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class="sf-depth-4">Wiltshire</a></li><li id="menu-1809-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/eng/WOR" title="Worcestershire" class="sf-depth-4">Worcestershire</a></li><li id="menu-1810-1" class="last odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-total-children-4 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-4 menuparent"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/" title="" class="sf-depth-4 menuparent">Yorkshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1893-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/ARY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">Ainsty</a></li><li id="menu-1894-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/ERY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">East Riding</a></li><li id="menu-1895-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/NRY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">North Riding</a></li><li id="menu-1896-1" class="last even sf-item-4 sf-depth-5 sf-no-children"><a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/WRY/" title="" class="sf-depth-5">West Riding</a></li></ul></li></ul></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1769-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-2 sf-total-children-2 sf-parent-children-2 sf-single-children-0 menuparent"><a href="/big/irl" title="Ireland" class="sf-depth-2 menuparent">Ireland</a><ul><li id="menu-1811-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-15 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-15 menuparent"><a href="/big/irl" title="Antrim - Kilkenny" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Antrim - Kilkenny</a><ul><li id="menu-1813-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/ANT" title="Antrim" class="sf-depth-4">Antrim</a></li><li id="menu-1814-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/ARM" title="Armagh" class="sf-depth-4">Armagh</a></li><li id="menu-1815-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/CAR" class="sf-depth-4">Carlow</a></li><li id="menu-1816-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/CAV" title="Cavan" class="sf-depth-4">Cavan</a></li><li id="menu-1817-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/CLA" title="Clare" class="sf-depth-4">Clare</a></li><li id="menu-1818-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/COR" title="County Cork" class="sf-depth-4">Cork</a></li><li id="menu-1819-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LDY" title="Derry (Londonderry)" class="sf-depth-4">Derry (Londonderry)</a></li><li id="menu-1820-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/DON" title="County Donegal" class="sf-depth-4">Donegal</a></li><li id="menu-1821-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/DOW" title="County Down" class="sf-depth-4">Down</a></li><li id="menu-1822-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/DUB" title="County Dublin" class="sf-depth-4">Dublin</a></li><li id="menu-1823-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/FER" title="Fermanagh" class="sf-depth-4">Fermanagh</a></li><li id="menu-1824-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/GAL" title="Galway" class="sf-depth-4">Galway</a></li><li id="menu-1825-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/KER" title="Kerry" class="sf-depth-4">Kerry</a></li><li id="menu-1826-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/KID" title="County Kildare" class="sf-depth-4">Kildare</a></li><li id="menu-1827-1" class="last odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/KIK" title="Kilkenny" class="sf-depth-4">Kilkenny</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1812-1" class="last even sf-item-2 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-17 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-17 menuparent"><a href="/big/irl" title="Laois - Wicklow" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Laois - Wicklow</a><ul><li id="menu-1828-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LEX" title="Laois (Queens)" class="sf-depth-4">Laois (Queens)</a></li><li id="menu-1829-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LET" class="sf-depth-4">Leitrim</a></li><li id="menu-1830-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LIM" title="Limerick" class="sf-depth-4">Limerick</a></li><li id="menu-1831-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LOG" title="Longford" class="sf-depth-4">Longford</a></li><li id="menu-1832-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/LOU" class="sf-depth-4">Louth</a></li><li id="menu-1833-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/MAY" title="County Mayo" class="sf-depth-4">Mayo</a></li><li id="menu-1834-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/MEA" title="County Meath" class="sf-depth-4">Meath</a></li><li id="menu-1835-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/MOG" class="sf-depth-4">Monaghan</a></li><li id="menu-1836-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/OFF" title="County Offaly (Kings)" class="sf-depth-4">Offaly (Kings)</a></li><li id="menu-1837-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/ROS" title="County Roscommon" class="sf-depth-4">Roscommon</a></li><li id="menu-1838-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/SLI" title="Sligo, Ireland" class="sf-depth-4">Sligo</a></li><li id="menu-1839-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/TIP" title="Tipperary" class="sf-depth-4">Tipperary</a></li><li id="menu-1840-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/TYR" title="Tyrone" class="sf-depth-4">Tyrone</a></li><li id="menu-1841-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WAT" title="County Waterford" class="sf-depth-4">Waterford</a></li><li id="menu-1842-1" class="middle odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WEM" title="County Westmeath" class="sf-depth-4">Westmeath</a></li><li id="menu-1843-1" class="middle even sf-item-16 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WEX" title="Wexford" class="sf-depth-4">Wexford</a></li><li id="menu-1844-1" class="last odd sf-item-17 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/irl/WIC" class="sf-depth-4">Wicklow</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li id="menu-683-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-2 sf-total-children-2 sf-parent-children-2 sf-single-children-0 menuparent"><a href="/big/sct" title="Scotland" class="sf-depth-2 menuparent">Scotland</a><ul><li id="menu-1845-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-17 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-17 menuparent"><a href="/big/sct" title="Aberdeenshire - Kirkcudbrightshire" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Aberdeenshire - Kirkcudbrightshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1847-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ABD" title="Aberdeenshire" class="sf-depth-4">Aberdeenshire</a></li><li id="menu-1848-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ANS" title="Angus" class="sf-depth-4">Angus</a></li><li id="menu-1849-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ARL" title="Argyllshire" class="sf-depth-4">Argyll</a></li><li id="menu-1850-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/AYR" title="Ayrshire" class="sf-depth-4">Ayrshire</a></li><li id="menu-1851-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/BAN" title="Banffshire" class="sf-depth-4">Banffshire</a></li><li id="menu-1852-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/BEW" title="Berwickshire" class="sf-depth-4">Berwickshire</a></li><li id="menu-1853-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/BUT" title="Bute" class="sf-depth-4">Bute</a></li><li id="menu-1854-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/CAI" title="Caithness" class="sf-depth-4">Caithness</a></li><li id="menu-1855-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/CLK" title="Clackmannanshire" class="sf-depth-4">Clackmannanshire</a></li><li id="menu-1856-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/DFS" title="Dumfriesshire" class="sf-depth-4">Dumfriesshire</a></li><li id="menu-1857-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/DNB" title="Dunbartonshire" class="sf-depth-4">Dunbartonshire</a></li><li id="menu-1858-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ELN" title="East Lothian" class="sf-depth-4">East Lothian</a></li><li id="menu-1859-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/FIF" title="Fife" class="sf-depth-4">Fife</a></li><li id="menu-1860-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/INV" title="Inverness-shire" class="sf-depth-4">Inverness-shire</a></li><li id="menu-1861-1" class="middle odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/KCD" title="Kincardineshire" class="sf-depth-4">Kincardineshire</a></li><li id="menu-1862-1" class="middle even sf-item-16 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/KRS" title="Kinross-shire" class="sf-depth-4">Kinross-shire</a></li><li id="menu-1863-1" class="last odd sf-item-17 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/KKD" title="Kirkcudbrightshire" class="sf-depth-4">Kirkcudbrightshire</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1846-1" class="last even sf-item-2 sf-depth-3 sf-total-children-16 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-16 menuparent"><a href="/big/sct" title="Lanarkshire - Wigtownshire" class="sf-depth-3 menuparent">Lanarkshire - Wigtownshire</a><ul><li id="menu-1864-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/LKS" title="Lanarkshire" class="sf-depth-4">Lanarkshire</a></li><li id="menu-1865-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/MLN" title="Midlothian" class="sf-depth-4">Midlothian</a></li><li id="menu-1866-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/MOR" title="Moray" class="sf-depth-4">Moray</a></li><li id="menu-743-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/NAI" title="County page for Nairnshire, Scotland." class="sf-depth-4">Nairnshire</a></li><li id="menu-1867-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/OKI" title="Orkney" class="sf-depth-4">Orkney</a></li><li id="menu-1868-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/PEE" title="Peeblesshire" class="sf-depth-4">Peeblesshire</a></li><li id="menu-1869-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/PER" title="Perthshire" class="sf-depth-4">Perthshire</a></li><li id="menu-1870-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/RFW" title="Renfrewshire" class="sf-depth-4">Renfrewshire</a></li><li id="menu-1871-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ROC" title="Ross &amp; Cromarty" class="sf-depth-4">Ross &amp; Cromarty</a></li><li id="menu-1872-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/ROX" title="Roxburghshire" class="sf-depth-4">Roxburghshire</a></li><li id="menu-1873-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/SEL" title="Selkirkshire" class="sf-depth-4">Selkirkshire</a></li><li id="menu-1874-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/SHI" title="Shetland Isles" class="sf-depth-4">Shetland</a></li><li id="menu-1875-1" class="middle odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/STI" title="Stirlingshire" class="sf-depth-4">Stirlingshire</a></li><li id="menu-1876-1" class="middle even sf-item-14 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/SUT" title="Sutherland" class="sf-depth-4">Sutherland</a></li><li id="menu-1877-1" class="middle odd sf-item-15 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/WLN" class="sf-depth-4">West Lothian</a></li><li id="menu-1878-1" class="last even sf-item-16 sf-depth-4 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/sct/WIG" title="Wigtownshire" class="sf-depth-4">Wigtownshire</a></li></ul></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1770-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-2 sf-total-children-13 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-13 menuparent"><a href="/big/wal" title="Wales" class="sf-depth-2 menuparent">Wales</a><ul><li id="menu-1879-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/AGY" title="Anglesey" class="sf-depth-3">Anglesey</a></li><li id="menu-1880-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/BRE" title="Breconshire" class="sf-depth-3">Breconshire</a></li><li id="menu-1881-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/CAE" title="Caernarvonshire" class="sf-depth-3">Caernarvonshire</a></li><li id="menu-1882-1" class="middle even sf-item-4 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/CGN" title="Cardiganshire" class="sf-depth-3">Cardiganshire</a></li><li id="menu-1883-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/CMN" title="Carmarthenshire" class="sf-depth-3">Carmarthenshire</a></li><li id="menu-1884-1" class="middle even sf-item-6 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/DEN" title="Denbighshire" class="sf-depth-3">Denbighshire</a></li><li id="menu-1885-1" class="middle odd sf-item-7 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/FLN" title="Flintshire" class="sf-depth-3">Flintshire</a></li><li id="menu-3112-1" class="middle even sf-item-8 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/GLA" title="Glamorgan" class="sf-depth-3">Glamorgan</a></li><li id="menu-1886-1" class="middle odd sf-item-9 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/MER" title="Merionethshire" class="sf-depth-3">Merionethshire</a></li><li id="menu-1887-1" class="middle even sf-item-10 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/MON" title="Monmouthshire" class="sf-depth-3">Monmouthshire</a></li><li id="menu-1888-1" class="middle odd sf-item-11 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/MGY" title="Montgomeryshire" class="sf-depth-3">Montgomeryshire</a></li><li id="menu-1889-1" class="middle even sf-item-12 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/PEM" title="Pembrokeshire" class="sf-depth-3">Pembrokeshire</a></li><li id="menu-1890-1" class="last odd sf-item-13 sf-depth-3 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/wal/RAD" title="Radnorshire" class="sf-depth-3">Radnorshire</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-1771-1" class="middle odd sf-item-5 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/CHI" class="sf-depth-2">Channel Islands</a></li><li id="menu-1772-1" class="last even sf-item-6 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/iom" title="Isle of Man" class="sf-depth-2">Isle of Man</a></li></ul></li><li id="menu-735-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-1 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/Gazetteer" title="Find places by searching the gazetteer" class="sf-depth-1">Gazetteer</a></li><li id="menu-736-1" class="middle odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-1 sf-no-children"><a href="/big/churchdb" title="Search the church database" class="sf-depth-1">Churches</a></li><li id="menu-1664-1" class="last even sf-item-4 sf-depth-1 sf-total-children-3 sf-parent-children-0 sf-single-children-3 menuparent"><a href="/news" title="News about the Genuki service" class="sf-depth-1 menuparent">News</a><ul><li id="menu-1665-1" class="first odd sf-item-1 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/news/main" title="Site conversion to use a CMS
  77. " class="sf-depth-2">Conversion to a CMS</a></li><li id="menu-1688-1" class="middle even sf-item-2 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="/news/drupal" title="Progress in the conversion to a Drupal managed site" class="sf-depth-2">Drupal conversion diary</a></li><li id="menu-740-1" class="last odd sf-item-3 sf-depth-2 sf-no-children"><a href="http://geneva.weald.org.uk/" title="Genealogical events" class="sf-depth-2">Online calendar</a></li></ul></li></ul> </nav>
  78. </div>
  79. </div>
  80. </header>
  81. <div id="main">
  82. <div id="content" class="column" role="main">
  83. <div class="region region-highlighted">
  84. <div id="block-block-4" class="block block-block first odd">
  85. <div class="content">
  86. <a id="top"></a> </div>
  87. </div>
  88. <div id="block-block-2" class="block block-block last even">
  89. <div class="content">
  90. <p style="text-align:center"><em>We are in the process of <a href="/news/main#CMS">upgrading the site</a> to implement a content management system.</em></p> </div>
  91. </div>
  92. </div>
  93. <a id="main-content"></a>
  94. <h1 class="page__title title" id="page-title">Cumberland</h1>
  95. <div class="region region-content">
  96. <div class="panel-display panel-3col-stacked clearfix" id="place-page">
  97. <div class="center-wrapper">
  98. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-first">
  99. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-linksl" >
  100. <div class="field field-name-field-linksl field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <div class="gki_links gki_links"><ul><li><a href="#Archives">Archives &amp; Libraries</a></li><li><a href="#Bibliography">Bibliography</a></li><li><a href="#Cemeteries">Cemeteries</a></li><li><a href="#Census">Census</a></li><li><a href="#ChurchHistory">Church History</a></li><li><a href="#ChurchRecords">Church Records</a></li><li><a href="#CivilReg">Civil Registration</a></li><li><a href="#Correctional">Correctional Institutions</a></li><li><a href="#Description">Description &amp; Travel</a></li><li><a href="#Directories">Directories</a></li><li><a href="#Emigration">Emigration &amp; Immigration</a></li><li><a href="#Gazetteers">Gazetteers</a></li><li><a href="#Genealogy">Genealogy</a></li><li><a href="#Geography">Historical Geography</a></li><li><a href="#History">History</a></li><li><a href="#Land">Land &amp; Property</a></li></ul></div> </div></div></div>
  101. </div>
  102. </div>
  103. </div>
  104. <div class="panel-panel panel-col">
  105. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-block pane-genuki-dynamic-content-genuki-location-map" >
  106. <div class="field-name-field-location-map"><img class="parishmap" src="/files/CntyGifs/CUL.gif" alt="map" /></div>
  107. </div>
  108. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-location-active" >
  109. <div class="field field-name-field-location-active field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"><div class="county_list">
  110. <ul><li><a href="/big/eng/CUL/indexpars">Cumberland Parishes</a></li>
  111. </ul></div></div></div></div>
  112. </div>
  113. </div>
  114. </div>
  115. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-last">
  116. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-linksr" >
  117. <div class="field field-name-field-linksr field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <div class="gki_linksr gki_linksr"><ul><li><a href="#Law">Law &amp; Legislation</a></li><li><a href="#Maps">Maps</a></li><li><a href="#MedicalRecords">Medical Records</a></li><li><a href="#MilitaryHistory">Military History</a></li><li><a href="#NamesGeographical">Names, Geographical</a></li><li><a href="#NamesPersonal">Names, Personal</a></li><li><a href="#Newspapers">Newspapers</a></li><li><a href="#Occupations">Occupations</a></li><li><a href="#PoorHouses">Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.</a></li><li><a href="#Postal">Postal and Shipping Guides</a></li><li><a href="#Probate">Probate Records</a></li><li><a href="#Religion">Religion and Religious Life</a></li><li><a href="#Schools">Schools</a></li><li><a href="#Social">Social life and Customs</a></li><li><a href="#Societies">Societies</a></li><li><a href="#Taxation">Taxation</a></li></ul></div> </div></div></div>
  118. </div>
  119. </div>
  120. </div>
  121. </div>
  122. <div class="panel-panel panel-col-bottom">
  123. <div class="inside"><div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-quote" >
  124. <div class="field field-name-field-quote field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <p>The information on this page, and on the accompanying <a href="/big/eng/CUL/indexpars">Town &amp; Parish</a> pages is organised by the set of subject headings that the LDS Family History Library use for categorising genealogical research material. Above are the available headings for Cumberland; but see <a href="/org/Structure">How the information on this server is presented to the user</a> for further details, and for an overall list. [Hint: Press the "Back" arrow on your browser's toolbar to return to this page after reading, as there is no return link.]<br /><br /><a id="menu"></a> "<strong>CUMBERLAND</strong>, A maritime and border county of England [Map (above) shows location], having the counties of Dumfries and Roxburgh on the north, Northumberland and Durham on the east, Westmorland and Lancashire on the south, the Irish Sea on the west, and the Solway Firth on the NW.; length, NE. and SW., 75 miles; extreme breadth, E. and W., 45 miles; average breadth, 22 miles; coast line, about 75 miles; area, 970,161 acres, population 250,647. The coast on the Solway is low and sandy, but on the Irish Sea it is lofty and rugged; chief promontory, St Bees Head. In the NW. the country is open and flat; it is watered by the Eden and other streams, and consists chiefly of verdant meadows and good arable land. From this plain the surface rises towards the east and south into a region with deep defiles or dales, which form the mountainous district of "The Lakes". Coal and iron are extensively worked in the west, the coalfield stretching from the neighbourhood of Whitehaven to that of Maryport. Numerous blast furnaces are constantly at work. Plumbago or black lead is obtained in considerable quantities near Keswick. Slate, limestone, and sandstone are abundant. Copper, cobalt, antimony, manganese, and gypsum are also found. Owing to the general elevation of the land, and the moisture of the climate, the cultivation of the soil is less attended to than the rearing of sheep and cattle. The dairy produce is very considerable. Woollen manufactures are carried on to some extent at Carlisle and some other places The County comprises 5 wards, 208 parishes, the parliamentary and municipal borough of Carlisle (1 member), and the parliamentary borough of Whitehaven (1 member). It is mostly in the diocese of Carlisle. For parliamentary purposes it is divided into 4 divisions, viz., Northern or Eskdale, Mid or Penrith, Cockermouth, and Western or Egremont, 1 member for each division."<br />
  125. [Extract from Bartholemew's <em>Gazetteer of the British Isles</em>, 1887]</p>
  126. </div></div></div>
  127. </div>
  128. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-archives" >
  129. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Archives">Archives and Libraries</a></h2>
  130. <div class="field field-name-field-archives field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="/big/eng/CUL/Archives">Cumberland - Archives and Libraries</a> - links and information.</li>
  131. </ul></div></div></div>
  132. </div>
  133. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-bibliography" >
  134. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Bibliography">Bibliography</a></h2>
  135. <div class="field field-name-field-bibliography field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Details of Publications available from <a href="http://cumbriapast.com/cgi-bin/ms/main.pl">Cumberland &amp; Westmorland Antiquarian &amp; Archaeological Society</a> - beginning in 1874 through to the present day.</li>
  136. </ul></div></div></div>
  137. </div>
  138. <div class="panel-pane pane-block pane-genuki-dynamic-content-genuki-cemeteries-list" >
  139. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Cemeteries">Cemeteries</a></h2>
  140. <div class="field-name-field-churches"> <ul><li>Photos and transcriptions of notable church monuments, provided by the <a href="http://www.churchmonumentssociety.org/">Church Monuments Society</a>. </li>
  141. <li><a href="http://www.roll-of-honour.com/Cumberland/">Roll of Honour - Cumberland - War Memorial Selection</a>. </li>
  142. </ul><p></div>
  143. </div>
  144. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-census" id="Census">
  145. <h2 class="pane-title">Census</h2>
  146. <div class="field field-name-field-census field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="/big/eng/CUL/Census">Cumberland Census</a> - links and information.</li>
  147. </ul></div></div></div>
  148. </div>
  149. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-church-history" >
  150. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="ChurchHistory">Church History</a></h2>
  151. <div class="field field-name-field-church-history field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Steve Bulman's <a href="http://www.stevebulman.f9.co.uk/cumbria/">Images of Cumbria</a> site provides parish descriptions and photographs, as well as an excellent bibliography and glossary.</li>
  152. <li><a href="http://www.visitcumbria.com/church/">Churches in Cumbria</a> (part of the <a href="https://www.visitcumbria.com/">Visit Cumbria</a> website) features <strong>Carlisle Cathedral</strong>, and over 100 smaller churches around Cumbria.</li>
  153. <li>You may also find it worthwhile searching in the <a href="/big/churchdb">GENUKI Church Database</a>. Enter the name of the place in which the church is located:
  154.  
  155. </li>
  156. </ul></div></div></div>
  157. </div>
  158. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-church-records" >
  159. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="ChurchRecords">Church Records</a></h2>
  160. <div class="field field-name-field-church-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Transcriptions of a selection of Cumberland parish records are available from the <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20130320174640/http://www.cumberlandroots.co.uk/">"Cumberland Roots"</a> website (archived site). </li>
  161. <li>The searchable LDS website - <a href="https://www.familysearch.org/" target="new">IGI and Familysearch</a>
  162. <blockquote><strong>Note on using IGI Batch Numbers</strong>:<br />
  163. It is not always easy to locate your ancestors in the IGI using the search mechanisms provided at the above LDS site. Manually typing the batch numbers into the IGI search screen can be tedious. Hugh Wallis has made an exhaustive search of the likely ranges of batch numbers and created a database of those numbers and the source records that they apply to. A very powerful feature included is a hotlink from each batch number to the actual search engine provided at the Family Search site, including the ability to enter the surname you are looking for. This makes it very easy to search all the batches for a particular geographic location using just the last name you are searching for - something that is not possible directly from the LDS site without doing a lot of typing. This is <a href="http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hughwallis/IGIBatchNumbers.htm">Hugh Wallis's site</a>.</blockquote>
  164. </li>
  165. <li>The <a href="http://www.sog.org.uk/">Society of Genealogists</a> web site has a list of their holdings of <a href="http://www.sog.org.uk/search-records">Parish Register Copies for Cumberland</a>. .</li>
  166. <li>Information on the location of <a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~engqfhs/Research/counties/cumberlnd.htm">Quaker Records in Cumberland</a> provided by the <a href="http://www.qfhs.co.uk/">Quaker FHS</a>.</li>
  167. </ul></div></div></div>
  168. </div>
  169. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-civil-registration" >
  170. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="CivilReg">Civil Registration</a></h2>
  171. <div class="field field-name-field-civil-registration field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <blockquote>Civil Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths in England and Wales began on July 1st 1837. Copies of certificates may be obtained from either the General Register Office (GRO), or from a Superintendent's Registrar's Office of the District at which the event was first registered. If the District no longer exists, this would be the Office to which its registers have been moved.</blockquote>
  172. <ul><li><strong>Obtaining a certificate from a Superintendent Registrar's Office.</strong>
  173. <ul><li>The original records of events, completed by the Registrar of the time, have always been retained by the District Registrar. In Cumberland, these records are currently held in nine different locations within the county, and in the past an application would be made to the Superintendent Registrar at one of these locations to search the local indexes he or she holds to the registers, and produce a certificated copy from the original record of the event. However in recent years, volunteers have been transcribing these records, and the Cumberland Registration Service now offer the facility to search an index to the records online, and to obtain copies directly. The details required for such a request are name and surname, the event type (ie birth, marriage or death), and the year the event took place, and a search will be made of 5 years either side of that year, if an entry for that year isn't found. For more details of this service see <a href="http://www.cumbriabmd.org.uk/">Cumberland BMD Indexes</a> online. The cost of a certificate obtained this way is £9.00. You may still need to contact one of the local offices if the registers have not yet been computerised. Details of the Local Register Office to contact are on the above site, and a complete list of all districts may be found in Brett Langston's list of <a href="https://www.ukbmd.org.uk/reg/cul.html">Cumberland Registration Districts (1837-1974)</a>.</li>
  174. </ul></li>
  175. <li><strong>Obtaining a certifcate from the GRO</strong>
  176. <ul><li>Certificates from the GRO are issued from copies of the original records; however there is considerable advantage in being able to search indexes to the whole country in one place, so many people prefer to do this, rather than risk a protracted search locally. The first step is to obtain a GRO reference to the event. You can then order certificates online via the Certificate Ordering Service of the <a href="https://www.gov.uk/browse/births-deaths-marriages/register-offices">General Register Office</a> website. From 6th April 2010, the cost of a certificate obtained this way is £9.25. You can obtain a GRO reference in several ways:-
  177. <ol><li>Searching microfilm or fiche at a Library or LDS Family History Centre.</li>
  178. <li><a href="https://www.freebmd.org.uk">FreeBMD</a> is an ongoing project to make the General Register Office (GRO) Indexes freely available online. More volunteers are needed and details of how you can help are available on-site.</li>
  179. <li><a href="https://www.findmypast.co.uk/">findmypast.co.uk</a> (formerly 1837online) - images of the complete BMD indexes from the GRO online. Fee payable</li>
  180. <li>The images are also available on <a href="https://www.ancestry.co.uk/">Ancestry.co.uk</a> for which a subscription provides access to a wide range of other records.</li>
  181. </ol></li>
  182. </ul></li>
  183. <li><strong>Obtaining a certificate for a recent event</strong>
  184. <ul><li>The cost of a certificates issued at the time of registration of a current birth, death or marriage is £3.50 for each copy.</li>
  185. <li>After registration (for instance, the following day) the cost is £7.00, providing the register is still current (within 28 days of the last entry in the register)</li>
  186. <li>After a registration book is complete, 28 days later, the register is deposited with the Superintendent Registrar of the district. From that point onwards, applications should be made to the appropriate district office, and certificates will cost the same as any 'old' certificate obtained locally - £9.00.</li>
  187. </ul></li>
  188. </ul></div></div></div>
  189. </div>
  190. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-correctional-institutions" >
  191. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Correctional">Correctional Institutions</a></h2>
  192. <div class="field field-name-field-correctional-institutions field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><strong>The Prison Service Museum</strong> near Rugby houses HM Prison Service's historical collection of exhibits, illustrating the history of imprisonment from medieval times to the present day. Housed in a converted stable block, the museum contains reconstructions of Victorian prison architecture, and exhibits include the last set of Gibbet Irons used in England. Smaller items include bone carvings and paintings made by prisoners in their cells, and a nineteenth century sampler embroidered by a female prisoner from her own hair Admission to the museum is <strong>by appointment only</strong>, please contact:-
  193. <blockquote>The Curator,<br />
  194. HM Prison Service Museum,<br />
  195. Newbold Revel,<br />
  196. Rugby,<br />
  197. CV23 0TH</blockquote>
  198. <em>[Information compiled from "The Penal Lexicon Home Page", formerly at www.penlex.org.uk/pages/index.html.]</em></li>
  199. </ul></div></div></div>
  200. </div>
  201. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-description" >
  202. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Description">Description and Travel</a></h2>
  203. <div class="field field-name-field-description field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The <a href="http://www.geograph.org.uk/">Geograph British Isles project</a> - <em>"aims to collect geographically representative photographs and information for every square kilometre of the UK and the Republic of Ireland..."</em> </li>
  204. <li><a href="https://www.golakes.co.uk/">Cumbria and the Lake District Tourist Board</a>.</li>
  205. <li>The <a href="http://www.edgeguide.co.uk/cumbria/">EDGE Guide to Cumbria and the Lake District</a> provides a wonderful overview of the area, including its history, sights, and many photographs. There are also some delightful maps. </li>
  206. </ul></div></div></div>
  207. </div>
  208. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-directories" >
  209. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Directories">Directories</a></h2>
  210. <div class="field field-name-field-directories field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Extracts from Mannix &amp; Whelan's Directory of 1847 and 1851 can be found on Steve Bulman's excellent <a href="http://www.stevebulman.f9.co.uk/cumbria/">Images of Cumbria</a> website. </li>
  211. <li>Leicester University's <a href="https://www2.le.ac.uk/library/find/specialcollections/specialcollections/historical-directories">Digital Library of Historical Directories</a> for England and Wales.</li>
  212. </ul></div></div></div>
  213. </div>
  214. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-emigration-and-immigration" >
  215. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Emigration">Emigration and Immigration</a></h2>
  216. <div class="field field-name-field-emigration-and-immigration field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>For help finding your ancestors onboard ship - <a href="http://www.theshipslist.com/">The Ships List</a> - of particular interest are the large number of transcribed passenger lists, and records of some Marriages at Sea. </li>
  217. </ul></div></div></div>
  218. </div>
  219. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-gazetteers" id="gki_gaz_field">
  220. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Gazetteers">Gazetteers</a></h2>
  221. <div class="field field-name-field-gazetteers field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Nigel Batty-Smith's site providing <a href="http://ukga.org/england/Cumberland/">UK Genealogy Archives of Cumberland</a> has a description of the county from <em>The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1894-5</em>.</li>
  222. <li>The section of <a href="/big/eng/CUL/Gaz1868">The National Gazetteer (1868)</a> relating to Cumberland - transcribed by Colin Hinson.</li>
  223. <li>The transcription of the section for <strong>Miscellaneous Descriptions</strong> from <a href="/big/eng/CUL/Miscellaneous">the National Gazetteer (1868)</a> provided by Colin Hinson. Included here are the descriptions of major topological features (rivers, hills &amp;c.) and a descriptions of the county ward divisions.</li>
  224. <li>You may also find it worthwhile searching in the <a href="/big/Gazetteer">GENUKI Gazetteer</a>:
  225.  
  226. The GENUKI Gazetteer covers the whole of England, Wales and Scotland and can be searched by place-name (or part of a place-name) or Ordnance Survey Grid Reference (six-figure, eg NY390550). If there are multiple place-names matching the name you enter, you will be presented initially with a drop-down list of the matching place-names, and (when known), their nearest identifiable place.</li>
  227. </ul></div></div></div>
  228. </div>
  229. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-genealogy" >
  230. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Genealogy">Genealogy</a></h2>
  231. <div class="field field-name-field-genealogy field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://www.rootschat.com/forum/cumberland/">RootsChat Messaging Forum - Cumberland section</a>.</li>
  232. <li>The <a href="https://www.curiousfox.com/uk/r.lasso?vid=70021">Cumberland section of 'Curious Fox'</a> - "The village-by-village contact site for anybody researching family history, genealogy and local history in the UK and Ireland". </li>
  233. <li>The Holme St Cuthbert Local History Group's website: <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20140623174545/http://www.solwayplain.co.uk/">Solway Plain - Past &amp; Present</a> (archived copy) may be of interest to Family Historians with connections in the area. For those who aren't sure what area is covered there's a useful map of parish boundaries (accessible via the 'Places' menu item).</li>
  234. <li>Details of <a href="http://www.genuki.org.uk/indexes/MailingLists.html#CUL">Cumberland Mailing Lists</a>.</li>
  235. <li>Cumberland section of <a href="http://uk-surnames.com/Cumberland/surnames.php">UK Surnames Lists</a>.</li>
  236. </ul></div></div></div>
  237. </div>
  238. <div class="panel-pane pane-block pane-genuki-dynamic-content-genuki-historical-geography" >
  239. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Geography">Historical Geography</a></h2>
  240. <div class="field-name-field-historical-geography"> <ul><li>Transcribed text of the <strong>Derbyshire</strong> section of <a href="http://www.melocki.org.uk/lewis/England/Cumberland.html">Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of England (1831)</a>. </li>
  241. <li><a href="http://viewfinder.historicengland.org.uk/">English Heritage Viewfinder</a> - site with historic photographs, searchable by county. Has some unusual ones of the Industrial Age which won't be found amongst the more usual postcard collections!.</li>
  242. <li><a href="https://www.francisfrith.com/">The Francis Frith Collection</a> - a collection of over 700,000 photographs of the UK, Europe and the Middle East taken by the Victorian photographer Francis Frith.</li>
  243. <li><a href="http://vision.port.ac.uk/">A Vision of Britain Through Time</a> - information about your home area from the 2001 census, and from each British census back to 1801. Presented both as maps of the whole country and as graphs showing change over time.</li>
  244. </ul><p></div>
  245. </div>
  246. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-history" >
  247. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="History">History</a></h2>
  248. <div class="field field-name-field-history field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Brian Pears has provided two <a href="/big/eng/NBL/Evacuation">LNER Wartime Evacuation Documents</a> (N.EVAC 2 and N.EVAC 3) describing arrangements for evacuating children from Newcastle and Gateshead to rural parts of Northumberland, Co Durham, Yorkshire, <strong>Cumberland</strong> and Westmorland. The second document includes lists of schools with details of their places and times of departure and their destinations.</li>
  249. <li>A digital library of medieval and modern sources of the history of the British Isles - <a href="http://www.british-history.ac.uk/">British History Online</a>. Notable sources include <em>Journals of the House of Commons</em> and <em>House of Lords</em>, <em>Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae</em>, and the <em>Victoria County History</em>. </li>
  250. <li>An <a href="http://spartacus-educational.com/industry.html">Encyclopaedia of British History: 1700-1950</a> - useful for seeing local events against a national perspective. Scroll down the introductory page on this site to see topics - Monarchy, Child Labour, The Railways, &amp;c.</li>
  251. <li>The <a href="http://www.domesdaybook.co.uk/">Domesday Book Online</a> "to enable visitors to find out the history of the Domesday Book and to give an insight into life at the time of its compilation". Note this site does not provide the original text, but does include a list settlements existing in 1086.</li>
  252. </ul></div></div></div>
  253. </div>
  254. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-land-and-property" >
  255. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Land">Land and Property</a></h2>
  256. <div class="field field-name-field-land-and-property field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Pat Johnson has a large collection of original <a href="http://www.familydeeds.org/">Family Deeds</a>. Abstracts, with name and parish indexes are provided onsite, with transcriptions of the full documents available for a modest fee. In addtion, the original deed may also be available for purchase if required. </li>
  257. <li>Some abstracts of <a href="http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/fines/cumberland.shtml">Cumberland Feet of Fines</a> (land conveyances) covering 1485-1509 - on Chris Phillips <a href="http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/">Medieval English Genealogy</a> web site.</li>
  258. <li>Mike Durtnall is providing a country-wide collection of <a href="http://www.durtnall.org.uk/DEEDSIndex.html">Historical Manuscripts Pages</a> recording details of deeds that have been offered for sale on eBay and in auction catalogues. In most cases whereabouts of the documents will be unknown, but sufficient details of the property involved and of buyers, sellers, mortages, &amp;c. is provided to make them a useful research tool.</li>
  259. </ul></div></div></div>
  260. </div>
  261. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-law-and-legislation" >
  262. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Law">Law and Legislation</a></h2>
  263. <div class="field field-name-field-law-and-legislation field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/equityclosed/">Equity/Chancery Court Pleadings Database</a> (on the Public Record Office's website) provides an online index to some of the Chancery Pleadings in series C6. Searches can be made by both name and place.</li>
  264. <li>Names from Criminal Registers (PRO Class HO 27) 1805-1816 are available for purchase on floppy disk or microfiche through <a href="http://www.fhindexes.co.uk/">Family History Indexes</a> (the link to <a href="http://www.fhindexes.co.uk/criminal.htm">Criminal Register Indexes</a> is part way down the page).</li>
  265. </ul></div></div></div>
  266. </div>
  267. <div class="panel-pane pane-block pane-genuki-dynamic-content-genuki-maplinks" >
  268. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Maps">Maps</a></h2>
  269. <div class="field-name-field-maps"> <ul><li><a href="http://www.british-history.ac.uk/search/series/os-1-to-10560">British History Online</a> - Ordnance Survey 1:10,560 Maps - The County Series of Ordnance Survey maps for Great Britain. Begun in 1840, this is the first comprehensive historic mapping of England, Scotland and Wales. </li>
  270. <li>Access to various satellite map sites (Google, MS Live, &amp;c.) via the convenient front end of <a href="https://zoom.earth/">Zoom Earth</a>. </li>
  271. <li>The <a href="http://www.londonancestor.com/">London Ancestor</a> site has maps from the 1885 Boundary Commissioners report for all parts of the British Isles, including <a href="http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/bc-cumber-n-th.htm">Cumberland [Northern section]</a> and <a href="http://www.londonancestor.com/maps/bc-cumber-n-th.htm">Cumberland [Southern section]</a> (Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1885)</li>
  272. <li>Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., <em><a href="https://discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/catalogue/?sn=4348&amp;type=Data%20catalogue">Historic Maps of England and Wales: Boundaries before 1850</a></em>. Previously available for purchase on CDROM - link provided for reference.</li>
  273. <li>The <a href="https://www.old-maps.co.uk/">Old Maps</a> web site has a wonderful series of 1:10,560 scale historical maps for the whole of the UK available on-line.</li>
  274. <li><strong>Genmaps</strong> - a collection of <a href="http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~genmaps/">'Old and Interesting Maps of England, Wales and Scotland'</a> for Genealogists and Historians.</li>
  275. <li>The above <strong>Genmaps</strong> Links pages lists <a href="http://www.pitt.edu/~medart/menuengl/mainmaps.html">Great Britain - Medieval Maps</a>, which in turn provides several maps including an intriguing <strong>Ecclesiastical Map of the British Isles in the Middle Ages</strong>, which shows the principal Monasteries, demonstrating some of the earliest centres of habitation and influence.</li>
  276. <li>Detailed Maps of the area you may be interested in Cumberland/Cumbria are viewable at the <a href="http://www.streetmap.co.uk/">UK Street Map Page</a>. The site provides a most useful service, with superb address searching and street map facilities for anywhere in mainland Great Britain.</li>
  277. <!--<li><strong>Clear, Large Type and Braille Maps</strong>. Added 11 Feb 2006. David Hawgood has produced <a href="http://www.dhmap.org/CUL/index.html">Maps of Cumberland with Braille labels</a> (large print labels) to help people with visual disabilities, with similar <a href="http://www.dhmap.org/index.html">Tactile and large print Maps for other English counties</a>.</li>--></ul><p></div>
  278. </div>
  279. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-medical-records" >
  280. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="MedicalRecords">Medical Records</a></h2>
  281. <div class="field field-name-field-medical-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://www.webarchive.org.uk/ukwa/target/100430/collection/98308/source/collection">Medical Heritage of Great Britain</a> (archived copy), a site produced by the Bath &amp; Wessex Medical History Group, providing detailed information on a county level of the history of medical treatments, and locations of some associated buildings.</li>
  282. </ul></div></div></div>
  283. </div>
  284. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-military-history" >
  285. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="MilitaryHistory">Military History</a></h2>
  286. <div class="field field-name-field-military-history field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>Two very comprehensive sites featuring Castles and Fortifications - <a href="http://www.castleuk.net/">CastleUK.net</a></li>
  287. <li><a href="http://www.ageofnelson.org/">The Age of Nelson</a> - a website providing general information about the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars 1793-1815, and specifically searchable databases of those present at Trafalgar (and more) and of all Commissioned Naval Officers 1787-1822.</li>
  288. <li>Names from Musters of the Cumberland Militia 1781-82 are available for purchase on floppy disk or microfiche through <a href="http://www.fhindexes.co.uk/">Family History Indexes</a> (the link to <a href="http://www.fhindexes.co.uk/militia.htm">Militia Musters</a> is part way down the page).</li>
  289. </ul></div></div></div>
  290. </div>
  291. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-names-geographical" >
  292. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="NamesGeographical">Names, Geographical</a></h2>
  293. <div class="field field-name-field-names-geographical field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://users.tinyworld.co.uk/peterostle/friends.html">Cumbria Place Names - and their pronunciation</a> - compiled by Peter Ostle, with the assistance of members of the CUMBERLAND-L Mailing List.</li>
  294. </ul></div></div></div>
  295. </div>
  296. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-names-personal" >
  297. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="NamesPersonal">Names, Personal</a></h2>
  298. <div class="field field-name-field-names-personal field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://users.tinyworld.co.uk/peterostle/besse.html">Index of Cumberland Quaker Families</a> - transcribed and compiled by Peter Ostle.</li>
  299. <li>Cumberland section of <a href="http://uk-surnames.com/Cumberland/surnames.php">UK Surnames Lists</a>.</li>
  300. </ul></div></div></div>
  301. </div>
  302. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-newspapers" >
  303. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Newspapers">Newspapers</a></h2>
  304. <div class="field field-name-field-newspapers field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://www.cultrans.com/">Cumberland and Westmorland Newspaper Transcriptions</a>, a compilation of entries from various Cumberland and Westmorland Genealogy Mailing Lists. </li>
  305. <li>For other English Newspapers see <a href="http://www.onlinenewspapers.com/england.htm">OnlineNewspapers.com - England</a>.</li>
  306. </ul></div></div></div>
  307. </div>
  308. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-occupations" >
  309. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Occupations">Occupations</a></h2>
  310. <div class="field field-name-field-occupations field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="https://www.curriers.co.uk/">The Worshipful Company of Curriers</a> - information about the history of this trade. </li>
  311. <li>The <a href="http://www.brushmakers.com/">Society of Brushmakers' Descendants</a> assists those with Brushmaking Ancestors, or with an interest in discovering more about the brushmaker's trade.</li>
  312. </ul></div></div></div>
  313. </div>
  314. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-poor-houses-poor-law-etc" >
  315. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="PoorHouses">Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.</a></h2>
  316. <div class="field field-name-field-poor-houses-poor-law-etc- field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>A site "dedicated to the Workhouse - its buildings, its inmates, its staff and administrators, and even its poets..." - <a href="http://www.workhouses.org.uk/">The Workhouse</a> - created by Peter Higginbotham.</li>
  317. </ul></div></div></div>
  318. </div>
  319. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-postal-and-shipping-guides" >
  320. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Postal">Postal and Shipping Guides</a></h2>
  321. <div class="field field-name-field-postal-and-shipping-guides field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://homepages.ihug.co.nz/~awoodley/Regency.html">The Regency Collection</a> has a section on Postal History, and also includes other interesting material relating to the Regency period - e.g. Turnpike Trusts, Georgiana Duchess of Devonshire, and more.</li>
  322. </ul></div></div></div>
  323. </div>
  324. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-probate-records" >
  325. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Probate">Probate Records</a></h2>
  326. <div class="field field-name-field-probate-records field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>In general terms, Wills prior to 1858 of people having property within the ancient Diocese of Carlisle were proved in the Consistory Court there. Records from 1548 to 1858 include original wills, letters of administration and inventories, although there are significant gaps in the years before 1661. These are deposited with the County Record Office at Carlisle. Comprehensive indexes exist, at the Carlisle CRO, in card files easily accessible in the reading room. The indexes cover from 1617 to 1941, listing the year of probate and the residence of the deceased. This is extraordinarily helpful in distinguishing between many individuals of the same name. Microfilm of many of these records, and a partial typescript of the indexes, is available at the Kendal office of the CRO.</li>
  327. <li>The Province of York covered most of northern England, including Bewcastle, and anyone who died leaving property in more than one diocese within the province would have their will proved in the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of York (PCY) or sometimes in the Chancery Court of the Archbishop of York. These records are now deposited with York University, <a href="https://www.york.ac.uk/borthwick/">Borthwick Institute of Historical Research</a></li>
  328. <li>For probate from 1858 on, and general information, see our <a href="/big/eng/Probate">England - Probate</a> page.</li>
  329. <li>See also <a href="/big/eng/CUL/ProbateRecords/about">Cumberland Probate Records Online</a> for an overview, and links to online collections elsewhere.</li>
  330. <li>Abstracts of <a href="/big/eng/CUL/ProbateRecords">Cumberland Probate Records</a></li>
  331. </ul></div></div></div>
  332. </div>
  333. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-religion-and-religious-lif" >
  334. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Religion">Religion and Religious Life</a></h2>
  335. <div class="field field-name-field-religion-and-religious-lif field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The General Commission on Archives and History (GCAH) of the United Methodist Church has a list of <a href="http://www.gcah.org/history/john-wesleys-preachers">John Wesley's Preachers, 1740-1791</a>. </li>
  336. </ul></div></div></div>
  337. </div>
  338. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-schools" >
  339. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Schools">Schools</a></h2>
  340. <div class="field field-name-field-schools field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>A brief history of <a href="http://www.know-britain.com/general/education_in_england_1.html">Education in England</a> (3 parts).</li>
  341. </ul></div></div></div>
  342. </div>
  343. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-social-life-and-customs" >
  344. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Social">Social life and Customs</a></h2>
  345. <div class="field field-name-field-social-life-and-customs field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="http://www.motherbedford.com/">Mother Bedford</a> - <em>"a website devoted primarily to the history of Old-Bedford County, Pennsylvania during the American Revolutionary War period"</em> - a fascinating site including items of general historical interest eg:
  346. <ol><li>Apposite to the time of adding: <a href="http://www.motherbedford.com/Christmas.htm">The Celebration of Christmas</a>.</li>
  347. <li>Examples of music our ancestors may have enjoyed: <a href="http://www.motherbedford.com/Music01.htm">The Music of the 1770s: a Directory</a>.</li>
  348. </ol></li>
  349. <li><a href="http://www.history.ac.uk/cmh/gaz/gazweb2.html">Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516</a> - The Gazetteer, compiled by Dr Samantha Letters is a catalogue of Markets and Fairs in Medieval England and Wales. First comprehensive National Survey, with detailed information about grants of Charters to all Market Towns.</li>
  350. <li><a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20140208013614/http://costumes.org/history/100pages/costhistpage.htm">Costume History</a> (archived copy) - from Ancient Babylon through to 1990s - a very comprehensive site on Fashion and Dress through the ages.</li>
  351. </ul></div></div></div>
  352. </div>
  353. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-societies" >
  354. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Societies">Societies</a></h2>
  355. <div class="field field-name-field-societies field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li><a href="/big/eng/CUL/Bewcastle/HeritageSociety">Bewcastle Heritage Society</a></li>
  356. <li><a href="http://cumbriapast.com/cgi-bin/ms/main.pl">Cumberland &amp; Westmorland Antiquarian &amp; Archaeological Society</a></li>
  357. <li><a href="/Societies/England#a11">Cumbria Family History Society</a></li>
  358. <li>Local History Societies - <a href="http://www.clhf.org.uk">Cumbria Local History Federation</a>.</li>
  359. <li><a href="/Societies/England">Furness Family History Society</a></li>
  360. <li><a href="http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ukuhc/">Ulverston Heritage Centre</a></li>
  361. </ul></div></div></div>
  362. </div>
  363. <div class="panel-pane pane-entity-field pane-node-field-taxation" >
  364. <h2 class="pane-title"><a id="Taxation">Taxation</a></h2>
  365. <div class="field field-name-field-taxation field-type-text-long field-label-hidden"><div class="field-items"><div class="field-item even"> <ul><li>The <a href="http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/e179/">E 179 Database</a> (on the National Archives website) contains detailed information about over 26,000 documents relating to the taxation of lay people in England and Wales between c.1200 and c.1700. These documents are likely to contain many names.</li>
  366. </ul><p><em>This county is maintained by <a href="/org/helpus">**Job vacancy**</a> with help and information provided by a number of other volunteers.</em></p>
  367. </div></div></div>
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  380. For more information about what helping us entails, look at our <a href="/org/helpus">help wanted page</a>.
  381. If you would like to consider helping us then please contact <a href="/user/218/contact" rel="nofollow">Gareth Hicks</a>.
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