We are in the process of upgrading the site to implement a content management system.

Trefddyn / Trevethin

"TREVETHAN, a parish in the upper division of Abergavenny hundred, county Monmouth, 7 miles from Usk, and 1 mile from Pontypool. It is situated near the Brecon and Monmouthshire canals and the river Afon Llwyd. The parish contains the townships of Aberyschan, Pontnewydd, and Pont-y-pool, the last being a polling place for the county and a petty sessions town. Many of the inhabitants are employed in the collieries, lime-pits, and extensive iron-works, chiefly at Pont-y-pool [which see]."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)

Bibliography

  • A living in Torfaen : memories of life in Pontypool, Cwmbran and Blaenafon. Pontypool : Village Publishing, 1993. 92p.
  • Abersychan & Garndiffaith Local History Group : [journal]. Issue No. 1 (spring 1996)-
  • Colebrooke, Kim           A history of the British Ironworks, Abersychan          Gwent Local History vol 54 1983    Welsh Journals Online
  • David, Jonathan. The GWR's neglected main line : [Pontypool to Neath]. Welsh Railway Archive 1 (1991), p. 99-102.
  • Davies, John. Ebenezer Congregational Church, Pontnewydd : a sketch of its history from its formation in 1740 up to 1891. Newport [Gwent] : John E. Southall, 1908. 69p.
  • Edwards, C B           It was like this....... Personal recollections of Gardiffaith in the 1930s          Gwent Local History 76 1994      Welsh Journals Online  & Part 2  Gwent Local History 77 1994     Welsh Journals Online
  • Evans, J Daryll          The Trevethin yew          Gwent Local History vol 64 1988    Welsh Journals Online
  • Foster, Brian.          Abersychan Ironworks 1827-1884.            Gwent Local History. No. 91 2001 Welsh Journals Online
  • Foster, Brian            Prize fighting in the Eastern Valley        Gwent Local History. No. 96 2004   Welsh Journals Online
  • Greene, W H. An extinct manufacture : the old Pontypool Japan-ware. St. Sampson : Toucan, 1986. 14p.
  • John, W D. Pontypool and Usk japanned wares. Newport : Ceramic Book Company, 1966.
  • Kenrick, G S. The population of Pontypool and the parish of Trevethin ... : a lecture delivered on Tuesday evening, March 17, 1840 at the Mechanics Institution, Pontypool. London : Simpkin, Marshall, & Co., 1840. 41p.
  • Lewis, Jack          Crumlin Viaduct            Gwent Local History vol 45 1978         Welsh Journals Online
  • Linnard, Bill          Charles Vaughan of Pontypool - Mystery clockmaker      Gwent Local History vol 86 1999    Welsh Journals Online   
  • Madgin, Hugh. The Pontypool and Blaenavon Railway. Railway World (April 1994), p. 28-30.
  • Nichols, Reginald        Hidden Fire - a very rare book indeed: Barnabas and Frances Brough of Pontypool, and the Chartists    Gwent Local History vol 55 1983        Welsh Journals Online
  • Palmer, Marilyn. The steam engines at Glyn Pits Colliery, Pontypool : an archaeological investigation. Industrial Archaeology Review 13 (1990), p. 7-34.
  • Pamely-Evans, Dilys        The Inns and Taverns of the Crumlin branch of the Monmouthshire Canal               Gwent Local History 75 1993      Welsh Journals Online
  • Pontypool remembered : a pictorial collection. Cwmbran : Village Publishing, 1984. 62p.
  • Pontypool's pride : the official history of Pontypool Rugby Football Club, 1868-1988. Abertillery : Old Bakehouse, 1988. 300p.
  • Rattenbury, Gordon              The Cwm Frwd Rail Road          Gwent Local History vol 42 1977          Welsh Journals Online
  • Roden, Bryan. Pictorial memories of old Abersychan : including Talywain, Garndiffaith and Varteg. Abertillery : Old Bakehouse Publications, 2000. 128p.
  • Roden, Bryan. Pictorial memories of old Pontypool : including Pontnewydd, Griffithstown, New Inn and Sebastopol. Vol.1 . Abertillery : Old Bakehouse Publications, 1999. 128p. Also Vol 2, 2000.
  • "See you in the park in August ..." : bygone scenes of Pontypool and the surrounding villages. Old Cwmbran : Village Publishing, c1986. 64p.
  • Shaw, Marguerite. A scrapbook of Abersychan : Talywaun, Garndiffaith and Varteg 1832 to 1982. Tal-y-waun] : Marguerite Shaw, 1982. 46p.
  • Shaw, Marguerite. A second scrapbook of Abersychan, Talywain, Garndiffaith, Varteg and Cwmavon. Tal-y-waun] : Marguerite Shaw, [1985] 48p.
  • Shaw, Marguerite. A third scrapbook of Abersychan : Talywain, Garndiffaith, Varteg and Cwmavon. [Pontypool] : Marguerite Shaw, 1986. 52p.
  • Stainer, K. The colliery fatality at Abersychan : a report from the Free Press of Monmouthshire August/September 1895. Gwent Family History Society Journal. No. 68 (Dec. 2002), p. 20.
  • Takel, Ronald E.            The British Ironworks, Abersychan.            Gwent Local History vol 87 1999    Welsh Journals Online   
  • Thorne, Dylis. Crane Street Baptist church, Pontypool, 1836-1986. Pontypool] : [Crane Street Baptist Church], [1986] 40p.
  • Tutton, Michael              The Challenge of Crumlin Viaduct             Gwent Local History 78 1995  Welsh Journals Online
  • Walkinshaw, David. Local register : or, chronology of Pontypool and the neighbourhood from the earliest period. 4th ed. Pontypool : David Walkinshaw, 1875.
  • Wilson, Janet                Little Mill Reformatory              Gwent Local History vol 84 1998    Welsh Journals Online

Church History

Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,  Cardiff, 1976. The names given towards the end of each entry are those of the informants.  Check with  Gwent RO to see what extant records are held, and possible names of chapels/churches built after 1851.

Trevethin Parish (With Pontypool); Statistics; Area 11329 acres; Population 8720 males, 8144 females, total 16864

  • St James' Chapel    A Chapel of Ease consecrated 1821 in lieu of previously existing one.........."  Attendance - morning 160, evening 320    2 services in English   George Jones, Curate
  •  
  • Talywaun, Abersychan   A Church or Chapel of Abersychan         Consecrated 1832 as a new Church     Attendance - morning 98 + 92 scholars, afternoon 146 scholars, evening c 300     ".....Yesterday's attendance  at Church was less than usual  [because of] .......  the Mid Lent Sunday custom of visiting parents etc ..... [also] many come from a distance, attendance not so large in winter ........ [also]  the present depression in the Iron Trade. Not long since there were 12 Blast Furnaces working in this District, now there are only 7 and this according to the common computation would mean a difference from two to three thousand persons in the District, including workmen and their families."        2 services in English      Thomas Bluett, BA., Perpetual Curate
  •  
  • Trevethin Parish Church        ".... this church entirely rebuilt in 1847......"       Attendance - morning 400 + 200 scholars, afternoon 250 scholars, evening 500 (in a licensed Schoolroom)   1 service in English       "In the morning and afternoon Divine Services are performed at the Parish Church, but in the evening at a licensed schoolroom in the town of Pontypool, but all the Congregations are those of the Church of England....."          Thomas Davies, M.A., Incumbent Minister
  •  
  • Pontnewynydd District Parish  under provisions of 6 and 7 Victoria c37            An additional church consecrated 1844              Attendance -  morning 300 + 70 scholars, evening 380 + 25 scholars   1 chapel, 2 services both in English               Owen T H Phillips, Incumbent Minister [see below]
  • Pontnewynydd, Church of England             Erected in 1840    Attendance - morning 280 + 100 scholars, evening 360 + 30 scholars      Informant ; Owen T H Phillips  [Are these 2 entries for the same church ?]
  •  
  • School Room, High St, Pontypool   Church of England       Erected 1838       Accommodation for 500      "Always full to overflow ... "        Informant; Thomas Davies, M.A.   (officiating Minister of the Town School room which is not a church but only a licensed room for Divine Worship)
  •  
  • St Alban's Catholic Church, Pontypool      Erected 1846      Attendance - morning 280, afternoon 50     William L Woollett, Catholic Priest
  •  
  • English Wesleyan Chapel  Pontypool         Erected 1814      Attendance - morning 160 + 50 scholars,  evening 350 + 50 scholars             George Burgess, Trustee and Steward
  • Tabernacle Chapel, Penygarn, Pontypool  Particular Baptist        Erected 1835     Attendance - morning 200 + 40 scholars, afternoon 118 scholars, evening 320      "This church was formed in the C17th and in 1727 a chapel was built about half a mile out of Town called Penygarn. In consequence of the distance the present place was erected in Town, the old chapel still remaining with a large burying ground attached"         Benjamin Jones, Senior Deacon, Grocer etc, Trosnant, Pontypool
  • Sardis, Trosnant, Pontypool, Independent Chapel       Erected before 1800, rebuilt 1823       Attendance - morning 160 + 30 scholars     Herbert Daniel, Minister, Cefn-y-crib, near Pontypool
  • Noddfa Chapel, Trefethin, Baptist.      Erected 1846      Attendance - (average) morning 274 + 200 scholars, evening 274 + 200 scholars       ".....disproportion between actual and average attendance  - [reason is] the present stagnation of Abersychan Iron Works and the consequent poverty of the population andn the removal of others to their localities"          Edward Roberts, Minister, Talywaen, near Pontypool
  • Rehoboth, Cranes St, Welsh Calvinistic Methodist       Erected  c 1821      Attendance - morning 116, afternoon 105 scholars, evening 136      "The services are held in Welsh (except occasionally in English) .... with 2 services in the week...."          William Brown, Minister, Penytranch, Pontypool
  • Tabernacle, Garnddiffaeth, Calvinistic Methodist       Erected  1827     Attendance - morning 138, evening 250      Thomas Jones, Trustee Stewart, Cwmfroodbaileg
  • Sardis, Garndiffaeth, Independent Chapel       Erected 1827      Attendance - morning 184 + 100 scholars, afternoon 126 scholars, evening 243     Morris Jones, Minister, Garndiffeth
  • Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Pontnewynydd     Erected 1850    Attendance - morning Sunday School, afternoon 100, evening 200        William Fleetwood, Trustee
  • Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Abersychan       Erected 1829     Attendance - morning 450 + 249 scholars, evening 560    James Morgan, Chapel Steward, Abersychan
  • Garniffaith Wesleyan Methodist Chapel      Erected 1840    Attendance - morning 300 + 200 scholars, evening 500 + 200 scholars     Meshach Cook, Trustee and Steward, Garndiffaeth
  • English Wesleyan Chapel   Erected 1823    Attendance - morning 150, afternoon Sunday School, evening 270         John Vipond, Trustee and Steward, Varteg Hill
  • Baptist Chapel, Crane St, Pontypool    Erected 1847     Attendance - morning 110 + 30 scholars, evening 152         Charles Davies, Deacon, Ironmonger, Pontypool
  • Welsh Wesleyan Methodist Church    Erected 1839       Attendance - morning 16, afternoon 44 scholars, evening 69    William Rosser, Trustee and Steward
  • Welsh Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Varteg      Erected 1829      Attendance - morningn 57, afternoon 60 scholars, evening 40     David Williams, Steward, Garnddiffaeth
  • Providence Chapel, George St, Pontypool, Independents      Erected 1833    Attendance - morning 84 + 46 scholars, afternoon 97 scholars, evening 86           Jonas Reddle, Pastor, Glanant Cottage, Pontypool
  • Salem Primitive Methodist Chapel, High St, Pontypool      Erected 1849    Attendance - morning 80 + 35 scholars, afternoon 40 scholars, evening 200     William Harvey, Minister, Sow Hill, Pontypool
  • Bethel Chapel, Garndiffaith, Primitive Methodists      Erected 1849    Attendance - morning 110 scholars, afternoon 110 + 109 scholars, evening 200     William Harvey, Minister, Sow Hill, Pontypool
  • Primitive Methodist Chapel, Abersychan    Erected  1832      Attendance - morning 100 + 140 scholars, afternoon 151 scholars, evening 250     Thomas Giles, Minister, Abersychan, Pontypool
  • Trosnant Chapel, Pontypool, Baptist          Erected 1776    Attendance - morning 266 + 60 scholars, afternoon 103 scholars, evening 290      "There is another Sunday School in connection with this chapel held at the Race, in the parish of Panteague............."    David Lloyd Isaac, Minister
  • Zion Chapel, Trosnant, Baptist     Erected 1844     Attendance - morning 250 + 80 scholars, afternoon 130 scholars, evening 350         "Believing the principles of Nonconformists to be in accordance with the New Testament we hail their progress and dissemination and cannot refrain expressing an opinion that the Union of Church and State forms a barrier thereto."   Joseph Davies, Trustee, Albion Rd, Pontypool
  • Capel-yr-Ynys Chapel, Independent     Erected 1832     Attendance - morning 61, afternoon 63 scholars, evening 80       Herbert Daniel, Minister, Cefn y crib, near Pontypool
  • Bible Christians, Pontnymynydd         Attendance -  morning 21, evening 40         William Gilbert, Minister, at Mr Hodges', Grocer, Pontypool
  • Baptist Chapel       Erected 'since 1800'     Attendance - afternoon 64 + 92 scholars      Llewellyn Thomas, Son of the Minister, Baptist College, Pontypool
  • Ebenezer Chapel, Pontypool, Independent     Erected 1742      Attendance - morning 202, afternoon 121 scholars, evening 205        Evan Rowlands, Minister
  • Abersychan Chapel, English Baptist     Erected 1827    Attendance - morning 147, evening 270       Stephen Price, Minister, Abersychan
  • Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Abersychan     Erected 1827     Attendance - morning 450 + 249 scholars, afternoon Sunday School, evening 560       James Morgan, Chapel Steward, Abersychan
  • Siloh Independent Chapel, Abersychan      Erected 1837    Attendance - morning 35 + 30 scholars, afternoon 40 scholars, evening 40    "Minister apsent"     Thomas Williams, Deacon
  • Independents Room, Abersychan     Began 1850    Attendance - morning 30 scholars, afternoon 55 + 38 scholars, evening 70 scholars     Benjamin Nicholas, Superintendant, British Iron Works
  • Varteg Chapel, Wesleyan Methodist     Erected 1829    Attendance - morning 57, evening 21     David Williams, Society Steward, Garnddifaith
  • Pisgah, Particular Baptists     Erected 18?7     Attendance - morning 314, afternoon 216 scholars, evening 480             "The reason of the falling off of our Congregation is the depression that has been (in) the Iron Trade. Four of the furnaces in the British Works going out of blast"           William Thomas, Minister, Talywaun
  • English Particular Baptist Chapel, Abersychan    Erected 1827     Attendance - morning 150 + 120 scholars, evening 270   "A day school has been kept in the Vestry"    Informant; Rev Stephen Price, Baptist Minister, Abersychan
  • Providence Chapel, Pontypool, English Independents      Erected 1833    Attendance - morning 60 + 60 scholars, evening 150      Informant; J Keddle, V.D.M
  • English Wesleyans, Sowhill    Erected 1814     Attendance - [morning?] 150 + 70 scholars, afternoon 100 scholars, evening 250 scholars      Informant; George Kevern

Church Records

See the Monmouthshire county page for links to online records

  • This list of parish records is intended as a rough guide to coverage only. Their location as stated should be confirmed with the appropriate Record Office prior to any visit.
    Trefddyn / Trevethin, St Cadocus's Church - records with the Gwent RO
    Baptisms Marriages Banns Burials
    1665-1709, 1726-1939 1655-1709, 1726-1923 1823-55, 1891-1903, 1907-46 1655-1709, 1726-1933
    Bishops Transcripts 1696, 1725-1844 - records with the NLW
    (see also Blaenafon/Blaenavon)
    Abersychan, St Thomas's Church (formed from Trefddyn/Trevethin 1844) - records with the Gwent RO
    Baptisms Marriages Banns Burials
    1835-1901 1844-1915 1889-1902, 1920-31 (Garndiffaith 1922-63) 1835-95
    Bishops Transcripts see Trefddyn/Trevethin
    Crymlyn / Crumlin, Unknown Dedication (formed from Pen-maen + Llanhiledd/Llanhilleth + Trefddyn/Trevethin + Mynyddislwyn 1921) - records with the Gwent RO
    Baptisms Marriages
    1845-1940 1904-40
    Pontnewynydd, St Luke's Church (formed from Trefddyn/Trevethin 1845) - records with the Gwent RO
    Baptisms Marriages Banns
    1845-1954 1845-1971 1936-47, 1957-71
    Bishops Transcripts 1857-63, 1866, 1868-9, 1871 - records with the NLW
    [Details as published in The Parish Registers of Wales, NLW 1986 - present location/availability may vary]

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Trefddyn / Trevethin which are provided by:

Gazetteers

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Trefddyn / Trevethin has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Maps

  • Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.  Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SO282021 (Lat/Lon: 51.712974, -3.040663), Trefddyn / Trevethin which are provided by:

Occupations