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Flint

"Flint, the nominal county town of the Shire of that name .... is beautifully situated on the estuary of the Dee, about 5 miles E.S.E. of Holywell (opposite Parkgate) and is 203 miles distant from London. It was formerly a place of considerable importance, on account of its maritime situation and its extensive fortress." [From Gleanings of the histories of Holywell, Flint, St. Asaph and Rhuddlan, J. Poole, 1831.]

There is reason to believe that at one time Flint was a chapelry within the parish of Northop, but it has functioned as a separate parish for at least 400 years.

The townships of Leadbrook Major and Leadbrook Minor were added to the parish of Flint (from the parish of Connah's Quay) in 1872.

Bibliography

  • A short history of the Flint & Denbigh Hunt. London: Published and produced for The Flint and Denbigh Hunt by Reid-Hamilton, [1953]
  • An early Flint deed Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.11 1925 Welsh Journals Online
  • Burgess, John. Denbigh and Flint Carlisle : John Burgess, 2000.
  • Courtaulds and the Flint connection : Country Quest 29/1-2 (1988), p. 26
  • Crasters, O E The supposed outer ditch of Flint Castle Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 22 1965/6 Welsh Journals Online
  • Davies, Huw Powell Fflam y ffydd yn y Flint Cristion. Rhif 142/143 (Haf 2007), p. 14-15
  • Edwards, J Goronwy Prof. The building of Flint Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.12 1951 Welsh Journals Online
  • Eisteddfod swydd y Flint : Chester : M. Galway, pr., [1823]
  • Erasmus, T P. The Flint Boroughs by-election of January 1913 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 31 1983/4 Welsh Journals Online
  • Fawcett, William. The Flint and Denbigh Hunt London : The Hunts Association, 1936.
  • Flint Castle & environs : 1987.
  • Flint Old Parish Church : Hel achau, 40 (1993), p. 8
  • Flint excavation report [+ second report] Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.10 1924 Welsh Journals Online
  • Hannaford, H R. Flint Castle, Clwyd : Archaeology in Wales, Vol. 33 (1993), p. 30-33.
  • Hurst, J G Early eighteenth-century pottery from Flint Castle Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 22 1965/6 Welsh Journals Online
  • Jones, Arthur Petitions to King Edward I, by the Burgesses of Flint, 1295-1300 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.9 1922 Welsh Journals Online
  • Jones, Thomas Rees (Senior). Memories of Flint. Part One Hel achau. 42 (1994), p. 5
  • Jones, Thomas Rees (Senior). Memories of Flint. Part Two Hel achau, 43 (1994), p. 12-13
  • Miles, Trevor J. Flint: excavations at the castle and on the town defences 1971-1974 Archaeologia Cambrensis, Vol. 145 (1996), p. 67-151
  • Old Flint. Mold : 1980
  • O'Leary, T.J. with Kevin Blockley and Chris Musson. Pentre Farm, Flint 1976-81 : Oxford : B.A.R., 1989.
  • O'Neill, Eric. Flint beginnings and Salford endings Hel achau, No. 83 (January 2005), p. 15-18
  • Poole, J. Gleanings of the histories of Holywell, Flint, Saint Asaph, and Rhuddlan Holywell : J. Davies, 1831.
  • Renn, Derek and Richard Avent. Flint Castle, Ewloe Castle Cardiff : Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments, 1995.
  • Taylor, A J The earliest burgesses of Flint and Rhuddlan Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 27 1975/76 Welsh Journals Online
  • Taylor, A J. Scorched earth at Flint in 1294 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 30 1981/2 Welsh Journals Online
  • Taylor, A J The building of Flint: a post script Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.17 1957 Welsh Journals Online
  • Taylor, Henry Flint borough election 1697 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.11 1925 Welsh Journals Online
  • Taylor, Henry Articles for the surrender of Flint Castle to the parliamentary forces in 1646 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.6 1917 Welsh Journals Online
  • Taylor, Henry. Notes upon some early deeds relating to Chester and Flint [S.l, : s.n., 1889]
  • Taylor, Henry. A few notes upon the history of the county town of Flint Chester : Printed by G. R. Griffith, 1875.
  • Taylor, Henry. A guide to Flint Castle 2nd ed. Flint : Borough Printing Works, [1899].
  • Taylor, Henry. Historic notes of Flint Mold : Clwyd County Council Library and Information Service, 1994.
  • Taylor, Henry. Historic notices, with topographical and other gleanings descriptive of the borough and county-town of Flint; with illustrations by Miss Louise Rayner, Mr. Randolph Caldecott, and others. London : Elliot Stock, 1883.
  • The ancient market town of Flint, Flintshire. Wyn Williams (Publishers) Ltd., 1968
  • The official guide to the county of Flint. 2nd ed. London : County Associations, 1953.
  • The register of electors, entitled to vote in the choice of a member to serve in parliament for the borough of Flint, and the several contributing boroughs sharing therewith...1852. Mold : Pring & Price, pr., [1851]
  • The story of Flint Evangelical Church. Evangelical Magazine of Wales. Vol. 31, no. 3 (June/July 1992), p. 19-21
  • Thomas, I D Representation and borough opinion: Liberal parliamentary politics in the Flint district of boroughs, 1852/74 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 34 1996 Welsh Journals Online
  • Thomas, Peter D G Sir George Wynne and the Flint Borough Elections of 1727/41 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 20 1962 Welsh Journals Online
  • Tucker, Norman The final sieges of Flint Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 24 1969/70 Welsh Journals Online
  • Wilkes, D R. Flint in old photographs Chorley, Lancs. : Countryside Publications, 1986.

Cemeteries

St. Mary's churchyard was closed in 1856, by an Order in Council, and a cemetery, complete with chapel, was opened off Northop Road, a short distance to the south-west (OS ref. SJ 242728). The first burial in the cemetery was on 18 November 1856.
Until 1900, this cemetery was to all intents and purposes the "remote" churchyard of St. Mary's parish church, all burials being recorded in St. Mary's burial register.
The cemetery was extended by two acres on Friday, 13th September 1889. The Bishop of St. Asaph officiated at the consecration service, which was conducted with considerable pomp and ceremony.
At the turn of the century, maintenance of the cemetery was handed over to the local authority.
In 1941, the local authority opened a second cemetery, in London Road (OS ref. SJ 233731). Both cemeteries are still in use, and are now administered by Flintshire County Council. The opening time for each cemetery is 8.00 a.m. until sunset.
The cemetery records, from 1890 to date (Northop Road), and 1941 to date (London Road), are held at the Flintshire County offices in Flint.
Researchers who wish to see the cemetery records must make a prior appointment, by contacting :

  • Flintshire County Council,
    Housing and Community Services,
    Cemeteries Section,
    County Offices,
    Flint,
    Flintshire.
    CH6 5BD.

    Tel: 01352 703360
    Fax: 01352 703373

Church History

Ordnance Survey reference SJ 243730.
The earliest recorded reference to St. Mary's Church dates from the thirteenth century. The original church was on the plan of a parallelogram. It had a north aisle, a porch, and a small wooden steeple at its west end. By 1846, the condition of the church had deteriorated so badly that it was considered to be unsafe. Permission was granted to worship in the Town Hall. The church was completely demolished and a new building, designed by the architect Ambrose Poynter, was erected on the same site. At the time, a number of old coffin lids and inscribed slabs were discovered in the foundations. The new church was consecrated on 5th December 1848. It consists of a nave, with north and south aisles, a short chancel, and a north-west clock tower with an octagonal spire.
In 1992, the local authority initiated a programme of pedestrianisation in the area around the church. During this work, some 60 memorials, mainly of the flat slab type, were discovered, many with most interesting inscriptions.

The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.

There are also two district churches - St. David, Oakenholt, which was opened in 1872; and St. Thomas, Flint Mountain, which was opened in 1875.

Nonconformist Churches

"Welsh Church Commission - County of Flint - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905" lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civil parish of Flint :

Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Tabernacle Baptist 60
Sion - Welsh Congregational 100
Not named - English Congregational 70
Caersalem Calvinistic Methodist 200
Bethania, Pentre Calvinistic Methodist 140
Cae Coch, Pentre Calvinistic Methodist Not stated
Bryn Calvinistic Methodist Not stated
Not named English Presbyterian 260
Not named English Wesleyan 110
Peniel, Flint Wesleyan 250
Bethel, Flint Mountain Wesleyan 150

Church Records

  • The following nonconformist registers for the Flint area are held at the Public Record Office, Kew.
    They may be viewed on microfilm at LDS Family History Centres; and at the Flintshire Record Office and the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth.
    They have also been incorporated into the I.G.I., as part of an "official extraction" programme :
Name of Chapel Denomination Type of Record Years Covered I.G.I. Batch Number
Bethesda (Flint Mountain) Calvinistic Methodist Births and Baptisms 1833 - 1836 C098331
Caersalem Calvinistic Methodist Births and Baptisms 1826 - 1837 C098321
  • The following nonconformist registers for the Flint area are held at the Flintshire Record Office, Hawarden.
    They have not been filmed; and they have not been incorporated into the I.G.I. :
Name of Chapel Denomination Type of Record Years Covered
St. John's Congregational Baptisms, Marriages and Burials 1929 - 1975 (photocopies)

Civil Registration

When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Flint was assigned to the No. 3 ("Flint") sub-district of the Holywell Registration District, which was co-extensive with the Holywell poor law Union.

In the GRO indexes, entries for Flint are found under:

  • Years 1837 - 1851: Holywell XXVII. nnn
  • Years 1852 - 1946: Holywell 11b. nnn

(GRO index references have no relevance in local register offices)

You can see pictures of Flint which are provided by:

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Flint has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Ask for a calculation of the distance from Flint to another place.

Population

  • In 1831- the population was 2216.
  • In 1901- the population was 4630.
    [ Royal Commission on the Welsh Church - October 1907]