ULPHA, Cumberland - Extract from National Gazetteer, 1868

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer (1868)]
"ULPHA, a chapelry in the parish of Millom, ward of Allerdale-above-Derwent, county Cumberland, 9 miles S.E. of Ravenglass, and 3½ from Broughton-in-Furness railway station. It is situated on the river Dudden, near Hard Knot and Wrynose fells, where is a stone marking the boundaries of the counties of Cumberland, Westmoreland, and Lancaster, from the latter of which it is divided by the ancient one-arched stone bridge, which here spans the river. In the chapelry are extensive blue slate quarries and copper mines; but the works of the latter have been some time suspended; iron and zinc are also known to exist. The inhabitants are chiefly engaged in agriculture and the mines. The soil consists of peat, gravel, and red loam upon a subsoil of stone. The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of Carlisle, value £49, in the patronage of the Vicar of Millom. The church, dedicated to St. John, contains an old stone font. The parochial charities produce about £1 per annum. A Sunday school is held at the church, and there is a parochial school for both sexes. The Baptists and Wesleyans have each a chapel, and the former a school. The Earl of Londsdale is lord of the manor. A fair for sheep and cattle is held on the last Friday in August."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]