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Caerwys

"Caerwys, a small market town containing, according to the returns made to Parliament, 162 houses, and 773 inhabitants. ... It having been a Roman station, and afterwards a seat of judicature: the assize, or great sessions for the county of Flint being held for several centuries at this place." [From North Wales ; Rev. J. Evans, 1812]

Caerwys is one of the "ancient parishes" of Flintshire. It comprises the townships of Tref Edwyn, Tre-dre, Bryngwyn Ucha and Bryngwyn Isa. The town of Caerwys was at one time a place of considerable importance.

Bibliography

  • Caerwys chronicle / Caerwys Civic Society. Caerwys : Caerwys Civic Society, 1987-
  • Caerwys : London: Ace Books Limited, [1979?].
  • Davies, Ellis Canon Caerwys Church Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 18 1960 Welsh Journals Online
  • Eisteddfodau Caerwys. Caerdydd : Gwasg Prifysgol Cymru, 1968.
  • Evans, R. Paul. Reverend John Lloyd of Caerwys (1733-93) Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 31 1983/4 Welsh Journals Online
  • Evidence of Mr. Henry Taylor ... given before the Municipal Corporation Commissioners, on the unreformed Flintshire corporations of Caergwrle, Caerwys, Overton, & Rhuddlan, etc. Flint : Thos. Jones, [1877.]
  • Hughes, Owen (ed). Caerwys Royal Charter celebrations Caerwys : Caerwys Royal Charter Committee, 1990
  • Jones, Kitty Idwal. Cerddi Caerwys 1968 / cyhoeddwyd ar ran Pwyllgor Gwyl Dathlu Eisteddfod Caerwys Mold : K.I. Jones, [1969]
  • Lloyd, George A pre-reformation lych gate at Caerwys Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 18 1960 Welsh Journals Online
  • Lloyd-Roberts, Tom. Caerwys to Pompeii Country Quest 32/1 (1991), p. 8-9
  • Lloyd-Roberts, Tom. Church of fighting dragons [at Caerwys] . Country Quest 33/3 (1992), p. 6-7
  • Lloyd-Roberts, Tom. The great battle of Caerwys camp Country Quest. 35 (July 1994), p. 25-27
  • Roberts, Mary. Y Fonesig Ruth Lewis, Plas Penucha, Caerwys Llafar Gwlad 33 (1991), p. 20-1
  • Scarll, Peter and Joe Phillips. Circular walk Caerwys area Proceedings of the Dyserth and district field club, (2001), p. 21-22 and (2001), p. 56-59
  • Smith, Janet. Hên Caerwys Proceedings of the Dyserth and district field club, 2009, p. 34-39
  • The roll of the Caerwys Eisteddfod of 1523 / introduction by J.H. Davies. [Liverpool : Hugh Evans + Sons, 1910.]
  • Trefnlen cyfarfodydd Eisteddfod Freiniol Gymreig Cymru, yr hon a gynhelir Awst 31ain, a Medi 1af a'r 2il, 1886, yn Nghaerwys, Swydd Gallestr Denbigh : T. Gee and Son, [1886?]

Church History

See Welsh Chapels and Churches for a photograph of Caerwys, St Michael

Ordnance Survey reference SJ 127728
The earliest recorded mention of the church dates from AD 1291.

"The church, dedicated to St. Michael, is a neat edifice, with a square embattled tower, consisting of a nave and north aisle, and appropriately accommodated to the use of the parishioners."
[From Handbook for the Vale of Clwyd , William Davis, 1856]

The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.

Nonconformist Churches

"Welsh Church Commission - County of Flint - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905" lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civil parish of Caerwys:

Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Sion - Welsh Baptist 40
Bethel Calvinistic Methodist 140
Penycefn Calvinistic Methodist 105
Not named English Presbyterian 90
Not named - Welsh Wesleyan 112

Church Records

  • The following nonconformist registers for the Caerwys area are held at the Public Record Office, Kew.
    They may be viewed on microfilm at LDS Family History Centres; and at the Flintshire Record Office, the Denbighshire Record Office and the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth.
    They have also been incorporated into the I.G.I., as part of an "official extraction" programme :
Name of Chapel Denomination Type of Record Years Covered I.G.I. Batch Number
Pen-y-cefn Calvinistic Methodist Births and Baptisms 1827 - 1835 C098291
Bethel Calvinistic Methodist Births and Baptisms 1810 - 1836 C098281
  • The following nonconformist registers for the Caerwys area are held at the Denbighshire Record Office, Ruthin.
    They have not been filmed; and they have not been incorporated into the I.G.I. :
Name of Chapel Denomination Type of Record Years Covered
Penycefn Calvinistic Methodist Baptisms 1878 - 1983

Civil Registration

When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Caerwys was assigned to the No. 1 ("Whitford") sub-district of the Holywell Registration District, which was co-extensive with the Holywell poor law Union.

In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Caerwys are found under:

  • Years 1837 - 1851: Holywell XXVII. nnn
  • Years 1852 - 1946: Holywell 11b. nnn

(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)

You can see pictures of Caerwys which are provided by:

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Caerwys has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Ask for a calculation of the distance from Caerwys to another place.

Population

  • In 1831- the population was 985.
  • In 1901- the population was 739.
    [ Royal Commission on the Welsh Church - October 1907]

Statistics

Archdeacon Thomas (1911) gives the area of the parish as 2603 acres.