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"CARDIFF, called by the Welsh CAERDYDD, a seaport, borough, and market town, having separate jurisdiction, locally in the hundred of Kibbor, county of GLAMORGAN (of which it is the shire town), SOUTH WALES, 158 miles (W.) from London, containing 6187 inhabitants.................................." A Topographical Dictionary of Wales by Samuel Lewis 1833 (see below)

Archives and Libraries

  • Glamorgan Record Office - A special feature "Cardiff: the building of a capital"
  • National Museum and Gallery
  • Cardiff Central Library
    Central Library, John St, Cardiff, CF10 5BA              Tel 029 2038 2116
  • Bishop's Library
    The Ollivant Room,
    St. Michael's College,
    Cardiff, CF5 2YJ
    Tel: 01222 563379 (or +44 122 563379)
    By appointment only


Here is a substantial reading list of books which relate to Glamorgan, either county or parish.

References to the town of Cardiff at

Business and Commerce Records

References to Business & Commerce at Cardiff and their location.

The Glamorgan Family History Society have produced a set of microfiche containing Monumental Inscriptions for the following burial grounds :-

  • St. John the Baptist
  • Adamsdown Cemetery
  • Tabernacle Welsh Baptist Church


The Glamorgan Family History Society have produced a set of microfiche containing an enumerated transcription and a personal name index. These are available for the years :

  • 1841 - (whole of Cardiff Registration District, includes Llantrisant and Caerphilly)
  • 1851 - HO107/2455


A Chronology of Cardiff has been provided by Bob Sanders Part 1 - Pre 1700
Part 2 - 1700 - 1849
Part 3 - 1850 onwards


You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Cardiff area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

City United Reformed Church on Windsor Place

Chapels Database  - a  list of all known non-conformist chapels or other non-Anglican religions in the parishes of Roath, St Mary, St John and Llandaff

Church Records

For full and up-to-date details of their holdings see the sites of Glamorgan Record Office and/or West Glamorgan Archives

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on  FreeReg for ;

  • St John's
  • St Mary's
  • Ancient Parishes (formed prior to 1832):
  • Modern Parishes & Chapels of Ease (formed after 1832)
    • St. Andrew/Dewi Sant - Parish formed in 1884 from Cardiff St. John. Re-dedicated in 1956 to Eglwys Dewi Sant
    • St. Iltyd - Daughter Church to Cardiff St. Andrew
    • St. Teilo - parish church of St. Andrew and St. Teilo since 1956 but  reunited with it's parent St. John Baptist Cardiff in 2001/2 to form the Rectorial benefice of Central Cardiff
    • St. James the Great, Cardiff
    • All Saints - Parish formed in 1867 from Cardiff St. Mary
    • St. Stephen - Parish formed in 1877 from Cardiff St. Mary
    • St. Dyfrig - Parish formed in 1895 from Cardiff St. Mary
    • St. Samson - Parish formed in 1924 from Cardiff St. Mary and Cardiff St. Paul
  • Registers.copies for a number of religious denominations have been deposited at the National library, Public Record Office, Glamorgan Record Office & West Glamorgan Archive Service.
  • The following Religious Institutions are covered in the Mormon International Genealogical Index (IGI) :-
    • Cardiff, St. John - Christenings (BT's) - 1813-1875
    • Cardiff, St. Mary - Christenings (BT's) - 1813-1877
    • Cardiff, Bethany Chapel, St. Mary Street, Baptist - Births (BT's) - 1804-1837
    • Cardiff, St. John Wesleyan - Christenings (BT's), 1818-1837
    • Cardiff, St. John Ebenezer Independent - Christenings, 1817-1837
    • Cardiff, St. John Ebenezer Wesleyan - Christenings, 1799-1837

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Cardiff which are provided by:

Places, villages, farms etc within the Cardiff  parishes  as shown on the online parish map from the CD of   Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

  • Cardiff St Mary (139); Bute East Dock; Butetown; Castle; Newtown
  • Cardiff St John (140); Cathays; Cathays Park; Cemy.; Gaol; Newtown; Priory
  • Cardiff St Mary- Flat Holm  (10) Hosp; Lighthouse Point; Signal Sta.

Description of the borough and market town of Cardiff from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis. Also from "Glamorganshire" 1911

Cardiff Castle on the Castle Wales site

Real Cardiff - Peter Finch's  site

The Cardiffians site - A Photographic and Historical archives of Cardiff

Fletcher, J. Kyrle.  Cardiff. Notes: picturesque and biographical. [Cardiff : Western Mail Limited. 1917] - the complete book is accessible on the Internet Archive site - click on Texts and search on Cardiff

Lee, Brian. Cardiff Remembered. Chalford, 1997 - " ............ contains the reminiscences or recollections of a number of Cardiffians, some of whom have been a long time gone......"

Williams, Stewart. Cardiff Yesterday. This is a cumulative index, compiled by Sue Mackay of all 36 volumes of the 'Cardiff Yesterday' series, published between 1980 and 2000. Each volume contains just over 200 photographs of Cardiff places and people, making some 7,500 photographs in all. The photographs themselves are not available online.


Transcript of name listing for Cardiff, from Commercial and Trade Directories, for the years:-

1822-1823 (Pigot's Directory) (16k)   1858-1859 (Slater's Directory) (105k)
1880 (Slater's Directory) (302k)      

Emigration and Immigration

  • Cardiff, Italian consulate
    1896-1939: records
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff - Reference: Acc 1997/58]


A list of some published sources of Genealogy and History for Cardiff and Glamorgan, has been provided by Bob Sanders

Cardiff and the Vale--Will Transcripts. Based on the David Jones of Wallington Collection at Cardiff Central Library. David Jones was an antiquarian of the 19th century who collected a huge amount of material on Glamorgan (and some other areas). Much of this collection is at Cardiff Library, with some at the National Library, Aberystwyth. He transcribed the salient genealogical information from many Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan wills from Llandaff Probate Registry and Prerogative Court of Canterbury from 16th to early 19th centuries and various MIs and PRs too, as well as miscellaneous other things that took his fancy. Bob Sanders has collected quite a lot of the genealogical data from the transcripts of Cardiff & Vale Wills. It is just the index to the database that is online.

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Cardiff has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Some of the hamlets, towns and villages within this parish


John Hobson Matthews' "Cardiff Records" -  volumes 1-5 are online at British History Online

The Cardiff Friars - from Cardiff Records, Volume II, Chapter I  NOTES ON THE MANORS OF THE CARDIFF DISTRICT . (British History Online)

The Manor of Kibbor and Cardiff - from Cardiff Records, Volume II, Chapter I  NOTES ON THE MANORS OF THE CARDIFF DISTRICT . (British History Online)

Description, with images, of Cardiff Castle at www.castlewales.com by Jeff Thomas

A brief history of the Development of the Port of Cardiff has been provided by Bob Sanders

Jewish Records

  • Association of Jewish Ex-Servicemen: Cardiff
    1937-40: correspondents
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]

Land and Property

Cardiff, the building of a capital. A searchable section of the main Glamorgan Records Office site which holds a series of 40 000 building regulation plans. The collection includes schools, cinemas, sports stadia, hotels, public houses, coffee bars, air raid shelters, shops, workhouses, hospitals, offices, factories, churches, mosques, synagogues and houses. The plans can be used for the study of many different subjects.

  • Brief Histories of the Estates of the Gentry in and around Cardiff, provided by Bob Sanders
  • Crichton-Stuart family, Marquesses of Bute: Glamorgan estate
    • 15th cent-20th cent: deeds, manorial and estate records
      [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: Bute]
    • 1588-20th cent: deeds 17th-19th century, estate 1588-1917, family 1764-1918, legal 18th-20th century [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff - Reference: D/DA]
    • 1748-19th century: deeds 1748-19th century, rentals etc., 1824,1847,1855, Cardiff Docks acts, plans, legal papers 19th century, papers relating to lease of Senghennydd common to Dowlais iron company estate correspondents 19th century
      [Durham County Record Office, County Hall, Durham DH1 5UL - Reference: D/CG6/1834-56]


This diagram shows the position of this parish within the county of Glamorgan - click on this to see a full size diagram of the county

Glamorgan Parish Map

Cardifff in 1910 on the Baedeker Old Guide Books site

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference ST183766 (Lat/Lon: 51.482383, -3.177981), Cardiff which are provided by:

Merchant Marine

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Cardiff Crew Agreements and Official Logbooks  1863-1913  
    "From 1835 onwards under the Merchant Shipping Act, 1835, masters of any ships belonging to United Kingdom subjects undertaking a foreign voyage, and masters of any British registered ships of 80 tons or more employed in the coastal trade or fisheries were required to enter into an agreement with every member of the crew. The document had to be kept on board by the master, completed by him and handed to the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen at the end of the voyage"  
  • Cardiff Docks collection  1888-[c. 1970]      "Great Western Railway dry dock stemming diary, 1924-1965; dock register and log, 1948-1967; dockman's notebook, 1939-1952; specification for steel swing bridge, 1903; dock plans, 1888-1970; photographs of floods in Canton, Cardiff, 1961; Church Monthly magazine, 1903."
  • Cardiff Pilotage Authority; Steam Pilot Boat Co; Bristol Channel Pilot Association records    1807-1968
  • Cardiff Pilotage records    "Pilots' reports inwards, 1870-1871"  
  • Cardiff Shipping Registers  1824-1994

Master Mariners in Cardiff Crew Agreements, has been provided by Bob Sanders

Crew and passengers on ships Crews & passengers of Cardiff ships in port on the 1881 census, also includes many other Welsh and English ports. By Bob Sanders

Cardiff Shipping Companies by Bob Sanders. Also P & A Campbell at War

Cardiff area shipping lost by enemy action during the first & second World Wars. By Bob Sanders

Ships wrecked in the Cardiff - Barry area of the Bristol Channel. By Bob Sanders

The loss of the Castleton, a Cardiff ship, in 1886. A report by Steve Brew of Sydney.

Maritime History. Although not particularly Glamorgan related here are a large number of links to websites dealing with maritime history. By Bob Sanders

Military History

The Welsh National Memorial  - on the People's Collection Wales the  Jewels site

Names, Personal

  • Hopkins family of Bromyard, Herefordshire and Cardiff
    18thcent-19th cent: deeds and papers
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Hosgood family of Cardiff and Neath
    19th cent-20th cent: papers
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]


  • Cardiff & Merthyr Guardian Newspaper & Printing Co, newspaper publishers
    1865-70: minute book
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • South Wales Echo, newspaper
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Western Mail, newspaper
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Copies of Western Mail and South Wales Echo may be seen at Cardiff Central Library

Officials and Employees

  • South Wales Warehouses Ltd, warehouse keepers
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]

Politics and Government

  • Cardiff Central Conservative Association
    • 1925-39: minutes
      [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: Minor lists 1987 p14]
    • 1945-47: papers rel to 1945 election expenses
      [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: Minor lists 1988 p2]
  • Cardiff City Labour Party
    • 1958-64: minutes
      [University of Swansea Library - Reference: SWCC]
    • 1964-68: records
      [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: NLW Facs 588]
  • Cardiff East Conservative Association
    1945-48: minutes
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: Minor lists 1987 p14]
  • Cardiff Junior Liberal Association
    1886-95: records
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Cardiff North Conservative Association
    1947-75: minutes etc
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: Minor lists 1987 p13, 1988 p3, 1989 p10]
  • Cardiff North West Conservative Association
    1972-83: minutes
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: Minor lists 1987 p13]
  • Cardiff South Conservative Association
    1918-47: minutes
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: Minor lists 1987 p14]
  • Cardiff South East Conservative Association
    1946-77: minutes
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: Minor lists 1987 p14, 1988 p2]
  • Cardiff South East Labour Party
    1961-68: records
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: NLW Facs 588]
  • Cardiff West Conservative Association
    1948-84: minutes
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: Minor lists 1987 p14, 1988 p3]
  • City of Cardiff Conservative Association
    1978-83: minutes
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: Minor lists 1988 p3]
  • National and Local Government Officers Association: South Glamorgan County Council branch
    1973-90: minutes
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Plaid Cymru: Cardiff area
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records]

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

Cardiff Union Workhouse - on Peter Higginbotham's site

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Cardiff Poor Law Union records  1830-1930       "Including .... Board of Guardians minutes, including several series of Committee Minutes, 1836-1930; Register of Officers, 1902-1957; weekly returns of number of paupers, 1914-1930; letter books (including appointments and applications letter books), 1868-1930; printed abstracts of accounts and lists of paupers, 1853-1912; printed abstracts of accounts, 1887-1926; year books, 1893-1930; miscellaneous papers, 1845-1925; Children's Homes, foster mothers' journals, 1930; Vaccination Committee minutes, 1890-1930; Rating Assessment Committee minutes, 1862-1927; rate books for Cogan, Llandough and Penarth parishes, 1880-1902; Rural Sanitary Authority minutes, 1872-1894, including ledgers, 1873-1894; letter books, 1872-1894; printed abstracts of accounts, 1878-1894; printed annual reports of Medical Officer of Health, 1875-1893; reports of Inspectors of Nuisances, 1873-1894; miscellaneous papers, 1872-1894; and School Attendance Committee minutes, 1877-1903."

Postal and Shipping Guides

  • Cardiff shipping registers
    1824-1932: registers
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Chine Shipping Company Limited
    1934-69: agreements, ledgers, cash books, journals, salaries books, voyage records, correspondents etc
    [National Maritime Museum, Manuscripts Section, Greenwich, London SE10 9NF - Reference: CNE]

Public Records

  • Cardiff Turnpike Trust
    1764-1845: records
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Cardiff Borough Petty Sessions records  1846-1989  
  • Cardiff Borough Police Force records   1841-1969
  • Cardiff Borough records  1340-1974  
  • Cardiff Borough, Building Regulation plans  1857-1978
  • Cardiff Burial Board records  1859-1951
  • Cardiff Coroner's records      "Registers of deaths, 1954-1972; records of inquests, 1951-1972"
  • Cardiff Corporation Waterworks, records 1859-1888
  • Cardiff Incorporated Chamber of Commerce records  [c. 1860]-1970
  • Cardiff Local Board of Health   1850-1879               Including      ".............register of hackney carriages and drivers, 1860-1866..........."
  • Cardiff Royal Infirmary records    1822-1988      " ..... including minute books, 1822-1944; annual reports, 1837-1970; nursing records, 1904-1964; photographs, c1890-1969; miscellaneous records, 1898-1988; records relating to the Cardiff City Mental Hospital including annual reports, 1944-1947; newspaper cuttings, 1914-1951"
  • Cardiff Rural District Council records   1862-1974
  • Early Cardiff Transport     "Early agreements connected with transport, 1865-1928; The South Wales Property, Machinery and Carriage Co. Ltd., Andrews' Carriage and Tramways Co. Ltd, 1891-1903; Cardiff Buses, The Provisional Tramways Co. Ltd., 1881-1930; Cardiff Bus photographs, 1882-1890; Plymouth [co. Devon], Portsmouth [co. Hants]; 1885-1887; sale to Provisional Tramways Co., 1888; Cardiff District and Penarth Harbour Tramway, 1881-1888; Patents, sale of patent rights, 1882-1923; Cardiff Tramways Co., proposed tramway to Penarth, [c. 1880s]; Cardiff City Transport Department, 1902-1971; and miscellaneous photographs, timetables, bus and tram tickets, 1876-1885."   
  • Gaols  1829-1878     "The County Gaol belonged to the Crown, and was the responsibility of the sheriff, although it was run and financed by the Quarter Sessions. From medieval times until after the Act of Union 1536, the Black Tower of Cardiff Castle, Glamorgan, housed prisoners. In the 17th century, the county gaol was established in High Street, Cardiff. From about 1770, improvements to conditions in the gaol were carried out. By 1814, the gaol was deemed insufficient and a new gaol was built in 1832-1833, in the Spital Field, Whitmore Lane (later called Custom House Street) .................. After the Prisons Act 1877, responsibility for the Gaol and House of Correction was transferred to the Home Office."  
  • Market Records (Borough of Cardiff)        "Cardiff Central Market (Glamorgan) opened on 8 May 1891"          "1891-1969: market registers (giving names of stall holders, addresses and weekly rents paid); rent books; wages books; ledgers; fish market ledgers; complaints' books; and minutes and reports of the Civic Buildings and Markets Committee"
  • Report on Licenced Alehouses and Beerhouses in Cardiff     1903    "This booklet was given to the depositor by the landlord of a public house in Cardiff............The report gives a summary of information on the number of pubs in seven named police districts, and details of individual pubs including location, date of earliest recordedmetion of the establishment, and the numbers of cellars, smoke rooms, public rooms, bedrooms, and horses held by the establishment"

Religion and Religious Life

  • Cardiff and District Evangelical Free Church Council
    1896-1925: minute books, cash book, letter book, roll of delegates
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records]
  • Cardiff Baptist Ministers Fraternal
    1894-1941: records
    [Cardiff Central Library]
  • Cardiff Baptist Union
    1919-1970: records
    [Glamorgan Archive Service - Reference: D/D Bap 48]
  • Cardiff Nonconformist Ministerial Union
    1867-94: minute books
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records]


Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Cardiff High School for Boys sports photographs    "........ comprising of photographs of football teams, 1914; and cricket teams, c1916"  
  • Cardiff School Board records  1875-1926  
  • City of Cardiff High School for Boys records    "The school was opened in September 1898 in Newport Road........"       " ..........comprising of admissions registers, 1905-1981, register of entrants, 1932-1942; minute book, 1931-1953; petty cash book, 1911-1955; pupils' record cards (alphabetical), c1953-1965"  
  • City of Cardiff High School for Girls records        " ........ opened in January 1895 in the Parade, Cardiff ......."        " ......... comprising of registers of pupils, 1899-1931; registers of admissions, 1894-1924; registers of new entrants, 1932-1954; address book of pupils, c1895-1920; pupils' record cards, 1926-1968; Library publications, 1708-1722"
  • Various schools around the area of Cardiff             "Transcripts of school log-books including transcripts for Gladstone Infants, 1900-1995; Gladstone Boys, 1900-1950; Gladstone Juniors, 1950-1985; Marlborough Infants, 1900-1985; Marlborough Juniors, 1951-1994; St Monicas Infants, 1894-1956; St Monicas Mixed, 1894-1955; Roath Park Boys, 1895-1951; Roath Park Girls, 1895-1951; Roath Park Infants, 1895-1977; Roath Park Secondary Modern, Roath park Juniors, 1951-1979"

Cardiff University

Oxford graduates of the 16th - 18th centuries (plus a few later) who had connections with Cardiff or the Vale of Glamorgan . Many were born in the Cardiff/Vale area, some were born elsewhere but came to live in the area. A large proportion were clergymen, quite a few barristers and a few others. An index by Bob Sanders

Social life and Customs

  • British Empire and Commonwealth Games, Cardiff 1958
    1957-1958: rowing committee papers
    [Gwynedd, Caernarfon Area Record Office, Victoria Dock, Caernarfon - Reference: XM 6210]
  • Cardiff Blue Ribbon Choir
    1893-1932: records
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Cardiff Chess Club
    1900-84: minutes, correspondents, etc
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Unemployment Assistance Board Sports and Social Club Cardiff District
    1935-45: agenda and minutes of various club committee meetings, personal and circular correspondence, annual reports and financial accounts, programmes of social and athletic events, items relating to 1st and 2nd Eisteddfodau of UAB (Wales) held in Cardiff 1938, 1939
    [National Library of Wales, Department of Manuscripts and Records - Reference: A1986/135]

Cardiff Rugby Football Club

  • Cardiff and County Hospital Society
    1912-42: records
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Cardiff and District Hospital Society
    1943-48: records
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Cardiff Medical Society
    1870-1972: records
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Cardiff Municipal Golfing Society
    1930-1982: minutes and correspondents
    [Glamorgan Archive Service - Reference: D/D Go/C]
  • Cardiff Naturalists Society
    • c1867-1984: records
      [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
    • 1986-88: archaeological section minutes and correspondents
      [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • Cardiff Poor Cripples Aid Society
    1908-1949: minute books
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff - Reference: D/D PC]
  • Cardiff Sympathetic Society
    1812-46: accounts, lists of members, correspondents
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
  • South Wales and Monmouthshire Society of Chartered Accountants
    1971-82: records
    [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]