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Trefyclawdd/Knighton

"KNIGHTON, a borough, market town, and parish, in the hundred of KNIGHTON, county of RADNOR, SOUTH WALES, 9 3/4 miles (N. E. by N.) from New Radnor, and 158 (W. N. W.) from London, containing 1259 inhabitants. The Welsh name of this place is Trev y Clawdd, signifying " the town upon the dyke," and is derived from its situation on that stupendous rampart of earth which Offa King of the Mercians raised as a line of separation between the territories of the Cambrian princes and his own widely extended dominions................There are neither manufactures nor trade carried on in the town,................ A large wool-stapling establishment formerly existed, which failed in 1811 ;.................The market, which is on Thursday,.................Fairs are held annually on the Thursday before Easter, May 17th, October 2nd, the last Thursday in October, and the Thursday before November 12th. The parish is divided into three parts, namely, the borough, the lordship of Farrington, and the township of Cwmgilla :...............The borough is co-extensive with the manor, its common title being "The Manor and Borough of Knighton." ........................ The petty sessions for the hundred are held here ; and Knighton has been made, ............one of the polling-places in the election of a knight for the shire. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Salop, and diocese of Hereford, endowed with £ 600 private benefaction, £ 600 royal bounty, and £ 600 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Warden of the Hospital Of Clun. The church, which is dedicated to St. Edward, .............A small school for the gratuitous instruction of poor children, to which Mrs. Barnsley bequeathed £50, and Mr. Thomas Meyrick and Lieutenant-Colonel Winwood each gave a portion of land, is supported partly by the income arising from these benefactions, and partly by subscription. There are six small almshouses for the poor, ......."  ( A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, Samuel Lewis, 1833)

Bibliography

Allen, David. Excavations on Offa's Dyke, Ffrydd Road, Knighton, Powys, 1976. Transactions of the Radnorshire Society 58 (1988), p. 7-10

Blackburn, Alice. Alice's Knighton 1916-1925 : Knighton revisited. [Huddersfield] : [Alice Blackburn], [1994?] 70p

Cadwallader, Mary. Knighton = Tref-y-clawdd : the town on Offa's Dyke. Presteigne : Wooden Books, 1996  148p

Davies, D Stedman           Knighton             Radnorshire Society Transactions, vol. 12  1942    Welsh Journals Online

Davies, D Stedman               Stanage              Radnorshire Society Transactions, vol. 12  1942    Welsh Journals Online

Davies, W T Kevill. The condition of the agricultural labourer : an address delivered to the memebers of the Knighton Farmers' Club, at their annual meeting... Ludlow : Edward John Partridge, pr., 1854. 20p Edmund Lamb Wallis, 1849-1940, solicitor, and alderman and freeman of the city of Hereford : extracts from his memoirs concerning his years at Knighton, 1869-1877. Transactions of the Radnorshire Society 57 (1987), p. 84-91

Extracts from Diary of Thomas Lyke, 1697- 1708 [Stanage]             Radnorshire Society Transactions      vol. 15  1945     Welsh Journals Online

Fenn, R W D & N T Roberts       The Recollections of Laura Meredith              Radnorshire Society Transactions   Vol 55  1985          Welsh Journals Online

Hatfield, William.   Knighton and District (Hereford, 1947)     Reference to "Manuscript and typescripts and research notes" on Archives Network Wales

Hughes, Colin P F. A history of schools in Radnorshire : the Knighton area. Radnorshire Society Transactions, vol. 65 1995    Welsh Journals Online

Kay, Ernest. Offa's Dyke Path North : Knighton to Prestatyn. London : Aurum, 1989. 144p

Kay, Ernest. Offa's Dyke Path South : Chepstow to Knighton. London : Aurum, 1989. 144p

Knighton Rural District, Radnorshire, the official guide. Gloucester : British Publishing, [1972] 24p

Knighton and Rebecca; an episode of 100 hundred years ago              Radnorshire Society Transactions, vol. 13  1943     Welsh Journals Online

Lee, William. Report to the General Board of Health on a preliminary inquiry into the sewerage, drainage, and supply of water, and the sanitary condition of the inhabitants of the borough of Knighton. London : printed by W. Clowes & Sons ... for Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1849. 20p

Noble, Frank. The traditional lore of school children in eastern Radnorshire recorded at Knighton County Secondary School 1952-3.   Radnorshire Society Transactions, vol. 70 2000    Welsh Journals Online

Stevens, M R A        A geographical survey of the sheep-rearing industry of Knighton and neighbourhood       Radnorshire Society Transactions Vol 18 1948           Welsh Journals Online

Tillet, Elizabeth. Knighton in 1851. Cronicl Powys. No. 49 (2000), p. 33-37

Business and Commerce Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Radnorshire Company Ltd Records  1864-1973    "The Radnorshire Coal, Lime and General Supply Company Ltd was established in 1865 and changed its name to the Radnorshire Company in 1946. The company was based in Knighton..."

Cemeteries

  • St Edward, Church Road, Knighton, Church in Wales

Census

Victorian Powys for schools site - Census figures for Knighton parish 1841-1901

Churches

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Trefyclawdd/Knighton area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

KNIGHTON, St. Edward  1875-1878  - on the Church plans online site  

Church of St Edward, Knighton on the Radnorshire Churches Survey site

Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,  Cardiff, 1976. The names given towards the end of each entry are those of the informants.

Knighton Parish; Statistics; Area 2461 acres; Population 770 males, 796 females, total 1566

  • Knighton Parish Church     Attendance - (average) morning 400 + 150 scholars, evening 300 + 40 scholars      James ?, Perpetual Curate 
  •  
  • Chapel Wesleyans    Erected c 1805    Attendance - morning 12 scholars, afternoon 80, evening 30          Edward Oldbury, Society Steward

Church Records

Detailed information on deposited registers and transcripts for this parish is given on the Powys Archives page Radnorshire parish registers

As a guide only, the principal extant parochial church records for this parish span the dates shown below (as detailed in Parish Registers of Wales, NLW 2000) but exact current holdings should be confirmed with the individual Archives;

  • Baptisms 1599-1964; Marriages 1599-1971; Burials 1599-1959; Banns 1946-1978
    Parish Registers, or copies, for all or part of these dates are held at the NLW and/or Powys Archives.  
    Bishops Transcripts for various periods are held at Hereford Archives with copies at Powys Archives

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Society of Friends Papers   "... including records of Knighton Primitive Methodist Circuit, 1855-1971.........."

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Trefyclawdd/Knighton which are provided by:

Welcome to Knighton

Victorian Powys for schools site - Knighton and District

Offa's Dyke Association

Knighton - on Wikipedia

Gazetteers

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Trefyclawdd/Knighton has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

History

Knighton War Memorial - on the Roll of Honour site

Land and Property

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Price of Norton Deeds      "Deeds, 1674-1905, relating to properties mainly in Radnorshire, including deeds of the town hall or market house, stalls and standings and tolls of corn on market and fair days within the borough of Knighton, ...................."

Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SO287724 (Lat/Lon: 52.344989, -3.048100), Trefyclawdd/Knighton which are provided by:

Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.   Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county

Victorian Powys for schools site - Victorian Maps of Knighton and surrounding area

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

Victorian Powys for schools site - Knighton and District Union Workhouse

Knighton Workhouse - on Peter Higginbotham's site

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Knighton Poor Law Union records 1838-1941     " ..... 1838-1941, including Clerk to the Guardians' records, 1838-1930, including minute books, 1901-1930, ledgers, 1922-1930, and agreements with other Poor Law unions, 1917-1928; Workhouse Master's records, 1892-1907; Relieving Officer's records, 1905-1941; appointments of District Medical Officers of Health, 1903-1906; Collector's records, 1879-1939; records of non-Poor Law duties, 1841-1929, including vaccination records, 1878-1921; and poor rates records, 1901-1929."  
  • Knighton Workhouse property, deeds  1822-[1984]

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Knighton Burial Authority Records 1880-1977  
  • Knighton Local Board Maps           "Ordnance Survey 25" maps of Knighton Local Board of Health, [19th century]."   
  • Knighton Parish overseers of the poor, records       "Records relating to Knighton Parish, 1666-1831, including accounts of the Churchwardens and overseers of the poor 1666-1683; overseers' disbursements, 1741-1746; bastardy bonds, 1750-1760; settlement certificates, 1743-1783; removal orders, 1723-1831."  
  • Knighton Rural District Council, records  1895-1974    
  • Knighton Urban District Council, records  1839-1974 (mainly 1876-1974)

Schools

Victorian Powys for schools site - Victorian School Days/Knighton and District

 

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Knighton / Trefyclawdd