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"Cilcain is a very ancient village, lying beneth Moel Fammau, the highest of the Clwydian Hills. ... This village lies in the midst, and commands an extensive range, of most beautiful scenery. The cottages and farmhouses are nearly all whitewashed or coloured, and look exceedingly picturesque."
[From Handy Guide to Mold and the Neighbourhood , Tweddel, 1890]

Cilcain is one of the "ancient parishes" of Flintshire. It originally comprised the seven townships of Cefn, Llan (or Tre'r Llan), Llystynhunydd (or Glust), Llys y Coed, Maes y Groes, Mechlas (or Dolfechlas), and Trellyniau.
On 27 June 1848, the township of Trellyniau and part of the township of Llystynhunydd went to the new parish of Rhesycae.
On 31 March 1865, the remainder of Llystynhunydd, and parts of the townships of Cefn and Mechlas went to the new parish of Rhydymwyn.




In addition to the churchyard of St. Mary's parish church, there is a public cemetery, administered by the local authority. The records are understood to cover the years 1896 to date, but they are not available for public inspection.
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Church History

Ordnance Survey reference SJ 177652

The first recorded mention of the church at Cilcain dates from 1291.

The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.

Nonconformist Churches "Welsh Church Commission - County of Flint - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905"lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civilparish of Cilcain:

Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Not named Calvinistic Methodist 179
Sardis Calvinistic Methodist 158
Salem, Rhydymwyn Congregational 90
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Church Records

Parish Registers

Baptisms Marriages Burials
1577 - 1875 1576 - 1970 1584 - 1875
Baptisms Marriages Burials
1577 - 1812 1583 - 1812 1576 - 1812

Bishop's Transcripts

Deposited at the National Library of Wales Microfilmed copies
1662 - 1842 1662 - 1842


Type of Record Years Covered I.G.I. Batch Number
Baptisms 1813 - 1875 C056551
Marriages None -

Nonconformist Records

Name of Chapel Denomination Type of Record Years Covered I.G.I. Batch Number
Pentre, Maes y Groes Calvinistic Methodist Births and Baptisms 1812 - 1836 C098391
Salem Independent Births and Baptisms 1818-1837 -
Name of Chapel Denomination Type of Record Years Covered
Garregboeth (later Sardis) Calvinistic Methodist Births and Baptisms 1840 - 1944
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Civil Registration

When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Cilcain was assigned to the No. 4 ("Mold") sub-district of the Holywell Registration District, which was co-extensive with the Holywell poor law Union.

In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Cilcain are found under:

(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)

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View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

On Clwyd FHS's site there is a diagram showing parish names/positions with links to pages for the parish church

Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.   Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county


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Archdeacon Thomas (1911) gives the area of the parish as 5500 acres.
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