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Coal Society
A History of the South Wales Mining Valleys 1840-1980

By David Egan. Published by Gomer Press, 1987 (3rd Impression 1992)
Welsh Teaching History Materials; a project funded by the Welsh Office Education Department and based at University College, Swansea.

This book is an excellent primer for anyone wishing to gain a basic grounding in the history of South Wales coal mining, the articles (which are not extracted here) are of necessity brief.
Because they form a very useful (in context)  bibliography in themselves, I have created a list of Sources with descriptions, referenced S.1 etc, (P is a picture/drawing, M a map/diagram, Q a quotation/statistics).
They are shown below in the same order as in the book.
(Gareth Hicks, June 2004)

Contents

Maps

 Introduction

The Industry

The Geography & Geology of the South Wales Coalfield

The History of the Industry to 1840

Development up to the 17th century

The Copper Industry

The Iron Industry

The Early Sale-Coal Industry

The History of the Industry 1840-1920

The Scale of Expansion

The Merthyr and Cynon Valleys

The Rhondda Valleys

The Monmouthshire Valleys

The Anthracite Coalfield

Markets and Uses for South Wales Coal.

Transport

Docks

Coalmining Techniques

Reaching the coal

Mining Coal

Haulage and Winding

Ventilation and Drainage

 

The Coalowners

Landlords and Coalowners

Landlords and Leases

Mineral Rights

Barriers

Ownership and Management

The Iron Companies

Individual Owners

Colliery Companies

Coal Combines

Profits

Managers and Officials

The Lifestyle, Attitudes and Reputation of the Coalowners

 

The Miners

The Collier Boy

Going to work

The Colliery

Below Ground

Mineworkers

Underground Workers

Surface Workers

Children

Female Miners

The Collier

Work

Wages

Conditions

Miners Unions

Before 1898

The SWMF 1898-1914

Coalfield Society 1

The Creation of Coal Society

Population Growth

The People and their Origins

The Nature of Coal Society

Language

Communities

The Domination of Coal

'Women's Work'

Homes and Family Life

Homes

Family Life

Furniture, Clothes and Food

Shops

Poverty and Public Health

Poverty

Self-Help

Public Health

Medical Facilities

Coalfield Society II

Popular Culture and Pastimes

Self Entertainment & Hobbies

Theatres, Cinemas and Outings

Sport

The Public House

Music

The Eisteddfod

Religion

The Rise of the Chapels

The Denominations

The Influence of the Chapels

Criticism and Decline

The Chapel and the Community

Education

Sunday Schools

Day Schools

Secondary Schools

Adult Education

Miners' Institutes

Politics

The Liberal Domination

Lib-Labs

The Rise of Socialism

Women and Politics

Coal Society in Crisis

Introduction

The 1914-18 War and After

The War and the Coalfield

State Control of the Coal Industry

The 1921 Lock-Out

The Coal Industry in the Inter-War Years

Recovery and Collapse

The General Strike and Miners' Lock-Out 1926

Work and Working Conditions

The Anthracite Coalfield

The Aftermath

The Depression: Effects

Unemployment

Emigration

Survival

The Depression: Resistance, Protest and Despair

Unemployed Movements

The Struggle against Company Unionism

Political Movements

Despair

The South Wales Coalfield since 1945

Nationalisation

Changes in the Industry

Pit Closures

Effect of Pit Closures

Conclusion


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[Last Updated : 3 June 2004 - Gareth Hicks]

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