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class="sf-depth-4">Worcestershire</a></li><li id="menu-1810-1" class="last odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-total-children-4 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-4 menuparent"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/" title="" class="sf-depth-4 menuparent">Yorkshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1893-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/ARY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">Ainsty</a></li><li id="menu-1894-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/ERY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">East Riding</a></li><li id="menu-1895-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/NRY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">North Riding</a></li><li id="menu-1896-1" class="last even sf-item-4 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/WRY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">West Riding</a></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1769-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-2 sf-total-children-2 sf-parent-children-2 sf-single-children-0 menuparent"><a href="/big/irl" title="Ireland" class="sf-depth-2 menuparent">Ireland</a><ul><li id="menu-1811-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-15 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-15 menuparent"><a href="/big/irl" title="Antrim - Kilkenny" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Antrim - Kilkenny</a><ul><li id="menu-1813-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/ANT" title="Antrim" class="sf-depth-4">Antrim</a></li><li id="menu-1814-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/ARM" title="Armagh" class="sf-depth-4">Armagh</a></li><li id="menu-1815-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/CAR" class="sf-depth-4">Carlow</a></li><li id="menu-1816-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/CAV" title="Cavan" class="sf-depth-4">Cavan</a></li><li id="menu-1817-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/CLA" title="Clare" class="sf-depth-4">Clare</a></li><li id="menu-1818-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/COR" title="County Cork" class="sf-depth-4">Cork</a></li><li id="menu-1819-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LDY" title="Derry (Londonderry)" class="sf-depth-4">Derry (Londonderry)</a></li><li id="menu-1820-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/DON" title="County Donegal" class="sf-depth-4">Donegal</a></li><li id="menu-1821-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/DOW" title="County Down" class="sf-depth-4">Down</a></li><li id="menu-1822-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/DUB" title="County Dublin" class="sf-depth-4">Dublin</a></li><li id="menu-1823-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/FER" title="Fermanagh" class="sf-depth-4">Fermanagh</a></li><li id="menu-1824-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/GAL" title="Galway" class="sf-depth-4">Galway</a></li><li id="menu-1825-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/KER" title="Kerry" class="sf-depth-4">Kerry</a></li><li id="menu-1826-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/KID" title="County Kildare" class="sf-depth-4">Kildare</a></li><li id="menu-1827-1" class="last odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/KIK" title="Kilkenny" class="sf-depth-4">Kilkenny</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1812-1" class="last even sf-item-2 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-17 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-17 menuparent"><a href="/big/irl" title="Laois - Wicklow" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Laois - Wicklow</a><ul><li id="menu-1828-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LEX" title="Laois (Queens)" class="sf-depth-4">Laois (Queens)</a></li><li id="menu-1829-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LET" class="sf-depth-4">Leitrim</a></li><li id="menu-1830-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LIM" title="Limerick" class="sf-depth-4">Limerick</a></li><li id="menu-1831-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LOG" title="Longford" class="sf-depth-4">Longford</a></li><li id="menu-1832-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LOU" class="sf-depth-4">Louth</a></li><li id="menu-1833-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/MAY" title="County Mayo" class="sf-depth-4">Mayo</a></li><li id="menu-1834-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/MEA" title="County Meath" class="sf-depth-4">Meath</a></li><li id="menu-1835-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/MOG" class="sf-depth-4">Monaghan</a></li><li id="menu-1836-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/OFF" title="County Offaly (Kings)" class="sf-depth-4">Offaly (Kings)</a></li><li id="menu-1837-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/ROS" title="County Roscommon" class="sf-depth-4">Roscommon</a></li><li id="menu-1838-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/SLI" title="Sligo, Ireland" class="sf-depth-4">Sligo</a></li><li id="menu-1839-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/TIP" title="Tipperary" class="sf-depth-4">Tipperary</a></li><li id="menu-1840-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/TYR" title="Tyrone" class="sf-depth-4">Tyrone</a></li><li id="menu-1841-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WAT" title="County Waterford" class="sf-depth-4">Waterford</a></li><li id="menu-1842-1" class="middle odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WEM" title="County Westmeath" class="sf-depth-4">Westmeath</a></li><li id="menu-1843-1" class="middle even sf-item-16 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WEX" title="Wexford" class="sf-depth-4">Wexford</a></li><li id="menu-1844-1" class="last odd sf-item-17 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WIC" class="sf-depth-4">Wicklow</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li id="menu-683-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-2 sf-total-children-2 sf-parent-children-2 sf-single-children-0 menuparent"><a href="/big/sct" title="Scotland" class="sf-depth-2 menuparent">Scotland</a><ul><li id="menu-1845-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-17 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-17 menuparent"><a href="/big/sct" title="Aberdeenshire - Kirkcudbrightshire" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Aberdeenshire - Kirkcudbrightshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1847-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ABD" title="Aberdeenshire" class="sf-depth-4">Aberdeenshire</a></li><li id="menu-1848-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ANS" title="Angus" class="sf-depth-4">Angus</a></li><li id="menu-1849-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ARL" title="Argyllshire" class="sf-depth-4">Argyll</a></li><li id="menu-1850-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/AYR" title="Ayrshire" class="sf-depth-4">Ayrshire</a></li><li id="menu-1851-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/BAN" title="Banffshire" class="sf-depth-4">Banffshire</a></li><li id="menu-1852-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/BEW" title="Berwickshire" class="sf-depth-4">Berwickshire</a></li><li id="menu-1853-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/BUT" title="Bute" class="sf-depth-4">Bute</a></li><li id="menu-1854-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/CAI" title="Caithness" class="sf-depth-4">Caithness</a></li><li id="menu-1855-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/CLK" title="Clackmannanshire" class="sf-depth-4">Clackmannanshire</a></li><li id="menu-1856-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/DFS" title="Dumfriesshire" class="sf-depth-4">Dumfriesshire</a></li><li id="menu-1857-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/DNB" title="Dunbartonshire" class="sf-depth-4">Dunbartonshire</a></li><li id="menu-1858-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ELN" title="East Lothian" class="sf-depth-4">East Lothian</a></li><li id="menu-1859-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/FIF" title="Fife" class="sf-depth-4">Fife</a></li><li id="menu-1860-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/INV" title="Inverness-shire" class="sf-depth-4">Inverness-shire</a></li><li id="menu-1861-1" class="middle odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/KCD" title="Kincardineshire" class="sf-depth-4">Kincardineshire</a></li><li id="menu-1862-1" class="middle even sf-item-16 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/KRS" title="Kinross-shire" class="sf-depth-4">Kinross-shire</a></li><li id="menu-1863-1" class="last odd sf-item-17 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/KKD" title="Kirkcudbrightshire" class="sf-depth-4">Kirkcudbrightshire</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1846-1" class="last even sf-item-2 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-16 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-16 menuparent"><a href="/big/sct" title="Lanarkshire - Wigtownshire" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Lanarkshire - Wigtownshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1864-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/LKS" title="Lanarkshire" class="sf-depth-4">Lanarkshire</a></li><li id="menu-1865-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/MLN" title="Midlothian" class="sf-depth-4">Midlothian</a></li><li id="menu-1866-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/MOR" title="Moray" class="sf-depth-4">Moray</a></li><li id="menu-743-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/NAI" title="County page for Nairnshire, Scotland." class="sf-depth-4">Nairnshire</a></li><li id="menu-1867-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/OKI" title="Orkney" class="sf-depth-4">Orkney</a></li><li id="menu-1868-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/PEE" title="Peeblesshire" class="sf-depth-4">Peeblesshire</a></li><li id="menu-1869-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/PER" title="Perthshire" class="sf-depth-4">Perthshire</a></li><li id="menu-1870-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/RFW" title="Renfrewshire" class="sf-depth-4">Renfrewshire</a></li><li id="menu-1871-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ROC" title="Ross &amp; Cromarty" class="sf-depth-4">Ross &amp; Cromarty</a></li><li id="menu-1872-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ROX" title="Roxburghshire" class="sf-depth-4">Roxburghshire</a></li><li id="menu-1873-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/SEL" title="Selkirkshire" class="sf-depth-4">Selkirkshire</a></li><li id="menu-1874-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/SHI" title="Shetland Isles" class="sf-depth-4">Shetland</a></li><li id="menu-1875-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/STI" title="Stirlingshire" class="sf-depth-4">Stirlingshire</a></li><li id="menu-1876-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/SUT" title="Sutherland" class="sf-depth-4">Sutherland</a></li><li id="menu-1877-1" class="middle odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/WLN" class="sf-depth-4">West Lothian</a></li><li id="menu-1878-1" class="last even sf-item-16 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/WIG" title="Wigtownshire" class="sf-depth-4">Wigtownshire</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1770-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-2 sf-total-children-13 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-13 menuparent"><a href="/big/wal" title="Wales" class="sf-depth-2 menuparent">Wales</a><ul><li id="menu-1879-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/AGY" title="Anglesey" class="sf-depth-3">Anglesey</a></li><li id="menu-1880-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/BRE" title="Breconshire" class="sf-depth-3">Breconshire</a></li><li id="menu-1881-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/CAE" title="Caernarvonshire" class="sf-depth-3">Caernarvonshire</a></li><li id="menu-1882-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/CGN" title="Cardiganshire" class="sf-depth-3">Cardiganshire</a></li><li id="menu-1883-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/CMN" title="Carmarthenshire" class="sf-depth-3">Carmarthenshire</a></li><li id="menu-1884-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/DEN" title="Denbighshire" class="sf-depth-3">Denbighshire</a></li><li id="menu-1885-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/FLN" title="Flintshire" class="sf-depth-3">Flintshire</a></li><li id="menu-3112-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/GLA" title="Glamorgan" class="sf-depth-3">Glamorgan</a></li><li id="menu-1886-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/MER" title="Merionethshire" class="sf-depth-3">Merionethshire</a></li><li id="menu-1887-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/MON" title="Monmouthshire" class="sf-depth-3">Monmouthshire</a></li><li id="menu-1888-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/MGY" title="Montgomeryshire" class="sf-depth-3">Montgomeryshire</a></li><li id="menu-1889-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/PEM" title="Pembrokeshire" class="sf-depth-3">Pembrokeshire</a></li><li id="menu-1890-1" class="last odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/RAD" title="Radnorshire" class="sf-depth-3">Radnorshire</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1771-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/CHI" class="sf-depth-2">Channel Islands</a></li><li id="menu-1772-1" class="last even sf-item-6 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/iom" title="Isle of Man" class="sf-depth-2">Isle of Man</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-735-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-1 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/Gazetteer" title="Find places by searching the gazetteer" class="sf-depth-1">Gazetteer</a></li><li id="menu-736-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-1 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/churchdb" title="Search the church database" class="sf-depth-1">Churches</a></li><li id="menu-1664-1" class="last even sf-item-4 sf-depth-1 sf-total-children-3 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-3 menuparent"><a href="/news" title="News about the Genuki service" class="sf-depth-1 menuparent">News</a><ul><li id="menu-1665-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/news/main" title="Site conversion to use a CMS
  77. " class="sf-depth-2">Conversion to a CMS</a></li><li id="menu-1688-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/news/drupal" title="Progress in the conversion to a Drupal managed site" class="sf-depth-2">Drupal conversion diary</a></li><li id="menu-740-1" class="last odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="http://geneva.weald.org.uk/" title="Genealogical events" class="sf-depth-2">Online calendar</a></li></ul></li></ul> </nav>
  78. </div>
  79. </div>
  80. </header>
  81. <div id="main">
  82. <div id="content" class="column" role="main">
  83. <div class="region region-highlighted">
  84. <div id="block-block-4" class="block block-block first odd">
  85. <div class="content">
  86. <a id="top"></a> </div>
  87. </div>
  88. <div id="block-webform-client-block-75525" class="block block-webform even">
  89. <h2 class="block__title block-title">Open a form to report problems or contribute information</h2>
  90. <div class="content">
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  93. <div class="webform-progressbar-inner" style="width: 0%">&nbsp;</div>
  94. <span class="webform-progressbar-page current" style="left: 0%">
  95. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-number">1</span>
  96. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-label">
  97. Introduction </span>
  98. </span>
  99. <span class="webform-progressbar-page" style="left: 33.33%">
  100. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-number">2</span>
  101. <span class="webform-progressbar-page-label">
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  112. Submitted </span>
  113. </span>
  114. </div>
  115. </div>
  116. <div class="form-item webform-component webform-component-markup webform-component--introducution">
  117. <h4>Help and advice for England</h4>
  118. If you have found a problem on this page then please report it on the following form. We will then do our best to fix it. If you are wanting advice then the best place to ask is on the area's specific <a href="/big/Genealogy/DiscussionGroups">email lists</a>. All the information that we have is in the web pages, so please do not ask us to supply something that is not there. We are not able to offer a research service.
  119. <p>
  120. If you wish to report a problem, or contribute information, then do use the following form to tell us about it.
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  137. <div class="content">
  138. <p style="text-align:center"><em>We are in the process of <a href="/news/main#CMS">upgrading the site</a> to implement a content management system.</em></p> </div>
  139. </div>
  140. </div>
  141. <a id="main-content"></a>
  142. <h1 class="page__title title" id="page-title">England</h1>
  143. <div class="region region-content">
  144. <div class="panel-display panel-3col-stacked clearfix" id="place-page">
  145. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-top">
  146. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-introduction" >
  147. <div class="field field-name-field-introduction field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <p>Many sets of records were kept for England and Wales together, so that the problems of locating them and using them are very similar in the two countries. For convenience such records are described here, rather than on the British Isles pages.</p>
  148. <p><strong>Counties</strong></p>
  149. <p><em>N.B. GENUKI is organised on the basis of historic counties. To find which GENUKI pages cover more modern counties and county boroughs, please see: <a href="/big/eng/Modern">Modern and Administrative Counties and County Boroughs</a>.</em></p>
  150. </div></div></div>
  151. </div>
  152. </div>
  153. </div>
  154. <div class="center-wrapper">
  155. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-first">
  156. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-linksl" >
  157. <div class="field field-name-field-linksl field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <div class="gki_links gki_links"><ul><li><a href="#Archives">Archives &amp; Libraries</a></li><li><a href="#Bibliography">Bibliography</a></li><li><a href="#Biography">Biography</a></li><li><a href="#Business">Business &amp; Commerce</a></li><li><a href="#Cemeteries">Cemeteries</a></li><li><a href="#Census">Census</a></li><li><a href="#Chronology">Chronology</a></li><li><a href="#ChurchRecords">Church Records</a></li><li><a href="#CivilReg">Civil Registration</a></li><li><a href="#Correctional">Correctional Institutions</a></li><li><a href="#CourtRecords">Court Records</a></li><li><a href="#Description">Description &amp; Travel</a></li><li><a href="#Directories">Directories</a></li><li><a href="#Emigration">Emigration &amp; Immigration</a></li><li><a href="#Gazetteers">Gazetteers</a></li><li><a href="#Genealogy">Genealogy</a></li><li><a href="#Geography">Historical Geography</a></li><li><a href="#History">History</a></li><li><a href="#Land">Land &amp; Property</a></li><li><a href="#Language">Language &amp; Languages</a></li><li><a href="#Law">Law &amp; Legislation</a></li><li><a href="#Manors">Manors</a></li></ul></div> </div></div></div>
  158. </div>
  159. </div>
  160. </div>
  161. <div class="panel-panel panel-col">
  162. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-location-active" >
  163. <div class="field field-name-field-location-active field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <p style="text-align:center"><img alt="" height="494" src="/files/eng/Eng_Counties.gif" usemap="#Eng_Counties_Map" width="400" /><map id="Eng_Counties_Map" name="Eng_Counties_Map"><area alt="Bedfordshire" coords="279,295,295,309,299,310,298,315,294,321,286,322,287,334,278,335,274,332,274,321,271,308" href="/big/eng/BDF/" shape="poly" title="Bedfordshire" /><area alt="Berkshire" coords="220,349,234,348,238,343,240,343,244,352,248,352,254,362,259,362,262,359,271,359,276,372,267,379,260,379,250,376,238,376,236,377,229,377,229,370,220,357,220,348" href="/big/eng/BRK" shape="poly" title="Berkshire" /><area alt="Buckinghamshire" coords="247,323,258,317,264,320,265,314,270,308,274,321,274,332,277,336,273,340,274,345,282,356,281,370,278,372,270,359,261,358,257,349,261,347,261,345,258,341,251,341,247,324" href="/big/eng/BKM/" shape="poly" title="Buckinghamshire" /><area alt="Cambridgeshire" coords="295,273,312,260,318,265,320,278,328,283,329,295,324,298,330,305,330,313,315,313,310,317,304,315,299,315,298,307,300,303,300,299,308,294,309,287" href="/big/eng/CAM/" shape="poly" title="Cambridgeshire" /><area alt="Cheshire" coords="146,209,158,219,179,208,195,207,202,199,208,201,201,210,205,221,198,228,194,229,191,234,185,237,181,244,170,244,158,234,155,224,139,215,147,209" href="/big/eng/CHS/" shape="poly" title="Cheshire" /><area alt="Cornwall" coords="87,457,84,463,61,462,30,488,30,487,4,473,17,463,44,439,67,407" href="/big/eng/CON/" shape="poly" title="Cornwall" /><area alt="Cumberland" coords="168,56,181,68,177,78,181,94,188,93,186,101,165,104,148,123,137,148,124,126,131,97" href="/big/eng/CUL" shape="poly" title="Cumberland" /><area alt="Derbyshire" coords="226,213,234,212,241,215,241,224,237,229,236,232,241,244,237,251,229,262,222,263,218,260,221,253,217,248,215,249,211,243,214,239,214,231,205,220,201,210,207,200" href="/big/eng/DBY" shape="poly" title="Derbyshire" /><area alt="Devon" coords="85,385,113,386,106,394,113,396,117,402,128,402,155,418,156,432,142,434,133,441,125,439,124,453,114,470,104,470,86,455,84,446,77,429,73,426,77,423,67,406" href="/big/eng/DEV" shape="poly" title="Devon" /><area alt="Dorset" coords="158,417,170,405,178,406,189,398,198,406,204,406,211,412,210,432,205,432,205,439,193,441,184,438,178,444,166,432,155,432,155,418" href="/big/eng/DOR" shape="poly" title="Dorset" /><area alt="Durham" coords="188,92,198,92,216,78,222,77,228,73,230,78,237,88,237,92,238,103,243,111,235,116,224,116,205,113,197,105,190,103,186,101,190,92,189,91,198,92,198,91,197,91,200,89,199,90" href="/big/eng/DUR/" shape="poly" title="Durham" /><area alt="Essex" coords="315,314,342,314,346,321,362,325,367,333,361,341,350,340,346,345,352,349,347,355,349,358,340,363,325,366,314,361,317,358,318,352,310,353,306,348,313,335,314,330,312,328,311,318" href="/big/eng/ESS/" shape="poly" title="Essex" /><area alt="Gloucestershire" coords="169,354,169,334,178,330,179,329,180,323,185,319,188,321,192,320,194,317,198,320,202,320,203,322,208,321,209,319,210,313,215,314,225,324,220,331,220,347,196,355,191,354,190,365,186,368,173,368,167,363,170,353" href="/big/eng/GLS/" shape="poly" title="Gloucestershire" /><area alt="Hampshire" coords="230,378,235,378,238,376,255,377,266,380,266,390,272,399,265,402,256,417,257,423,243,422,236,418,234,425,209,432,210,411,205,406,207,403,219,407,220,400,217,386,225,384" href="/big/eng/HAM" shape="poly" title="Hampshire" /><area alt="Herefordshire" coords="147,314,158,291,163,290,168,295,171,295,171,299,176,303,179,299,182,299,185,319,179,322,179,329,177,331,171,332,167,334,157,326,155,327" href="/big/eng/HEF" shape="poly" title="Herefordshire" /><area alt="Hertfordshire" coords="277,336,287,335,286,323,293,322,298,315,304,315,310,317,310,326,313,335,304,348,295,349,288,355,282,355,274,345,273,340" href="/big/eng/HRT" shape="poly" title="Hertfordshire" /><area alt="Huntingdonshire" coords="275,271,282,268,296,265,298,267,295,274,308,287,308,293,300,300,299,310,296,310,280,295,283,289,283,278,275,273" href="/big/eng/HUN/" shape="poly" title="Huntingdonshire" /><area alt="Isle of Wight" coords="229,435,240,426,253,426,253,437,245,441,233,441" href="/big/eng/HAM/IOW" shape="poly" title="Isle of Wight" /><area alt="Kent" coords="309,393,309,379,314,377,321,367,349,366,381,373,379,392,353,411,343,399,323,395,323,394" href="/big/eng/KEN" shape="poly" title="Kent" /><area alt="Lancashire" coords="157,167,166,145,175,146,177,155,173,162,179,171,184,171,191,167,202,176,196,185,196,189,202,198,201,202,195,206,182,207,174,209,162,219,157,219,150,210,149,198,155,191,151,181,151,170" href="/big/eng/LAN/" shape="poly" title="Lancashire" /><area alt="Lancashire" coords="138,148,150,124,155,124,157,151,145,159" href="/big/eng/LAN/" shape="poly" title="Lancashire" /><area alt="Leicestershire" coords="222,263,229,261,237,251,242,255,246,255,249,252,253,251,264,241,264,250,269,260,262,263,264,277,258,279,254,284,248,284,244,287,241,287,232,277,229,277,221,265,223,262" href="/big/eng/LEI/" shape="poly" title="Leicestershire" /><area alt="Lincolnshire" coords="257,197,266,189,290,191,312,210,319,224,318,240,308,251,316,257,300,267,297,265,290,264,283,268,279,268,280,263,277,261,269,260,264,249,264,236,270,220,265,214,266,208,257,198" href="/big/eng/LIN/" shape="poly" title="Lincolnshire" /><area alt="London" coords="324,366,314,377,307,378,302,376,303,369,314,361" href="/big/eng/LND/" shape="poly" title="London" /><area alt="Middlesex" coords="281,371,282,356,288,355,294,350,306,347,310,353,312,353,315,352,318,354,317,358,314,361,303,369,303,375,297,373,293,373,291,374,288,371" href="/big/eng/MDX/" shape="poly" title="Middlesex" /><area alt="Norfolk" coords="317,255,325,255,331,244,369,248,387,267,387,275,383,273,381,281,368,290,342,288,340,284,329,283,320,277,318,265,313,261" href="/big/eng/NFK/" shape="poly" title="Norfolk" /><area alt="Northamptonshire" coords="244,287,249,284,254,284,258,278,267,277,275,272,284,279,283,290,264,313,263,320,257,317,246,323,239,321,241,313,238,310,237,306,244,301,243,287" href="/big/eng/NTH" shape="poly" title="Northamptonshire" /><area alt="Northumberland" coords="168,56,191,40,185,22,199,10,217,34,229,73,223,77,215,77,197,91,180,91,174,77,180,67" href="/big/eng/NBL" shape="poly" title="Northumberland" /><area alt="Nottinghamshire" coords="242,214,247,203,258,197,265,209,264,215,270,221,268,229,264,241,253,252,249,252,245,255,241,255,237,251,242,244,236,231,241,224" href="/big/eng/NTT/" shape="poly" title="Nottinghamshire" /><area alt="Oxfordshire" coords="219,347,220,331,225,323,228,323,229,316,231,314,238,310,242,315,240,322,246,325,251,337,250,339,252,341,257,342,261,347,257,349,261,360,257,362,255,362,251,359,247,351,244,352,240,344,237,343,233,348,220,348" href="/big/eng/OXF" shape="poly" title="Oxfordshire" /><area alt="Rutland" coords="279,261,281,264,279,269,276,272,273,273,270,277,267,277,264,277,262,264,269,260" href="/big/eng/RUT" shape="poly" title="Rutland" /><area alt="Shropshire" coords="169,244,181,244,180,249,184,253,183,261,187,265,187,271,185,274,189,283,175,296,169,296,164,291,159,291,155,295,145,287,150,279,150,262,145,255,150,250,160,254,169,245,180,244" href="/big/eng/SAL/" shape="poly" title="Shropshire" /><area alt="Somerset" coords="167,364,173,367,186,368,189,370,190,385,186,398,178,405,169,405,156,418,143,410,127,403,117,402,113,396,108,395,112,387,134,387,143,390" href="/big/eng/SOM/" shape="poly" title="Somerset" /><area alt="Staffordshire" coords="180,246,186,236,192,233,195,229,199,228,204,220,214,231,214,239,211,243,214,249,217,248,222,253,218,260,222,263,217,270,212,270,210,272,210,275,203,282,197,284,188,284,185,274,186,271,186,264,183,261,184,253,180,250,180,245,185,237" href="/big/eng/STS/" shape="poly" title="Staffordshire" /><area alt="Suffolk" coords="328,283,340,283,342,289,371,290,382,280,383,273,387,276,386,303,383,316,373,327,346,320,342,314,331,313,330,306,324,298,329,295,329,283" href="/big/eng/SFK" shape="poly" title="Suffolk" /><area alt="Surrey" coords="267,379,279,372,288,372,291,374,293,374,298,374,308,379,308,394,271,398,265,393,267,388,267,380,279,373" href="/big/eng/SRY/" shape="poly" title="Surrey" /><area alt="Sussex" coords="324,394,344,399,351,412,323,425,299,425,289,422,267,427,256,417,264,401,272,398" href="/big/eng/SSX/" shape="poly" title="Sussex" /><area alt="Warwickshire" coords="203,282,209,275,213,269,219,269,221,265,242,287,243,301,238,306,237,310,229,317,228,323,225,323,213,313,209,313,209,297,211,294,202,283" href="/big/eng/WAR/" shape="poly" title="Warwickshire" /><area alt="Westmorland" coords="148,121,166,103,185,101,193,117,187,128,174,130,174,134,182,138,174,144,170,146,166,144,162,152,158,150,152,123" href="/big/eng/WES/" shape="poly" title="Westmorland" /><area alt="Wiltshire" coords="190,364,191,354,196,355,219,348,220,356,229,369,230,376,224,384,215,385,221,405,216,408,207,404,197,406,186,396,191,385,188,376,190,370,186,369" href="/big/eng/WIL" shape="poly" title="Wiltshire" /><area alt="Worcestershire" coords="175,295,189,284,202,283,211,294,210,296,208,299,207,302,209,305,208,309,209,319,208,321,203,322,202,320,198,320,194,317,191,320,188,321,184,318,184,306,183,299,179,299,176,303,172,299,171,295,176,295" href="/big/eng/WOR/" shape="poly" title="Worcestershire" /><area alt="Ainsty &amp; York, Yorkshire" coords="248,153,260,159,255,169,244,160,246,153,247,152" href="/big/eng/YKS/ARY/" shape="poly" title="Ainsty &amp; York, Yorkshire" /><area alt="East Riding, Yorkshire" coords="252,172,267,150,282,145,295,158,295,165,311,199,285,187,266,188,255,179,253,172,261,159" href="/big/eng/YKS/ERY/" shape="poly" title="East Riding, Yorkshire" /><area alt="North Riding, Yorkshire" coords="191,104,199,105,205,113,234,116,244,111,271,121,282,145,269,148,260,160,243,151,200,144,186,129,195,120,195,114,191,109" href="/big/eng/YKS/NRY/" shape="poly" title="North Riding, Yorkshire" /><area alt="West Riding, Yorkshire" coords="186,130,200,144,246,152,244,160,254,169,252,173,255,180,265,188,257,197,247,203,242,214,234,212,234,211,228,211,225,212,210,201,203,199,197,189,195,188,196,184,202,177,191,168,184,171,179,171,173,162,178,155,178,149,175,145,182,139,173,134,177,130,186,129" href="/big/eng/YKS/WRY/" shape="poly" title="West Riding, Yorkshire" /><area alt="Scotland" coords="197,10,187,26,191,40,117,107,44,113,40,79,58,50,12,60,24,16,0,28,0,0,191,0" href="/big/sct" shape="poly" title="Scotland" /><area alt="Isle of Man" coords="74,128,92,129,104,173,40,173,39,160" href="/big/iom/" shape="poly" title="Isle of Man" /><area alt="Wales" coords="136,214,157,228,170,244,161,254,150,250,144,254,151,278,146,287,154,295,147,315,150,322,168,335,170,354,159,364,140,376,90,366,33,349,33,326,95,285,91,260,59,263,62,252,81,237,65,221,76,204,92,209,99,222,111,216" href="/big/wal" shape="poly" title="Wales" /></map></p>
  164. </div></div></div>
  165. </div>
  166. </div>
  167. </div>
  168. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-last">
  169. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-linksr" >
  170. <div class="field field-name-field-linksr field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <div class="gki_linksr gki_linksr"><ul><li><a href="#Maps">Maps</a></li><li><a href="#MedicalRecords">Medical Records</a></li><li><a href="#MerchantMarine">Merchant Marine</a></li><li><a href="#Migration">Migration, Internal</a></li><li><a href="#MilitaryHistory">Military History</a></li><li><a href="#NamesGeographical">Names, Geographical</a></li><li><a href="#NamesPersonal">Names, Personal</a></li><li><a href="#Newspapers">Newspapers</a></li><li><a href="#Occupations">Occupations</a></li><li><a href="#Politics">Politics</a></li><li><a href="#PoorHouses">Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.</a></li><li><a href="#Population">Population</a></li><li><a href="#Probate">Probate Records</a></li><li><a href="#PublicRecords">Public Records</a></li><li><a href="#Schools">Schools</a></li><li><a href="#Social">Social life and Customs</a></li><li><a href="#Societies">Societies</a></li><li><a href="#Statistics">Statistics</a></li><li><a href="#Taxation">Taxation</a></li><li><a href="#TownRecords">Town Records</a></li><li><a href="#VotingRegisters">Voting Registers</a></li></ul></div> </div></div></div>
  171. </div>
  172. </div>
  173. </div>
  174. </div>
  175. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-bottom">
  176. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-preamble" >
  177. <div class="field field-name-field-preamble field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="county_list">
  178. <ul><li><a href="/big/eng/BDF">Bedfordshire</a></li>
  179. <li><a href="/big/eng/BRK">Berkshire</a></li>
  180. <li><a href="/big/eng/BKM">Buckinghamshire</a></li>
  181. <li><a href="/big/eng/CAM">Cambridgeshire</a></li>
  182. <li><a href="/big/eng/CHS">Cheshire</a></li>
  183. <li><a href="/big/eng/CON">Cornwall</a></li>
  184. <li><a href="/big/eng/CUL">Cumberland</a></li>
  185. <li><a href="/big/eng/DBY">Derbyshire</a></li>
  186. <li><a href="/big/eng/DEV">Devon</a></li>
  187. <li><a href="/big/eng/DOR">Dorset</a></li>
  188. <li><a href="/big/eng/DUR">Durham</a></li>
  189. <li><a href="/big/eng/ESS">Essex</a></li>
  190. <li><a href="/big/eng/GLS">Gloucestershire</a></li>
  191. <li><a href="/big/eng/HAM">Hampshire</a></li>
  192. <li><a href="/big/eng/HEF">Herefordshire</a></li>
  193. <li><a href="/big/eng/HRT">Hertfordshire</a></li>
  194. <li><a href="/big/eng/HUN">Huntingdonshire</a></li>
  195. <li><a href="/big/eng/KEN">Kent</a></li>
  196. <li><a href="/big/eng/LAN">Lancashire</a></li>
  197. <li><a href="/big/eng/LEI">Leicestershire</a></li>
  198. <li><a href="/big/eng/LIN">Lincolnshire</a></li>
  199. <li><a href="/big/eng/LND">London</a></li>
  200. <li><a href="/big/eng/MDX">Middlesex</a></li>
  201. <li><a href="/big/eng/NFK">Norfolk</a></li>
  202. <li><a href="/big/eng/NTH">Northamptonshire</a></li>
  203. <li><a href="/big/eng/NBL">Northumberland</a></li>
  204. <li><a href="/big/eng/NTT">Nottinghamshire</a></li>
  205. <li><a href="/big/eng/OXF">Oxfordshire</a></li>
  206. <li><a href="/big/eng/RUT">Rutland</a></li>
  207. <li><a href="/big/eng/SAL">Shropshire</a></li>
  208. <li><a href="/big/eng/SOM">Somerset</a></li>
  209. <li><a href="/big/eng/STS">Staffordshire</a></li>
  210. <li><a href="/big/eng/SFK">Suffolk</a></li>
  211. <li><a href="/big/eng/SRY">Surrey</a></li>
  212. <li><a href="/big/eng/SSX">Sussex</a></li>
  213. <li><a href="/big/eng/WAR">Warwickshire</a></li>
  214. <li><a href="/big/eng/WES">Westmorland</a></li>
  215. <li><a href="/big/eng/WIL">Wiltshire</a></li>
  216. <li><a href="/big/eng/WOR">Worcestershire</a></li>
  217. <li><a href="/big/eng/YKS/">Yorkshire</a></li>
  218. </ul></div></div></div></div>
  219. </div>
  220. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-archives" >
  221. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Archives">Archives and Libraries</a></h2>
  222. <div class="field field-name-field-archives field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>England - <a href="/big/eng/Archives">Archives and Libraries</a> - links and information.</li>
  223. </ul></div></div></div>
  224. </div>
  225. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-bibliography" >
  226. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Bibliography">Bibliography</a></h2>
  227. <div class="field field-name-field-bibliography field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>G.E. Mingay. <em>Rural life in Victorian England</em>, Stroud, Gloucestershire, Sutton, (1998) viii, 220 p., ill. [ISBN: 0750916125]</li>
  228. <li><a href="http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/sources/olmed.shtml">Medieval Source Material on the Internet</a> by Chris Phillips.</li>
  229. </ul></div></div></div>
  230. </div>
  231. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-biography" >
  232. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Biography">Biography</a></h2>
  233. <div class="field field-name-field-biography field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bwo/england.html"> Books We Own - England</a> pages list books relating to England which volunteers are willing to search on request. See also <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bwo/tips.html"> Tips for making a request</a>.</li>
  234. <li>Margaret Olson's <a href="http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~socgen/Bookmjo.html">Links to Genealogy Booksellers</a>.</li>
  235. <li>Names from the <a href="/files/eng/Indexes/REVWGILL.txt"><em>Autobiography of the Rev. William Gill</em></a> (b. Totnes, Devon, 1813), extracted by Mike Foster.<br />
  236.  </li>
  237. </ul></div></div></div>
  238. </div>
  239. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-business" >
  240. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Business">Business and Commerce Records</a></h2>
  241. <div class="field field-name-field-business field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><strong>Registration of Companies and Businesses</strong>, there are three <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides-keywords/?show=keywords&amp;keyword-letter=c&amp;keyword=companies#step-three">Research Guides from The National Archives</a> with useful background information.</li>
  242. <li>Companies House has a (beta test) database of <a href="https://beta.companieshouse.gov.uk/">companies and directors</a></li>
  243. </ul></div></div></div>
  244. </div>
  245. <div class="panel-pane pane-block pane-genuki-dynamic-content-genuki-cemeteries-list" >
  246. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Cemeteries">Cemeteries</a></h2>
  247. <div class="field-name-field-churches"> <ul><li>For details of the graves of the rich and famous, together with biographical information, look at the <a href="https://www.findagrave.com/php/famous.php?page=country&amp;FScountryid=5">Find-a-Grave (England)</a> page.</li>
  248. </ul><p></div>
  249. </div>
  250. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-census" id="Census">
  251. <h2 class="pane-title">Census</h2>
  252. <div class="field field-name-field-census field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>England - <a href="/big/eng/Census">Census</a> - links and information.</li>
  253. </ul></div></div></div>
  254. </div>
  255. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-chronology" >
  256. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Chronology">Chronology</a></h2>
  257. <div class="field field-name-field-chronology field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>John Owen "Jo" Smith's comprehensive <a href="http://www.headley1.demon.co.uk/histdate/"> Timeline</a> covers the period 55 BC to 2001!</li>
  258. <li><a href="http://englishcomplit.unc.edu/chaucer/zatta/14thcent.htm">Important Events in the Fourteenth Century</a> on Jane Zatta's <em>Chaucer</em> website describes and illustrates some important episodes in that eventful period.</li>
  259. </ul></div></div></div>
  260. </div>
  261. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-church-records" >
  262. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="ChurchRecords">Church Records</a></h2>
  263. <div class="field field-name-field-church-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>England - <a href="/big/eng/ChurchRecords">Church Records</a> - links and information.</li>
  264. </ul></div></div></div>
  265. </div>
  266. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-civil-registration" >
  267. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="CivilReg">Civil Registration</a></h2>
  268. <div class="field field-name-field-civil-registration field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>England - <a href="/big/eng/CivilRegistration">Civil Registration</a> - links and information.</li>
  269. </ul></div></div></div>
  270. </div>
  271. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-correctional-institutions" >
  272. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Correctional">Correctional Institutions</a></h2>
  273. <div class="field field-name-field-correctional-institutions field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><strong>Australia, Transported Convicts:</strong> see these two <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides-keywords/?show=keywords&amp;keyword-letter=a&amp;keyword=australia-transportation-to#step-three">Research Guides from The National Archives</a>.</li>
  274. <li>Blacksheepancestors: <a href="http://www.blacksheepancestors.com/uk/executions.shtml">UK Executions</a></li>
  275. <li>An extract from the book "Home Office 1782-1982" which includes some details about the prison service - <a href="http://www.justicestudies.com/pubs/prisonhistory.pdf">Prisons over Two Centuries</a>.</li>
  276. </ul></div></div></div>
  277. </div>
  278. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-court-records" >
  279. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="CourtRecords">Court Records</a></h2>
  280. <div class="field field-name-field-court-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>There are numerous <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides-keywords/">Research Guides from The National Archives</a> dealing with the records of various "courts of law". Also look under keywords "assize courts", "chancery (court of)", "conveyance of land", "divorce", "equity courts", "exchequer", "funds in court" and more.</li>
  281. <li>It may help in understanding the various records to read this <a href="https://www.judiciary.gov.uk/about-the-judiciary/history-of-the-judiciary/">history of the justice system</a>. </li>
  282. </ul></div></div></div>
  283. </div>
  284. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-description" >
  285. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Description">Description and Travel</a></h2>
  286. <div class="field field-name-field-description field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/">English Heritage</a> are responsible for the care and repair of many buildings of historic importance. The <a href="http://archive.historicengland.org.uk">Historic England Archive</a>  (previously the National Monuments Record) is English Heritage's public archive and is the home of around 10 million items covering England's buildings, archaeology and maritime sites. English Heritage's ambitious <a href="http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/">Images of England</a> initiative aims to put a photograph of every listed building in England on the internet.</li>
  287. <li>The <a href="http://www.badgers-heritage.co.uk/">Badger's Heritage website</a> features many pen and ink drawings of churches, schools, pubs, hotels, bridges, locks, mills, cottages &amp; villages in Berkshire, Hampshire, Middlesex, Oxfordshire, Surrey, West Sussex and Wiltshire.</li>
  288. <li><a href="https://www.lonelyplanet.com/england">Destination England</a> from Lonely Planet.</li>
  289. <li>There are many links on the <a href="http://hub.yourlocaltake.com/hub/buildingengland">England's Buildings webring</a>.</li>
  290. <li><a href="http://viewfinder.historicengland.org.uk">ViewFinder</a> - an online image resource for England's history provided by Historic England.</li>
  291. <li>The <a href="https://www.commonground.org.uk/england-in-particular/">England in Particular</a> website from <a href="https://www.commonground.org.uk/">Common Ground</a> encourages the study of our own localities.</li>
  292. </ul></div></div></div>
  293. </div>
  294. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-directories" >
  295. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Directories">Directories</a></h2>
  296. <div class="field field-name-field-directories field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>There is a terrific selection of local and trade directories spanning the period from 1750 to 1919 on the <a href="http://specialcollections.le.ac.uk/cdm/landingpage/collection/p16445coll4">Historical Directories website</a>.</li>
  297. <li>Sue O'Neill's searchable <a href="http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~pobjoyoneill/tradedir/engtrade.htm">Trade Directory Index</a> covers Pigot's directories of Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, Cornwall, Cumberland, Co Durham, Huntingdonshire, Northamptonshire, Northumberland, Oxfordshire, Westmoreland, Wiltshire and Worcestershire for 1830, and Slater's directory of Co Durham for 1854.</li>
  298. <li><a href="http://www.direct-resources.uk.com/">Direct Resources</a> have provided surname indexes to several Trade Directories of around 1848.</li>
  299. </ul></div></div></div>
  300. </div>
  301. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-emigration-and-immigration" >
  302. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Emigration">Emigration and Immigration</a></h2>
  303. <div class="field field-name-field-emigration-and-immigration field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http:/www.movinghere.org.uk/">Moving Here (archived version)</a>, 200 Years of Migration to England, is a "database of digitised photographs, maps, objects, documents and audio items from 30 local and national archives, museums and libraries which record migration experiences of the last 200 years. The project has now closed but the archived web site remains.</li>
  304. <li><a href="/big/eng/EmigLetters">Letters to an Emigrant Minister 1841-1855</a> - Letters sent by John Stubbs of Kendal, Westmorland and his daughter and son-in-law, Mary and Thomas Williams, to his son, Reverend Thomas Stubbs, a Wesleyan Methodist Minister, in the United States of America.</li>
  305. <li>There is some very useful background information in the <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides-keywords/"> Research Guides from The National Archives</a>, good keywords are 'emigration', 'immigration' and 'passport'.</li>
  306. </ul></div></div></div>
  307. </div>
  308. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-gazetteers" id="gki_gaz_field">
  309. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Gazetteers">Gazetteers</a></h2>
  310. <div class="field field-name-field-gazetteers field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>England - <a href="/big/eng/Gazetteers">Gazetteers</a> - links and information.</li>
  311. </ul></div></div></div>
  312. </div>
  313. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-genealogy" >
  314. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Genealogy">Genealogy</a></h2>
  315. <div class="field field-name-field-genealogy field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>England - <a href="/big/eng/Genealogy">Genealogy</a> - links and information.</li>
  316. </ul></div></div></div>
  317. </div>
  318. <div class="panel-pane pane-block pane-genuki-dynamic-content-genuki-historical-geography" >
  319. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Geography">Historical Geography</a></h2>
  320. <div class="field-name-field-historical-geography"> <ul><li>Jimella's <a href="http://homepages.nildram.co.uk/~jimella/counties.htm">British Counties, Parishes, etc. for Genealogists</a> will be of particular value to overseas researchers who are unfamiliar with our geographic divisions and naming conventions.</li>
  321. <li>The <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~jfuller/gen_mail_country-unk-eng-gen.html#ENG-DESERTED-VILLAGES"> ENG-DESERTED-VILLAGES Mailing List</a>. It has been estimated that there are over 50,000 villages and hamlets that no longer exist for a variety of reasons, ie the 14th C plagues to the English Clearances in the eastern Counties, from mass migrations for economical reasons to villages just falling into the sea! The purpose of the Mailing List is to try to find out exactly where these now-deserted places were located, which parish they were in and where any extant records are kept.</li>
  322. <li><a href="https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=L88qAAAAMAAJ&amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;dq=Topographical+Dictionary+of+England&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;redir_esc=y#v=onepage&amp;q=Topographical%20Dictionary%20of%20England&amp;f=false">A Topographical Dictionary of England of 1831</a> (Google books)</li>
  323. </ul><p></div>
  324. </div>
  325. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-history" >
  326. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="History">History</a></h2>
  327. <div class="field field-name-field-history field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>England - <a href="/big/eng/HistoryP">History</a> - links and information.</li>
  328. </ul></div></div></div>
  329. </div>
  330. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-land-and-property" >
  331. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Land">Land and Property</a></h2>
  332. <div class="field field-name-field-land-and-property field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>There are many useful <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides-keywords/">Research Guides from The National Archives</a> - try keywords 'enclosure (land)', 'land' and 'land ownership'.</li>
  333. <li>The Harvard Law School Library Special Collections: <a href="http://hls.harvard.edu/library/historical-special-collections/the-collections/rare-books-early-manuscripts/?redir=1#deeds">English Deeds, Manor Rolls, and Chancery Writs</a>.</li>
  334. </ul></div></div></div>
  335. </div>
  336. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-language-and-languages" >
  337. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Language">Language and Languages</a></h2>
  338. <div class="field field-name-field-language-and-languages field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Dave Wilton's site <a href="http://www.wordorigins.org/">"Wordorigins.org"</a> includea a page of reference links covering <a href="http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/resources/">words, grammar and history of the English language</a>.</li>
  339. <li>The <a href="https://sites.google.com/site/helontheweb/hel">History of the English Language</a> website also provides links to detailed resources.</li>
  340. </ul></div></div></div>
  341. </div>
  342. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-law-and-legislation" >
  343. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Law">Law and Legislation</a></h2>
  344. <div class="field field-name-field-law-and-legislation field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>If you want to read the full details of most UK legislation since 1800, try <a href="http://www.legislation.gov.uk">www.legislation.gov.uk</a></li>
  345. <li><span>For some of the legal background on Electoral Registration, this legal volume about <em>The Representation of the People Act, 1918</em> may prove useful - </span><a href="https://archive.org/stream/representationof00frasrich">https://archive.org/stream/representationof00frasrich</a></li>
  346. </ul></div></div></div>
  347. </div>
  348. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-manors" >
  349. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Manors">Manors</a></h2>
  350. <div class="field field-name-field-manors field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="https://archive.org/details/englishmanoriald00chey">Primary Sources: English Manorial Documents</a> "From <em>English Manorial Documents, Translations and Reprints from the original Sources of European History</em>, E. P. Cheyney, tr., vol. 3, no. 5 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1907), pp. 3-32". This includes examples from several parts of the country, including Essex, Durham and Norfolk.</li>
  351. </ul></div></div></div>
  352. </div>
  353. <div class="panel-pane pane-block pane-genuki-dynamic-content-genuki-maplinks" >
  354. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Maps">Maps</a></h2>
  355. <div class="field-name-field-maps"> <ul><li>England - <a href="/big/eng/Maps">Maps</a> - links and information.</li>
  356. </ul><p></div>
  357. </div>
  358. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-medical-records" >
  359. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="MedicalRecords">Medical Records</a></h2>
  360. <div class="field field-name-field-medical-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><strong>Public Health and Epidemics</strong>, this <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/public-health-epidemics-19th-20th-centuries/">Research Guide from The National Archives</a>, provides an interesting overview of 19th &amp; 20th century attempts to safeguard the health of our ancestors.</li>
  361. <li>Vaccination against smallpox was compulsory in England and Wales from 1853 until 1948. A <a href="/big/eng/VacCert">Vaccination Certificate</a> was issued to the parents of each vaccinated child as proof that the vaccination had taken place.</li>
  362. </ul></div></div></div>
  363. </div>
  364. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-merchant-marine" >
  365. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="MerchantMarine">Merchant Marine</a></h2>
  366. <div class="field field-name-field-merchant-marine field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Those with mariners in their families will find these <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides-keywords/?show=keywords&amp;keyword-letter=m">Research Guides from The National Archives</a> see 'merchant navy' and 'merchant seamen'.</li>
  367. <li>From the <a href="http://www.rmg.co.uk/national-maritime-museum">National Maritime Museum</a> - <a href="http://1915crewlists.rmg.co.uk">Crew Lists of the British Merchant Navy - 1915</a> (you can search by vessel too, scroll down.)</li>
  368. <li><span>The </span><a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130518234317/http://mightyseas.co.uk/">Through Mighty Seas</a><span> website(*) from Tim Latham "covers the history of the merchant sailing ships of the North West of England and the Isle of Man, through the period from the late 1700s until the First World War. There are histories of over 550 ships, indexed by region, and over 70 historic photographs."<br /><em>(*) the site has disappeared, the link is to an archived copy.</em></span></li>
  369. </ul></div></div></div>
  370. </div>
  371. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-migration-internal" >
  372. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Migration">Migration, Internal</a></h2>
  373. <div class="field field-name-field-migration-internal field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>A very useful guide is: A.J. Camp: <em>My ancestors moved in England and Wales: how can I trace where they came from?</em>, Society of Genealogists. (See <a href="http://www.sog.org.uk/books-courses/books-publications/">SoG Bookshop</a>)</li>
  374. </ul></div></div></div>
  375. </div>
  376. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-military-history" >
  377. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="MilitaryHistory">Military History</a></h2>
  378. <div class="field field-name-field-military-history field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><em>The Battle of Jutland was a naval encounter between the Royal Navy's Grand Fleet under Admiral Sir John Jellicoe and the Imperial German Navy's High Seas Fleet under Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer on 31st May to 1st June 1916.</em> – <a href="https://www.jutlandcrewlists.org">Battle of Jutland Crew Lists Project</a></li>
  379. <li>A listing of 1640 men who served in British ships at the <a href="/big/eng/Trafalgar">Battle of Trafalgar</a>, compiled by the Genealogical Computing Group of the NZ Society of Genealogists.</li>
  380. <li>There is information on Nelson, napolean and the Napoleonic Wars on the <a href="http://www.rmg.co.uk/discover/explore/leaders-heroes">Royal Museums Greenwich web site</a>. It includes links to websites with lists of men who served at Trafalgar and officers of the Napoleonic era.</li>
  381. <li>Judith Taylor has provided listings of <a href="http://home.wxs.nl/~taylorpj/officers.htm">Officers in the New Model Army</a> and <a href="http://home.wxs.nl/~taylorpj/marches.htm">The Marches and Campaigns of the Army</a> taken from <a href="http://home.wxs.nl/~taylorpj/intro.htm"> <em>Anglia Rediviva</em></a> (England's Recovery) by Joshua Sprigge, 1647.</li>
  382. <li>Some useful <a href="http://www.lukehistory.com/resources/ecwpubs.html">English Civil War</a> material from Luke Knowlton.</li>
  383. <li>There is a good bibliography (see 'resources') on <a href="https://arts.leeds.ac.uk/redcoats/">Soldiers and Soldiering in Britain 1750-1815</a></li>
  384. <li>Online database from muster rolls: <a href="https://research.reading.ac.uk/medievalsoldier/">The Soldier in later Medieval England</a></li>
  385. </ul></div></div></div>
  386. </div>
  387. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-names-geographical" >
  388. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="NamesGeographical">Names, Geographical</a></h2>
  389. <div class="field field-name-field-names-geographical field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://www.domesdaybook.co.uk/">The Domesday Book website</a> provides details of many of the places mentioned in this historic survey of 1089.</li>
  390. </ul></div></div></div>
  391. </div>
  392. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-names-personal" >
  393. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="NamesPersonal">Names, Personal</a></h2>
  394. <div class="field field-name-field-names-personal field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><strong>Change of Name</strong>, this 'Changes of Name' <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides-keywords/">Research Guide from The National Archives</a>, clearly explains this often misunderstood topic.</li>
  395. <li>Names from <a href="/files/eng/Indexes/BOSWELL.txt">Journals of James Boswell</a> (1760s), extracted by Mike Foster.</li>
  396. <li>Online database from muster rolls: <a href="https://research.reading.ac.uk/medievalsoldier/">The Soldier in later Medieval England</a></li>
  397. </ul></div></div></div>
  398. </div>
  399. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-newspapers" >
  400. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Newspapers">Newspapers</a></h2>
  401. <div class="field field-name-field-newspapers field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Richard Heaton has compiled <a href="http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dutillieul/BritishandIrishNews.html">an index of digitized newspapers</a> for <a href="http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dutillieul/BritishLondonNews.html">London</a> and for <a href="http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dutillieul/BritishandIrishNews.html#England">the rest of England</a> </li>
  402. <li>These pages provide links to (current) newspaper web sites in England: <a href="http://www.onlinenewspapers.com/england.htm">Online Newspapers: England</a></li>
  403. </ul></div></div></div>
  404. </div>
  405. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-occupations" >
  406. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Occupations">Occupations</a></h2>
  407. <div class="field field-name-field-occupations field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>England - <a href="/big/eng/Occupations">Occupations</a> - links and information.</li>
  408. </ul></div></div></div>
  409. </div>
  410. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-politics-and-government" >
  411. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Politics">Politics and Government</a></h2>
  412. <div class="field field-name-field-politics-and-government field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The US National Archives has an interesting <a href="https://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured-documents/magna-carta">page on the Magna Carta</a>.</li>
  413. <li>The <a href="http://avalon.law.yale.edu/17th_century/england.asp"> English Bill of Rights (1689)</a> was the forerunner of the US Constitution.</li>
  414. <li><a href="https://archive.org/details/villagelabournew00hammuoft">The Village Labourer 1760-1832</a>: A Study in the Government of England before the Reform Bill by J.L. and Barbara Hammond (Originally published 1911, New Edition, 1920.)</li>
  415. </ul></div></div></div>
  416. </div>
  417. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-poor-houses-poor-law-etc" >
  418. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="PoorHouses">Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.</a></h2>
  419. <div class="field field-name-field-poor-houses-poor-law-etc- field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Peter Higginbotham's web site is one of the most entensive sites about <a href="http://www.workhouses.org.uk/">Workhouses and Poor Law Unions</a>.</li>
  420. <li>Index to <a href="/big/eng/paupers">Paupers in Workhouses 1861</a> (a 10% sample) provided by George Bell.</li>
  421. <li>There are links to many Workhouse and Poor Law sites on the <a href="http://forebears.io/resources/poverty">Four Bears <em>Poverty</em> links page </a>.</li>
  422. <li>The regime in workhouses could be very harsh as these <a href="/big/eng/WorkhouseRules">Workhouse Rules</a> illustrate.</li>
  423. </ul></div></div></div>
  424. </div>
  425. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-population" >
  426. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Population">Population</a></h2>
  427. <div class="field field-name-field-population field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The book: E.A. Wrigley and R.S. Schofield, (Eds.). <em>The Population History of England</em>, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1989, is the standard text on the historical demography of England, based on many years of work by the Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure. A book which draws very usefully on this research, in order to study family and community in England after the Middle Ages and before the changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution, is: P. Laslett. <em> The World We Have Lost: Further explored</em>, London, Routledge, 1983, 353 p.</li>
  428. <li>The Vision of Brtain site has a number of <a href="http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/atlas/theme/T_POP">population graphs and charts</a>.</li>
  429. </ul></div></div></div>
  430. </div>
  431. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-probate-records" >
  432. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Probate">Probate Records</a></h2>
  433. <div class="field field-name-field-probate-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>England - <a href="/big/eng/Probate">Probate Records</a> - links and information.</li>
  434. </ul></div></div></div>
  435. </div>
  436. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-public-records" >
  437. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="PublicRecords">Public Records</a></h2>
  438. <div class="field field-name-field-public-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>See our section on <a href="/big/eng/Archives">Archives</a> for various online catalogues of public records.</li>
  439. <li>The book: J. West. <em>Village Records</em>, Chichester, Phillimore, 1982, 248 p. provides detailed accounts of the types of document that are likely to be available, to someone wishing to research the history of a village and its population. The types of document covered are: Saxon Charters, The Domesday Survey, Manorial Court Rolls, Lay Subsidy Rolls, Inquisitions Post Mortem, Manorial Extents, Monumental Brasses, County Maps, Parish Records, Quarter Sessions Papers, Inventories, Wills, Hearth Tax Returns, Enclosure Awards and Maps, Land Tax and Tithe Records, Turnpike Trust Records, and Commercial Directories.</li>
  440. </ul></div></div></div>
  441. </div>
  442. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-schools" >
  443. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Schools">Schools</a></h2>
  444. <div class="field field-name-field-schools field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <p>There are several <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides-keywords/?show=keywords&amp;keyword-letter=e&amp;keyword=education-history#step-three">Research Guides from The National Archives</a> giving an excellent overview of the history of education in this country. Also look under keywords 'educational history' and 'schools'.</p>
  445. </div></div></div>
  446. </div>
  447. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-social-life-and-customs" >
  448. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Social">Social life and Customs</a></h2>
  449. <div class="field field-name-field-social-life-and-customs field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Fashion History Museums &amp; Galleries: <a href="http://www.fashion-era.com/museums.htm">Fashion-Era</a>.</li>
  450. <li><a href="http://www.americanrevolution.org/clothing.php">Clothing of the 18th century</a></li>
  451. <li><a href="http://www.harryburn.co.uk/index.php?page=Village%20Games">Village Games</a> by Colonel Alex Johnson describes games which Alex remembers from his childhood in the 1920s and 30s. Although the names of the games are those used in North-East England, most of these games were played throughout the country.</li>
  452. <li>The Children's Society – <a href="http://www.hiddenlives.org.uk/">Hidden Lives</a> – includes anonymised case files</li>
  453. </ul></div></div></div>
  454. </div>
  455. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-societies" >
  456. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Societies">Societies</a></h2>
  457. <div class="field field-name-field-societies field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>See: <a href="/Societies/England">Family History and Genealogy Societies: England</a>.</li>
  458. </ul></div></div></div>
  459. </div>
  460. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-statistics" >
  461. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Statistics">Statistics</a></h2>
  462. <div class="field field-name-field-statistics field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20070110120633/http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ERO/records/ho415/1/webwork/hohist.htm">200 Years of the Census</a> - changes over the last 200 years as revealed by the census.</li>
  463. </ul></div></div></div>
  464. </div>
  465. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-taxation" >
  466. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Taxation">Taxation</a></h2>
  467. <div class="field field-name-field-taxation field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>There are useful <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides-keywords/">Research Guides from The National Archives</a> - see keywords 'death duties (tax)', 'taxation' and 'taxes and duties'.</li>
  468. <li>The book: J.S.W. Gibson, M. Medlycott and D. Mills. <em>Land and Window Tax Assessments, 1690-1950,</em> Birmingham, FFHS, 1993, 52 p. provides a good description of how to interpret these early tax records, and where to find the records for each county.</li>
  469. </ul></div></div></div>
  470. </div>
  471. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-town-records" >
  472. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="TownRecords">Town Records</a></h2>
  473. <div class="field field-name-field-town-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>See<strong> Markets and Fairs</strong> - a <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/markets-fairs/">Research Guide from The National Archives</a>.</li>
  474. </ul></div></div></div>
  475. </div>
  476. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-voting-registers" >
  477. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="VotingRegisters">Voting Registers</a></h2>
  478. <div class="field field-name-field-voting-registers field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <p>In the UK these are referred to as Electoral Registers or Electoral Rolls. In earlier times they are often known as Poll Books.</p>
  479. <ul><li>The <a href="http://www.electoralregisters.org.uk">electoralregisters.org.uk</a> site offers ... <i>information about the electoral registers, electoral rolls, poll books from 1700 to the present day, how to access the registers online, how to make the most from your searches, what is available and not available, and much, much, more.</i></li>
  480. <li>For some of the legal background, this legal volume about <em>The Representation of the People Act, 1918</em> may prove useful - <a href="https://archive.org/stream/representationof00frasrich">https://archive.org/stream/representationof00frasrich</a></li>
  481. </ul></div></div></div>
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