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Sir John Philipps of Picton, the SPCK and the Charity School Movement in Wales 1699-1737.

By Shankland, Thomas[Rev]. From   Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, Session 1904-05.

From this article there are two lists extracted below by Gareth Hicks;

The first is an alphabetical list of names, and the dates of foundation , of the Charity-Schools set up in Wales from 1699 to 1737, as reported in the Periodical   Accounts of Charity Schools, issued by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, with additional extracts from the Minute Books and Correspondence of the Society.

The second is an alphabetical list of Charity and Elementary Schools set up during the same Period, belonging to the same movement, but not recorded in the Periodical Accounts, the Abstracts , or Minutes, of the Society  for Promoting Christian Knowledge. Compiled from the report of the Schools Inquiry Commission, vol xx, 1870.

Abbreviations used in the References to the Various Sources in the following table;

First list

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No. Name and Situation     
of School
Number
of Schools
Date of
Foundation
or date of
Report 
Particular Account of Schools. Extracts etc
1   Abergavenny, Mon 1 1707 Here is about 15L per annum subscribed towards a Charity-School. --- A.1707
2 Abergwilly, Carm 1 1704 Eight boys taught. The School endow'd with 6L p. annum. --- A.1704
3 Amroth, Pem 1 1713 A Charity School. --- A.1713
4 Bangor, Carn 1 1716 10 Children taught. --- A.1717
5 Beaumaris, Ang 1 1716 12 Poor children taught and Cloathed at the expence of a person of honour. --- A.1717
6 Bettws, Abergele, Den 1 1714 A School for 13 children, 10 of which are taught and Cloath'd at the charge of the Vicar, and 3 girls taught and cloath'd at the charge of a gentlewoman. --- A.1715

Moses Williams, 26 April 1715. The Rev Mr Jones Vicar thereof has given 50s. p.ann. for ever for teaching ten poor children to read Welsh. He also finds them books and bestows cloaths upon them at Christmas. Also Madm. Joanna Griffiths pays for the Teaching and cloathing of three poor girls there. --- Abs.3355

7 Bigely, Pem 1 1707 Here is 3L paid yearly to a master for teaching poor Children to read , write and the Church Catechism. --- A.1707
8 Boulston, Pem 1 1707 Here are 19 poor Children taught in a like manner, Some whereof are already Cloath'd and the rest will be cloath'd in a little time. And more poor Children may be taught if their parents will send them to School. These two last Schools, also those at Marloes, Walton-West, Rudbaxton, herein-after-mentioned are set up and maintained by the charity of a neighbouring Gentleman, who as soon as he can find another person willing and fit to teach children to read, write, and the principles of our Holy Religion will also employ him in that work. The Masters of these schools were recommended by some of the most active and zealous Ministers in the County, who also are pleased frequently to visit them and to assist in what is necessary for the good regulation and improvement of them. --- A.1707

A. 1709, adds to the above account :--- Landowrough, Monclochogg, Penally, and Hascard.

And further adds :--- Care is taken that the Children of these Schools, and those above-mentioned, come constantly to Church, and bring their Bibles and Common Prayer Books with them and behave themselves reverently there.

9-11 Brecon, Breck

3

Girls,1716

Boys,1718

Boys,1720

14 Girls taught and Cloathed here, erected 1716, by a Subscription of the Gentlewomen of the town, in prospect of a greater number being taught; and the Gentlemen of the place will promote the erecting of another school for Boys. --- A.1717.

A School for 20 Boys cloath'd, supported by the subscription of the Gentry of the Town, besides a School for 20 Girls formerly mentioned. S. 1719.

A third School for 20 Boys taught by the Charity of a bequest left by a private Gentleman. --- S. 1721

12 Cardiff, Glam 1 1710 Five Hundred Pound lately given for a Charity-School. --- A. 1710
13-14 Carmarthen, Carm

W. Evans's School

Edmond Meyrick's Endowed School

2

1705

1708

Here are taught 12 poor Children by a private person gratis. --- A. 1707

Here are also divers other poor children taught, for which 22/-. per Ann. is paid by a Reverend Person.
The same worthy Gentleman has given two houses here to charitable uses, the one for the School and the School Master, and the other for the use of the Library lately collected, and since set up here for the use of such of the Clergy as it The same worthy Gentleman has given two houses here to charitable uses, the one for the School and the School Master, and the other for the use of the Library lately collected, and since set up here for the use of such of the Clergy as it may be helpful to. --- A. 1709

A School for 21 poor children taught and Cloathed at the sole charge of a worthy Divine. --- A. 1713.

Evan Griffiths at Carmarthen 26 Jan 171 1/2. That by order of Mr Meyrick he gives a particular account of the School of which he is Master at Carmarthen where 21 Boys are taught and Cloath'd at Mr Meyrick's charge. --- Abs. 2962

15 Cowbridge, Glam 1 1706 Here are divers poor Children taught at the expence of a private person. --- A. 1706
16 Denbigh, Denb 1 1706 A School for 20 poor Children supported by the Minister and Offertory. --- A.1711

Griffith Jones at Denbigh 2 Sept 1729. That a Charity-School is set up in that Town endow'd with 40L p.ann. for Cloathing and teaching 20 Boys.--- Abs. 10371

17 Dinas, Pem 1 1711 Four Children taught at the charge of the Rector [Mr Laugharne]. --- A. 1711
18 Dolgelley, Mer 1 1720 A School for 25 Boys and 25 Girls supported at the charge of a Lady of London. --- S. 1721
19 Esgair Hir Mines, Card 1 1706 The Governour and Company of the Mine-Adventurers of England allow 20L per annum for a Charity-School for the Children of the miners and workmen belonging to the said Company. The said Company also give 30L yearly to a Minister to read prayers, preach, and catechise the children. --- A. 1706
20-23 Glasbury, Breck and Rad 4 1711 30 Children are taught. --- A. 1711

50 Children taught in several Schools and supplied with Books. --- A, 1714

Humphrey Jordon, 18 March 17 6/7, pays for the Schooling and Books yearly of 57 children in 4 little Schooles in the Counties of Brecknock and Radnor, his parish being in both. --- Abs. 5191

24 Gresford, Denb 1 1710 A Charity-School for 20 poor Children for some years past, 5 of which are paid for by the worthy Minister, and some of the best and ablest Parishioners pay for the rest. --- A. 1710
25 Gyffin, Carn 1 1716 10 poor Children taught here. --- A. 1717
26 Haraldston, Pem 1 1707 Ten poor Children are taught to read, write, and the Cathechism, at the charge of the worthy Minister. --- A. 1709
27 Hascard, Pem 1 1707 A Charity-School. The Master is allowed 5L per Ann. and liberty to teach the Children of others, who are able to pay for their Education. See Boulston. --- A. 1709
28 Haverfordwest, Pem 1 1706 A School for 31 Children, 25 of which are Cloathed, each of them receive 5s. a Quarter for their parents. On the School is settled 34L per Annum, and the interest of 300L for ever. --- A.1710

A Letter from Mr Pember was read March 27 1707, ' that the Charity-School there [which was open'd on 4 December last] was endow'd by a Gentlewoman who died 15 or 16 years ago.  That the Master has a good house and 5L p.ann. Salary, for which he teaches 20 Boys and 12 Girls to read, write, and Cast Accts., and the Girls are taught to Sew and Knitt'. --- M. 27 March 1707

29 Kerry, Mont 1 1715 A School erecting. The house being built and Subscription upwards of 10L per annum. --- A. 1715
30 Lambston, Pem 1 1715 Mr Pember pays for teaching all ye poor children at Lambston.--- Abs 4667, 16 Dec. 1715

A School for all the poor Children here supported at the charge of a Reverend Divine. --- A. 1716

31 Lampeter Velfrey,Pem 1 1717 A School supported by subscription. --- A. 1717
32 Laugharne, Glam [Llanharan ?] 1 1718 A School for 20 Boys. --- A.1718 & 1724
33 Llantwit-Major, Glam 1 1720 A School endowed with 5L per annum for ever. --- S. 1721
34 Laugharne, Carm 1 1708 A Charity-School for 20 poor Boys, kept at the Town-House. Subscriptions 8L per Ann. --- A.1710

Eight Boys sent to Sea. --- A.1713

35 Lawrenny, Pem 1 1725 A School for all the poor Children of the Parish. --- S.1726
36 Llanboidy, Carm 1 1711 9 Children taught at a private expence. --- A.1711
37 Llandilo, Breck 1 1717 Hum. Jorden at Glasbury, Breconshire, 12 April 1718. That at Llandilo in Breconshire 12 Children are taught at the charge of the Minister of the Parish. --- Abs. 5567. See also A.1718
38 Llandovery, Carm 1 1712 A Charity-School. -- A. 1712
39 Llanddowror, Carm 1 1707 A Charity-School. The Master is allowed 5L per Annum, and Liberty to teach the Children of others, who will pay for their Education. --- A. 1709

A School for 20 Children, 7 of whom are cloathed by the interests of 40L left by David Lloyd, a farmer lately deceased. --- A.1713

It is interesting to note here that the Rev Griffith Jones was promoted to the Rectory of Llanddowror by Sir John Philipps in 1716. Clog-y-Fran, an ancient seat of Sir John was close by. It was occupied at this time by Sir John Dalton Esq who became a

It is interesting to note here that the Rev Griffith Jones was promoted to the Rectory of Llanddowror by Sir John Philipps in 1716. Clog-y-Fran, an ancient seat of Sir John was close by. It was occupied at this time by Sir John Dalton Esq who became a great supporter of Griffith Jones. This School became in 1731 the first Welsh School in the great Welsh movement initiated by Griffith Jones.

Griffith Jones, Landowror, Carmarthensh. 22 Sept 1731...........  He thinks it a proper time to propose a Welsh School at Landowror  for all comers, to learn to read & be supplied with books & taught gratis, desiring of the Society 40 or 50 of the small volume of ye Welsh Bible upon the usual kind terms they favour their members with, and other Books, this would be great charity to our poor. --- Abs. 11373

40 Llandyssul, Card 1 1727 A School for 10 Boys. --- S. 1728
41 Llanfihangel [Ysgeiffiog],Ang 1 1716 12 poor Children are taught. --- A. 1717
42 Llanfihangel, Mont 1 1722 A School for 32 Boys ; 20 of them have  a dinner given to them every School-day, they being from home. --- S. 1722

Endowed by Mrs Edward Vaughan, Llangedwyn. --- Abs. 7075  20 May

43-4 Llanfyllin, Mont 2 1722 Two Schools. 20 Boys and 10 Girls cloathed and taught to work, endowed by a gift of 1200L from a private Gentlewoman from Llangedwyn. --- S. 1722

These schools were endowed by Mrs Vaughan, the widow of Edward Vaughan, of Llwydiarth . --- Abs. 7075  20 May 1722

45 Llangadock, Carm 1 1705 Here is a Charity-School set up by the Bishop, Freeholders, and inhabitants. The subscription is about 30L per annum. --- A. 1706
46 Llangan, Carm 1 1711 4 poor Children taught at the charge of the Minister. ---A.1711
47 Llangeinwen, Ang 1 1714 A School for 16 poor Children set up at Christmas 1714. --- A.1716
48 Llangunnog, Carm 1 1705 The Lord of the Mannor, Freeholders, and inhabitants havevbuilt a School-house on the Wast, and enclosed part thereof , which is to be settled for ever for teaching the poor Children of the Lordship. --- A. 1706

Note;---The Minute Book of this school is preserved in Sir John Williams' Library at Llanstephan. It contains the record of a century.

49 Llangunnog, Mont 1 1712 A School for 12 Children taught and cloathed at the expence of a charitable Gentlewoman in the neighbourhood. --- A. 1712
50 Llanllechid, Carn 1 1716 15 poor Children taught here.--- A. 1717
51 Llanthony, Mon 1 1720 A School for 50 Boys opened Michaelmas 1720 at the charge of a private Gentleman. --- S. 1721
52 Llantilo Bertholeu, Mon 1 1722 A School supported chiefly at the charge of a private Gentleman. --- S. 1723
53-54 Llantrissant, Glam 2 1699 James Harris, Feb 15, 1699. Saith he hath put up two Schools. --- Abs. 33

A Grammar School newly erected wherein are about 20 Boys taught, and the children instructed in the Catechism and examined in the Church on Saturday Evenings, as also on Sunday Evenings, and Prayers are used Morning and Evening in the School. --- A. 1716

55 Llanwonno, Glam 1 1724 That there is a charity-school for 20 boys erecting at Llanwonno near Llantrissant. --- Abs. 7874, 22 May 1724
56 Llanychaer, Pem 1 1707 A Charity-School here, in which are 24 children, whereof 6 are cloath'd. --- A. 1709

There are good Orders in this School, and great hopes of having the number of Children encreased. --- A. 1709

Mr Gambold was the first Master. He was succeeded by Mr Jenkin Breckwell

57 Maenclochog, Pem 1 1708 Here is a School where several poor children are taught. See Boulston. --- A. 1709
58 Maesgwin, Rad 1 1722 A School for 40 Children supported at the charge of a private Gentleman. --- S. 1723
59 Marchwiail, Denb 1 1715 A School for 10 Boys taught at the charge of a private Gent. --- A. 1715

Moses Williams, 26 April 1715, John Hill of Sontley Esq, gives 40s. p. ann. for teaching 10 poor Boys there. --- Abs. 4355

60 Margam, Glam 1 Before 1705 Here are taught 12 children at the expence of a Private Person. --- A. 1709
61 Marloes, Pem 1 1707 Five pounds are yearly paid to a Master here, for teaching the poor Children to read and the Cathecism. --- A. 1707

And six other poor children of this place, ten others from St Brides, are taught in this school, at the Expence of a Gentleman of Society, who also buys books for them. The Minister visits this School and that at Hascard at least once a month. --- A. 1719

62 Marros, Carm 1 1712 A School for all the poor children of the Parish taught at the sole expence of the Lord of the Manour, who both pays the Master, and provides him an habitation. --- A. 1712
63-5 Merthyr Tydvil,  Glam 3 1713-4 3 Schools erected at the charge of the Lord of the Manour. --- A. 1714

Th. Price at Merthyr Tydvil 4 Feb 171 4/5. That the Charity-Schools of Merthyr Tydvil may be inserted in the next Account thus :--- At Merthyr Tydvil, Glamorgansh. 3 Schools --- 2 for Boys and 1 for Girls --- at the expence of one Gent, for the benefit of his poor Tenants. --- Abs 4306

The Gentleman referred to was a Mr Lewis of Hampshire, who subscribed 20L p. annum. --- Abs. 4726, 13 Feb 171 5/6

66 Michel Troy, Mon 1 1717 12 poor Children are taught here at the charge of a Lady of Quality. --- A. 1717
67 Mounton, Pem 1 1705 A Charity-School set up about 5 years since, by a worthy Gentleman of this Parish, who still continues his Liberality. --- A. 1710
68-70 Monmouth, Mon

Lady Granvill's School

Boy's School

Mixed School

3 1706

1708

1708

Here is a school for 24 poor children who learn to read and the Catechism at the expence of a Lady of Quality. They are cathechised in the Church every Wednesday ; and every Friday the children of the other School [which is not a Charity-School] are catechised in the Church. Some of the children of the Charity-School are cloathed. The Dame's Salary is 5L per annum. --- A. 1707

Besides the School formerly mentioned to be set up here by a Lady of Quality, there are two other Charity-Schools, one for Boys only, who are taught to read and write; the other for Boys and Girls who are taught to read by two Mistresses. And in these

Besides the School formerly mentioned to be set up here by a Lady of Quality, there are two other Charity-Schools, one for Boys only, who are taught to read and write; the other for Boys and Girls who are taught to read by two Mistresses. And in these Schools are above 60 children taught [besides the Scholars in the Lady's School] to which there is near Forty Pounds per Annum Subscribed; Gowns and Coifs for the Girls; and two of the children are yearly to be put out to honest Trades with the money collected at the monthly Sacrament. All the children come orderly to Church, and are Catechised Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Fridays. The schools are visited by the worthy Minister and others very often, to see what progress the children make in learning writing and the Accounts. --- A. 1709

14 Poor Boys have been put out to honest Trades with the offertory. --- A. 1714

Lady Granville, who is said to give 5L p. ann. to a widow, to teach 24 children, who have also Books and Cloaks at her Ladyship's charge. The Girls are said to be taught to sew and knitt. --- M. 13 Feb 170 6/7

71 Narberth, Pem 1 1718 A school --- A. 1718
72 Neath, Glam 1 1706 The Company of Mine-adventurers pay 20L yearly for a Charity-School for the children of the Miners and workmen of the said Company. ---A. 1706

A School for all the poor Children supported by the Lord of the Mannor. --- S. 1721

Sir Humphrey Mackworth was a leading supporter of this School.

73 Pembrey, Carm 1 1712 A School for 24 Children erected Michaelmas 1712. Salary for the Master 6L per ann. About 10 of the poorest of the children have cloaths given them, and their dinner 5 days in the week at a Publick House near the School, at the charge of the Reverend Divine, who has an estate in those parts in conjunction with the principal inhabitants of the Parish, to which the offertory is added, the whole amounting to about 15L per Ann. --- A. 1714
74-6 Pembroke, Pem 3 1710 Here are 3 schools, one in the Parish of St Michael for 18 Children , another in St Mary's Parish for 7 Girls, and a 3rd in St Nicholas for 9 Boys. --- A. 1710
77 Penally, Pem 1 1708 A Charity-School. --- A. 1708
78 Penboyr, Carm 1 1713 A School for 10 Children erected Michaelmas 1713, and a prospect of having as many more taught and cloathed. --- A. 1714
79 Prendergast, Pem 1 1707 Six poor Children are taught to read, write, and the Catechism, partly by some of the Communion money, and partly at the expence of the worthy Minister of the Parish, who visits this School, and those at Rudbaxton, Walton-East, Haraldston-West, at least once a month. --- A. 1709
80 Presteign, Rad 1 1711 A Charity-School intended to be set up here by a Person of Quality. --- A. 1709

A School opened Christmas 1711 for 13 Children who were Cloathed in March following. The number is now increased to 20, and most of them continue to be cloath'd, and Books provided for them.--- A. 1713

Endow'd with 44L per ann. when a lease is expired and 50L is left for the poor of that town. --- A. 1714

81 Puncheston, Pem 1 1710 A School erected at Puncheston, and Mr Gambold is Master..... Opened the 8th Nov 1710. --- Abs 2407  28 Nov 1710
82 Rudbaxton, Pem 1 1707 Four pounds are paid yearly to a Master here for teaching poor children to read, write, and the Catechism, and 20s. more for Books. --- A. 1707
83 Slebech, Pem 1 1715 A School for 6 Boys and 6 Girls cloath'd at the charge of a private Gent. --- A. 1715

The Gentleman referred to was a Mr Barlow. --- Abs 4667  dec 16, 1715

84 St Bride, Pem 1 1708 A gentleman pays for the teaching of 20 poor Children at this place at the School at Marloes; and hath added six others to that School, and provided them all with Books. --- A. 1710
85 St Clears, Carm 1 1708 Sr John Philipps and Mr Pember had joined their interests to promote ye setting up 2 Charity-Schools at Laugharne and St Clears in which they had a prospect of success. --- Abs. 1471  25 Oct 1708
86 St Issel, Pem 1 1712 A Charity-School. John Jones, who had for many years been a faithful Servant in several good families, by his frugality in those services, and some chances in the Lottery, laid up above 300L which after the payment of a few Legacies, he left in trust with the Bishop of St David's for the time being , and several honourable persons in Pembrokeshire, to be applied towards the support of a Charity-School in this his Native place, consisting of an equal number of Boys and Girls. The money after the payment of his other Legacies amounts to near 300L, and is now out on interest till it can be vested in a proper purchase. --- A. 1713
87 Steinton, Pem 1 1727 A School opened 1727, supported by a private Gentleman. --- S. 1730
88 Templeton, Pem 1 1712 A School for 20 Children opened in January 171 1/2. --- A. 1712
89 Tenby, Pem 1 1708 There is a School here as at Boulston. --- A. 1719
90 Towyn, Mer 1 1710 A Charity-School wherein 15 poor Children are taught to read and write. --- 1710
91 Usmaston, Pem 1 1717 A Charity-School. --- A. 1717
92 Walton-East,  Pem 1 1707 There are 4L yearly paid for teaching poor Children to read, write, and the Catechism, and 20s. more for books. See Boulston. --- A. 1709

A Bible is given to each child when he leaves the School. --- A. 1714

93 Walton-West, Pem 1 1707 There are 4L yearly paid for teaching poor Children to read, write, and the Catechism, and 20s. more for Books. --- A. 1707
94 Welshpool, Mont A School for 12 boys supported by a Subscription of about 26L per annum. --- S. 1718
95 Wrexham. Denb 1 1701 Here are 40 poor Children taught to which the Offertory is apply'd. Also the interest of 20L left by a young Gentlewoman, lately deceased, for teaching 4 poor Children. --- A. 1713

Moses Williams, 26 April 1715. The Rev Mr Price Vicar thereof pays 40s. p ann. for a Schoolhouse, and gives the Master 6L p. ann. and his dyet for teaching all such of his Parishioners as are willing to read and write Welch and repeat their Catechism.......He also finds 'em Books. --- Abs. 4355

Second List

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No         Name & Situation of School                             Founder or Benefactor                                              Date of

Foundation

96 Aber, Carn John Jones D.D 1719
97 Aberffraw, Ang Sir Arthur Owen 1735
98 Bangor, Flint Dorothy Jeffreys 1728
99 Bedwas, Mon Ann Aldworth 1729
100 Bryneglwys, Denb Margaret Lloyd 1714
101 Caerleon, Mon C. Williams 1717
102 Carmarthen, Carm Sir Thomas Powell 1729
102 Eglwysilan, Glam Ann Aldworth 1729
104 Holt, Denb D Jeffreys 1728
105 Llanbadrig, Ang R Gwynne 1723
106 Llanbedr, Breck Mary Herbert 1728
107 Llanbrynmair, Mont M Lloyd 1702
108 Llandilo Fawr, Carm Mrs Warner 1721
109 Llanerfyl, Mont Priscilla Foster 1728
110 Llanfairtalhaiarn, Denb John Jones D.D 1708
111 Llanfihangel Ysternllewern, Mon Roger Thomas 1719
112 Llangelynin, Carn John Jones D.D 1719
113 Llangollen, Denb J David 1731
114 Llanigon, Breck L Walkins 1714
115 Llanrhaiadr Mochnant, Denb J Powell 1730
116 Llansadwrn, Carm Letitia Cornwalis 1731
117 Matherne, Mon Charles Pratt 1734
118 Meifod, Mont William Pugh 1714
119 Penmachno, Carn Roderick Lloyd 1729
120 Pentraeth, Ang John Jones D.D 1719
121 Rhayadr, Rad D Morgan 1720
122 Ruabon, Denb Griffith Hughes 1706
123 Whitford, Flint Pierce Jones 1711
124 Whitton, Rad Anna Childs 1703

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