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"FFESTINIOG, a parish and town in the hundred of Ardudwy, county Merioneth, North Wales, 19 miles N. W. of Bala. Its post town is Carnarvon. It stands on an eminence at the head of a beautiful vale called by its name-the Festiniog Vale. This picturesque vale, which gives celebrity to the village, has been eulogised by many distinguished travellers. Mr. Pennant calls it "the Tempe of the country." Mr. Warner observes, that "it comprehends every object that can enrich or diversify a landscape." Mr. Wyndham affirms, that "it affords as rich studies for the painter as the neighbourhood of Tivoli or Frescati;" and Lord Lyttelton, who visited the place about the year 1756, is still more lavish of his encomiums: "With the woman one loves, with the friend of one's heart, and a study of books," said his lordship to the notorious Archibald Bower, "one might pass an age in this vale, and think it a day."" [From The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) - Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]


Ab Owain, Steffan. Blaenau Ffestiniog Market Hall : a glance at its history. [Blaenau Ffestiniog] : [Cyfeillion Neuadd y Farchnad], 1995

Boyd, James I C. The Festiniog Railway : a history of the narrow gauge railway linking the slate quarries of Blaenau Ffestiniog with Portmadoc, North Wales, together with outline histories of quarry undertakings connected to the railway, 1800-1974. [Blandford] : Oakwood Press, 1975.

Brown, Roger L. The parish of Ffestiniog with Maentwrog : the tribulations of three nineteenth century incumbents . Journal of the Merioneth Historical and Record Society 10 (1987/88), p. 241-8

Buckley, John. The militia list of the parish of Ffestiniog, Merionethshire, 1827. Gwreiddiau Gwynedd/Gwynedd Roots 11 (1986), p. 14-18

Canmlwyddiant Eglwys y Bowydd (M. C.), Blaenau Ffestiniog (1882-1982). [Blaenau Ffestiniog] : [Eglwys y Bowydd], [1982]. 21p

Canmlwyddiant Eglwys Hyfrydfa, Manod, Blaenau Ffestiniog : 1879-1979. Blaenau Ffestiniog : Hyfrydfa, 1979. 12p  

Davies, Lewis. Hanes y Bedyddwyr Neillduol yn Ffestiniog, o'i dechreuad hyd y flwyddyn 1900. Blaenau Ffestiniog : Argraffwyd dros y cyhoeddwr yn Swyddfa y Gloch, 1900.  80p

Ffestiniog yesterday and today : a history of our village. [S.l.] : Gwynedd Meirionnydd Federation of Women's Institutes Project, 1998. 111p

Gareth Maelor. Bara brith o'r Blaenau. [Caernarfon] : Gwasanaeth Llyfrgell Gwynedd, 1986. 35p

Hanes ysgolion sabbathol dosbarth Ffestiniog : o'r cychwyniad hyd ddechreu yr ugeinfed ganrif. Blaenau Ffestiniog : Argraffwyd gan Davies & Co, [1906?] 331p

Hoskins, D. Hanes ysgolion Sabbothol dosbarth Ffestiniog, o'u cychwyniad hyd ddechreu yr ugeinfed canrif. Blaenau Ffestiniog : Argraffwyd gan Davies and Co., [1906?] 331p

Hughes, A Lloyd. Sylvanus Evans (1833-1911), Ffestiniog : porthmon a masnachwr ceffylau. Journal of the Merioneth Historical and Record Society 11 (1993), p. 483-4

Isherwood, J D. Slate : from Blaenau Ffestiniog. Leicester : AB Publishing, c1988. 48p

Johnson, Peter. Festiniog 150 : the history of the Ffestiniog railway. Weybridge : Ian Allan, 1986. 48p

Johnson, Peter. Festiniog in colour = Ffestiniog mewn lliw. Shepperton : Ian Allan, 1995. 64p

Jones, Brian. The Owens of Neuadd Ddu, Blaenau Ffestiniog : a Calvinistic methodist family in teh 18th and 19th centuries . Gwreiddiau Gwynedd / Gwynedd Roots. 35 (1998), p. 20-21

Jones, Ernest. Blaenau Ffestiniog in old picture postcards. Zaltbommel, Netherlands : European Library, 1985. 80p

Jones, Geraint Wyn. Dyddiadur ysgol : Ysgol y Manod 1867-1967. Blaenau Ffestiniog : Cymdeithas y Fainc Sglodion, 1997. 49p

Jones, J Gordon. Trem ar hanes Ffestiniog 1800-1914. [Caernarfon] : Gwasanaeth Llyfrgell Gwynedd, 1990. 22p

Jones, J Gordon. The social consequences of industrialisation in the Ffestiniog district, 1800-1914. Journal of the Merioneth Historical and Record Society 12 (1994), p. 29-42

Jones, J Llewelyn. Eglwys Bethesda M.C., Blaenau Ffestiniog Dathlu can mlynedd a hanner yr Achos 1819-1969 a chanmlwyddiant y capel 1869-1969. Abergele : J. H. Williams, 1968. 36p

Jones, William. Hanes plwyf Ffestiniog a'r amgylchoedd : yn cynwys desgrifiad o'r gwahanol fynyddoedd, cymoedd, dyffrynoedd ac afonydd, y chwarelau a'r ardaloedd; amryw nodiadau hynafiaethol, yn nghyda lliaws o ystadegau dyddorol. Blaenau Ffestiniog : Argraffwyd gan Jones a Roberts, 1879. 122p

Lewis, Michael J T. Pioneers of Ffestiniog slate. Maentwrog : Snowdonia National Park Study Centre, 1987. 31p

Lewis, Michael J T. Sails on the Dwyryd : the river transport of Ffestiniog slate. Blaenau Ffestiniog : Snowdonia National Park Study Centre, 1989. 116p

Lewis, Michael J T. Archery and spoonerisms : the creators of the Ffestiniog Railway. Journal of the Merioneth Historical and Record Society 12 (1996), p. 263-76

Parry, Cyril. Agweddau ar hanes Ffestiniog yn y dau-ddegau. Caernarfon : Gwasanaeth Llyfrgell Gwynedd, 1989. 19p

Roberts, H O. Hanes Annibyniaeth yn mhlwyf Ffestiniog, yn cynwys byr gofnodion am bersonau...  Blaenau Ffestiniog : Jones a Roberts, 1879. 56p

Williams, David. Hanes Annibyniaeth ym mhlwyf Ffestiniog. Blaenau Ffestiniog : Cyhoeddir gan Bwyllgor Eisteddfod Gadeiriol Annibynwyr Ffestiniog, [1927]  148p

Williams, G J. Hanes plwyf Ffestiniog o'r cyfnod boreuaf .   Wrexham : Hughes and Son, [1882]

Williams, Merfyn C. Chwarelwyr cyntaf Ffestiniog. Maentwrog : Canolfan Astudio Parc Cenedlaethol Eryri, 1987. 30p

Business and Commerce Records

 Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales  for the following;

Church History

Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 11, North Wales. Ed. by Ieuan Gwynedd Jones, UWP,   1981. The names given towards the end of each entry are those of the informants.

Parish statistics; Area 16456 acres; Population 1878 males, 1582 females, total 3460

Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for Salem, Rhiwbryfdir chapel (in Welsh ) - with translation by Eleri Rowlands (Feb 2008)         
Also Bethania chapel (No translation)       Also Llan chapel  (No translation)      And Tanygrisiau chapel (No translation)     And Fourcrosses  chapel (No translation)

Church Records

Joyce Hinde has supplied a list of Parish Registers held at Merioneth Record Office.

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales  for the following;

Description and Travel

P's photographic gallery of Blaenau Ffestiniog

Ffestiniog Power Station  - on the First Hydro site

Blaenau Ffestiniog - on the site



Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;


Women who knitted socks at Blaenau Ffestiniog during the First World War - on the People's Collection Wales site

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

Land and Property

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;


Gwynedd Family History Society  have a diagram of the ecclesiastical parishes of Merionethshire (under Publications)  - with some links to photographs of parish churches


The manganese mines of Merionethshire

Rhosydd, a Ffestiniog Slate Quarry - on Dave Sallery's site

Ffestiniog Railway site

W Hughes, Ffestiniog carrier, c 1875 - on the People's Collection Wales site

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Ffestiniog Workhouse -  on Peter Higginbotham's site


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