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Towns & Parishes

MACHEN, Monmouthshire

"MACHEN, a parish chiefly in the lower division of the hundred of Wentllooge, county Monmouth, but partly in the hundred of Caerphilly, county Glamorgan, 5 miles N.W. of Newport, its post town. It is situated between the Rumney and Ebbs, and includes the hamlets of Upper and Lower Machen, and Rhydgwern. Here are mines from which are obtained calamine, coal, iron, and lead. The principal seat of industry is Upper Machen, where there are extensive iron and tin works, a foundry, and the works of the Rumney Railway Company. The Monmouthshire canal, and the Rhymney and Tyrhowey railways, afford facility of conveyance to Newport."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson 2003]

 

Bibliography

Church History

See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data re St John the Baptist, Upper Machen

See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data re St Michael's Church, Lower Machen

Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,  Cardiff, 1976. The names given towards the end of each entry are those of the informants.  Check with  Gwent RO to see what extant records are held, and possible names of chapels/churches established after 1851.

Machen Parish, consisting of the hamlets of Lower Machen, Upper Machen and Rhydgwen (the latter in the county of Glamorgan).  Statistics; Area 4460 acres; Population 1172 males, 1038 females, total 2210

Church Records

See the Monmouthshire county page for links to online records

Description and Travel

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(Last updated - Gareth Hicks  - 4 March 2012)

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