"ABERCANAID is 1½ miles south [of MT]. St. Peter's church, Abercanaid, is a small building of stone, consisting only of chancel and nave; the Rev. John Charles Kempthorne Buckley L.Div. of St. David’s College, Lampeter, has been curate in charge since 1919. Merthyr Vale is 5 miles south; Pen-yr-Heolgerrig is three-quarters of a mile north-west; Pontmorlais is a continuation of High street, Merthyr; Plymouth is 1 mile south; Twyn-y- Rodyn is a quarter of a mile east, and Tydfils Well three-quarters of a mile north. There are stations on the Great Western railway at Merthyr Vale, Quaker's Yard, Abercanaid, Aberfan and Treharris" [From Kelly's South Wales Directory 1923 (ArchiveCDBooks) - transcribed by Gareth Hicks]
Historic Landscape Characterisation - Abercanaid and Llwyn-yr-Eos "An important surviving example of a 19th century settlement associated with the Graig and Gethin Pits, initially developed by 1850 and substantially extended during the following quarter century............................"
And Upper Abercanaid
You can see pictures of Abercanaid which are provided by:
"Abercanaid & Pentre-bach. These places are populous districts on both sides of the river Taff near Merthyr. They are connected with the extensive works at Pentre-bach, where National schools have been established many years ago. Here again the Dissenters are obliged to submit to Church Catechism, and Church attendance. There is no public school on unsectarian principles, at Abercanaid, Pentre bach, or Troedyrhiw, in this neighbourhood although they have Dissenting Chapels numerous."
From The Journal of William Roberts ('Nefydd'), 1853-62 by E D Jones, National Library of Wales journal Vol IX/1 Summer 1955.