"STEVENTON, a parish in the hundred of Ock, county Berks, 4½ miles S.W. of Abingdon, its post town. It is a station on the Great Western railway. The village, which is considerable, is situated on a branch of the river Thames, and near the Wilts and Berks canal. Here were formerly a castle of the Wakes, built in 1281, and a priory of Black canons, founded as a cell to Bec Abbey, in Normandy, in the reign of Henry I., and which upon the suppression of alien houses was given to Westminster Abbey. The land is divided between arable and pasture, with 100 acres of common. The soil is a rich loam. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of Oxford, value £160, in the patronage of the Dean and Chapter of Westminster. The church, dedicated to St. James, contains a brass of Richard Do and wife, bearing date 1476. In the churchyard are remains of an ancient cross, which, though of great weight, sways to and fro at a touch. The parochial charities produce about £60 per annum. There is a National school for both sexes. The Dean and Chapter of Westminster are lords of the manor."
From The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland(1868). Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003.
Other descriptions can be found from other periods in various trade directories covering Berkshire from the early 19th century onwards and from A Vision of Britain Through Time.