"NEATH, in the Cwmwd of Rhwng Nedd ac Afan, Cantref of Cron Nedd (now called the Hundred of Neath), County of GLAMORGAN, South Wales: a Rectory valued in the King's Books at £16..2..3 1/2: Patron, The Marquis of Bute: Church dedicated to St. Thomas the Apostle. The Resident Population of this Town and Parish, in 1801, was 2502. The Money raised by the Parish Rates, in 1803, was £919..15..l, at 5s. 6d. in the pound, on the Rack Rental. It is 37 m. W.N. W from Caerdiff, and 201 m. W. from London. The Markets are on Wednesday, and Saturday. The Fairs are on Trinity Thursday, 31st of July, and 12th of September. This is one of the Contributary Boroughs with Caerdiff, which send one Member to Parliament. The Corporation consists of a Portrieve, 12 Aldermen, a Recorder, and an unlimited number of Burgesses. A legacy has been left for a Free School, but it is not yet established. This Parish contains about 300 acres of cultivated Land. The Petty Sessions for the Hundred of Neath are holden here: The Quarter Sessions are holden here once a year, viz., on Tuesday and Wednesday after the Translation of Thomas a Becket. A Court of Pleas is holden every Month before the Constable of the Castle and Portrieve: and a Court-Leet twice a year, viz., in May, and at Michaelmas. The Castle, which is in ruins, was built by Richard de Grana Villa or Granville, Lord of Neath, in the reign of Henry the First. This is the Nidum of Antoninus. It is situate on the Eastern bank of the navigable River of the same name, which empties itself into the Bristol Channel." From: A Topographical Dictionary of The Dominion of Wales by Nicholas Carlisle, London, 1811.