon is believed to have been established by St. Mabon, during the sixth century. It was mentioned in the Norwich Taxation of 1254, when the dedication was to St. Collen.
The present church, which is dedicated to St. Mary, dates from the late thirteenth century. It was extensively "restored" in 1870.

The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.

St Mary's Church site

Nonconformist Churches "Welsh Church Commission - County of Denbigh - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905"lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civilparish of Ruabon :

Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Bethania Baptists 90
Presbyterian Calvinistic Methodists (English language) 120
Providence Calvinistic Methodists 170
Not named Congregationalists (English language) 154
Not named Wesleyans (English language) 130
Plas Benion Wesleyans 60
Not named Primitive Methodists (English language) 270
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Church Records

Parish Registers

Baptisms Marriages Burials
1559 - 1945 1599 - 1964 1559 - 1963
Baptisms Marriages Burials
1559 - 1853 1599 - 1843 1599 - 1847

Bishop's Transcripts

Deposited at the National Library of Wales Microfilmed copies
1663 - 1867 1663 - 1861


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Civil Registration

When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Ruabon was assigned to the No. 3 ("Ruabon") sub-district of the Wrexham Registration District; which, initially, was co-extensive with the Wrexham poor law Union.

In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Ruabon are in the format :

(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)

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Description and Travel

Welcome to Ruabon site

Ruabon - on wikipedia

Ruabon photographs - on


View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

On Clwyd FHS's site there is a diagram showing parish names/positions with links to pages for the parish church

Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.   Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county

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