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"RHUDD DRE, in the Cwmwd of Senghenydd, Cantref of Brenhinol (now called the Hundred of Caerphilly), County of GLAMORGAN, South Wales: a Chapel, not in charge, annexed to the Rectory of Bedwas: Patron, The Bishop of Llandaff, being holden with and annexed to the Bishoprick: Chapel dedicated to St. James. The Resident Population of this Parish, in 1801, was 239. The Money raised by the Parish Rates, in 1803, was £157..12..3. It is 7 m. N. from Caerdiff. This Parish contains about 800 acres of Land; one-third of which is uncultivated and uninclosed. Here is a mineral Spring, which is esteemed efficacious in the cure of sore Eyes. It is situate upon the river Rhymny: And is said to derive its Name from the great number of Red or Yew Trees that grow here."
From: A Topographical Dictionary of The Dominion of Wales by Nicholas Carlisle, London, 1811.



Here is a substantial reading list of books which relate to Glamorgan, either county or parish.

The Glamorgan Family History Society have produced a set of microfiche containing Monumental Inscriptions for the following burial grounds :-

  • Parish Church of St. James



You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Rudry area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

Glamorgan Chapels Database  project - a  list of all known non-conformist chapels or other non-Anglican religions in the parish. Here are references to the only such chapel found in this parish;-

  • Ebenezer Independent chapel(Ebeneser), Berllan-Gollen, Rudry     ST19848677  
    • Built in 1794, modified, altered or rebuilt 1821, 1864 and 1904   
      The Chapels Recording Project in Wales (RCAHMW)  
    • 1822, February 8; Independent; a chapel called Ebenezer; Griffith Hughes, Minister, William Lewis
      Dissent in the Counties of Glamorgan and Monmouth by Hywel D Emanuel 
    • Here is a Congregational chapel       Rev David Johns in 1895    and  'erected in 1794 with 300 seats' in 1910 
      Kelly's Directory, South Wales 1895 & 1910 -  the Archive CD Books Cd
    • Rhydri Ind chapel, opened in 1794, closed pre 1992
      My Ancestors were Congregationalists in England and Wales, by D J H Clifford, SOG, 1992.  
    • Ebenezer Ind       Erected in 1821    John Jones, Ind Minister, Rhudry   (1851 Religious Census)
    • Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry for this chapel (in Welsh) - with translation by Maureen Saycell (May 2009)

Church Records

For full and up-to-date details of their holdings see the sites of Glamorgan Record Office and/or West Glamorgan Archives

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on  FreeReg

The church is dedicated to St. James

A transcription of the registers is available from the Glamorgan Family History Society for the years: Baptisms, 1703-1837, Marriages, 1717-1837, Burials, 1704-1838.

Anglican Parish Registers Held at the Glamorgan Record Office, Cardiff
Baptisms Marriages Burials Banns Bishops Transcripts
1626-1633, 1639-1758, 1767-1937 1640-1665, 1696-1970 1637?-1666, 1695-1757, 1767-1935 1824-1976 1717, 1724-1790, 1792-1837

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Rudry which are provided by:

"RUDDRY (YR-YW-DRE), a parish in the hundred of CAERPHILLY, county of GLAMORGAN, SOUTH WALES, 8 miles (N. by E.) from Cardiff, containing 276 inhabitants. This parish, which derives its name from the number of yew trees in the vicinity of the village, is pleasantly situated in a mountain valley in the eastern part of the county, and comprises but a small tract of land, of which a considerable portion is unenclosed and uncultivated. The inhabitants are chiefly engaged in agricultural pursuits. The surrounding scenery is pleasingly varied, and enlivened by the river Romney, which forms the eastern boundary of the parish ; and from the higher grounds are some richly diversified views over the adjacent country, embracing a portion of the picturesque county of Monmouth. Lead-ore has been found in the white limestone of the parish. The living is consolidated with the rectory of Bedwas, in Monmouthshire, in the archdeaconry and diocese of Llandaf. The church, dedicated to St. James, is not remarkable for any architectural details. C. Edward Edmond, in 1743, bequeathed £2 per annum to the poor of this parish, which is regularly paid. Here is a mineral spring, which is said to be highly efficacious in curing diseases of the eye, and is much resorted to for that purpose. The poor are supported by an average annual expenditure amounting to £ 140. 4." ( A Topographical Dictionary of Wales by Samuel Lewis 1833)

Places, villages, farms etc within Rudry as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

  • Rudry (133); Cefn-On; Coed Coesau-whips; Cross; Garth Place; Gwaun-y-bara; Llwyn-gwyn; Mynydd Rudry; Mynydd y Bwlch; Pant-glas; Pen-how; Rudry (village); Sch.; Ty-gowla?; Ty'n-y-coedcau; Wern Ddu;

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Rudry has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Some of the hamlets, towns and villages within this parish


Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Dr William Price (Llantrisant) Papers      1697-1965         "William Price was born at Ty'n y Coedcae, the parish of Rudry, Glamorgan on 4 March 1800. He was the third son of the seven children of Rev. William Price and his wife Mary........................."


This diagram shows the position of this parish within the county of Glamorgan - click on this to see a full size diagram of the county

Glamorgan Parish Map

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference ST194865 (Lat/Lon: 51.571540, -3.164411), Rudry which are provided by:


The Population of Rudry was as follows, and a more detailed breakdown is available.

1841 - 328 1851 - 342 1861 - 329 1871 - 374 1881 - 387 1891 - 409

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Rudry Civil Parish records          "....... including tithe plan and apportionment, 1843; assistant overseers rate books, 1884-1926; assistant overseers receipt and payment book, 1925-1927; vestry and parish meeting minutes books, 1878-1905; parish council minutes books, 1894-1955; declarations of acceptance of office by parish councillors, 1894-1970; poor rate account book, 1913-1924; general account book, 1910-1967; Rudry village/parish hall committee minutes books, 1946-1970"