"Cilcain is a very ancient village, lying beneth Moel Fammau, the highest of the Clwydian Hills. ... This village lies in the midst, and commands an extensive range, of most beautiful scenery. The cottages and farmhouses are nearly all whitewashed or coloured, and look exceedingly picturesque." [From Handy Guide to Mold and the Neighbourhood , Tweddel, 1890]
Cilcain is one of the "ancient parishes" of Flintshire. It originally comprised the seven townships of Cefn, Llan (or Tre'r Llan), Llystynhunydd (or Glust), Llys y Coed, Maes y Groes, Mechlas (or Dolfechlas), and Trellyniau. On 27 June 1848, the township of Trellyniau and part of the township of Llystynhunydd went to the new parish of Rhesycae. On 31 March 1865, the remainder of Llystynhunydd, and parts of the townships of Cefn and Mechlas went to the new parish of Rhydymwyn.
Bevan-Evans, M et al The excavation of a cairn on Cefn-Goleu near Moel Fammau Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.13 1952/3 Welsh Journals Online and Second Report Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.15 1954/5 Welsh Journals Online
Cilcain and its parish church. Chester [Eng., Printed and pub. for the Architectural, Archaeological, and Historic Society for the County and City of Chester, and North Wales] by G. R. Griffith, 1912.
Edwards, Gwyneth. Crefftwyr Cilcain Llafar Gwlad 33 (1991), p. 11-14
Gruffydd, Eirlys. Capel Gad, Cilcain Cilcain : swyddogion ac aelodau Capel Gad, 2006.
'Llythyr desgrifiadol Cilcain a'r amgylchoedd' ; gan R. Thos. Williams : am ba rai y derbyniodd yr awdwr y prif wobrau a gynygiesid gan bwyllgorau eisteddfod y lleoedd uchod, Llungwyn 1888 a Nadolig 1890; hefyd, y chwe' phenill buddugol i'r 'Foel Famau' o eiddo'r eisteddfod gyntaf. Pwllheli : Argraphwyd dros yr awdwr gan Richd. Jones, 1896.
Roberts, Dewi. A Cilcain Christmas Country Quest. December 2006, p. 24
Simpson, Frank Cilcain and its parish church: being an address to the Society given in the Town Hall, Mold, May 2nd 1912 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.2 1912 Welsh Journals Online
Smith, P and P Hayes Brithdir Mawr, Cilcain: a hall house of 1589 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 21 1964 Welsh Journals Online
In addition to the churchyard of St. Mary's parish church, there is a public cemetery, administered by the local authority. The records are understood to cover the years 1896 to date, but they are not available for public inspection.
The following nonconformist registers for the Cilcain area are held at the Public Record Office, Kew.
They may be viewed on microfilm at LDS Family History Centres; and at the Flintshire Record Office, the Denbighshire Record Office and the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth.
Pentre, but not Salem, has been incorporated into the I.G.I., as part of an "official extraction" programme :
Name of Chapel
Type of Record
I.G.I. Batch Number
Pentre, Maes y Groes
Births and Baptisms
1812 - 1836
Births and Baptisms
The following nonconformist registers for the Cilcain area are held at the Flintshire Record Office, Hawarden.
They have not been filmed; and they have not been incorporated into the I.G.I. :
When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Cilcain was assigned to the No. 4 ("Mold") sub-district of the Holywell Registration District, which was co-extensive with the Holywell poor law Union.
In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Cilcain are found under:
Years 1837 - 1851: Holywell XXVII. nnn
Years 1852 - 1946: Holywell 11b. nnn
(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)
Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348. Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county