The parish of St Ive, (Cornish: Sen Iv), is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of East. It is bounded on the north by Linkinhorne and South Hill, on the east by Callington and St Mellion, on the south by Quethiock, and on the west by Menheniot and St Cleer. Pronounced 'St Eve', this parish is inland in east Cornwall and must not be confused with the port of St Ives on the north coast. The parish derives its name, either from John, the elder son of Brechan, the petty king of Wales (In Wales, the name is Evan or Ivon) or it is named after an obscure saint (St. Ivo), who was believed to have been a Persian bishop who preached the gospel in England.
The small village of St Ive is on the A390 between Callington and Liskeard. The ancient farmhouse of Trebeigh was given to the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem in 1150, and there is a legend they built an underground passage between the church and the farmhouse in which they stored their treasure. The village of Pensilva is about two miles north-west and has splendid panoramic views stretching from St Austell to Plymouth and Dartmoor. It was built in the 19th century to serve the tin and copper mining industry. When the mines closed miners emigrated, chiefly to the USA, Canada, Australia and South Africa.
The chief villages of the parish are the Churchtown, Pensilva, and St Ive Cross. Pensilva was built to house miners in the early 19th century.
Most parish and church description(s) on these pages are from Lake's Parochial History of the County of Cornwall by J Polsue (Truro, 1867 - 1873)
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published Monumental Inscriptions for:
- The Parish Church - 858 entries
- The Methodist Chapel - 128 entries
- Some gravestones at St Ive are available on-line.
- Callington Area Heritage Centre (broken link) have placed on-line monumental inscriptions for St Ivos churchyard [Old Section completed 2004, excluding about six fallen etc.], Pensilva, [about half the old section done]..
Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members.
Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:
- The 1841 Census of St Ive (HO107/133), Enumeration Districts 4 and 5, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- The 1841 census for this parish has been filmed by the LDS church - film No. 241258.
- The 1851 Census of St Ive (RG9/1901), Enumeration District 6a and 6b, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- The 1861 Census of St Ive (RG9/1526), Enumeration District 5 [including schools], is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
- The 1871 Census of St Ive (RG10/2234), Enumeration Districts 5 and 6, is available on-line from the Cornwall Online Census project.
St Ive parish churches and some chapels on the Callington Area Heritage site (broken link)
- Anglican. There are two Anglican churches in the parish:
- Parish Church. The parish church is located in OS Grid Square SX3067 and was dedicated to St Ive. According to the ecclesiastical taxation of Pope Nicholas IV, in 1291, the church is called Eccl'ia S'c'i Ivonis. The church comprises a chancel, nave, south aisle, north transept, and vestry. The pulpit is said to have been made in 1700, and the whole church was restored in 1745 at the expence of the then rector. In the transept is a piscina, and under the north window is an arched recess for a tomb. The arcade has five four-centred arches of granite, with monolith pillars having floriated capitals of the same material. There is a south porch, a priest's door and a vestry door; the north door is blocked. The tower, which is also of granite, is of three stages; it is finished with battlements and twelve pinnacles - the buttresses being produced to the top of the tower and finished with a pinnacle each, thus adding eight subordinate ones. The tower contains five bells.
- St Paul's Mission Church. As the population of Bodmonland (Pensilva) grew in Victorian times it became obvious that another church was needed in the parish. It was not until 1900, with funds bequeathed for the purpose in the Will of the Rev. Hobhouse (Archdeacon when he died), that St Paul's Mission Church was built at Pensilva. It is said that it was forgotten that the bequest was valid for only five years, hence a frantic last minute construction of what was affectionately became known as the 'tin tabernacle' due to its corrugated iron structure. Officially it was called the St John's Mission Church. It had a new roof in 1932 and has very recently had a complete facelift; it is still a place of worship at the beginning of the 21st century.
- Non-Conformist. The following non-conformist chapels were located within the parish:
- Pensilva Fore Street Bible Christian Chapel. Opened in 1861
- Pensilva, Princes Road Chapel.
- Wesleyan Pensilva Church Hill Chapel.
- United Methodist Free Church.
- Trenanvin Chapel. Wesleyan, but did not have its own registers.
- St Ive Cross. Origins from 1833, Wesleyan from 1860 there are registers in existence and locally held transcripts of them are available, however no registers have been deposited with the CRO.
- St Ive Keason. Bible Christian from 1845; Wesleyan from 1884.
- Charaton Cross. Bible Christian from 1845.
- Marsh Gate. Wesleyan.
- LDS Church Records.
- The LDS Church batch numbers for St Ive are: C023291/2. These are searchable by surname.
- The IGI coverage of this parish is 1675 - 1713.
- The Cornwall Record Office holdings: Baptisms 1683 - 1937, Burials 1686 - 1927, Marriages 1686 - 1972, Boyd's Marriage Index 1614 - 1672, BTs 1614 - 1672 .
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published on-line transcripts of:
- 1813-37 Marriages
- 1813-37 Burials.
- Callington Area Heritage Centre (broken link) have placed on-line baptism records for St Ive parish 1778 to 1841.
- Baptisms 1864 to 1911 for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- Banns. Banns 1869 to 1911 for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- Marriages 1614 to 1812 and 1838 to 1911 for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- Callington Area Heritage Centre (broken link) have placed on-line marriage records for St Ive parish 1614 to 1837.
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published transcripts of: Parish Marriages 1614 to 1837, which is available in Book, CD or downloadable .pdf file formats.
- Burials 1864 to 1927 for this parish are available on-line through the OPC search Facility - (C-PROP).
- The Cornwall Family History Society have published transcripts of: Parish Marriages 1814 to 1837, which is available in Book format.
- Callington Area Heritage Centre (broken link) have placed on-line burial records for St Ive parish 1788 to 1841.
The parish of St Ive has always been in the Liskeard Registration District. There were sub-districts at Callington, Lerrin, Liskeard and Looe, but these closed in the 1930s. Parishes within the district are: Boconnoc, Broadoak, Callington, Calstock (1837-60), Duloe, East Looe, Lanreath, Lansallos, Lanteglos, Linkinhorne, Liskeard, Liskeard Borough, Menheniot, Morval, Pelynt, St. Cleer, St. Dominick, St. Ive, St. Keyne, St. Martin's, St. Neot, St. Pinnock, St. Veep, Southill, Talland and West Looe. The Superintendant Registrar can be contacted at: Graylands, Dean Street, Liskeard, PL14 4AH. Tel: 01579 343442.
- Photographs of St Ive are available on-line.
Callington Area Heritage (broken link) has the following directories online
- An extract from the Post Office Directory of 1856, relating to St Ive, is available.
- An extract from the Kelly's Directory 1873 for St Ive is available.
- An extract from the Harrod's Royal Directory of Cornwall 1878 for St Ive parish.
- An extract from the Kelly's Directory 1893 for St Ive is available.
- An extract from the Kelly's Directory 1910 for St Ive is available.
- An extract from the 1930 Kelly's Directory relating to St Ive, is also available on-line
- The 1892 Sanitary Report (broken link) gives an interesting indication of the housing conditions of the period in St Ive.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from St Ive to another place.
- OPC Assistance.
The Domesday Settlements of Cornwall, a study undertaken by the Cornwall Branch of the Historical Association, has identified and located settlements listed in the Exeter and Exchequer Domesday Survey of AD 1086. The following places have been identified in St Ive ecclesiastical parish:
- Appledore (Pedeleforda, Pedelford), Grid Reference 323686.
- Bicton (Bichetona, Bichetone), Grid Reference 314693.
- Penharget (Pennehalgar, Pennehalgar), Grid Reference 299706.
- Trebeigh (Trebicen, Trebihau, Tribicen, Trebichen, Tribichen, Trebihan), Grid Reference 304672.
- Tremear (Tremor, Tremhor), Grid Reference 295680.
- Woolston (Vllouastona, Vllavestone), Grid Reference 295683.
You can see the administrative areas in which St Ive has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
Callington Area Heritage Centre (broken link) placed on-line a webpage for the history of St Ive parish.
Return of Owners of Land 1873 - The Callington Area Heritage site (broken link) lists all the people resident in the parish who owned land in 1873
There are references on the OPC and Callington Area Heritage sites (broken link) for various land related data
- Map of the Liskeard Registration District in which the parish lies.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SX309673 (Lat/Lon: 50.480667, -4.384148), St Ive which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- OldMaps (Old Ordnance Survey maps.)
- Old Maps Online (Other old maps.)
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- English Jurisdictions in 1851 (Unfortunately the LDS have removed the facility to enable us to specify a starting location, you will need to search yourself on their map.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)
Newspaper Extracts of events in Linkinhorne, and taken from the CORNISH TIMES 1857, 1858, 1859 & 1862, and the Sherborne & Yeovil Mercury 1773-1778, may be available on the Callington Heritage site (broken link)
- Information about the Caradon and Liskeard Mines is available on-line.
The Free & Voluntary Present (broken link) as the name indicates, is a list of those persons making a voluntary contribution to the King. The list is those persons who went to Launceston on 8th November 1661, from the parishes of St Ive, Linkinhorne and South Hill. The amount they gave is indicated.
Some Wills & Admons for St Ive parish are available on-line.
In the May of 1641 it was agreed and ordered that every Member of the House of Commons and House of Lords should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty) to the crown. The Protestation was printed and then distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor, had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.
The Protestation Returns of 1642 (broken link) for St Ive were available on-line.
There may be relevant references for the following on either the OPC or Callington Area Heritage sites (broken link) for this parish
- The Military Survey of 1522 for the Parish of St Ive tried to determine the wealth of parishes in the country. The money was needed to finance the war with France; the assessment was in goods unless stated that it was on land.
- Cornish Subsidies in the reign of Henry VIII, lists all men in South Hill with land or goods of value.
- The Hearth Tax entries for St Ive (1662)
- The 1805 Land Tax Assessment entries for St Ive
- The 1812 Land Tax Assessment of St Ive
The Poll books recorded the names of everyone in Cornwall who voted at Parliamentary elections along with the names of the person they voted for. There are three poll books for the County, all at the Cornwall Record Office. 1710 (CF4787), 1774 (DX622), 1790 (PD208). See the OPC site