East Claydon


(including Botolph Claydon)


"This parish contains 2395 acres, including 1936 acres of permanent grass and 181 acres of arable land. The slope of the land above the ordnance datum varies from 295 ft. in the east of the parish to 407 ft. in the south-west, the soil being rich clay loam; the subsoil clay and gravel. Wheat, beans, roots and oats are grown, but the chief industry is dairy farming. Pillow-lace was still made by women and children in East Claydon in 1862. Grandborough Road station on the Metropolitan Extension railway and Winslow Road station on the Metropolitan railway are within the borders of this parish." [© copyright of the editors of The Victoria Histories of the Counties of England]



The following reference sources have been used in the construction of this page, and may be referred to for further detail. Most if not all of these volumes are available in the Reference section of the County Library in Aylesbury.

"Buckinghamshire Contributions for Ireland 1642", Wilson J., 1983.
"Buckinghamshire Returns of the Census of Religious Worship 1851", Legg E. ed., 1991, ISBN 0 901198 27 7.
"Dictionary of English Place-Names", A.D. Mills, Oxford University Press, 1997, ISBN 0 19 28131 3
"Magna Britannia: Buckinghamshire", Lysons S. and Lysons D., 1806.
"The Victoria History of the Counties of England: Buckinghamshire", Page W. ed., 1905-1928
"War Memorials and War Graves: North Central Bucks, Volume 4", Peter Quick.



The following Monumental Inscriptions are available as publications or as part of a Society library:

* = material held in a Society library is generally available for loan to all members either via post, or by collection at a meeting



In 1642 there were 86 people named in the tax returns for contributions for Ireland. Between them they were assessed at £9.9.7 of which sum Jn. Duncombe esq. contributed £4.0.0

In 1798 the Posse Comitatus listed 71 men between the ages of 16 and 60 in East and Botolph Claydon.

In the earliest government census of 1801, there were 238 inhabitants (this is the figure in Magna Britannia, but the VCH gives 299) in 61 families living in 45 houses recorded in East Claydon.

Census YearPopulation of East Claydon

* = No names were recorded in census documents from 1801 to 1831.
** = Census documents from 1911 to 2001 are only available in summary form. Names are witheld under the 100 year rule.

Microfilm copies of all census enumerators' notebooks for 1841 to 1891 are held at the Local Studies Libraries at Aylesbury and Milton Keynes, as well as centrally at the PRO. A table of 19th century census headcount by parish is printed in the VCH of Bucks, Vol.2, pp 96-101.

Availability of census transcripts and indexes.

  • 1851 - Full transcripts and indexes for Buckinghamshire are available on CD-ROM, hard copy and microfiche from the Buckinghamshire Family History Society.
  • 1861 - Available on CD-ROM with advanced search and mapping capabilities etc. from the Buckinghamshire Genealogical Society.
  • 1881
    • Available on CD-ROM from the Church of the Latter Day Saints, as part of the National 1881 Census Index.
    • Available on CD-ROM for Buckinghamshire, with advanced search and mapping capabilities etc. from Drake Software.
  • 1891 - Available on CD-ROM with advanced search and mapping capabilities etc. from the Buckinghamshire Genealogical Society.

Church History

Details of the stained glass in the church can be found on the following web sites (the site includes many photos):


Church Records

The original copies of the parish registers for St Mary, East Claydon have been deposited in the Buckinghamshire Record Office in Aylesbury, and they hold the following years:

EventDates covered
Christenings1583 - 1888
Marriages1584 - 1838
Banns1756 - 1893
Burials1584 - 1981

Copies or indexes to the parish registers are available from societies as follows:

Society Library*
Dates covered
1576 - 1838
Buckinghamshire Genealogical Society

* = material held in a Society library is generally available for loan to all members either via post, or by collection at a meeting

An ecclesiastical census was carried out throughout England on 30 March 1851 to record the attendance at all places of worship. These returns are in the Buckinghamshire Record Office and have been published by the Buckinghamshire Record Society (vol 27). The returns for East Claydon showed the following numbers:

East Claydon, St Mary117 - Morning General Congregation
40 - Morning Sunday Scholars
157 - Morning Total

89 - Afternoon General Congregation
40 - Afternoon Sunday Scholars
129 - Afternoon Total

70 - Evening General Congregation
35 - Evening Sunday Scholars
105 - Evening Total


Description & Travel

You can see pictures of East Claydon which are provided by:




Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which East Claydon has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.



East Claydon was described in 1806 in "Magna Britannia" as follows:

EAST-CLAYDON, in the hundred of Ashendon and deanery of Waddesdon, lies about two miles and a half to the south-west of Winslow. In the reign of Edward III. the manor was in the Greys of Rotherfield, afterwards successively in the Deincourts and Lovels, and at a later period in the families of Lea and Abell. It was purchased of the latter in 1728, by Lord Fermanagh, and is now the property of his niece, Mary Baroness Fermanagh. The manor of Bottle-Claydon, a hamlet of this parish, has passed with it.

[Correction/Addition at the end of Magna Britannia states "Sir Eustace Grenville and Thomas de Haye who married two co-heiresses of Robert Darcic, baron of Coggs, alienated the manors of East-Claydon, Bottle-Claydon, and Shabbington, to Walter de Grey, archbishop of York, who conveyed them to his brother Robert, and Walter his son."]

The church of East-Claydon was demolished during the civil war by Cornelius Holland, one of King Charle's judges: it was rebuilt after the restoration. In this church are some memorials of the families of Abel and Milward. The impropriation of the great tithes, which formerly belonged to the priory of Osney, is vested in Lady Fermanagh, who is patroness of the vicarage.



You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SP737256 (Lat/Lon: 51.924051, -0.929684), East Claydon which are provided by:


Names, Geographical

The name Claydon derives from the old english clægig + dun and means 'clayey hill'. For the parish of East Calydon, the addition of the word East is used to denote its geographic location relative to the other Claydons. The meaning of the word Botolph derives from the old english botl and means 'house, building'.