PRINCE'S-RISBOROUGH, in the hundred of Aylesbury and deanery of Wendover, is a small town 37 miles distant from London, and five miles south-west of Wendover. Its market was granted by King Henry III. who gave the townsmen many priveleges, such as being excused from attendance at assizes and sessions, exemption from toll, &c. There is still a very small market held on Saturday and a fair on the sixth of May.
The manor was anciently in the families of Giffard and Humet. Having become vested in the crown, it was given to Richard Earl of Cornwall, King of the Romans, who died seised of it 1272. King Edward III. granted it in 1333, to Henry Lord Ferrars of Groby. It is said to have been not long afterwards the property of Edward the black Prince, and that he had a palace, supposed to have stood within the site of a spacious moat now dry, which is in a field adjoining the church-yard. This manor was part of the dower of Catharine, the queen of Henry V. King Charles the First sold to it to certain citizens of London, who, in 1637, conveyed it to the Chibnalls. It was afterwards successively in the families of Abraham, Adeane, Pelham, and Penton. The Pentons acquired it by purchase in the year 1692, but they had resided at Risborough above a hundred years before that time; for it appears that Queen Elizabeth, after she had left Hampden in her Buckinghamshire progress, called on Mr. Penton at Risborough. It is now the property of John Grubb esq. of Horsendon, by whose family it was purchased of Henry Penton esq. the present member for Winchester, about the year 1765. Walter Giffard, Earl of Buckingham, gave the rectory of Prince's-Risborough to which a manor was annexed, to Nutley Abbey. It has passed with the lay-manor ever since the time of the Chibnalls. The impropriator is obliged (by the bequest of some former possessor, said to have been a maiden lady,) to provide annually a fat bull to be killed, and a boar to be made into brawn, four bushels of wheat and four bushels of malt to be made into bread and beer, the whole of which is to be distributed amongst the parishioners at Christmas. Mr. Grubb is patron of the curacy.
Mrs. Chibnall, formerly lady of this manor, gave a sum of money to provide clothing annually for 24 poor women.
[Correction/Addition at the end of Magna Britannia states "Sir Thomas Windsor, who is described as of Prince's Risborough, by his will, bearing date 1552, bequeathed a manor in this parish to Ann his daughter and heir, who married Sir Henry Grey ancestor of the Earl of Stamford. The tower of the parish church of Prince's-Risborough having fallen down in 1803, a new tower has been since built by the parish, and a spire erected on it by subscription."]