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Hawarden / Penarl‚g

"Hawarden (pronounced Harden), a small town, consisting of little more than one street, half-a-mile in length, pleasantly situated on an eminence. It is of great antiquity, and the remains of fortified posts around it serve to remind that it has been the scene of conflict, and bravely defended against hostile attack. Its early British name was "Pen-y-Llwch" .... i.e. the head of the swamp or lake; which accords with the tradition that the adjacent low land was formerly under water. In the record of the Norman survey, the name is written "Haordin"."
[From Black's Picturesque Guide to North Wales ,1879]

Hawarden is one of the "ancient parishes" of Flintshire. It originally comprised the sixteen townships of Aston, Bannel, Bretton, Broughton, Ewloe Town, Ewloe Wood, Hawarden, Mancot, Manor, Moor, Pentrobin, Rake, Saltney, Sealand and Shotton.
On 12 December 1874, the new parish of Buckley was created, from the township of Ewloe Wood and parts of the townships of Ewloe Town and Pentrobin.
On 30 May 1921, the new parish of Shotton was created, from parts of the townships of Shotton, Aston, Sealand and Saltney.

The parish of Hawarden was traditionally a "peculiar" i.e. the rector was exempt from the jurisdiction of any bishop - he held his own ecclesiastical courts, proved wills, and granted marriage licences. Confirmations were performed by invited bishops. Peculiars were abolished in 1849, and on the 30th of July 1849 the peculiar of Hawarden was attached to the diocese of St. Asaph. However, the Rector of Hawarden continued to prove wills until 1858, and he is still permitted to grant marriage licences to this day.

 

Bibliography

Cemeteries

In addition to the churchyard of the parish church of St. Deiniol (now closed to further burials) there are two public cemeteries in Cross Tree Lane.
No. 1 Cemetery (OS ref. SJ 316661) was opened in 1912, and No. 2 Cemetery (OS ref. SJ 317661) was opened in 1965.
Both cemeteries are still in use, and are administered by Flintshire County Council. The opening time for each cemetery is 8.00 a.m. until sunset. There is a full time Sexton in attendance.
The cemetery records, from 1912 to date, are held at the Flintshire County offices in Flint.
Researchers who wish to see the cemetery records mustmake a prior appointment, by contacting :
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Church History

See Welsh Chapels and Churches for a photograph of Hawarden, St Deiniols Church

Ordnance Survey reference SJ 315659
The church, which is dedicated to St. Deiniol, has a history of at least 1000 years - the list of known Rectors dates back to 1180.
Considerable damage was caused by a fire, started deliberately, on the night of the 29th of October 1857. Fortunately, however :

"The Church Registers which were in a safe under the gallery when the fire took place were rescued by a young parishioner named Richard Hammond, who entered the burning building by breaking through a window."
[From "The Parish of Hawarden", W. Bell Jones, 1945 (unpublished)]
After rebuilding, the church was re-opened on the 14th of July 1859.

The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.

St Deiniol's Church - on wikipedia

The modern parish of Hawarden is administered as a "Rectorial Benefice", consisting of the parish church of Hawarden and the five district churches :

Because of increasing industrialisation, and the consequent rise in population, two former districts of Hawarden parish (Buckley and Shotton) eventually became parishes in their own right.

Researchers should note that parishioners have always had the option to be baptised, married or buried in any church of the parish of Hawarden, subject to the consent of the incumbent.
A thorough search of all the registers is therefore advisable!

Nonconformist Churches "Welsh Church Commission - County of Flint - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905"lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civilparish of Hawarden :

Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Ewloe Green English Presbyterian 200
Mancott English Presbyterian 100
Hawarden Methodist New Connexion 230
Penymynydd Methodist New Connexion 275
Broughton Primitive Methodist 60
Ewloe Primitive Methodist 220
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Church Records

Parish Registers

Baptisms Marriages Burials
1586 - 1960 1586 - 1994 1586 - 1969
Baptisms Marriages Burials
1586 - 1840 1586 - 1830 1586 - 1830

Bishop's Transcripts

Deposited in the Flintshire Record Office, Hawarden Microfilmed copies
1755 - 1872 None

I.G.I.

Type of Record Years Covered I.G.I. Batch Number
Baptisms 1771 - 187? C098661
Marriages None -

Nonconformist Records

Name of Chapel Denomination Type of Record Years Covered Held at
Not named, Ewloe Green Calvinistic Methodist Marriages 1960 - 1991 NLW
"Circuit" Methodist Baptisms 1902 - 1989 FRO
Not named, Broughton Primitive Methodist / Methodist Baptisms 1902 - 1989 FRO
Not named, Ewloe Primitive Methodist / Methodist Baptisms 1902 - 1989 FRO
Not named, Hawarden Methodist New Connexion / Methodist Marriages 1927 - 1986 FRO
Zion, Queensferry Methodist Baptisms 1949 - 1984 FRO
Queensferry ("Circuit") Methodist Baptisms 1911 - 1960 FRO
Not named, Sandycroft English Presbyterian Marriages 1965 - 1969
1971 - 1983
NLW
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Civil Registration

When Civil Registration was introduced in July 1837, the parish of Hawarden was assigned to the No. 4 ("Hawarden") sub-district of the Great Boughton Registration District (Cheshire).

In 1853, the poor law Union of Hawarden was created, and the parish of Hawarden became part of that Union - but for purposes of civil registration, it remained in the Hawarden sub-district of Great Boughton registration district.

On the 1st January 1870, the Great Boughton registration district was re-structured, and re-named as "Chester".

On 1 January 1903, the sub-district of Hawarden was upgraded to a Registration District in its own right.

In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Hawarden are found under:

(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)

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Description and Travel

Hawarden - on wikipedia

Hawarden Castle - on castle wales

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

On Clwyd FHS's site there is a diagram showing parish names/positions with links to pages for the parish church

Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.   Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county

Population

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Statistics

The "ancient" parish of Hawarden was approximately 17,300 acres in extent.
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