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Over

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"OVER, a parish having separate jurisdiction, locally in the first division of the hundred of Eddisbury, county palatine of CHESTER, comprising the town of Over (formerly a market-town), the chapelry of Wettenhall, and the township of Little Oulton, and containing 2514 inhabitants of which number, 2157 are in the town of Over, 16 ¼miles (E.) from Chester, and 168 (N.W. byN.) from London. ... More" [From Samuel Lewis A Topographical Dictionary of England  (1831) ©Mel Lockie]

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  • Over, also a township in the ancient parishes of Over and Whitegate, Eddisbury hundred (SJ 6466), became a civil parish in 1866.
  • The civil parish was abolished in 1936 to become parts of Winsford, Darnhall, Marton (near Winsford) and Davenham.
  • It included the hamlets of Blakeden, Bradford Wood, Catsclough, Church Hill, Gavel Green, Hebden Green, Kilnhouses, Littler, Meadowbank, Pettypool (part), Salterswall, Smithy Bank, Swanlow, Townfields, Vale Royal, Ways Green, Wharton and Whitegate.
  • The population was 881 in 1801, 3167 in 1851, and 7063 in 1901.

For the period after 1936, see Winsford, Darnhall, Marton (near Winsford).

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Civil Registration

  • Northwich (1837-1936)
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Court Records

  • Eddisbury (1828-1906)
  • Winsford (1906-36)
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Description & Travel

You can see pictures of Over which are provided by:

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Directories

Transcription for Over from Samuel Lewis - A Topographical Dictionary of England (1831)

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Gazetteers

The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868

"OVER, a parish, market town, and nominal borough in the first division of the hundred of Eddisbury, county Chester, 5 miles S. of Northwich, and 16 E. of Chester. It is situated on the road from Middlewich to Chester, near the Winsford bridge over the river Weever, which separates this parish on the E. from that of Davenham, and is navigable for barges. The parish includes, besides the town of its own name, the chapelries of Low Oulton and Wettenhall. The town, called in ancient records "the borough," was chartered by Edward I., who granted to it the privilege of a market, held on Wednesday, which, having fallen into disuse, was restored in 1840. It consists chiefly of one long and irregularly-built street, in which are remains of several crosses. It has been governed from time immemorial by a mayor and jury, who are chosen at the court leet and baron of the lord of the manor, held in October. It has long been celebrated for its salt-works. In 1861 the population of the township was 3,774, and of the parish 3,454. The appropriation belongs to the Bishop of Chester, and the glebe consists of 24 acres. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of Chester, value £200, having been augmented by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, and in the patronage of the bishop. The church, dedicated to St. Chad, was rebuilt in the reign of Henry VIII., and contains some stained glass windows, and an altar-tomb supporting an effigy in brass to the memory of Hugh Starkey, founder of the church, and gentleman-usher to Henry VIII. The Independents have a place of worship. There is a free grammar school, founded in 1689 by Mrs. E. Venables, and endowed with land producing about £60 per annum. The school was removed to its present site in 1803, and is conducted on the National system. Fairs are held on the 15th May and 25th September."

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Historical Geography

Places in Over ancient parish with separate pages

 

  • 1883 March 25 — Gained a detached part of Marton (near Winsford) (4 acres, pop. 0 in 1891), and lost a detached part to Marton (near Winsford) (less than 1 acre, pop. 0 in 1891)
  • 1894 — Lost the former detached part of Marton (near Winsford) (4 acres, pop. 0 in 1891), which became a separate unnamed parish in Northwich Rural Distict under the provisions of the Local Government Act, 1894
  • 1927 October 1 — Gained part of Marton (near Winsford) (7 acres, pop. 0 in 1921)
  • 1936 April 1 — Abolished and divided between Darnhall (33 acres, pop. 24 in 1931), Davenham (1 acre, pop. 0 in 1931), Marton (near Winsford) (11 acres, pop. 4 in 1931) and Winsford (4488 acres, pop. 7278 in 1931)

You can see the administrative areas in which Over has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SJ629639 (Lat/Lon: 53.171355, -2.557154), Over which are provided by:

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Politics & Government

  • Winsford Urban Sanitary District (1875-94)*
  • Winsford Urban District (1894-1936)

* The former detached part of Marton (near Winsford) which was transferred to Over in 1883 remained in Northwich Rural Sanitary District until it became a separate parish under the provisions of the Local Government Act, 1894.

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Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • Northwich.
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Voting Registers

  • South Cheshire (1832-67)
  • West Cheshire (1868-85)
  • Northwich (1885-1936)