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The Great Landowners of Wales in 1873

Brian Ll James, National Library of Wales journal. 1966, Summer Volume XIV/3

Extracted onto the pages of GENUKI with the kind permission of the National Library of Wales

This is a complete extract of this article (Gareth Hicks March 2003)


Only once in modern times has there been an attempt to take a comprehensive survey of the ownership of land in this country. The results of the inquiry were published in two enormous volumes entitled Return of owners of land, 1873, 1 but named popularly the 'New Domesday Book'.

I

This paper is concerned with landowners whose estates in Wales, according to the figures published in the Return, exceeded 3,000 acres, and had rentals of at least 3,000 per annum. The best agricultural estates in Wales yielded about 1 per acre, or something more; but there were many estates whose yield was much smaller, and several very large estates, such as Hafod in Cardiganshire, have had to be excluded because their rentals fell short of 3,000.

The limit of 3,000 pounds and acres has been chosen simply because this was the definition employed by one of the contemporary commentators upon the Return. There was a considerable literature, but the four editions of John Bateman's book, The great landowners of Great Britain and Ireland, 2 are the most valuable since the compiler attempted to persuade each of the 'great landowners' to confirm or correct the information printed in the Return. Unfortunately, Bateman had no very significant reason, apart from one of personal convenience, for defining a 'great landowner' in the way he did. 3 It is probably too low to justify the adjective 'great'. Nevertheless, F. M. L. Thompson, in his recent book, has accepted Bateman's classification, but points out that 'it is somewhat of an over-simplification to force all of England into the same strait-jacket'. 4 The same is true, of course, of Wales.

Table A (pp. 8-13, below) is an alphabetical list of landowners who satisfy the definition of a 'great landowner' in respect of their estates in Wales alone. Thus a number of persons included in Bateman's book owning smaller estates in Wales together with land elsewhere sufficient to make up the totals are here omitted. In arriving at the totals of acreage and rental given in Table A, an attempt has been made to correct obvious errors in the Retnrn, where not infrequently the same person is mentioned more than once under variant forms of his name. Also, estates credited to dowagers and to eldest sons are added to the totals of the head of the family. 5 The more important corrections of these sorts are given in the Notes to Table A (pp. 14- 18).

Table B gives the totals of acreage and rental belonging to 'great landowners' in each of the counties. Elaborate tables for each county in England and Wales were constructed by G. C. Brodrick, 6 based on..............

...................... the figures prepared by Bateman, but they do not correspond with the figures set out here (p. 19) for the reason given in the previous paragraph, and because of the inclusion here of the estates of the Church. The difference, however, is only marginal. Unfortunately, the Brodrick-Bateman figures are vitiated by their having made a separate category for peers, presumably irrespective of whether they were 'great landowners'.

Table C (pp. 20-21) gives lists of persons under county headings who were 'great landowners' within a single county. These, then, were the leading landed magnates of their respective counties. While no less than 28 of the 164 landowners of Table A fail to appear in any county list, seven are to be found in more than one list, and two (Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn and Lord Tredegar) were 'great landowners' in three counties.

II

The Return of owners of land, 1873 was compiled at the Local Government Board from material received from the clerks to guardians of the poor, for their respective districts (i.e. the poor law unions, or registration districts). 7 The clerks had obtained their information mainly from the valuation lists drawn up annually for rating purposes by the overseers of the poor in each civil parish. Thus the final printed lists for Wales, one for each county, 8 are amalgamation of separate returns from 1,186 parishes. In the clerical work which this involved there was ample scope for error and confusion, quite apart from the inherent difficulty of any attempt to reduce to order the chaos of English landownership.

The Return gives four pieces of information: the name of the landowner, his address, the estimated acreage of his estate in a particular county, and its gross estimated rental. In any attempt to assess the meaning and reliability of the entries in the Return, each of these items has to be considered in turn.

1. The name of the landowner. 9 Overseers were required to enter the name of the owner of a property on the valuation list, but, since it was only the occupier's name that really mattered for rating purposes, there was no guarantee that the name so entered would be the right one; sometimes the owner named would have died years before, or perhaps he was not really the owner at all, only a lessee, or a trustee. The compilers were confronted with the problem of at what point on the finely graded spectrum of land tenures did 'ownership' really begin. It was decided by the Local Government Board that persons holding leases for 99 years and more could be regarded as owners. But the exact tenure by which an 'owner' held his land was often uncertain, and there is no doubt that many of the smaller landowners listed in the Return..............

.................... were in fact leaseholders for less than 99 years. An immense correspondence was conducted by the Local Government Board in an effort to make the Return as accurate as possible, but it was freely admitted that many errors must have gone undetected. There do indeed remain innumerable inaccuracies in the spelling and initialling of names, and not infrequently the same landowner appears twice in one county list. There are some strange mistakes, as when Lord Bute is entered in the Glamorgan list under his title and then, a few pages further on, under his name, 'John P. C. Stuart'.

2. Addresses. These were supplied by the clerks of the unions, since they were not required on the valuation lists. One cannot be confident that the clerks were always correct, but this is hardly a serious matter as regards the important landowners.

3. Acreage. 10 Only the estimated extent of rateable property is given. At the time of the Return woodland (except where it consisted of or contained saleable underwood) and wastes and commons which yielded no profit were not rated. Since there was a good deal of both woodland and wasteland on most Welsh estates, acreages given in the Return were sometimes substantially less than they really were. This is the explanation of Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn's claim to own 141,909 acres in Wales, 11 whereas the Return credited him with 87,919.

It must be allowed that the total acreage given in the Return for the Welsh counties --- 4,123,265 ---is quite reasonable. Lleufer Thomas calculated, some twenty years later, that there were 693,628 acres of common waste in Wales. 12 The sum of these two figures is 4,816,893 acres, which is nearly 95% of the total area of Wales (excluding water and foreshore) as calculated by the Ordnance Survey. 13 The remaining 5% can be adequately explained as woodland, roads, churchyards, and other non-rateable property.

A more important and useful test for our purposes is that of the corrections of individual estates which Bateman obtained by his correspondence with the landowners themselves. He had replies to his inquiries from 93 of the 164 'great landowners' listed in Table A of this paper, and 87 of these (or slightly more than half the total) provided him with what he considered to be a more or less satisfactory correction of their acreages. 14 35 replied that the acreages given in the Return were more or less correct as they stood, and a further 21 made small alterations, not exceeding 500 acres. 31 landowners made substantial corrections, either increases or decreases of more than 500 acres. 15 This is approximately one third of the estates.

There are without doubt undetected and undetectable errors in the acreages in the Return, but it is submitted that, in general, they are adequately correct for the historian's purposes as far as the agricultural ................

.................. portions of estates are concerned. The corrections made by the landowners themselves can, in almost all cases, be largely explained either by the omission of unrated land, or by the listing of property under the names of lessees. It is possible also that actual changes had taken place in the extent of particular estates between 1873 and the date of Bateman's enquiry, which must have been at least five years later. 16

4. Rental. 17 It is much more difficult to assess the reliability of the gross estimated rentals printed in the Return. The Local Government Board were confident that, in the case of agricultural (as opposed to urban or industrial) land, figures given would not differ greatly from the actual rental received by the landowner. And indeed the one example which can be readily checked from a printed source, namely the Earl of Lisburne's estate in Cardiganshire, 18 the accuracy of the Return is quite remarkable. The Return gives the figure 10,579; the actual rental received for the year 1870 was 10,590, and that for half the year 1874 was 5,422.

But in the case of house or mineral property the gross estimated rental need bear no relation to the rent actually received by the landowner (i.e. the ground landlord). 19 The figure might be in fact the amount of rent due from the occupiers of houses to persons who held building leases; this rent would be much larger than the ground-rent paid by the lessee to the freeholder. And where land included a coal mine 20 leased to a company, the gross rental would also represent a sum much larger than that which the ground landlord would receive, because it would be 'an estimate of the net annual value of the [property] that is to say, of the rent at which the same might reasonably be expected to be let from year to year ...' 21 The landowner's share of this would be his reserved rent and royalties on the coal actually raised.

Therefore it is to be expected that Bateman's corrections were substantial ones. Of the 85 landowners who provided an adequate correction of their rentals, 27 said that the figures printed in the Return were more or less right, and another 17 made only small alterations, not exceeding 500. The remaining 41 made changes of more than 500, twelve reductions of that amount or more, and 29 increases. Almost half of the landowners for whom we have information thus made significant corrections to the rentals credited to them in the Return, while the proportion making significant changes to their acreages was just over one in three. Five owners reduced their rentals by more than 5,000 - Lords Bute, Dynevor, Jersey and Tredegar, and J. P. W. Gwynne Holford, all of whom were owners of urban and mineral property in Glamorgan and Monmouthshire. C. R. M. Talbot of Margam did not supply Bateman with actual figures, but remarked that fully one half of the rental which the Return credited to him represented the ..............

............. profits of lessees of mines on his estate. 22 But Lord Aberdare was mistaken when he said that his rental included mineral royalties, 23 though his remark that royalties fluctuated greatly is undoubtedly true. A cursory look at the account books of the Dunraven estate in Glamorgan for the three years 1872-74 is ample confirmation of this last point --- and this makes it doubly difficult to get a general estimate of the actual income of landowners in this class. While annual income from houses and farmland on the Dunraven estate varied only slightly around the figure of 13,600, the figures for 'mineral rents' were 43,867 in 1872, 18,615 in 1873 and 14,945 in 1874. 24 Unfortunately, Bateman obtained no correction of the rental printed in the Return, but the figure given there (23,974) does not bear any relationship to the earl's actual receipts in the year 1873 (33,285).

Notes;

1 England and Wales. (Exclusive of the Metropolis.) Return of owners of land, 1893. H.C. (1874) LXXII. (C. 1097). The Welsh counties are grouped at the end of vol. 2, except for Monmouthshire which is in vol. I. There were other volumes dealing with Scotland and Ireland.

2 First published as The acre-ocracy of England in 1876, with successive editions under the new title in 1877, 1878 and 1883. The last (fourth) edition is cited in this paper.

3 ibid., pp. xiv-xv. It may possibly be significant that the definition is just low enough to include Bateman himself as a 'great landowner'.

4 English landed society in the nineteenth century (London, 1963), p. 112.

5 cf. Bateman, op. cit., xvii.

English land and English landlords (London, 1881), pp. 173-87. Also printed in Bateman, op. cit., pp. 501-15. These tables are used extensively by Thompson, op. cit., pp. 113-7; and the figures for Wales are given by A. W. Ashby and I. L. Evans in The agriculture of Wales and Monmouthshire (Cardiff, 1944), pp. 90 and 189.

7 An account of the method of compilation, with a general critique, is included in the Introduction to the Return, in vol. I. The original lists from which the Return was compiled were not preserved, at least there is nothing relating to it in the Public Record Office.

8 Although the material was based on the poorlaw and registration geography of the country, the final county lists certainly refer to the 'ancient' counties, not to the 'registration' counties, though this is nowhere explained in the Return.

9 This paragraph is based on the Introduction to the Return, I, pp. 6-7.

10 ibid., I, pp. 9-10.

11 Bateman, op. cit., p. 491. Sir Watkin seems to have included the area of common land over which he exercised manorial rights.

12 Bibliographical, statistical, and other miscellaneous memoranda; being appendices to the Report of the Royal Commission on land in Wales and Monmouthshire, H.C. (1896) XXXV, p. 240. The figures were based on a Parliamentary return of 1874.

13 ibid., p. 258. The total was 5,089,667 acres.

14 These corrected figures are given in the Notes to Table A, below.

15 In fact only four landowners made significant reductions: Bowen of Llwyn-gwair, Battersby-Harford, Corbett-Winder and Wynne of Coedcoch.

16 Very few corrected figures were included in the 1878 edition of Bateman's book, so most of them must have been obtained between that date and 1883, the year of the final edition.

17 Return, I, pp. 10-11.

18 J. M. Howells, 'The Crosswood Estate 1547-1947', in Ceredigion, 3, pp. 70-88. A table of rents received is on pp. 83-5. The corrected figure supplied by the Earl to Bateman was 13,656. This probably included the royalties from the lead mines on the estate. 2,722 was received from this source in 1872, 1,285 in 1873 and 2,570 in 1874.

19 This, of course, is when leased property is credited to the ground landlord in the Return, not to the lessee.

20 Mines other than coal mines were not rated.

21 This was the general principle of valuation, as stated in R. S. Wright and H. Hobhouse, Outline of local government and local taxation (London, 1884), p. 64.

22 Bateman, op. cit., p. 433.

23 ibid., p.l.

24 N.L.W. Dunraven 157.


TABLE A: An alphabetical list of owners of land in Wales in 1873, having estates of 3,000 acres, with gross annual rentals exceeding 3,000. Edited from Return of owners of land, 1873.

Note on county initials. These are listed in the order of size of the particular estate therein; italics indicate less than 1,000 acres.
A Anglesey; B Breconshire; C Caernarvonshire; Cd Cardiganshire; Cm Carmarthenshire; D Denbighshire; F Flintshire;
G Glamorgan; M Merioneth; Mm Monmouthshire; Mt Montgomeryshire; P Pembrokeshire; R Radnorshire.
# indicates that the landowner was also a 'great landowner' in respect of property outside Wales.

Names and seats of landowners

Estm.Acreage

Estm. Rental

Counties in which estate situated

1 The Lord Aberdare

3,951

12,113

G.

2 Henry Seymour Allen, of Cresselly, Pembs.

4,655

4,091

P, G, Cm

3 The Marquess of Anglesey

8,485

9,132

A. #

4 The Earl of Ashburnham

7,568

5,511

Cm B. #

5 The Lord Bagot

11,388

7,984

D, M. #

6 Crawshay Bailey, of Maindiff Court, Mon.

12,284

11,658

G, Mm, B, Cm

7 Sir Joseph Russell Bailey, Bt., of Glan-usk Park, Breconshire

22,644

19,755

B, R, Mm. #

8 Walter Thomas Mynors Baskerville, of Clyro Court, Radnorshire

3,002

3,600

R, B.

9 The Duke of Beaufort

32,533

32,564

Mm, B, G. #

10 Arthur Vendigaid Davies-Berrington,of Pantygoetre, Mon.

3,873

4,063

G, Mm, Cm.

Names and seats of landowners

Estm.Acreage

Estm. Rental

Counties in which estate situated
(see note)

11 Richard Myddleton-Biddulph, of Chirk Castle

6,953

9,128

D, M.

12 The Lord Boston

9,607

8,843

A, C.

13 James Bevan Bowen, of Llwyn-gwair, Pembs.

6,123

4,035

P, Cm, Cd.

14 Sir Edmund Buckley, Bt., of Plas Dinas Mawddwy

10,908

4,472

M, Mt.

15 Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams-Bulkeley,Bt., of Baron Hill, Anglesey

29,879

21,140

A, C.

16 The Marquess of Bute

21,553

203,613

G, B, Mm. #

17 The Marquess Camden

6,431

3,470

B. #

18 John Whitlock Nicholl-Carne, of St Donats Castle, and Nash Manor

3,217

4,495

G.

19 The Earl Cawdor .

51,538

35,043

Cm, P, Cd #

20 Elizabeth Sophia Chetwode, of Dorton House, Bucks

6,487

5,284

G.

21 Henry Morgan-Clifford, of Llantilio Court

3,585

3,979

Mm.

22 John Colby, of Ffynone, Pembs.

9,252

5,148

P, Cm, Cd.

23 Conwy Grenville Hercules Rowley-Conwy, of Botryddan

5,527

6,995

F.

24 Philip Bryan Davies-Cooke, of Gwysaney, Flints.

3,454

8,503

F, D. #

25 Athelstan John Soden Corbet, of Ynysymaengwyn

9,347

8,241

M.

26 Arthur Henry Saunders Davies, of Pentre, Pembs.

9,900

7,669

Cm, Cd, P, G.

27 Walter de Winton, of Maes-llwch Castle, Radnor

9,899

15,642

R, B, G.

28 Sir James Hamlyn Williams-Drummond, Bt., of Edwinsford

9,282

6,358

Cm.

29 The Earl of Dudley

4,472

3114

M.#

30 The Earl of Dunraven

23,751

23,974

G.#

31 The Rev. Lord Dynevor

10,509

18,552

Cm, G.

32 The Ecclesiastical Commissioners

16,224

23,447

P, G, Mm, A, F, Cd, D. R. Cm, C, Mt, B. #

33 Richard Lloyd Edwards, of Nanhoron,Caerns.

8,965

6,411

C, A, D.

34 Herbert Davies-Evans, of Highmead,Cards.

6,307

3,915

Cd, Cm, P.

35 Owen Evans, of Broom Hall

4,638

3,457

C.

Names and seats of landowners

Estm.Acreage

Estm. Rental

Counties in which estate situated
(see note)

36 Charles Wynne-Finch, of Foelas, Denbs.and Cefn Amwlch, Caerns.

13,591

7,687

D, C.

37 Thomas Lloyd Fitzhugh, of Plas Power,Denbs.

3,362

5,573

D, F.

38 Phillips Lloyd Fletcher, of Nerquis Hall, Flints.

3,877

3,210

M, F.

39 Sir Stephen Richard Glynne, Bt., of Hawarden

4,773

12,636

F.

40 John Ralph Ormsby-Gore, of Porkington, Salop, and Glyn, Merioneth

20,003

9,613

C, M, Mt, D. '#

41 Richard Douglas Gough, of Ynysgedwyn Brecs.

4,345

3,036

G, B

42 Hugh Davies Griffith, of Caerhun, Caerns.

4,393

5,344

C, Mt, F, D

43 John Griffith Wynne-Griffith, of Llanfair Hall, Caerns.

4,161

3,020

C, M.

44 Maria Emma Elizabeth Conway-Griffith,of Carreg-lwyd

3,765

3,273

A.

45 Sir Ivor Bertie Guest, Bt., of Dowlais,Glam.

5,951

28,124

G, B #

46 Alan James Gulston, of Dirleton and Derwydd

6,744

10,976

Cm.

47 Howel Gwyn, of Dyffryn, Neath, Glam.

8,121

9,699

G, B, Cm.

48 Alban Thomas Jones Gwynne of Mynachdy

4,645

3,989

Cd.

49 John Capel Hanbury, of Pontypool Park,Mon.

11,310

27,996

Mm, G, B.

50 The Lord Hanmer

7,318

10,970

F.

51 John Battersby-Harford, of Falcondale,Cards.

8,399

5,660

Cd, Cm.

52 George Harries, of Rickeston and Trevaccoon

5,173

5,036

P.

53 John Arthur Edward Herbert, of Llanarth Court

4,641

24,355

Mm.

54 William Herbert, of Clytha House

4,543

10,624

Mm.

55 William Perry-Herrick, of Beaumanor Park, Leics.

3,619

4,184

Mm, R. #

56 Robert Bamford-Hesketh, of Gwrych Castle, Denbs.

3,424

4,005

D, C, F.

57 James Price William Gwynne-Holford,of Cilgwyn, Carms., and Anna Maria Eleanor Gwynne-Holford, of Buckland,Breconshire

12,728

22,822

B, Cm, G.

Names and seats of landowners

Estm.Acreage

Estm. Rental

Counties in which estate situated
(see note)

58 George Augustus Huddart, of Bryncir,Caerns.

7,793

3,847

C, M.

59 Hugh Robert Hughes, of Kinmel Park,Denbs.

15,177

19,626

D, F, C

60 John William Morgan Gwynne Hughes,of Tre-gib

6,797

3,990

Cm.

61 William Bulkeley Hughes, of Plas-coch

4,873

4,008

A.

62 Caroline Anne Blandy-Jenkins, of Llanharan House

6,084

3,023

G.

63 Robert Francis Lascelles Jenner, of Wenvoe Castle

5,381

4,570

G

64 The Earl of Jersey

7,110

36,928

G. #

65 Alfred Campbell Halyburton Jones, of Pant-glas, Carms.

7,854

4,735

Cm, B, R.

66 John Carstairs Jones, of Gelligynan, Denbs.

3,028

5,008

D, F.

67 Morgan Jones, of Llanmilo, Carms.

12,071

6,612

Cm, P, Cd.

68 The Lord Kensington

7,471

5,379

P, R, Cm, Cd.

69 The Lord Kenyon

7,191

10,563

F, D.

70 Sarah Kirkby, of Llanfendigaid & Maesyneuadd, Merioneth.

16,023

4,989

M, D, F, C

71 Vaughan Hanning Lee, of Rheola, Glam.

10,440

8,795

G, B. #

72 Charles Edward Lewis, of St Pierre

4,504

6,059

Mm.

73 Charles William Mansel Lewis, of Stradey Castle

3,139

4,265

Cm.

74 Rev. Sir Gilbert Frankland Lewis, Bt., of Harpton Court.

7,033

5,886

R.

75 The late Wyndham William Lewis, of The Heath, Glam.

3,655

7,172

G, Mm.

76 The Earl of Lisburne

42,706

10,619

Cd, Cm.

77 The Lady Llanover

6,533

8,138

Mm, G.

78 John Dillwyn-Llewelyn, of Penlle'r-gaer,Glam.

15,916

10,771

G, B, Cm.

79 Gertrude Jane Mary Lloyd, of Rhagad,Merioneth

4,414

3,578

D, M.

80 John Davies-Lloyd, of Alltyrodyn, Cards.

6,877

3,231

Cd, Cm.

81 Robert Lewis Lloyd, of Nant-gwyllt,Radnorshire

7,896

3,045

Cd, B, R, P.

82 Sir Thomas Davies Lloyd, Bt., of Bronwydd, Cards.

7,913

5,361

P, Cd, Cm

Names and seats of landowners

Estm.Acreage

Estm. Rental

Counties in which estate situated
(see note)

83 The Hon. Thomas Pryce Lloyd, of Nannau

16,974

3,956

M

84 The Marquess of Londonderry

10,084

6,082

Mt, M. #

85 Sir Arthur Digby Mackworth, Bt.

3,204

3,649

G, Mm,.

86 Townshend Mainwaring, of Galltfaenan

10,686

4,328

D.

87 Lewis Mathias, of Lamphey Court

4,562

4,113

P.

88 Owen John Augustus Fuller-Meyrick,of Bodorgan

16,918

13,283

A.

89 Thomas Charlton-Meyrick, of Bush

4,253

21,737

P. #

90 Richard Walter Byrd Mirehouse, of Angle Hall

3,457

3,402

P.

91 The Trustees of Lord and Lady Mostyn

8,390

15,312

F, C, D.

92 Sir Pyers Mostyn, Bt., of Talacre

4,184

10,569

F.

93 Thomas Arthur Bertie Mostyn, of Llewesog, Denbs.

3,541

3,055

D, M, F.

94 Robert Baskerville Mynors, of Treago,Herefordshire, and Evancoyd, Radnorshire

5,676

4,333

R.

95 Hugh John Ellis-Nanney, of Gwynfryn,Caerns.

12,072

5,814

C, M, Mt.

96 John Naylor, of Leighton Hall

9275

12,594

Mt.

97 Richard Christopher Naylor, of Nantclwyd Hall

3413

3690

D. #

98 Sir Arundel Neave, Bt., of Llysdulas

5,380

3,804

A. #

99 The Lord Newborough

28,800

22,728

C, D, A, M.

100 George Whitlock Nicholl, of Ham, Glam.,and Cwrt Bleddyn, Mon.

3065

3,735

Mm, G

101 John Cole Nicholl, of Merthyr Mawr

4894

6,565

G.

102 William Edward Oakeley, of Plas Tan-y-bwlch

7,170

15,603

M.

103 The Lord Ormathwaite

12,428

8,127

R. #

104 Anne Warburton Owen, of Glansevern

4482

4,368

Mt.

105 Thomas Love Duncombe Jones-Parry,of Madryn, Caerns.

7,222

5,718

C, D.

106 Edmund Peel, of Bryn-y-pys, Flintshire

5,779

11,187

F, D, Mt

107 The Lord Penrhyn

43,974

63,373

C, D.

108 Thomas Penrice, of Kilvrough

5,415

5,065

G.

109 Rev. John Henry Alexander Philipps, of Picton Castle

21,455

23,696

P, Cm.

Names and seats of landowners

Estm.Acreage

Estm. Rental

Counties in which estate situated
(see note)

110 John Philipps Allen Lloyd-Philipps, of Dale Castle, Pembs., and Mabws, Cards

7,738

4,798

P, Cd, Cm.

111 John Frederick Lort Phillips, of Lawrenny Castle (minor)

6,522

5,709

P

112 Thomas Harcourt Powell, of Drinkstone Park, Suffolk, and Hook, Pembs.

3,083

3,393

P.

113 William Thomas Rowland Powell, of Nanteos, Cards.

30,582

9,372

Cd, B, Mt.

114 The Earl of Powis

33,573

30,275

Mt, R, D. #

115 Richard Green-Price, of Norton Manor

8,775

7,638

R.

116 Richard John Lloyd Price, of Rhiwlas,Merioneth

18,403

9,762

M, C, D.

117 Alan Cameron Bruce-Pryce, of Dyffryn,St Nicholas

4,340

3,812

G.

118 Sir Pryse Pryse, Bt., of Gogerddan,Cards.

32,359

11,325

Cd, Mt, P.

119 David Pugh, of Manoravon, Carms.

7,062

3,885

Cm, Cd.

120 Henry Lavallin Puxley, of Dunboy Castle, Ireland, and of Llethr-lluesty and Llan-gan, Carms.

6,855

5,349

Cm, P. #

121 Offley Malcolm Crewe-Read, of Plas Dinam, Mont.

3,942

3,229

Mt, F.

122 William Francis Roch, of Butter Hill

5,666

5,103

P.

123 John Allan Rolls, of The Hendre

3505

3,075

Mm.

124 George Grey Rous, of Cwrtyrala, Glam. and Llanwern House,Mon.

3,351

3,900

G, P, Mm.

125 Baron de Rutzen, of Slebech Park

5,574

4,217

P.

126 Henry Robertson Sandbach, of Hafod-unos, Denbs.

4,640

3,284

D, C.

127 Mark Anthony Saurin, of Orielton,Pembs.

5,892

6,924

P, Cm.

128 John Henry Scourfield, of Williamston,Pembs.

13,439

10,087

P, Cm.

129 John Chesment-Severn, of Pen-y-bont Hall, Radnor

8,538

3,279

R, Mt.

130 George William Duff-Assheton-Smith,of Vaynol Park, Caerns.

34,482

43,023

C, A.

131 The Lord Stanley of Alderley

5,960

4,238

A. #

132 The Hon. William Owen Stanley, of Penrhos

4,697

5,086

A.

133 ... Stanley, of Landshipping

4,746

4,487

P.

Names and seats of landowners

Estm.Acreage

Estm. Rental

Counties in which estate situated
(see note)

134 Sir John Stepney Cowell-Stepney, Bt.,of Llanelly

9,937

7,144

Cm.

135 The Lord Sudeley

17,158

13,539

Mt. #

136 Christopher Rice Mansel Talbot, of Margam

34,033

44,175

G.

137 Clara Thomas, of Llwynmadoc, Breconshire, and Pencerrig, Radnorshire

14,332

5,279

B, R, G.

138 John Popkin Traherne, of Coetre-hen

3,620

6,622

G.

139 The Lord Tredegar

38,750

124,598

Mm, B, G.

140 Thomas Picton Turbervill, of Ewenny Priory

3,274

4,811

G.

141 Charles John Kemeys-Tynte, of Cefn Mabli, Glam.

14,510

26,889

G, Mm, B. #

142 John Williams-Vaughan, of Felin Newydd, Brecs.

4,468

3,097

R, B.

143 Edmund Hope Verney, of Rhianfa

5,700

4,223

A.

144 The Lord Vivian

4,583

4,929

A, F, D. #

145 James Walton, of Dolforgan, Mont., and Cwmllygodig (Cwmllecoediog), Merioneth

5,562

3,078

Mt, M.

146 George Watkin Rice-Watkins, of Llwyn-y-brain, Carms., and Rhosferig, Breconshire

7,337

4,999

B, Cm, Cd.

147 James Watt Gibson-Watt, of Doldowlod,Radnorshire

8,806

5,329

R, B.

148 William Cornwallis West, of Ruthin Castle, Denbs.

5,617

10,294

D, Mt.

149 The Marquess of Westminster

4,191

6,762

F, D. #

150 Morgan Stuart Williams, of Aberpergwm, Glam.

3,917

3,690

G, B.

151 Sir Hugh Williams, Bt., of Bodelwyddan,Flints.

9,371

8,871

D, F.

152 Penry Williams, of Pen-pont

7,043

4370

B.

153 Thomas Peers Williams, of Craig-y-don,Anglesey

7,010

8,021

A, C, F, D. #

154 The Baroness Willoughby de Eresby

30,688

8,521

C, D. #

155 Mary Anne Jane Corbett-Winder, of Vaynor Park

6,693

5,122

Mt.

156 The Lord Windsor (minor)

15,383

39,069

G, F. #

157 Edward Rhys Wingfield, of Barrington Park, Glos.

6,463

19,428

G. #

Names and seats of landowners

Estm.Acreage

Estm. Rental

Counties in which estate situated
(see note)

158 Edward Robert Wood, of Stouthall,Glam.

5,784

11,078

Cm, G, B, P, Cd.

159 Thomas Wood, of Gwernyfed, Breconshire

5,005

4,918

B, Cm, Cd, R. #

160 The Hon. Charles Henry Wynn, of Rug

10,504

8,905

M.

161 Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, Bt., ofWynnstay, Denbs.

87,919

43,274

D, Mt, M, Cd, F. #

162 Brownlow Wynne Wynne, of Garthewin, Denbs.

6,517

4,679

D, C, F.

163 John Lloyd Wynne, of Coed-coch

10,197

9,279

D.

164 William Watkin Edward Wynne, ofPeniarth, Merioneth

4,456

3,391

M, F, C.

Bateman included the following as 'great landowners' in the 4th edition of The great landowners; but according to the figures given in the Return of owners of land they do not qualify:

NOTES TO TABLE A.


TABLE B: Acreages and rentals of the 'Great landowners', by county, etc.

ACREAGES

RENTALS

total acreage

acreage of 'great Landowners'

%

total rental

rental of 'great landowners'

%

Anglesey

161,936

93,727

57.8

171,259

82,893

48.4

Caerns.

301,233

200,950

66.7

378,137

177,685

46.9

Denbs.

348,417

147,893

42.6

450,422

133,494

29.6

Flints.

142,286

54,768

38.4

382,143

97,556

25.5

Merioneth

302,657

137,698

45.4

183,253

80,711

44.0

Montgomery

380,384

131,223

35.0

378,512

94,713

24.9

NORTH WALES

1,636,913

766,259

46.7

1,943,726

667,052

34.3

Brecon

302,238

105,644

34.9

208,543

73,429

35.2

Cardigan

391,685

126,294

32.2

187,540

50,337

25.7

Carmarthen

510,574

157,807

30.9

419,633

112,752

26.8

Glamorgan

428,386

234,898

54.8

1,609,378

611,157

37.9

Monmouth

289,376

108,481

37.4

837,254

210,934

25.1

Pembroke

356,699

136,670

38.3

389,701

137,613

35.3

Radnor

207,394

66,004

31.8

149,848

47,577

31.7

SOUTH WALES

2,486,352

935,798

37.7

3,801,897

1,243,798

32.6

WALES

4,123,265

1,702,057

41.3

5,745,623

1,910,850

33.2

The above figures are taken from the Return of owners of land, 1873, or are calculated from figures given in it, and do not take account of the corrections given by John Bateman in the fourth edition of The great landowners.


TABLE C: The county magnates: landowners qualifying as 'great landowners' in a single county.

#Largest estate in county

ANGLESEY (12)

Lord Anglesey

Sir A. Neave

Lord Boston

Lord Stanley of Alderley

Sir R. B. Williams-Bulkeley

W. O. Stanley

Miss Conway-Griffith

E. H. Verney

W. B. Hughes

Lord Vivian

#O. J. A. Fuller-Meyrick

T. P. Williams

BRECONSHIRE (7)

#Sir J. R. Bailey

Lord Tredegar

Duke of Beaufort

Penry Williams

Lord Camden

Thomas Wood

Mrs Gwynne-Holford

CAERNARVONSHIRE (11)

Sir R. B. Williams-Bulkeley

Lord Newborough

R. Ll. Edwards

T. L. D. Jones-Parry

Owen Evans

#Lord Penrhyn

C. Wynne-Finch

G. W. Duff-Assheton-Smith

G. A. Huddart

Baroness Willoughby de Eresby

H. J. Ellis-Nanney

CARDIGANSHIRE (5)

A. Gwynne

W. T. R. Powell

J. Battersby-Harford

Sir Pryse Pryse

#Lord Lisburne

CARMARTHENSHIRE (13)

Lord Ashburnham

A. C. H. Jones

#Lord Cawdor

Morgan Jones

A. H. Saunders Davies

C. W. Mansel Lewis

Sir J. H. Williams-Drummond

David Pugh

Lord Dynevor

H. L. Puxley

A. J. Gulston

Sir J. S. Cowell-Stepney

J. W. M. Gwynne Hughes

DENBIGHSHIRE (14)

Lord Bagot

R. C. Naylor

R. Myddelton-Biddulph

H. R. Sandbach

C. Wynne-Finch

W. Cornwallis West

T.Ll. Fitzhugh

Sir Hugh Williams

R. Bamford-Hesketh

#Sir W. Williams-Wynn

H. R. Hughes

B. W. Wynne

T. Mainwaring

J. Ll. Wynne

FLINTSHIRE (9)

C. G. H. Rowley-Conwy

#Lord Mostyn

P. Davies-Cooke

Sir Pyers Mostyn

Sir S. R. Glynne

Duke of Westminster

Lord Hanmer

Sir Hugh Williams

Lord Kenyon

GLAMORGAN (25)

Lord Aberdare

W. W. Lewis

Crawshay Bailey

J. Dillwyn-Llewelyn

Lord Bute

J. C. Nicholl

Mrs Chetwode

T. Penrice

J. W. Nicholl-Carne

A. C. Bruce-Pryce

Lord Dunraven

#C. R. M. Talbot

Lord Dynevor

J. P. Traherne

Sir I. B. Guest

Lord Tredegar

Howel Gwyn

T. P. Turbervill

Mrs Blandy-Jenkins

C. J. Kemeys-Tynte

R. F. L. Jenner

Lord Windsor

Lord Jersey

E. R. Wingfield

V. H. Lee

MERIONETH(10)

Sir E. Buckley

T. P. Lloyd

A. J. S. Corbet

W. E. Oakeley

Lord Dudley

R. J. Ll. Price

J. R. Ormsby-Gore

C. H. Wynn

Mrs Kirkby

#Sir W. Williams-Wynn

MONMOUTHSHIRE (12)

Crawshay Bailey

W. Perry-Herrick

#Duke of Beaufort

C. E. Lewis

H. Morgan-Clifford

Lady Llanover

J. C. Hanbury

J. A. Rolls

J. A. E. Herbert

Lord Tredegar

William Herbert

C. J. Kemeys-Tynte

MONTGOMERYSHIRE (7)

Lord Londonderry

Lord Sudeley

John Naylor

Mrs Corbett-Winder

Mrs Owen

Sir W. Williams-Wynn

#Lord Powis

 

PEMBROKESHIRE (15)

Lord Cawdor

J. F. Lort Phillips

The Ecclesiastical Commissioners

T. H. Powell

George Harries

W. F. Roch

Lord Kensington

Baron de Rutzen

Lewis Mathias

M. A. Saurin

T. C. Meyrick

J. H. Scourfield

R. W. B. Mirehouse

... Stanley of Landshipping

#J. H. A. Philipps

 

RADNORSHIRE (7)

Walter de Winton

R. Green-Price

Sir G. F. Lewis 

J. Chesment-Severn

R. Baskerville Mynors

J. W. Gibson-Watt

#Lord Ormathwaite 

 

 

BRIAN LL. JAMES

Cardiff 


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