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  76. <div class="easy-breadcrumb"><a href="/" class="easy-breadcrumb_segment easy-breadcrumb_segment-front">Home</a><span class="easy-breadcrumb_segment-separator"> &gt;&gt; </span><span class="easy-breadcrumb_segment easy-breadcrumb_segment-title">UK and Ireland</span></div> <ul id="superfish-1" class="menu sf-menu sf-main-menu sf-horizontal sf-style-light-blue sf-total-items-4 sf-parent-items-2 sf-single-items-2"><li id="menu-679-1" class="active-trail first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-1 sf-total-children-6 sf-parent-children-4 sf-single-children-2 menuparent"><a href="/big" title="United KIngdom and Ireland" class="sf-depth-1 menuparent active">UK and Ireland</a><ul><li id="menu-677-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-2 sf-total-children-3 sf-parent-children-3 sf-single-children-0 menuparent"><a href="/big/eng" title="England" class="sf-depth-2 menuparent">England</a><ul><li id="menu-1803-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-13 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-13 menuparent"><a href="/big/eng" title="Bedfordshire - Gloucestershire" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Bedfordshire - Gloucestershire</a><ul><li id="menu-1773-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/BDF" class="sf-depth-4">Bedfordshire</a></li><li id="menu-4276-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/BRK" title="Berkshire" class="sf-depth-4">Berkshire</a></li><li id="menu-1775-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/BKM" title="Buckinghamshire" class="sf-depth-4">Buckinghamshire</a></li><li id="menu-1776-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/CAM" class="sf-depth-4">Cambridgeshire</a></li><li id="menu-1777-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/CHS" title="Cheshire" class="sf-depth-4">Cheshire</a></li><li id="menu-1778-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/CON" title="Cornwall" class="sf-depth-4">Cornwall</a></li><li id="menu-1779-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/CUL" title="Cumberland" class="sf-depth-4">Cumberland</a></li><li id="menu-1780-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/DBY" title="Derbyshire" class="sf-depth-4">Derbyshire</a></li><li id="menu-3687-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/DEV" class="sf-depth-4">Devon</a></li><li id="menu-1781-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/DOR" title="Dorset" class="sf-depth-4">Dorset</a></li><li id="menu-1782-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/DUR" title="Durham" class="sf-depth-4">Durham</a></li><li id="menu-1783-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/ESS" title="Essex" class="sf-depth-4">Essex</a></li><li id="menu-1784-1" class="last odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/GLS" title="Gloucestershire" class="sf-depth-4">Gloucestershire</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1892-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-13 sf-parent-children-1 sf-single-children-12 menuparent"><a href="/big/eng" title="Hampshire - Nottinghamshire" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Hampshire - Nottinghamshire</a><ul><li id="menu-939-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-total-children-1 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-1 menuparent"><a href="/big/eng/HAM" class="sf-depth-4 menuparent">Hampshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1287-1" class="firstandlast odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/HAM/IOW" class="sf-depth-5">Isle of Wight</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1785-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/HEF" title="Herefordshire" class="sf-depth-4">Herefordshire</a></li><li id="menu-1786-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/HRT" title="Hertfordshire" class="sf-depth-4">Hertfordshire</a></li><li id="menu-1788-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/KEN" title="Kent" class="sf-depth-4">Kent</a></li><li id="menu-710-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/LAN" title="Lancashire" class="sf-depth-4">Lancashire</a></li><li id="menu-1789-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/LEI" title="Leicestershire" class="sf-depth-4">Leicestershire</a></li><li id="menu-1790-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/LIN" title="Lincolnshire" class="sf-depth-4">Lincolnshire</a></li><li id="menu-1791-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/LND" title="City of London" class="sf-depth-4">City of London</a></li><li id="menu-1792-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/MDX" title="Middlesex" class="sf-depth-4">Middlesex</a></li><li id="menu-1794-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/NTH" title="Northamptonshire" class="sf-depth-4">Northamptonshire</a></li><li id="menu-1793-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/NFK" title="Norfolk" class="sf-depth-4">Norfolk</a></li><li id="menu-1795-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/NBL" title="Northumberland" class="sf-depth-4">Northumberland</a></li><li id="menu-1796-1" class="last odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/NTT" title="Nottinghamshire" class="sf-depth-4">Nottinghamshire</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1804-1" class="last odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-13 sf-parent-children-1 sf-single-children-12 menuparent"><a href="/big/eng" title="Oxfordshire - Yorkshire" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Oxfordshire - Yorkshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1797-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/OXF" title="Oxfordshire" class="sf-depth-4">Oxfordshire</a></li><li id="menu-1798-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/RUT" title="Rutland" class="sf-depth-4">Rutland</a></li><li id="menu-1799-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/SAL" title="Shropshire" class="sf-depth-4">Shropshire</a></li><li id="menu-1800-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/SOM" title="Somerset" class="sf-depth-4">Somerset</a></li><li id="menu-1801-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/STS" title="Staffordshire" class="sf-depth-4">Staffordshire</a></li><li id="menu-531-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/SFK" title="Suffolk" class="sf-depth-4">Suffolk</a></li><li id="menu-1802-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/SRY" title="Surrey" class="sf-depth-4">Surrey</a></li><li id="menu-1805-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/SSX" title="Sussex" class="sf-depth-4">Sussex</a></li><li id="menu-1806-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/WAR" title="Warwickshire" class="sf-depth-4">Warwickshire</a></li><li id="menu-1807-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/WES" title="Westmorland" class="sf-depth-4">Westmorland</a></li><li id="menu-946-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/WIL" class="sf-depth-4">Wiltshire</a></li><li id="menu-1809-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/WOR" title="Worcestershire" class="sf-depth-4">Worcestershire</a></li><li id="menu-1810-1" class="last odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-total-children-4 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-4 menuparent"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/" title="" class="sf-depth-4 menuparent">Yorkshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1893-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/ARY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">Ainsty</a></li><li id="menu-1894-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/ERY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">East Riding</a></li><li id="menu-1895-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/NRY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">North Riding</a></li><li id="menu-1896-1" class="last even sf-item-4 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/WRY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">West Riding</a></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1769-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-2 sf-total-children-2 sf-parent-children-2 sf-single-children-0 menuparent"><a href="/big/irl" title="Ireland" class="sf-depth-2 menuparent">Ireland</a><ul><li id="menu-1811-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-15 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-15 menuparent"><a href="/big/irl" title="Antrim - Kilkenny" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Antrim - Kilkenny</a><ul><li id="menu-1813-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/ANT" title="Antrim" class="sf-depth-4">Antrim</a></li><li id="menu-1814-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/ARM" title="Armagh" class="sf-depth-4">Armagh</a></li><li id="menu-1815-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/CAR" class="sf-depth-4">Carlow</a></li><li id="menu-1816-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/CAV" title="Cavan" class="sf-depth-4">Cavan</a></li><li id="menu-1817-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/CLA" title="Clare" class="sf-depth-4">Clare</a></li><li id="menu-1818-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/COR" title="County Cork" class="sf-depth-4">Cork</a></li><li id="menu-1819-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LDY" title="Derry (Londonderry)" class="sf-depth-4">Derry (Londonderry)</a></li><li id="menu-1820-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/DON" title="County Donegal" class="sf-depth-4">Donegal</a></li><li id="menu-1821-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/DOW" title="County Down" class="sf-depth-4">Down</a></li><li id="menu-1822-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/DUB" title="County Dublin" class="sf-depth-4">Dublin</a></li><li id="menu-1823-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/FER" title="Fermanagh" class="sf-depth-4">Fermanagh</a></li><li id="menu-1824-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/GAL" title="Galway" class="sf-depth-4">Galway</a></li><li id="menu-1825-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/KER" title="Kerry" class="sf-depth-4">Kerry</a></li><li id="menu-1826-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/KID" title="County Kildare" class="sf-depth-4">Kildare</a></li><li id="menu-1827-1" class="last odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/KIK" title="Kilkenny" class="sf-depth-4">Kilkenny</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1812-1" class="last even sf-item-2 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-17 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-17 menuparent"><a href="/big/irl" title="Laois - Wicklow" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Laois - Wicklow</a><ul><li id="menu-1828-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LEX" title="Laois (Queens)" class="sf-depth-4">Laois (Queens)</a></li><li id="menu-1829-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LET" class="sf-depth-4">Leitrim</a></li><li id="menu-1830-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LIM" title="Limerick" class="sf-depth-4">Limerick</a></li><li id="menu-1831-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LOG" title="Longford" class="sf-depth-4">Longford</a></li><li id="menu-1832-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LOU" class="sf-depth-4">Louth</a></li><li id="menu-1833-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/MAY" title="County Mayo" class="sf-depth-4">Mayo</a></li><li id="menu-1834-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/MEA" title="County Meath" class="sf-depth-4">Meath</a></li><li id="menu-1835-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/MOG" class="sf-depth-4">Monaghan</a></li><li id="menu-1836-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/OFF" title="County Offaly (Kings)" class="sf-depth-4">Offaly (Kings)</a></li><li id="menu-1837-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/ROS" title="County Roscommon" class="sf-depth-4">Roscommon</a></li><li id="menu-1838-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/SLI" title="Sligo, Ireland" class="sf-depth-4">Sligo</a></li><li id="menu-1839-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/TIP" title="Tipperary" class="sf-depth-4">Tipperary</a></li><li id="menu-1840-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/TYR" title="Tyrone" class="sf-depth-4">Tyrone</a></li><li id="menu-1841-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WAT" title="County Waterford" class="sf-depth-4">Waterford</a></li><li id="menu-1842-1" class="middle odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WEM" title="County Westmeath" class="sf-depth-4">Westmeath</a></li><li id="menu-1843-1" class="middle even sf-item-16 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WEX" title="Wexford" class="sf-depth-4">Wexford</a></li><li id="menu-1844-1" class="last odd sf-item-17 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WIC" class="sf-depth-4">Wicklow</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li id="menu-683-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-2 sf-total-children-2 sf-parent-children-2 sf-single-children-0 menuparent"><a href="/big/sct" title="Scotland" class="sf-depth-2 menuparent">Scotland</a><ul><li id="menu-1845-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-17 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-17 menuparent"><a href="/big/sct" title="Aberdeenshire - Kirkcudbrightshire" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Aberdeenshire - Kirkcudbrightshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1847-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ABD" title="Aberdeenshire" class="sf-depth-4">Aberdeenshire</a></li><li id="menu-1848-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ANS" title="Angus" class="sf-depth-4">Angus</a></li><li id="menu-1849-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ARL" title="Argyllshire" class="sf-depth-4">Argyll</a></li><li id="menu-1850-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/AYR" title="Ayrshire" class="sf-depth-4">Ayrshire</a></li><li id="menu-1851-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/BAN" title="Banffshire" class="sf-depth-4">Banffshire</a></li><li id="menu-1852-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/BEW" title="Berwickshire" class="sf-depth-4">Berwickshire</a></li><li id="menu-1853-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/BUT" title="Bute" class="sf-depth-4">Bute</a></li><li id="menu-1854-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/CAI" title="Caithness" class="sf-depth-4">Caithness</a></li><li id="menu-1855-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/CLK" title="Clackmannanshire" class="sf-depth-4">Clackmannanshire</a></li><li id="menu-1856-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/DFS" title="Dumfriesshire" class="sf-depth-4">Dumfriesshire</a></li><li id="menu-1857-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/DNB" title="Dunbartonshire" class="sf-depth-4">Dunbartonshire</a></li><li id="menu-1858-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ELN" title="East Lothian" class="sf-depth-4">East Lothian</a></li><li id="menu-1859-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/FIF" title="Fife" class="sf-depth-4">Fife</a></li><li id="menu-1860-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/INV" title="Inverness-shire" class="sf-depth-4">Inverness-shire</a></li><li id="menu-1861-1" class="middle odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/KCD" title="Kincardineshire" class="sf-depth-4">Kincardineshire</a></li><li id="menu-1862-1" class="middle even sf-item-16 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/KRS" title="Kinross-shire" class="sf-depth-4">Kinross-shire</a></li><li id="menu-1863-1" class="last odd sf-item-17 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/KKD" title="Kirkcudbrightshire" class="sf-depth-4">Kirkcudbrightshire</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1846-1" class="last even sf-item-2 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-16 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-16 menuparent"><a href="/big/sct" title="Lanarkshire - Wigtownshire" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Lanarkshire - Wigtownshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1864-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/LKS" title="Lanarkshire" class="sf-depth-4">Lanarkshire</a></li><li id="menu-1865-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/MLN" title="Midlothian" class="sf-depth-4">Midlothian</a></li><li id="menu-1866-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/MOR" title="Moray" class="sf-depth-4">Moray</a></li><li id="menu-743-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/NAI" title="County page for Nairnshire, Scotland." class="sf-depth-4">Nairnshire</a></li><li id="menu-1867-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/OKI" title="Orkney" class="sf-depth-4">Orkney</a></li><li id="menu-1868-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/PEE" title="Peeblesshire" class="sf-depth-4">Peeblesshire</a></li><li id="menu-1869-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/PER" title="Perthshire" class="sf-depth-4">Perthshire</a></li><li id="menu-1870-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/RFW" title="Renfrewshire" class="sf-depth-4">Renfrewshire</a></li><li id="menu-1871-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ROC" title="Ross &amp; Cromarty" class="sf-depth-4">Ross &amp; Cromarty</a></li><li id="menu-1872-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ROX" title="Roxburghshire" class="sf-depth-4">Roxburghshire</a></li><li id="menu-1873-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/SEL" title="Selkirkshire" class="sf-depth-4">Selkirkshire</a></li><li id="menu-1874-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/SHI" title="Shetland Isles" class="sf-depth-4">Shetland</a></li><li id="menu-1875-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/STI" title="Stirlingshire" class="sf-depth-4">Stirlingshire</a></li><li id="menu-1876-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/SUT" title="Sutherland" class="sf-depth-4">Sutherland</a></li><li id="menu-1877-1" class="middle odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/WLN" class="sf-depth-4">West Lothian</a></li><li id="menu-1878-1" class="last even sf-item-16 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/WIG" title="Wigtownshire" class="sf-depth-4">Wigtownshire</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1770-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-2 sf-total-children-13 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-13 menuparent"><a href="/big/wal" title="Wales" class="sf-depth-2 menuparent">Wales</a><ul><li id="menu-1879-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/AGY" title="Anglesey" class="sf-depth-3">Anglesey</a></li><li id="menu-1880-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/BRE" title="Breconshire" class="sf-depth-3">Breconshire</a></li><li id="menu-1881-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/CAE" title="Caernarvonshire" class="sf-depth-3">Caernarvonshire</a></li><li id="menu-1882-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/CGN" title="Cardiganshire" class="sf-depth-3">Cardiganshire</a></li><li id="menu-1883-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/CMN" title="Carmarthenshire" class="sf-depth-3">Carmarthenshire</a></li><li id="menu-1884-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/DEN" title="Denbighshire" class="sf-depth-3">Denbighshire</a></li><li id="menu-1885-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/FLN" title="Flintshire" class="sf-depth-3">Flintshire</a></li><li id="menu-3112-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/GLA" title="Glamorgan" class="sf-depth-3">Glamorgan</a></li><li id="menu-1886-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/MER" title="Merionethshire" class="sf-depth-3">Merionethshire</a></li><li id="menu-1887-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/MON" title="Monmouthshire" class="sf-depth-3">Monmouthshire</a></li><li id="menu-1888-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/MGY" title="Montgomeryshire" class="sf-depth-3">Montgomeryshire</a></li><li id="menu-1889-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/PEM" title="Pembrokeshire" class="sf-depth-3">Pembrokeshire</a></li><li id="menu-1890-1" class="last odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/RAD" title="Radnorshire" class="sf-depth-3">Radnorshire</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1771-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/CHI" class="sf-depth-2">Channel Islands</a></li><li id="menu-1772-1" class="last even sf-item-6 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/iom" title="Isle of Man" class="sf-depth-2">Isle of Man</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-735-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-1 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/Gazetteer" title="Find places by searching the gazetteer" class="sf-depth-1">Gazetteer</a></li><li id="menu-736-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-1 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/churchdb" title="Search the church database" class="sf-depth-1">Churches</a></li><li id="menu-1664-1" class="last even sf-item-4 sf-depth-1 sf-total-children-3 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-3 menuparent"><a href="/news" title="News about the Genuki service" class="sf-depth-1 menuparent">News</a><ul><li id="menu-1665-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/news/main" title="Site conversion to use a CMS
  77. " class="sf-depth-2">Conversion to a CMS</a></li><li id="menu-1688-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/news/drupal" title="Progress in the conversion to a Drupal managed site" class="sf-depth-2">Drupal conversion diary</a></li><li id="menu-740-1" class="last odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="http://geneva.weald.org.uk/" title="Genealogical events" class="sf-depth-2">Online calendar</a></li></ul></li></ul> </nav>
  78. </div>
  79. </div>
  80. </header>
  81. <div id="main">
  82. <div id="content" class="column" role="main">
  83. <div class="region region-highlighted">
  84. <div id="block-block-4" class="block block-block first odd">
  85. <div class="content">
  86. <a id="top"></a> </div>
  87. </div>
  88. <div id="block-webform-client-block-75525" class="block block-webform even">
  89. <h2 class="block__title block-title">Open a form to report problems or contribute information</h2>
  90. <div class="content">
  91. <form class="webform-client-form webform-client-form-75525" enctype="multipart/form-data" action="/big" method="post" id="webform-client-form-75525" accept-charset="UTF-8"><div><div class="webform-progressbar">
  92. <div class="webform-progressbar-outer">
  93. <div class="webform-progressbar-inner" style="width: 0%">&nbsp;</div>
  94. <span class="webform-progressbar-page current" style="left: 0%">
  95. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-number">1</span>
  96. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-label">
  97. Introduction </span>
  98. </span>
  99. <span class="webform-progressbar-page" style="left: 33.33%">
  100. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-number">2</span>
  101. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-label">
  102. Message details </span>
  103. </span>
  104. <span class="webform-progressbar-page" style="left: 66.67%">
  105. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-number">3</span>
  106. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-label">
  107. Upload file </span>
  108. </span>
  109. <span class="webform-progressbar-page" style="left: 100%">
  110. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-number">4</span>
  111. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-label">
  112. Submitted </span>
  113. </span>
  114. </div>
  115. </div>
  116. <div class="form-item webform-component webform-component-markup webform-component--introducution">
  117. <h4>Help and advice for UK and Ireland</h4>
  118. If you have found a problem on this page then please report it on the following form. We will then do our best to fix it. If you are wanting advice then the best place to ask is on the area's specific <a href="/big/Genealogy/DiscussionGroups">email lists</a>. All the information that we have is in the web pages, so please do not ask us to supply something that is not there. We are not able to offer a research service.
  119. <p>
  120. If you wish to report a problem, or contribute information, then do use the following form to tell us about it.
  121. </p><p>
  122. </p>
  123. </div>
  124. <input type="hidden" name="details[sid]" />
  125. <input type="hidden" name="details[page_num]" value="1" />
  126. <input type="hidden" name="details[page_count]" value="3" />
  127. <input type="hidden" name="details[finished]" value="0" />
  128. <input type="hidden" name="form_build_id" value="form-k6ej--wEFF7Vja9zEq2a5X-k69u3Cu_L9Y_AiqTF1oI" />
  129. <input type="hidden" name="form_id" value="webform_client_form_75525" />
  130. <div class="email-to-textfield"><div class="form-item form-type-textfield form-item-email-to">
  131. <label for="edit-email-to">Leave this field blank </label>
  132. <input autocomplete="off" type="text" id="edit-email-to" name="email-to" value="" size="20" maxlength="128" class="form-text" />
  133. </div>
  134. </div><div class="form-actions"><input class="webform-next button-primary form-submit" type="submit" name="op" value="Enter message &gt;" /></div></div></form> </div>
  135. </div>
  136. <div id="block-block-2" class="block block-block last odd">
  137. <div class="content">
  138. <p style="text-align:center"><em>We are in the process of <a href="/news/main#CMS">upgrading the site</a> to implement a content management system.</em></p> </div>
  139. </div>
  140. </div>
  141. <a id="main-content"></a>
  142. <h1 class="page__title title" id="page-title">UK and Ireland</h1>
  143. <div class="region region-content">
  144. <div class="panel-display panel-3col-stacked clearfix" id="place-page">
  145. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-top">
  146. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-introduction" >
  147. <div class="field field-name-field-introduction field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <blockquote>The <strong>UK and Ireland</strong> are regarded, for the purposes of this Genealogical Information Service, as being made up of <strong>England</strong>, <strong>Ireland</strong> (i.e. <em>Northern Ireland</em> and the <em>Republic of Ireland</em>), <strong>Wales</strong>, and <strong>Scotland</strong>, together with the <strong>Channel Islands</strong> and the <strong>Isle of Man</strong>. Together, these constitute the <em>British Isles</em> - which is a geographical term for a group of islands lying off the north-west coast of mainland Europe. (Legally, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are largely self governing, and are not part of the United Kingdom.) The <a href="/big/Regions">Administrative Regions</a> into which the UK and Ireland are divided have changed frequently in recent years. However, in line with normal genealogical practice, this Information Service is structured according to the counties as shown in these maps of <a href="/big/Britain">England, Scotland and Wales</a>, and of <a href="/big/Ireland">Ireland</a>, i.e., as they were prior to the re-organisation that took place in 1974 (1975 for Scotland).</blockquote>
  148. </div></div></div>
  149. </div>
  150. </div>
  151. </div>
  152. <div class="center-wrapper">
  153. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-first">
  154. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-linksl" >
  155. <div class="field field-name-field-linksl field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <div class="gki_links gki_links"><ul><li><a href="#Archives">Archives &amp; Libraries</a></li><li><a href="#Bibliography">Bibliography</a></li><li><a href="#Biography">Biography</a></li><li><a href="#Business">Business &amp; Commerce</a></li><li><a href="#Cemeteries">Cemeteries</a></li><li><a href="#Census">Census</a></li><li><a href="#Chronology">Chronology</a></li><li><a href="#ChurchHistory">Church History</a></li><li><a href="#ChurchRecords">Church Records</a></li><li><a href="#CivilReg">Civil Registration</a></li><li><a href="#Correctional">Correctional Institutions</a></li><li><a href="#CourtRecords">Court Records</a></li><li><a href="#Description">Description &amp; Travel</a></li><li><a href="#Directories">Directories</a></li><li><a href="#Dwellings">Dwellings</a></li><li><a href="#Emigration">Emigration &amp; Immigration</a></li><li><a href="#Gazetteers">Gazetteers</a></li><li><a href="#Genealogy">Genealogy</a></li><li><a href="#Handwriting">Handwriting</a></li><li><a href="#Heraldry">Heraldry</a></li><li><a href="#Geography">Historical Geography</a></li><li><a href="#History">History</a></li><li><a href="#JewishRecords">Jewish Records</a></li><li><a href="#Land">Land &amp; Property</a></li></ul></div> </div></div></div>
  156. </div>
  157. </div>
  158. </div>
  159. <div class="panel-panel panel-col">
  160. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-location-active" >
  161. <div class="field field-name-field-location-active field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><img src="/files/BImap.gif" height="245" width="218" usemap="#BImap" alt="Map of British Isles showing constituent countries" /><map id="BImap" name="BImap"><area shape="poly" coords="6,216,65,217,114,214,125,213,128,230,116,230,60,241,7,243,7,219,6,216" href="/big/chi" alt="Channel Islands" /><area shape="poly" coords="86,125,84,135,95,137,98,124,87,123,86,125" href="/big/iom" alt="Isle of Man" /><area shape="poly" coords="77,108,87,117,106,115,122,100,108,93,113,89,109,79,122,63,192,54,200,40,124,15,105,15,58,50,53,76,70,90,75,108,77,108" href="/big/sct" alt="Scotland" /><area shape="poly" coords="104,113,121,98,130,117,140,123,215,126,219,144,174,149,167,186,149,198,127,203,101,210,78,209,90,190,113,183,109,159,111,142,101,122,103,115,104,113" href="/big/eng" alt="England" /><area shape="poly" coords="111,147,112,163,113,180,87,182,44,208,8,210,6,189,48,191,80,173,89,146,110,146,111,147" href="/big/wal" alt="Wales" /><area shape="poly" coords="17,167,7,86,61,87,72,111,79,114,80,125,77,169,30,185,17,170,17,167" href="/big/irl" alt="Ireland" /><area shape="poly" coords="142,81,146,115,197,119,203,80,143,80,142,81" href="/big/iom" alt="Isle of Man" /></map><p>
  162. </p><div class="county_list">
  163. <ul><li><a href="/big/eng">England</a></li>
  164. <li><a href="/big/irl">Ireland</a></li>
  165. <li><a href="/big/sct">Scotland</a></li>
  166. <li><a href="/big/wal">Wales</a></li>
  167. <li><a href="/big/chi">Channel Islands</a></li>
  168. <li><a href="/big/iom">Isle of Man</a></li>
  169. </ul></div><br /><br /><!--<h4 style="font-style: italic; text-align: center;">See also GENUKI&#39;s <a href="https://www.facebook.com/GENUKI/">Facebook page</a></h4>--></div></div></div>
  170. </div>
  171. </div>
  172. </div>
  173. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-last">
  174. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-linksr" >
  175. <div class="field field-name-field-linksr field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <div class="gki_linksr gki_linksr"><ul><li><a href="#Language">Language &amp; Languages</a></li><li><a href="#Maps">Maps</a></li><li><a href="#MedicalRecords">Medical Records</a></li><li><a href="#MerchantMarine">Merchant Marine</a></li><li><a href="#MilitaryHistory">Military History</a></li><li><a href="#MilitaryRecords">Military Records</a></li><li><a href="#NamesGeographical">Names, Geographical</a></li><li><a href="#NamesPersonal">Names, Personal</a></li><li><a href="#Newspapers">Newspapers</a></li><li><a href="#Nobility">Nobility</a></li><li><a href="#Occupations">Occupations</a></li><li><a href="#Periodicals">Periodicals</a></li><li><a href="#Politics">Politics</a></li><li><a href="#PoorHouses">Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.</a></li><li><a href="#Population">Population</a></li><li><a href="#Postal">Postal and Shipping Guides</a></li><li><a href="#Probate">Probate Records</a></li><li><a href="#Religion">Religion and Religious Life</a></li><li><a href="#Schools">Schools</a></li><li><a href="#Social">Social life and Customs</a></li><li><a href="#Societies">Societies</a></li><li><a href="#Statistics">Statistics</a></li><li><a href="#Taxation">Taxation</a></li><li><a href="#VotingRegisters">Voting Registers</a></li></ul></div> </div></div></div>
  176. </div>
  177. </div>
  178. </div>
  179. </div>
  180. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-bottom">
  181. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-archives" >
  182. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Archives">Archives and Libraries</a></h2>
  183. <div class="field field-name-field-archives field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Archives">Archives and Libraries</a> - links and information.</li>
  184. </ul></div></div></div>
  185. </div>
  186. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-bibliography" >
  187. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Bibliography">Bibliography</a></h2>
  188. <div class="field field-name-field-bibliography field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Bibliography">Bibliography</a> - links and information.</li>
  189. </ul></div></div></div>
  190. </div>
  191. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-biography" >
  192. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Biography">Biography</a></h2>
  193. <div class="field field-name-field-biography field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/?redirect=true">Dictionary of National Biography Index and Epitome</a>, ed. Sir Sidney Lee (1903), based on the 63-volume work. It's part of the Bolles London Collection in the Perseus Project, Tufts University in Massachusetts. This volume, with 30,378 biographical entries on English, Welsh, Scottish, and Irish notables up to the late 19th century, grew into today's three-volume Concise DNB, and the entire DNB is now being revised by Oxford University Press.</li>
  194. <li>The BBC's <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/memoryshare/home">Memoryshare website</a> is "a living archive of memories from 1900 to the present day [to which readers] can contribute, share and browse memories of life experiences and see them in the context of recent and historical events."</li>
  195. <li>The Methodist Archives - <a href="http://www.library.manchester.ac.uk/search-resources/guide-to-special-collections/methodist/using-the-collections/biographicalindex/">Biographical Index</a>.</li>
  196. <li>Searchable <a href="http://ukga.org/cgi-bin/search.cgi?action=loadDB&amp;DB=11">Index to Who Was Who 1897-1916</a>,  provided by UK Genealogy Archives.</li>
  197. </ul></div></div></div>
  198. </div>
  199. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-business" >
  200. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Business">Business and Commerce Records</a></h2>
  201. <div class="field field-name-field-business field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>TNA provide:
  202. <ul><li><a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/businesses/">Guide to searching for company records</a>.  </li>
  203. <li><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/BRK#NRA">National Register of Archives</a> (NRA) identifies archives that might hold company records.</li>
  204. <li><a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/companies-and-businesses-further-research/">Research into company registration</a>. </li>
  205. </ul></li>
  206. <li>The <a href="http://www.abh-net.org/">Association of Business Historians</a> creates and disseminates knowledge about business history.</li>
  207. <li>TNA hold some <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/railways/">railway company records</a>. (<a href="http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=1728&amp;bm=u">Ancestry</a> provides subscription access to the TNA's railway employment records 1833-1958, from a number of historic railway companies.)</li>
  208. <li>Some employers' and trade association archives are held by Warwick University's <a href="https://www2.warwick.ac.uk/services/library/mrc/explorefurther/subject_guides/family_history/">Modern Record Centre</a>.</li>
  209. <li><a href="/big/Directories">Trade directories</a> can provide some information (including advertisements) about businesses, large and small, through the years.</li>
  210. <li><a href="http://www.railwayaccidents.port.ac.uk">Railway Work, Life and Death</a> - records of railway worker accidents in Britain between 1911 and 1915 - "a joint initiative between the University of Portsmouth and the National Railway Museum (NRM)".</li>
  211. </ul></div></div></div>
  212. </div>
  213. <div class="panel-pane pane-block pane-genuki-dynamic-content-genuki-cemeteries-list" >
  214. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Cemeteries">Cemeteries</a></h2>
  215. <div class="field-name-field-churches"> <ul><li>The <a href="https://search.findmypast.co.uk/search-world-records/national-burial-index-for-england-and-wales?_ga=1.221449624.1069659099.1403800643">National Burial Index</a> is hosted by <a href="https://www.findmypast.co.uk/">findmypast</a> (subscription site).</li>
  216. <li>For a complete list of current burial grounds see <a href="https://www.york.ac.uk/chp/crg/confederation.htm"><em>The CBA Directory of Cemeteries and Crematoria in the UK</em></a> - London: Confederation of Burial Authorities 2001. ISBN: 0 9531834 1 6.</li>
  217. <li><a href="http://www.gravestonephotos.com/index.php">Gravestone photograph resource</a>: an "index of the names that appear on photos taken by the Gravestone Photographic Resource Project team". This valuable project provides email copies of any of its collection of grave monument images free of charge on request.</li>
  218. <li>The <a href="http://www.deceasedonline.com/">Deceased Online</a> -"the first central database of statutory burial and cremation registers for the UK and Republic of Ireland" (subscription site).</li>
  219. <li>The <a href="http://churchmonumentssociety.org">Church Monuments Society</a> provides photographs of the more interesting monuments (NOT monumental inscriptions) in a limited number of church yards.</li>
  220. </ul><p></div>
  221. </div>
  222. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-census" id="Census">
  223. <h2 class="pane-title">Census</h2>
  224. <div class="field field-name-field-census field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Census">Census</a> - links and information.</li>
  225. </ul></div></div></div>
  226. </div>
  227. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-chronology" >
  228. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Chronology">Chronology</a></h2>
  229. <div class="field field-name-field-chronology field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Brian Pears has provided a list of the dates of <a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/easter/">Easter Sunday</a> for the years 1550-2049 with a calendar for each year.</li>
  230. <li>Mike Spathaky provides a very informative paper: <a href="http://www.cree.name/genuki/dates.htm">Old and New Style Dates and the Change to the Gregorian Calendar</a>.</li>
  231. <li>For conversions between the Gregorian and Julian (and other) calendars see the <a href="http://www.fourmilab.ch/documents/calendar/">Calendar Converter</a> page.</li>
  232. <li><a href="http://www.thebookofdays.com/">Chamber's Book of Days</a> - "a miscellany of popular antiquities in connection with the calendar".</li>
  233. <li>Bob Sanders has provided Chronologies of British History:-
  234. <ul><li><a href="http://www.angelfire.com/de/BobSanders/TIME1.html">Up to 1500 AD</a></li>
  235. <li><a href="http://www.angelfire.com/de/BobSanders/TIME2.html">1500 to 1899</a></li>
  236. <li><a href="http://www.angelfire.com/de/BobSanders/TIME3.html">1900 to date</a></li>
  237. </ul></li>
  238. <li>The Albion College (Michigan) website has several pages relating to the <a href="http://people.albion.edu/imacinnes/calendar/Welcome.html">English Calendar</a> including a useful <a href="http://people.albion.edu/imacinnes/calendar/Regnal_Years.html">Regnal Year Calculator</a>.</li>
  239. <li>An <a href="http://medievalist.net/calendar/home.htm">On-line Calendar of Saints Days</a> produced by Glenn Gunhouse.</li>
  240. <li><a href="http://homepages.gold.ac.uk/genuki/timeline/">British Isles Genealogy on the Internet: Timeline</a> - a guide to the main developments on the Internet which are important for UK and Irish genealogy.</li>
  241. <li><a href="http://www.timesearch.info/timesearch/default.asp?conid=home">TimeSearch</a> - "Search the Web through Time".</li>
  242. <li><a href="http://www.ourtimelines.com">Our Time Lines</a> - enables the placement of ancestors within historical events during their lifetimes.</li>
  243. <li>Weekday Calculator - <a href="https://www.timeanddate.com/date/weekday.html">What Day is this date?</a></li>
  244. </ul></div></div></div>
  245. </div>
  246. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-church-history" >
  247. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="ChurchHistory">Church History</a></h2>
  248. <div class="field field-name-field-church-history field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/ChurchHistory">Church History</a> - links and information.</li>
  249. </ul></div></div></div>
  250. </div>
  251. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-church-records" >
  252. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="ChurchRecords">Church Records</a></h2>
  253. <div class="field field-name-field-church-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/ChurchRecords">Church Records</a> - links and information.</li>
  254. </ul></div></div></div>
  255. </div>
  256. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-civil-registration" >
  257. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="CivilReg">Civil Registration</a></h2>
  258. <div class="field field-name-field-civil-registration field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Information on <a href="/big/civreg">Civil Registration in the countries of the British Isles</a></li>
  259. <li><a href="https://www.gov.uk/research-family-history">Research your family history using the General Register Office</a> - includes details of the GRO's certificate ordering service.</li>
  260. <li>The <a href="https://www.ukbmd.org.uk/">UK BMD</a> web site offers links to over 400 web sites that provide on-line information for UK births, marriages and deaths.</li>
  261. </ul></div></div></div>
  262. </div>
  263. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-correctional-institutions" >
  264. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Correctional">Correctional Institutions</a></h2>
  265. <div class="field field-name-field-correctional-institutions field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The <a href="http://www.exclassics.com/newgate/ngintro.htm">Complete Newgate Calendar</a> is now online.</li>
  266. <li><a href="https://www.oldbaileyonline.org/">Old Bailey Online</a> - the Proceedings of the Old Bailey, London's Central Criminal Court, 1674 to 1913: "A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court."</li>
  267. <li>Derek Wilcox's <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20101005021948/http://www.blacksheepindex.co.uk/">Black Sheep Index</a> - "an index of Victims and Villains (and some heroes too) extracted from newspaper reports of court cases and inquests between 1865-1900" (archived copy).</li>
  268. <li>Capital punishment in the 18th &amp; 19th centuries - many listings and articles.</li>
  269. </ul></div></div></div>
  270. </div>
  271. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-court-records" >
  272. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="CourtRecords">Court Records</a></h2>
  273. <div class="field field-name-field-court-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The TNA has numerous <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides-keywords/?keyword-letter=c&amp;keyword=&amp;show=keywords&amp;keyword=courts-of-law#step-three">Research Guides</a> pertaining to Courts of Law.</li>
  274. <li>Many coroners' inquests were subsequently reported in local <a href="/big/Newspapers">newspapers</a>  </li>
  275. <li><a href="https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/schools/historycultures/departments/history/research/projects/court-of-chivalry/index.aspx/">The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640</a> - "The aim of the site is to make available to scholars, researchers, local historians and genealogists the records of the Court of Chivalry during its heyday between 1634 and 1640. Over this period the court dealt with well over a thousand cases of which it has been possible to recover details of 738. These cover a wide variety of topics relating to the social, political and cultural history of the period, from ship money and the Bishops' Wars to pew disputes and duelling, from heralds visitations and grants of arms to brawls in the street and quarrels at race meetings."</li>
  276. <li><a href="http://www.thefamilyhistorypartnership.com/hints-tips/introduction-to-quarter-sessions-records.php">An Introduction to Quarter Sessions Records</a>, by Richard Ratcliffe.</li>
  277. </ul></div></div></div>
  278. </div>
  279. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-description" >
  280. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Description">Description and Travel</a></h2>
  281. <div class="field field-name-field-description field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Descriptions of the county and its towns and parishes from different periods can be found in trade directories from the early 19th century onwards - see <a href="/big/Directories">Directories</a>.</li>
  282. <li><a href="http://vision.port.ac.uk/travellers/index.jsp">Travellers Tales</a> - transcriptions of a number of books describing early travels in Britain, from Vision of Britain.</li>
  283. <li>The <a href="http://www.parksandgardens.org/">U.K. Database of Historic Parks and Gardens</a> provided by Landscapes &amp; Gardens at the University of York.</li>
  284. <li>The complete texts of <a href="http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/toc/?PPN=PPN250678330">Defoe's Tour</a> of Great Britain (1778), <a href="http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PPN=PPN249899825">Thompson's Tour</a> of England and Scotland (1785) and <a href="http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PPN=PPN24989954X">Stebbing's Tour</a> of the west of England. Made available by <a href="http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/en/gdz/">The Center for Retrospective Digitization</a>, Göttingen State and University Library.</li>
  285. <li><a href="http://www.geograph.org.uk/">Geograph British Isles</a> - "aims to collect a geographically representative photograph for every square kilometre of the British Isles".</li>
  286. <li><a href="http://www.oldaerialphotos.com/">Historical Aerial Photography</a> - "an unsurpassed collection of information about old aerial photographs of the UK, from the 40's to the 90's..."</li>
  287. <li><a href="http://britainfromabove.org.uk/">Britain From Above</a> - "the unique Aerofilms collection of aerial photographs from 1919-1953".</li>
  288. <li><a href="http://www.thornburypump.co.uk/Coast1895/">Round the Coast</a> scanned photographs from "An album of pictures from photographs of the chief seaside places of interest in Great Britain and Ireland" (George Newnes Ltd., 1895)" provided by by Rosemary and Stan Rodliffe.</li>
  289. <li>A modern <a href="http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/europe/united_kingdom.gif">map of the United Kingdom</a>.</li>
  290. </ul></div></div></div>
  291. </div>
  292. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-directories" >
  293. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Directories">Directories</a></h2>
  294. <div class="field field-name-field-directories field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Directories">Directories</a> - links and information.</li>
  295. </ul></div></div></div>
  296. </div>
  297. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-dwellings" >
  298. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Dwellings">Dwellings</a></h2>
  299. <div class="field field-name-field-dwellings field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The <a href="http://www.dicamillocompanion.com">DiCamillo Companion to British and Irish County Houses</a> - information on present and demolished country houses throughout UK and Ireland, including history, information about owners, etc.</li>
  300. <li><a href="http://www.lostheritage.org.uk/">Lost Heritage </a> lists significant English country houses which have been demolished, severely reduced in size, or are ruin, including many in Berkshire, some with pictures.</li>
  301. <li><a id="British_Listed_Buildings_Online"></a><a href="http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/search">British Listed Buildings Online</a> is an online database of buildings and structures of architectural and historic interest with data for each building, some photographs, location on a map, Google Streetview and Bing Birds Eye View.   </li>
  302. <li>The <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/land-registry">Land Registry</a> offer historical reports of past ownership.</li>
  303. <li>Valuation Office survey 1910 - 1915. - see <a href="/big#Taxation">Taxation</a><em>. <strong> </strong></em></li>
  304. <li>For Public Houses (pubs) - see <a href="/big/Occupations">Occupations</a> (under Inns, Hotels and Pubs). </li>
  305. </ul><blockquote>Barratt, Nick. <em>Tracing the History of Your House</em>, PRO Publications (2006), 272pp.  [ISBN-13: 978-1903365908].</blockquote>
  306. </div></div></div>
  307. </div>
  308. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-emigration-and-immigration" >
  309. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Emigration">Emigration and Immigration</a></h2>
  310. <div class="field field-name-field-emigration-and-immigration field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Emigration">Emigration and Immigration</a> - links and information.</li>
  311. </ul></div></div></div>
  312. </div>
  313. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-gazetteers" id="gki_gaz_field">
  314. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Gazetteers">Gazetteers</a></h2>
  315. <div class="field field-name-field-gazetteers field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Gazetteers">Gazetteers</a> - links and information.</li>
  316. </ul></div></div></div>
  317. </div>
  318. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-genealogy" >
  319. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Genealogy">Genealogy</a></h2>
  320. <div class="field field-name-field-genealogy field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Genealogy">Genealogy</a> - links and information.</li>
  321. </ul></div></div></div>
  322. </div>
  323. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-handwriting" >
  324. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Handwriting">Handwriting</a></h2>
  325. <div class="field field-name-field-handwriting field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Handwriting">Handwriting</a> - links and information.</li>
  326. </ul></div></div></div>
  327. </div>
  328. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-heraldry" >
  329. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Heraldry">Heraldry</a></h2>
  330. <div class="field field-name-field-heraldry field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The <a href="https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/schools/historycultures/departments/history/research/projects/court-of-chivalry/index.aspx/">College of Arms</a> website. "The College of Arms is the official repository of the coats of arms and pedigrees of English, Welsh, Northern Irish and Commonwealth families and their descendants. Its records also include official copies of the records of Ulster King of Arms the originals of which remain in Dublin." The College publishes a quarterly <a href="http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/#newsletter">online newsletter</a>.</li>
  331. <li>Additional information is provided by the Society of Genealogists' Information Leaflet: "<a href="http://www.sog.org.uk/uploads/arms_(2012)_1.pdf">The right to Arms</a>".</li>
  332. <li><a href="http://www.hewit.com/skin_deep/?volume=3&amp;article=1">The College of Arms, London</a>, by Colin Meays.</li>
  333. <li><a href="http://www.coafus.org">The College of Arms Foundation, Inc.</a> - "The Foundation ... promotes knowledge of, and interest in, English heraldry in the United States."</li>
  334. <li><a href="http://whitelionsociety.org.uk/">The White Lion Society</a> - A Society of Friends of Her Majesty's College of Arms.</li>
  335. <li>Heraldica, Franois Velde's Heraldry Site, has some very interesting material on <a href="http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/">British Heraldry</a>.</li>
  336. <li>"<a href="https://blog.eogn.com/2016/06/14/pssst-want-to-buy-your-familys-coat-of-arms/">Pssst! Want to Buy Your Family's Coat of Arms?</a>" by Dick Eastman exposes the tricksters who operate in shopping malls and on the internet.</li>
  337. <li><a href="http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/guide/her.shtml">Heraldry</a> - from the Notes on Medieval English Genealogy website.</li>
  338. <li><a href="https://www.heraldsnet.org/saitou/parker/index.htm">A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry</a> - transcription of the book by James Parker (1894).</li>
  339. <li><a href="http://www.digiserve.com/heraldry/pimbley.htm">Pimbley's Dictionary of Heraldry</a> - from the Heraldry on the Internet website.</li>
  340. <li><a href="http://cheshire-heraldry.org.uk/lesson.html">How to Read a Coat of Arms</a> - from the Cheshire Heraldry website.</li>
  341. <li>The Heraldry Society <a href="http://www.theheraldrysociety.com/">website.</a></li>
  342. <li><a href="http://www.heraldica.org/topics/britain/england.htm">Regulation of Heraldry in England</a>, from Heraldica.</li>
  343. </ul></div></div></div>
  344. </div>
  345. <div class="panel-pane pane-block pane-genuki-dynamic-content-genuki-historical-geography" >
  346. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Geography">Historical Geography</a></h2>
  347. <div class="field-name-field-historical-geography"> <ul><li>The <a href="http://www.port.ac.uk/research/gbhgis/">Great Britain Historical Geography Information Service (GBHGIS)</a> provides a mass of information about Britain's localities as they have changed over time. Information comes from census reports, historical gazetteers, travellers' tales and historic maps.</li>
  348. <li><a href="http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/">A Vision of Britain Through Time</a>, in the GBHGIS, provides maps and statistical information derived from census reports covering the period 1801-2001, searchable by place name or post code.</li>
  349. <li>The <a href="http://abcounties.com/">Association of British Counties</a> (A.B.C.) "is a society dedicated to promoting awareness of the continuing existence of the 86 traditional Counties of Britain".</li>
  350. <li><a href="http://homepages.nildram.co.uk/%7Ejimella/counties.htm">British Counties, Parishes, etc. for Genealogists</a></li>
  351. </ul><p></div>
  352. </div>
  353. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-history" >
  354. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="History">History</a></h2>
  355. <div class="field field-name-field-history field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/History">History</a> - links and information.</li>
  356. </ul></div></div></div>
  357. </div>
  358. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-jewish-records" >
  359. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="JewishRecords">Jewish Records</a></h2>
  360. <div class="field field-name-field-jewish-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The <a href="http://www.jgsgb.org.uk/">Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain</a>.</li>
  361. <li><a href="https://www.jewishgen.org/jcr-uk/index.htm">Jewish Communities and Records</a> contains details of more than 1,200 congregations, past and present.</li>
  362. <li>The <a href="http://www.jewishmuseum.org.uk/social-history-new">Jewish Museum</a>, London</li>
  363. <li>The <a href="https://www.thejc.com">Jewish Chronicle</a> is a useful source of information to track Jewish people and events back to 1841.</li>
  364. <li><a href="https://www.jewishgen.org/">JewishGen</a> has an number of online databases. </li>
  365. <li>Eugene Harfield.<i> <a href="https://archive.org/details/commercialdirect00harfiala">A Commercial Directory of the Jews of the United Kingdom</a></i>. London: Hewlett &amp; Pierce (1894) 280pp.</li>
  366. </ul></div></div></div>
  367. </div>
  368. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-land-and-property" >
  369. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Land">Land and Property</a></h2>
  370. <div class="field field-name-field-land-and-property field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>For English and Welsh records see PRO Leaflet: <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/tithes/">Tithe Records in the National Archives</a>. Scottish records are held at the <a href="http://webarchive.nrscotland.gov.uk/20170106021747/http://www.nas.gov.uk/">National Archives of Scotland</a> in Edinburgh.</li>
  371. <li><a href="http://www.directlinesoftware.com/legal.htm">Legal Terms in Land Records</a> is a useful glossary of obscure terms which occur in property deeds.</li>
  372. <li>Robin Alston's <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20071214010837/http://www.r-alston.co.uk/country_house_database.htm">Country House Database</a> (archived copy) "represents a first attempt at listing country houses in the British Isles from the late medieval period to ca. 1850, together with an index to all the families so far traced as having occupied them".</li>
  373. <li><a href="http://www.kings.cam.ac.uk/archive-centre/estates-records/index.html">Estate Records</a> held by Kings College, Cambridge.</li>
  374. <li>Disused Railway Stations <a href="http://www.disused-stations.org.uk/">website</a> - a large and growing set of photographs of closed stations, with brief details of each station and a map showing its location.</li>
  375. <li>The <a href="http://www.tracemyhouse.com/">Trace My House website</a> provides extensive information and guidance for anyone wishing to investigate the history of a house and the people who lived in it.</li>
  376. <li>TNA's<a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/houses/"> </a><a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/houses/">Looking for records of a house</a> - "Records relating to the history of houses are kept in a variety of archives. This guide will help you to find out where the information you are looking for might be, and how to go about finding it."</li>
  377. <li><a href="https://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk">British Listed Buildings</a> - "an online database of buildings and structures that are listed as being of special architectural and historic interest".</li>
  378. </ul></div></div></div>
  379. </div>
  380. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-language-and-languages" >
  381. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Language">Language and Languages</a></h2>
  382. <div class="field field-name-field-language-and-languages field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Alison U. Ring has provided some valuable and very readable notes on <a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/LatinNotes">Latin in Parish Registers</a>.</li>
  383. <li><a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/latin/beginners/">Beginner's Latin</a> - from The National Archives.</li>
  384. <li>Kevin Crawley of the University of Notre Dame Archives has provided a valuable <a href="http://archives.nd.edu/latgramm.htm">Latin Dictionary and Grammar Aid</a>.</li>
  385. <li>Dave Wilton's <a href="http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/site/comments/a_very_brief_history_of_the_english_language3/">A (Very) Brief History of the English Language</a> provides an excellent introduction to this fascinating subject, while the Wikipedia <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_English_language">History of the English Language</a> page provides links to more detailed resources.</li>
  386. <li><a href="http://www.amberskyline.com/treasuremaps/oldhand.html">Deciphering Old Handwriting</a> - from a course taught by Sabina J. Murray.</li>
  387. <li><a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20160325052700/http://www.earlyamerica.com/read-document/">How To Read A 200-Year-Old Document and Other FAQs</a> (archived copy) from Archiving Early America provides some useful tips about the "long s" and other common problems.</li>
  388. <li><a href="https://greensdictofslang.com">Green's Online Dictionary of Slang</a> - "Five hundred years of the vulgar tongue".</li>
  389. </ul></div></div></div>
  390. </div>
  391. <div class="panel-pane pane-block pane-genuki-dynamic-content-genuki-maplinks" >
  392. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Maps">Maps</a></h2>
  393. <div class="field-name-field-maps"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Maps">Maps</a> - links and information.</li>
  394. </ul><p></div>
  395. </div>
  396. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-medical-records" >
  397. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="MedicalRecords">Medical Records</a></h2>
  398. <div class="field field-name-field-medical-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/MedicalRecords">Medical Records</a> - links and information.</li>
  399. </ul></div></div></div>
  400. </div>
  401. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-merchant-marine" >
  402. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="MerchantMarine">Merchant Marine</a></h2>
  403. <div class="field field-name-field-merchant-marine field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/MerchantMarine">Merchant Marine</a> - links and information.</li>
  404. </ul></div></div></div>
  405. </div>
  406. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-military-history" >
  407. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="MilitaryHistory">Military History</a></h2>
  408. <div class="field field-name-field-military-history field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/MilitaryHistory">Military History</a> - links and information.</li>
  409. </ul></div></div></div>
  410. </div>
  411. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-military-records" >
  412. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="MilitaryRecords">Military Records</a></h2>
  413. <div class="field field-name-field-military-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/MilitaryRecords">Military Records</a> - links and information.</li>
  414. </ul></div></div></div>
  415. </div>
  416. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-names-geographical" >
  417. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="NamesGeographical">Names, Geographical</a></h2>
  418. <div class="field field-name-field-names-geographical field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="/big/ModernLocations">Finding Modern Locations</a>. How to find a present day house, street or place in the U.K. (or to find only the Post Code).</li>
  419. <li><a href="http://www.digital-documents.co.uk/archi/placename.htm">UK Placename Finder</a> - "information on the names of more than 160,000 UK places".</li>
  420. <li><a href="http://gazetteer.org.uk">Gazetteer of British Place Names</a> - from the Association of British Counties.</li>
  421. <li><a href="http://www.countrylovers.co.uk/places/placnams.htm">What's in a Named Place?</a> The meanings of prefixes and suffixes in Britain's place names. (From the Countrylovers' Website.)</li>
  422. <li>One-place studies are a branch of family history and/or local history with a focus on the entire population of a place.  There are two listings:  <a href="http://one-place-studies.org/">Society for One-Place Studies</a> and <a href="http://www.register-of-one-place-studies.org.uk/index.html">Register of One-Place Studies</a>.</li>
  423. </ul></div></div></div>
  424. </div>
  425. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-names-personal" >
  426. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="NamesPersonal">Names, Personal</a></h2>
  427. <div class="field field-name-field-names-personal field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/NamesPersonal">Names, Personal</a> - links and information.</li>
  428. </ul></div></div></div>
  429. </div>
  430. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-newspapers" >
  431. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Newspapers">Newspapers</a></h2>
  432. <div class="field field-name-field-newspapers field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Newspapers">Newspapers</a> - links and information.</li>
  433. </ul></div></div></div>
  434. </div>
  435. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-nobility" >
  436. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Nobility">Nobility</a></h2>
  437. <div class="field field-name-field-nobility field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Darryl Lundy provides a large searchable collection of information on <a href="http://thepeerage.com/">European Royal families and the British Peerage.</a></li>
  438. <li>Debrett's <a href="https://www.debretts.com/expertise/essential-guide-to-the-peerage/">Essential Guide to the Peerage</a></li>
  439. </ul></div></div></div>
  440. </div>
  441. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-occupations" >
  442. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Occupations">Occupations</a></h2>
  443. <div class="field field-name-field-occupations field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Occupations">Occupations</a> - links and information.</li>
  444. </ul></div></div></div>
  445. </div>
  446. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-periodicals" >
  447. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Periodicals">Periodicals</a></h2>
  448. <div class="field field-name-field-periodicals field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Periodicals">Periodicals</a> - links and information.</li>
  449. </ul></div></div></div>
  450. </div>
  451. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-politics-and-government" >
  452. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Politics">Politics and Government</a></h2>
  453. <div class="field field-name-field-politics-and-government field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Links to <a href="http://www.localgovernmentwebsites.co.uk/">Local Government Websites</a> provided by UK250.</li>
  454. <li>List of <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/open-central-government-websites">Open Central Government Websites</a> provided by the Cabinet Office.</li>
  455. <li><a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/publications?official_document_status=command_and_act_papers">Government Publications</a></li>
  456. <li><a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20160303172047/http://freespace.virgin.net/owston.tj/franch.htm">The Developing Franchise - British Isles</a> (archived copy), by Timothy Owston.</li>
  457. <li><a href="http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~framland/acts/actind.htm">Transcripts of Various Acts of Parliament of Interest to the Genealogist</a> - a large collection, provided by Guy Etchells.</li>
  458. </ul></div></div></div>
  459. </div>
  460. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-poor-houses-poor-law-etc" >
  461. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="PoorHouses">Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.</a></h2>
  462. <div class="field field-name-field-poor-houses-poor-law-etc- field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Peter Higginbotham's comprehensive <a href="http://www.workhouses.org.uk">The Workhouse</a> website provides a wealth of information about Workhouses, the Poor Law and related issues.catalogue</li>
  463. <li>If you are looking for someone who was in a workhouse, it is worth checking if they also appear in the Quarter Sessions records, held in County Record Offices - see the British Library's <a href="http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk">Discovery</a> catalogue (use Advanced Search and select "Search Other Archives"). </li>
  464. <li>You can search and freely download documents of a number of Poor Law Unions across England and Wales from <a href="http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/browse/C10855?v=h">TNA</a>.</li>
  465. </ul></div></div></div>
  466. </div>
  467. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-population" >
  468. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Population">Population</a></h2>
  469. <div class="field field-name-field-population field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Statistics on the <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20160304080823/http://homepage.ntlworld.com/hitch/gendocs/pop.html">population of the British Isles</a> (archived copy).</li>
  470. <li><a href="http://www.histpop.org/ohpr/servlet/">Histpop</a>, the online historical population reports website, in its census section provides access to all the published population reports for Britain and Ireland from 1801 - 1937. The site has a huge amount of statistical information both at a county level and at a parish or district level. There is no personal information on the site.</li>
  471. </ul></div></div></div>
  472. </div>
  473. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-postal-and-shipping-guides" >
  474. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Postal">Postal and Shipping Guides</a></h2>
  475. <div class="field field-name-field-postal-and-shipping-guides field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <p>Information on the <a href="http://homepage.tinet.ie/%7Ekathyhoward/mulready/envelopes.html">Mulready envelope</a> which was used just before the introduction of the famous "Penny Black" postage stamp. (Provided by <a href="http://homepage.tinet.ie/%7Ekathyhoward/mulready/">Mulready's Family Restaurant</a>).</p>
  476. </div></div></div>
  477. </div>
  478. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-probate-records" >
  479. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Probate">Probate Records</a></h2>
  480. <div class="field field-name-field-probate-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Post-1858 wills: copies can be ordered from the <a href="https://www.gov.uk/wills-probate-inheritance/searching-for-probate-records">Probate Service</a> or from <a href="https://www.probaterecords.co.uk/default.aspx">UKDocuments</a> for a  fee.</li>
  481. <li>Pre-1858 Wills: administrations and other probate records will be found in the Record Office holding the documents of the ecclesiastical (church) court where the will was proved.</li>
  482. <li>For English and Welsh records see TNA Leaflet: <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/wills-and-probate-before-1858-further-research/">Will and Probate Records</a>. Scottish testamentary records are held at the <a href="http://webarchive.nrscotland.gov.uk/20170106021747/http://www.nas.gov.uk/">National Archives of Scotland</a> in Edinburgh.</li>
  483. <li>Copies of wills proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury can be obtained for a fee from the National Archives via their <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/wills-1384-1858/">Wills 1384-1858 page</a>.</li>
  484. <li>Official <a href="https://probatesearch.service.gov.uk">search facility</a> for finding the will of a soldier who died while serving in the British armed forces between 1850 and 1986.</li>
  485. </ul></div></div></div>
  486. </div>
  487. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-religion-and-religious-lif" >
  488. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Religion">Religion and Religious Life</a></h2>
  489. <div class="field field-name-field-religion-and-religious-lif field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <p><a href="/big/bigmisc/Protestation">Preamble to the Protestation (1641)</a>, transcribed by J.M. Joliffe.</p>
  490. </div></div></div>
  491. </div>
  492. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-schools" >
  493. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Schools">Schools</a></h2>
  494. <div class="field field-name-field-schools field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://schoolswebdirectory.co.uk">UK Schools &amp; Colleges Database:</a> provides information on more than 31,000 UK state and independent Schools and Colleges, and over 29,000 UK School, College and University websites (as of June 2016).</li>
  495. <li><a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20141217165751/http://missing-ancestors.com/">MissingAncestors.com</a> (archived copy) - contains information on staff and students at Industrial/Reformatory Schools &amp; the like during the 19th and early 20th century.</li>
  496. <li><a href="http://anguline.co.uk/index.html">Anguline Research Archives</a> produce CDs of a number of major public school registers.</li>
  497. <li>Universities: Brief biographical details of graduates of Cambridge or Oxford Universities are provided in either <em>Alumni Cantabrigienses</em> by JA Venn or  <em>Alumni Oxonienses : the Members of the University of Oxford</em>, by Joseph Foster, respectively, which are particularly useful for <a href="/big/Occupations#gki_church">C of E ministers</a>.  They are available in various forms:
  498. <ul><li>Hard copies are held by many public libraries, including <a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/BRK#Reading_Central_Library">Reading Central Library</a>.  </li>
  499. <li><a href="http://venn.lib.cam.ac.uk/Documents/acad/intro.html">Cambridge Alumni Database</a> free online from Cambridge University.  See also their <a href="https://www.alumni.cam.ac.uk/how-to-research-cambridge-alumni">research guide</a>. </li>
  500. <li><em>Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, <a href="https://archive.org/details/alumnioxoniense00fostgoog">1500-1714</a> </em>and <em><a href="https://archive.org/details/AlumniOxoniensesTheMembersOfTheUniversityOfOxford1715-1886Their">1715-1886</a></em> free from <a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/BRK#OnlineBooks">Internet Archive</a>.  </li>
  501. <li>Online subscription access from Ancestry:  <a href="http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=8942">Oxford University Alumni, 1500-1886</a>  and  <a href="http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=3997">Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900</a>.</li>
  502. </ul></li>
  503. </ul></div></div></div>
  504. </div>
  505. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-social-life-and-customs" >
  506. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Social">Social life and Customs</a></h2>
  507. <div class="field field-name-field-social-life-and-customs field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://www.harryburn.co.uk/index.php?page=Village%20Games">Village Games</a> by Colonel Alex Johnson describes games which Alex remembers from his childhood in the 1920s and 30s. Although the names of the games are those used in North-East England, most of these games were played throughout the country.</li>
  508. </ul></div></div></div>
  509. </div>
  510. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-societies" >
  511. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Societies">Societies</a></h2>
  512. <div class="field field-name-field-societies field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>UK &amp; Ireland - <a href="/big/Societies">Societies</a> - links and information.</li>
  513. </ul></div></div></div>
  514. </div>
  515. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-statistics" >
  516. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Statistics">Statistics</a></h2>
  517. <div class="field field-name-field-statistics field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://vision.port.ac.uk/index.jsp">A Vision of Britain Through Time</a> from the University of Portsmouth provides a vision of Britain between 1801 and 2001, including maps, statistical trends (from 1801 to 2001 census data) and historic descriptions.</li>
  518. </ul></div></div></div>
  519. </div>
  520. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-taxation" >
  521. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Taxation">Taxation</a></h2>
  522. <div class="field field-name-field-taxation field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>For English and Welsh records see PRO Leaflet: <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/taxation-before-1689/">Taxation Records before 1660</a>. Scottish tax records are held at the <a href="http://webarchive.nrscotland.gov.uk/20170106021747/http://www.nas.gov.uk/">National Archives of Scotland</a> in Edinburgh.</li>
  523. <li>An indication of the taxes in force in 1823 can be found in <a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/Misc/Transcriptions/General/Tax1823.html">Abstract of the Principal Tax Acts</a> taken from the "History, Directory &amp; Gazetteer, of the County of York", by Edward Baines (1823). This publication also gives details about the law relating to <a href="/big/eng/YKS/Misc/Transcriptions/General/Rent1823">rent payable</a>.</li>
  524. <li><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/Misc/Transcriptions/WRY/Taxes1837.html">Taxes in force in 1837</a> from "History, Gazetteer, and Directory, of the West-Riding of Yorkshire, with the City of York and Port of Hull." by William White (1837). Transcribed by Susan Johnson.</li>
  525. <li><a href="https://hearthtax.wordpress.com">Hearth Tax Online</a> - a web site dedicated to providing data and analysis of the records of the hearth tax, which was introduced in England and Wales by the government of Charles II in 1662</li>
  526. <li><a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/valuation-office-survey-land-value-ownership-1910-1915/#1-why-use-this-guide">Valuation Office survey: land value and ownership 1910-1915</a> - a TNA Research Guide.</li>
  527. <li><a href="http://www.landmarkchambers.co.uk/userfiles/Dan%20Kolinsky%20QC.pdf">A Short History of Rates 1601-2015</a>, by Dan Kolinsky QC.</li>
  528. </ul><blockquote>Gibson, Jeremy, Mervyn Medlycott and Dennis Mills. <em>Land and Window Tax Assessments</em>. Federation of Family History Societies (1998) 72pp. [ISBN-13: 978-1860060540]</blockquote>
  529. <blockquote>Gibson, Jeremy.<em> The Hearth Tax and other later Stuart Tax Lists and the Association Rolls. </em> Federation of Family History Societies (1996) 80pp. [ISBN-13: 978-1860060182] [The Hearth Tax was levied between 1662 and 1689 on each householder according to the number of hearths in their dwelling.]</blockquote>
  530. </div></div></div>
  531. </div>
  532. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-voting-registers" >
  533. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="VotingRegisters">Voting Registers</a></h2>
  534. <div class="field field-name-field-voting-registers field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>British Library holds copies of all past and present Electoral Registers for view by personal visit. Their <a href="https://www.bl.uk/collection-guides/uk-electoral-registers">online guide</a> provides details of what is available, both from them and from companies offering paid-for online access. </li>
  535. <li><a href="http://www.thefamilyhistorypartnership.com/hints-tips/lists-of-names-pollbooks-and-electoral-registers.php">Lists of Names: Pollbooks and Electoral Registers</a>, by Stuart A. Raymond.</li>
  536. </ul></div></div></div>
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