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"Flint, the nominal county town of the Shire of that name .... is beautifully situated on the estuary of the Dee, about 5 miles E.S.E. of Holywell (opposite Parkgate) and is 203 miles distant from London. It was formerly a place of considerable importance, on account of its maritime situation and its extensive fortress."
[From Gleanings of the histories of Holywell, Flint, St. Asaph and Rhuddlan, J. Poole, 1831.]

There is reason to believe that at one time Flint was a chapelry within the parish of Northop, but it has functioned as a separate parish for at least 400 years.

The townships of Leadbrook Major and Leadbrook Minor were added to the parish of Flint (from the parish of Connah's Quay) in 1872.


  • A short history of the Flint & Denbigh Hunt.          London: Published and produced for The Flint and Denbigh Hunt by Reid-Hamilton, [1953]
  • An early Flint deed          Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.11  1925    Welsh Journals Online
  • Burgess, John.      Denbigh and Flint         Carlisle : John Burgess, 2000.
  • Courtaulds and the Flint connection :       Country Quest 29/1-2 (1988), p. 26
  • Crasters, O E     The supposed outer ditch of Flint Castle             Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 22 1965/6     Welsh Journals Online    
  • Davies, Huw Powell            Fflam y ffydd yn y Flint          Cristion. Rhif 142/143 (Haf 2007), p. 14-15
  • Edwards, J Goronwy Prof.               The building of Flint            Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.12  1951    Welsh Journals Online
  • Eisteddfod swydd y Flint :          Chester : M. Galway, pr., [1823]
  • Erasmus, T P.    The Flint Boroughs by-election of January 1913      Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 31  1983/4     Welsh Journals Online  
  • Fawcett, William.     The Flint and Denbigh Hunt         London : The Hunts Association, 1936.
  • Flint Castle & environs :        1987.
  • Flint Old Parish Church :       Hel achau, 40 (1993), p. 8
  • Flint excavation report  [+ second report]          Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.10  1924   Welsh Journals Online
  • Hannaford, H R.   Flint Castle, Clwyd :         Archaeology in Wales, Vol. 33 (1993), p. 30-33.
  • Hurst, J G            Early eighteenth-century pottery from Flint Castle            Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 22 1965/6     Welsh Journals Online    
  • Jones, Arthur                Petitions to King Edward I, by the Burgesses of Flint, 1295-1300      Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.9  1922   Welsh Journals Online
  • Jones, Thomas Rees  (Senior).      Memories of Flint.     Part One       Hel achau. 42 (1994), p. 5
  • Jones, Thomas Rees  (Senior).      Memories of Flint.     Part Two       Hel achau, 43 (1994), p. 12-13
  • Miles,  Trevor J.     Flint: excavations at the castle and on the town defences 1971-1974        Archaeologia Cambrensis, Vol. 145 (1996), p. 67-151
  • Old Flint.          Mold : 1980
  • O'Leary, T.J.  with Kevin Blockley and Chris Musson.          Pentre Farm, Flint 1976-81 :          Oxford : B.A.R., 1989.
  • O'Neill, Eric.     Flint beginnings and Salford endings        Hel achau, No. 83 (January 2005), p. 15-18
  • Poole, J.      Gleanings of the histories of Holywell, Flint, Saint Asaph, and Rhuddlan         Holywell : J. Davies, 1831.
  • Renn, Derek  and Richard Avent.             Flint Castle, Ewloe Castle          Cardiff : Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments, 1995.
  • Taylor, A J       The earliest burgesses of Flint and Rhuddlan            Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 27  1975/76   Welsh Journals Online
  • Taylor, A J.      Scorched earth at Flint in 1294        Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 30  1981/2      Welsh Journals Online  
  • Taylor, A J         The building of Flint: a post script          Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.17  1957     Welsh Journals Online
  • Taylor, Henry      Flint borough election 1697           Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.11  1925    Welsh Journals Online
  • Taylor, Henry        Articles for the surrender of Flint Castle to the parliamentary forces in 1646       Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.6  1917   Welsh Journals Online
  • Taylor, Henry.           Notes upon some early deeds relating to Chester and Flint          [S.l, : s.n., 1889]
  • Taylor, Henry.       A few notes upon the history of the county town of Flint         Chester : Printed by G. R. Griffith, 1875.
  • Taylor, Henry.       A guide to Flint Castle    2nd ed.         Flint : Borough Printing Works, [1899].  
  • Taylor, Henry.       Historic notes of Flint     Mold : Clwyd County Council Library and Information Service, 1994.
  • Taylor, Henry.       Historic notices, with topographical and other gleanings descriptive of the borough and county-town of Flint; with illustrations by Miss Louise Rayner, Mr. Randolph Caldecott, and others.         London : Elliot Stock, 1883.
  • The ancient market town of Flint, Flintshire.         Wyn Williams (Publishers) Ltd., 1968
  • The official guide to the county of Flint.         2nd ed.  London : County Associations, 1953.
  • The register of electors, entitled to vote in the choice of a member to serve in parliament for the borough of Flint, and the several contributing boroughs sharing therewith...1852.          Mold : Pring & Price, pr., [1851]
  • The story of Flint Evangelical Church.       Evangelical Magazine of Wales. Vol. 31, no. 3 (June/July 1992), p. 19-21
  • Thomas, I D          Representation and borough opinion: Liberal parliamentary politics in the Flint district of boroughs, 1852/74      Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 34  1996   Welsh Journals Online   
  • Thomas, Peter D G      Sir George Wynne and the Flint Borough Elections of 1727/41          Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 20 1962     Welsh Journals Online
  • Tucker, Norman             The final sieges of Flint        Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 24 1969/70      Welsh Journals Online
  • Wilkes, D R.     Flint in old photographs       Chorley, Lancs. : Countryside Publications, 1986.


St. Mary's churchyard was closed in 1856, by an Order in Council, and a cemetery, complete with chapel, was opened off Northop Road, a short distance to the south-west (OS ref. SJ 242728). The first burial in the cemetery was on 18 November 1856.
Until 1900, this cemetery was to all intents and purposes the "remote" churchyard of St. Mary's parish church, all burials being recorded in St. Mary's burial register.
The cemetery was extended by two acres on Friday, 13th September 1889. The Bishop of St. Asaph officiated at the consecration service, which was conducted with considerable pomp and ceremony.
At the turn of the century, maintenance of the cemetery was handed over to the local authority.
In 1941, the local authority opened a second cemetery, in London Road (OS ref. SJ 233731). Both cemeteries are still in use, and are now administered by Flintshire County Council. The opening time for each cemetery is 8.00 a.m. until sunset.
The cemetery records, from 1890 to date (Northop Road), and 1941 to date (London Road), are held at the Flintshire County offices in Flint.
Researchers who wish to see the cemetery records must make a prior appointment, by contacting :

  • Flintshire County Council,
    Housing and Community Services,
    Cemeteries Section,
    County Offices,
    CH6 5BD.

    Tel: 01352 703360
    Fax: 01352 703373


You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Flint area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

Ordnance Survey reference SJ 243730.
The earliest recorded reference to St. Mary's Church dates from the thirteenth century. The original church was on the plan of a parallelogram. It had a north aisle, a porch, and a small wooden steeple at its west end. By 1846, the condition of the church had deteriorated so badly that it was considered to be unsafe. Permission was granted to worship in the Town Hall. The church was completely demolished and a new building, designed by the architect Ambrose Poynter, was erected on the same site. At the time, a number of old coffin lids and inscribed slabs were discovered in the foundations. The new church was consecrated on 5th December 1848. It consists of a nave, with north and south aisles, a short chancel, and a north-west clock tower with an octagonal spire.
In 1992, the local authority initiated a programme of pedestrianisation in the area around the church. During this work, some 60 memorials, mainly of the flat slab type, were discovered, many with most interesting inscriptions.

The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.

There are also two district churches - St. David, Oakenholt, which was opened in 1872; and St. Thomas, Flint Mountain, which was opened in 1875.

Nonconformist Churches "Welsh Church Commission - County of Flint - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905"lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civilparish of Flint :

Name of ChapelDenominationNumber of "adherents"
Sion - WelshCongregational100
Not named - EnglishCongregational70
CaersalemCalvinistic Methodist200
Bethania, PentreCalvinistic Methodist140
Cae Coch, PentreCalvinistic MethodistNot stated
BrynCalvinistic MethodistNot stated
Not namedEnglish Presbyterian260
Not namedEnglish Wesleyan110
Peniel, FlintWesleyan250
Bethel, Flint MountainWesleyan150

Church Records

  • The following nonconformist registers for the Flint area are held at the Public Record Office, Kew.
    They may be viewed on microfilm at LDS Family History Centres; and at the Flintshire Record Office and the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth.
    They have also been incorporated into the I.G.I., as part of an "official extraction" programme :
Name of ChapelDenominationType of RecordYears CoveredI.G.I. Batch Number
Bethesda (Flint Mountain)Calvinistic MethodistBirths and Baptisms1833 - 1836C098331
CaersalemCalvinistic MethodistBirths and Baptisms1826 - 1837C098321
  • The following nonconformist registers for the Flint area are held at the Flintshire Record Office, Hawarden.
    They have not been filmed; and they have not been incorporated into the I.G.I. :
Name of ChapelDenominationType of RecordYears Covered
St. John'sCongregationalBaptisms, Marriages and Burials1929 - 1975 (photocopies)

Civil Registration

When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Flint was assigned to the No. 3 ("Flint") sub-district of the Holywell Registration District, which was co-extensive with the Holywell poor law Union.

In the GRO indexes, entries for Flint are found under:

  • Years 1837 - 1851: Holywell XXVII. nnn
  • Years 1852 - 1946: Holywell 11b. nnn

(GRO index references have no relevance in local register offices)

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Flint which are provided by:

Flint Castle - on castle wales

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Flint has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.


View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

On Clwyd FHS's site there is a diagram showing parish names/positions with links to pages for the parish church

Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.   Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SJ244729 (Lat/Lon: 53.247700, -3.134474), Flint which are provided by:


  • In 1831- the population was 2216.
  • In 1901- the population was 4630.
    [ Royal Commission on the Welsh Church - October 1907]