The parish of Advent (Cornish: Sen Adhwynn) is named after St. Alhawyn or Adwena, by whose name it should rightly be called, but it is known as Advent. It is in the Hundred of Lesneweth and in the Deanery of Trigg-minor. There is no village called Advent.
Advent Parish is located in the Hundred of Lesnewth in the North Cornwall district and is situated on the north-western edge of Bodmin Moor. It is bordered to the east by Altarnun and St Clether, to the south by St Breward (Simonward) and to the west by Morwenstow and the River Camel. In the Domesday survey of 1086, the district was rated under the names Tegleston or Helleston (the two manors are contiguous with the parish).
The area is mainly farmland with some areas of moorland to the east of the parish; the underlying material is granite. It contains the small villages of Treclogoe (Trelogoe), Pencarrow and Tresinney; there are also a number of small hamlets and farmsteads dotted around the parish and a few small streams cross it. A man-made lake, Crowdy Reservoir, lies in the east of the Parish.
Most parish and church description(s) on these pages are from Lake's Parochial History of the County of Cornwall by J Polsue (Truro, 1867 - 1873)
The Cornwall Family History Society have published Monumental Inscriptions for the Parish Church.
Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held by Kresen Kernow. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:
- The 1841 Census of Advent (HO107/140), Enumeration District 4, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- The 1841 census for this parish has also been filmed by the LDS church - film No. 241258.
- The 1851 Census of Advent (HO107/1898), Enumeration District 2, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- The New Zealand Society of Genealogists have compiled separate surname indexes of the 1851 Census for each Cornish registration district; Advent is listed in Volume 4. The booklets are available in Cornwall at the Cornwall Centre, (formerly known as the Cornish Studies Library), and is also available in the Cornwall FHS Library.
- 1871. The 1871 Census of Advent (RG10/2219), Enumeration District 4, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- 1881. The 1881 Census of Advent (RG11/2273), Enumeration District 4, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- 1891. The 1891 Census of Advent (RG12/1800), Enumeration District 3, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- Anglican. The parish church is located (OS Grid Square SX1081) just to the north-east of the hamlet of Tresinney and was dedicated to St Athwenna (or Adwenna) in 1340 (and probably was consecrated on Advent Sunday), but is now known as Advent. It was endowed in the 14th century by the Duke of Cornwall.
The church is constructed in the perpendicular style and comprises a chancel, nave, south aisle and north and south transepts. The tower is lofty, has eight pinnacles, and contains four bells. The north transept is early English, but has been entirely rebuilt, the old windows being replaced. There was formerly a corresponding transept or chapel on the south side, which remained till about 1870, when, the roof having been destroyed by a fall of snow, the entrance arch was built up and the east window of this chapel placed in it. The font is of Norman date, and consists of a cylindrical basin, expanding towards the top, on an octagonal shaft with bold mouldings, rising from a square base. The church was rebuilt in 1847-8. The baptism registers date from 1709, the marriages from 1721 and the burials from 1718.
- Non-Conformist. The Bible Christians had a Meeting House in Advent parish.
- LDS Church Records.
- The LDS Church batch numbers for Advent are: E006231, M006231, P006231. These are searchable by surname.
- The IGI for this parish covers the period 1676 - 1805.
- The Cornwall Record Office holdings: Baptisms 1709 - 1812, Burials 1718 - 1812, Marriages 1721 - 1979, Boyd's Marriage Index 1608 - 1801, Pallot's Marriage Index 1790 - 1812, BTs 1608 - 1665.
- Baptisms 1676 to 1772 (BTs), and 1813 to 1911, are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published transcripts of: Parish Marriages 1616 to 1837, which is available in CD or downloadable .pdf file format.
- Phillimore's Marriages 1676 to 1812, and parish church marriages 1837 to 1911, are also available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (COCP).
Although originally in the Camelford Registration District, the parish of Advent is now in the Bodmin Registration District; there were sub-districts at Boscastle and Camelford. Parishes within the Camelford district were: Advent, Davidstow, Forrabury, Lanteglos, Lesnewth, Michaelstow, Minster, Otterham, St. Breward, St. Clether, St. Juliot, St. Teath, Tintagel, Trevalga.
The Superintendant Registrar of Bodmin can be contacted at: Lyndhurst, 66 Nicholas Street, Bodmin, Cornwall, PL31 2AG. Tel: 01208 73677.
The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868
"ADVENT, (or St. Admen), a parish in the hundred of Leanewth, in the county of Cornwall, 1 mile S. of Camelford. It is bounded on one aide by the river Camel, which separates it from Lanteglos. Part of the parish is moorland, having a substratum of granite and felsparish There is a copper mine, but only a few hands are employed in working it. The living is a rectory united with that of Lanteglos, in the diocese of Exeter. The parish contains Trethym, formerly a seat of the Vivians.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Advent to another place.
- OPC Assistance. The On-line Parish Clerk (OPC) scheme operates a service to help family historians; the OPC page for this parish is available on-line, from where the OPC can be contacted.
You can see the administrative areas in which Advent has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
- Map of the Camelford Registration District in which the parish originally lay.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SX122826 (Lat/Lon: 50.612591, -4.656476), Advent which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- Old Maps Online
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- English Jurisdictions in 1851 (Unfortunately the LDS have removed the facility to enable us to specify a starting location, you will need to search yourself on their map.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)
An indenture dated 16 Sep 1829, involving William BURT, Thomas JORY and several parcels of land in the parish is available on-line.
Advent parish was part of the Camelford Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.