The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868
"LUDGVAN, (or Ludjan), a parish in the hundred of Penwith, county Cornwall, 3 miles N.E. of Penzance, its post town. The Marazion station on the West Cornwall line of railway is about 1 mile E. from the village. It lies N. of Mount's Bay, on rising ground, near the coast of the English Channel In Domesday survey this place is called Ludaham, when it was one of the possessions of Robert Earl of Mortaigne. Copper and tin are obtained here, also granite and schistose. A peculiar kind of granite, with which was blended a large proportion of mica, called the Ludgvan stone, used to be found here, but appears to be now exhausted. The people are mostly employed in mining operations. The hamlet of Crowlas, and several small places, are included in this parish, which is of large extent. The tithes have been commuted for a rent-charge of £808. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Exeter, value £800. The church is a stone edifice, with tower and Norman porch, dedicated to St. Paul. It contains a monument to Dr. Borlase, the learned antiquary and historian of Cornwall, who was rector of this parish for above 50 years, and the tomb of Sir Humphry Davy's parents. The parochial charities produce about £7 per annum. The Wesleyans have six chapels, the Primitive Methodists two, and the Bible Christians one. There is a National school for both sexes. In the neighbourhood are remains of an entrenched camp, called Castleandinas, the diameter of which is 400 feet from E. to W., and the principal ditch 60 feet wide; it occupies the summit of the highest hill in this part of the county, and commands views of the English Channel. At Collurian are remains of an ancient chapel, and on the road to Marazion earthworks, thrown up by the Parliamentarians while engaged in the siege of St. Michael's Mount. The Rev. Canon Rogers is lord of the manor. A cattle fair is held at Lower Quarter on the 2nd October.