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Calow

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Archives & Libraries

The Corbriggs area is served by the Mobile Library on route N, which makes a stop every fourth Wednesday in the late morning.

The Mobile Library also makes two stops in Calow on every fourth Friday afternoon.

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Census

  • The parish was in the Chesterfield sub-district of the Chesterfield Registration District.
     
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
     
Census
Year
Piece No.
1851 H.O. 107 / 2147
1861 R.G. 9 / 2530
1891 R.G. 12 / 2763
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Church History

  • The Anglican parish church chapel is dedicated to Saint Peter.
     
  • The chapel was built in 1869.
     
  • The spire was added in 1887.
     
  • The chapel seats 200.
     
  • David BEVIS has a photograph of St. Peter's Church on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2009.
     
  • And J. THOMAS also has a photograph of St. Peter's Church on Geo-graph, taken in September, 2013.
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Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1862. For earlier records, check St. Mary's in Chesterfield.
     
  • Michael SPENCER provides an extract of Parish Register burials for your use and review. Your additions and corrections are welcomed.
     
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Chesterfield.
     
  • The Congregationalists built a brick chapel here in 1837.
     
  • The Independents built a chapel here in 1887.
     
  • The Primitive Methodists built a chapel here in 1854.
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Civil Registration

  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.
     
  • The parish was in the Chesterfield sub-district of the Chesterfield Registration District.
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Description & Travel

"CALOW, a township in the parish of Chesterfield, hundred of Scarsdale, county of Derby, 2 miles E. of Chesterfield, which is a station on the Midland railway. The inhabitants are employed in the neighbouring coal-works."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin HINSON ©2003]

You can see pictures of Calow which are provided by:

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Directories

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Gazetteers

John Marius WILSON's, "Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1870-72":

"CALOW, a township in Chesterfield parish, Derby; 2¼ miles E of Chesterfield. Real property, £1,844. Pop., 375. Coal is worked. There are a chapel of ease of 1867, an Independent chapel, and a national school."

 

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Calow has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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History

  • 2/3rds of the parish land was used for pasturage.
     
  • The section of Lysons' Topographical and Historical Account of Derbyshire, 1817, for Chesterfield, transcribed by Barbarann AYARS, includes a portion on Calow.
     
  • The White Hart Public House was a popular spot to catch up on local gossip and regional news. These are the names associated with the White Hart in various directories:
Year Person;
1852 George COWLISHAW
1855 Samuel BARGH
1870 Henry CHARLTON, butcher
1891 Reuben COX
1895 Reuben COX
1899 Wilfred LONGSON
1912 George TAGG

Here is the 1891 census entry (RG 12/2763 folio 38) for White Hart Public House:

Relationship  Name Sex Age Where born
Head Reuben COX M 50 Derbyshire
Wife Annie M. COX F 43 Derbyshire
Dau. Fanny E. COX F 11 Derbyshire
Servant Herbert DAVISON M 24 Derbyshire

Jon CANTRILL provides this report from the Jun 27th, 1902, Manchester Guardian:

"Murder near Chesterfield A murder was committed near Chesterfield yesterday. A miner named John BEDFORD walked into the White Hart at Calow, and said to a companion,“I have killed her,” and pointed to his blood-stained boots and trousers. The man went to the house, and found a married woman named Annie PRICE lying dead on the sofa, with her head cut open by a poker. BEDFORD is in custody."
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Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK408710 (Lat/Lon: 53.234474, -1.390203), Calow which are provided by:

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Medical Records

  • Chesterfield Royal Hospital, near junction 29 on the M1, is now part of the National Health System and is only a few decades old. The Hospital has 550 beds.
     
  • No patient records are available for public view.
     
  • George WOLFE has a photograph of Chesterfield Royal Hospital on Geo-graph, taken in May, 2006.
     
  • Steve FAREHAM has a photograph of Chesterfield Royal Hospital main entrance on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2014.
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Military History

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Military Records

The man listed at the CWGC site is:

  • Sergeant Richard BALL, RAF Vol. Rsrv (attached to RCAF Sqdn 408), age 21, died 9 March 1942. Husband of Lilian BALL, of Sheffield.
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Names, Geographical

  • In the 1086 Domesday Book the name is rendered as 'Kalehal'.
     
  • This place-name is pronounced locally as 'Kay-low'.
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Newspapers

Jane TAYLOR offers this extract from the Derby Mercury of 31 May 1804: MARRIED: "On Tuesday se'nnight, at Chesterfield, Mr. Robert COX, of Calow, to Miss Maria WARDLE, of Stone Gravels, near the former place."

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Politics & Government

  • This place was an ancient Township in Chesterfield parish in Derby county and it was incorporated as a separate, modern Civil Parish in December, 1866.
     
  • This parish was in the ancient Scarsdale Hundred (or Wapentake).
     
  • In August, 1882, the parish was reduced in size to enlarge Hasland Civil Parish.
     
  • In November, 1910, this parish was reduced in size to enlarge Chesterfield Civil Parish. This was just before the Chesterfield Hospital was built in the southern part of Calow village.
     
  • District governance is provided by the North East Derbyshire District Council.
     
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Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Chesterfield petty session hearings.
     
  • There is an index of Calow Bastardy Paper held at the DRO on the Yesterdays Journey website. Select "Bastardy Papers" on the left side, then "Calow" from the list of parishes displayed.
     
  • As a result of the 1834 Poorlaw Amendment Act reforms, this parish became a member of the Chesterfield Poorlaw Union.
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Schools

A Public Elementary School (mixed) was built here in 1854 and enlarged in 1895 for 205 children.