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Monmouth / Trefynwy

"MONMOUTH, a parish, market town, municipal and parliamentary borough, having separate jurisdiction, but locally in the lower division of the hundred of Skenfreth, county Monmouth, of which it is the county town, 130 miles W. by N. of London, and 79 miles from Worcester by the West Midland section of the Great Western railway, which has a branch of 18 miles from Pontypool Road to Monmouth."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)


  • Allen, Richard          Keep Monmouth tidy  - 1673!             Gwent Local History 75 1993      Welsh Journals Online
  • Bibliography of Monmouth Borough. Cwmbran : Gwent County Council, 1986. 316p.
  • Bold, Wyndham E. Methodism and its beginnings in Monmouth. 1987. 55p.
  • Clark, John        Early Impressions of Monmouth            Gwent Local History vol 56 1984    Welsh Journals Online
  • Davies, Ebenezer T. The inns and friendly societies of Monmouth. Monmouth : Monmouth Historical and Educational Trust, 1982. 48p.
  • Davies, O Talog. Antique maps of Monmouth Part 1, 1573-1695. Wolverley, Kidderminster] : O. Talog Davies, [1985]. 32p.
  • Dunning, Robert. The Monmouth rebellion. Dovecote, 1985.
  • Edwards, Arthur. The seven bishops : in celebration of the seventy-fifth birthday of the Diocese of Monmouth - 1996. [Newport] : Monmouth Diocese, 1997. 69p.
  • Gomme, Andor. St. Mary's Monmouth : the building of the eighteenth century church. Monmouthshire Antiquary 5 (1985-88), p. 88-95.
  • Harrison, Derek. Monmouth and its railways : Derek Harrison looks at three single-line railways that once served a diverse community. Steam Days 39 (1992), p. 595-9.
  • Heath, Charles. Historical and descriptive accounts of the ancient and present state of the town of Monmouth : including a variety of other particulars deserving the stranger's notice, relating to the borough and its neighbourhood. Collected from original papers and unquestionable authorities, the whole never before published. [Monmouth] : Printed and sold by him [Charles Heath]: sold also by Mr. Roberts, Ross; Mrs. Kirby, Chepstow; and at all the inns in the county, 1804.
  • Hopkins, Anthony            Repairing Monmouth Gaol in 1560           Gwent Local History vol 81 1996    Welsh Journals Online
  • Hopson, Mary. Monmouth in 1885 : or, Gleanings from the Monmouthshire Beacon, Forest of Dean Gazette, General Advertiser for the Counties of Monmouth, Hereford and Gloucester, and for South Wales, January to December, 1885. [Llanrothal, Monmouth] : Tregate Press, 1985. 56p.
  • Hopson, Mary. A record of the memorial stones in Monmouth Parish churchyard. Llanrothal, Monmouth] : Tregate Press, 1988. 37p.
  • Illustrated handbook to Monmouth and the various objects of interest around it : with a map showing the railways and distances from Monmouth to the principal points of attraction. Monmouth : R. Waugh, [18--?] 77p.
  • Kissack, Keith            Thomas Tudor, a Monmouth artist             Gwent Local History vol 53 1982    Welsh Journals Online
  • Kissack, Keith. Life in the Monmouth Militia, 1778 to 1812 : from the duke of Beaufort's orderly books at Badminton. Monmouthshire Antiquary 7 (1991), p. 71-81.
  • Kissack, Keith. Victorian Monmouth. [Monmouth] : Monmouth Historical and Educational Trust, [1986]. 213p.
  • Kissack, Keith. Monmouth : the making of a county town. London : Phillimore, 1975. 345p.
  • Kissack, Keith. Mediaeval Monmouth. Monmouth : Monmouth Historical and Educational Trust, 1974. 80p.
  • Kissack, Keith. Education in Monmouth. Monmouth & district Field Club & Antiquarian Society, 1967?. 21p.
  • Kissack, Keith. The formative years : the rise of Monmouth under its Breton Lords 1075-1257 with an appendix of dates from 1066 to the present day. Monmouth & district Field Club & Antiquarian Society, [1946?] 17p.
  • Kissack, Keith. The building of Monmouth. Monmouth : Monmouth Historical and Educational Trust, 1989. 12p.
  • Kissack, Keith. Monmouth School and Monmouth, 1614-1995. Hereford : Lapridge Publications, 1995. 158p.
  • Kissack, Keith. The lordship, parish and borough of Monmouth. Hereford : Lapridge Publications, 1996. 159p.
  • Monmouth and the river Wye : in old photographs : from Goodrich to Brockweir. Gloucester : Sutton, 1989. 160p.
  • Monmouth official guide. Monmouth : Post Haste, 1985. 40p.
  • Phillips, Roger.           Stage coach rivalry at Monmouth.         Gwent Local History vol 62 1987     Welsh Journals Online
  • Powell, David A. St. Mary's Catholic Church, Monmouth 1793-1993 : a short history. Monmouth : St. Mary's Catholic Church, 1993. 64p.
  • Roots, Ivan A. The Monmouth rising. Exeter : Devon Books, 1986. 96p.
  • Rowell, Christopher          The Kymin, Monmouth           Gwent Local History vol 61 1986     Welsh Journals Online
  • Sedgwick, Molly         Dolly Shepherd, an Edwardian Parachutist, at Monmouth           Gwent Local History vol 62 1987     Welsh Journals Online
  • Shirehampton. W J P. Monmouth's railways : a historical survey. Monmouth & district Field Club & Antiquarian Society, [196-?] 10p.
  • Taylor, Robert. Taylor's illustrated guide to the banks of the Wye, including Chepstow, Monmouth, Ross ... and other parts of the Welsh borders : with historical and topographical remarks. Chepstow : Robert Taylor, 1853. 70p.
  • The Monmouth registers : illustrative of the history, manners, and morals, of the town and neighbourhood. Monmouth : W. Bailey, 1872. 29p.
  • The true and interesting history of William Owen and Polly Morgan, both of Monmouth town. London : printed by W. Bailey, 1782. 32p.
  • Tucker, Clifford         A Monmouth Boyhood             Gwent Local History vol 42 1977          Welsh Journals Online
  • Wigfield, W Macdonald. The Monmouth rebels, 1685. Taunton : Somerset Record Society, 1985. 225p.

Church History

Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,  Cardiff, 1976. The names given towards the end of each entry are those of the informants.  Check with  Gwent RO to see what extant records are held, and possible names of chapels/churches established after 1851.

Monmouth Parish & Borough; Statistics; Area 3420 acres; Population 2445 males, 2744 females, total 5189

  • St Mary's Parish Church, Monmouth    "Erected - two distinct periods, about the C15th; and about one hundred and fifty years back"     Attendance - morning 500 + 150 scholars, afternoon 50 scholars, evening 600         3 services in English       Edw. F. Arney, Vicar
  • Church of St Thomas  "An ancient Saxon Structure but whether originally a Parish church or otherwise is not known.  It was in a dilapidated state and had not been used for many years. It was restored in 1831 and opened for Divine Service in 1832."         Attendance - morning 200 + 57 scholars, evening 250 + 20 scholars       2 services in English    Joseph Fawcett Beddy, M.A, Minister
  • School Room belonging to Jones's Charity    Attendance - afternoon 97   "The Lectureship was endowed 200 years ago to afford week day administration and a Lecture on Sunday to the inmates of Jones's almshouses"     Charles Augustus Halson, Lecturer
  • Chapel of the Union House   "For the use of the Inmates of Monmouth Union House"   Attendance - afternoon 51 + 47 scholars      J B Bourne, Chaplain
  • Chapel in the County Gaol      "a new one erected about one or two years ago"    Attendance - 85/90    Informant; Edward Johnson Gosling, M.A, Chaplain
  • Roman Catholic Chapel     Erected 1794    Attendance - morning 180      Thomas Burgess, Catholic Priest, St Mary's St, Monmouth
  • Glendower St Independent Chapel    Erected 1832     Attendance - morning 250 + 50 scholars, evening 200     William Major Paull, Minister
  • Wesleyan Free Church Meeting Room     Wesleyan Methodist (Reformer)     Attendance - morning 50, evening 105     William Higgins, Manager, Monnow Bridge, Monmouth
  • Monnow St Primitive Methodist Meeting House       Erected 1835     Attendance - afternoon 53, evening 64     George Grigg, Superintendant, Dry Bridge St, Monmouth
  • Monnow St Baptist Chapel      Erected 1820     Attendance - (average)  morning 80, afternoon 50 scholars, evening 130         Henry Clark, Minister
  • St James St, Wesleyan Methodist Chapel         Erected 1837       Attendance - morning 50 + 40 scholars, evening 200     "Divine Service has been held in this town for more than 60 years. The present chapel is a new erection and some untoward circumstances have made against the congregation. Perhaps not more than half the inhabitants of the town attend any place of worship on the Sabbath day, "            William Baker, Minister, St James's St, Monmouth
  • Primitive Methodist (Branch) Meeting House    Erected 1846       Attendance (average) - morning 40     George Watkins, Steward, Wye Bridge, Monmouth
  • Buckholt Primitive Methodist Meeting House    Erected 1850       Attendance - afternoon 20, evening 45      George Gregg, Superintendant, Dry Bridge St, Monmouth

Church Records

See the Monmouthshire county page for links to online records

  • This list of parish records is intended as a rough guide to coverage only. Their location as stated should be confirmed with the appropriate Record Office prior to any visit.
    Monmouth / Trefynwy, St Mary's Church - records with the NLW
    Baptisms/Marriages/Burials 1598-1754 with gaps
    Bishops Transcripts 1660-88, 1690-4, 1696-1833, 1836-42 - records with the HRO
    Monmouth / Trefynwy, St Mary's Church - records with the Gwent RO
    Baptisms Marriages Banns Burials
    1755-1908 1754-1918 1823-47, 1915-64 1755-1918
    Bishops Transcripts 1843-59, 1862-9 - records with the NLW
    Monmouth / Trefynwy, St Thomas Overmonnow's Church (formed from St Mary 1831) - records with the Gwent RO
    Baptisms Marriages Banns Burials
    1846-1910 1846-1942 1846-1939 1850-4
    Bishops Transcripts 1846-60, 1862, 1865, 1867 - records with the NLW
    [Details as published in The Parish Registers of Wales, NLW 1986 - present location/availability may vary]
You can see pictures of Monmouth / Trefynwy which are provided by:


Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Monmouth / Trefynwy has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Ask for a calculation of the distance from Monmouth / Trefynwy to another place.


  • Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.  Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SO509129 (Lat/Lon: 51.812522, -2.713662), Monmouth / Trefynwy which are provided by: