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Edensor

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EDENSOR, a parish in the hundred of High Peak, county Derby, 2 miles N.E. of Bakewell. It is situated on the river Derwent, and includes the townships of Pilsley and Edensor with Chatsworth. The village is beautifully situated within the park of Chatsworth. Three fourths of the parish are included in the park, the remainder is chiefly pasture. There are several quarries of gritstone.

The living is a donative curacy in the diocese of Lichfield, value £300. The church is dedicated to St. Peter, and contains monuments of the family of the dukes of Devonshire. There are charities of about £14 per annum, a part of which is for apprenticing youths. There is a parish school, with a small endowment."

"CHATSWORTH, a township in the parish of Edensor, in the hundred of High Peake, in the county of Derby, 157 miles from London, 25 from Derby, and 84 from Matlock. It appears in Domesday Book as Chatesvorde, and was then owned by William Peveril. Through the Leches, or Lukes, and Agards, it descended to Sir William Cavendish, who in 1570 began to build the old seat, which was afterwards finished by his widow, the Countess of Shrewsbury. Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned at Chatsworth. It was garrisoned by the parliamentarians in 1643, and by the royalists in 1645.

In the church of St. Peter at Edensor are monuments to the first Earl of Devonshire, to the celebrated Elizabeth Hardwick, whose fourth husband was George, sixth Earl of Shrewsbury, and to James Beton, a favourite servant of Mary Queen of Scots, who died while Mary was a prisoner at Chatsworth. The population of Chatsworth in 1861 was 53, with 8 inhabited houses.

Chatsworth House, the seat of the Dukes of Devonshire, was rebuilt by the first Duke from designs by Talman and Wren. The great stables were built about 1760; the north wing since 1820, by Wyatville. There are many exquisite marbles, pictures, carvings, and frescoes at Chatsworth House, including Raphael's cartoons in Ghobelin tapestry; the Jewish Rabbi, by Rembrandt; Belisarius, by Murillo; Queen Mary, by Zucchero; Henry VIII., by Holbein; Philip II., by Titian; Charles I., by Jansen; Duke of Albemarle, by Sir Peter Lely; George IV., by Sir Thomas Lawrence; besides other valuable pictures by Myttens, Vandyck, Sir Godfrey Kneller, and other eminent artists. In the sculpture gallery are some of the finest works of Canova, Nollekens, Chantry, Campbell, and Thorwaldsen.

from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868

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Bibliography

  • BUNTING, Julie, The Earls and Dukes of Devonshire. Derbyshire Heritage Series, 1999. ISBN 1 874754 70 5.
     
  • NAYLOR, Diane - The Chatsworth Villages - Beeley, Edensor & Pilsley. Landmark, 2005. ISBN 1-84306-198-8.
     
  • TAYLOR, Keith - Baslow, Rowsley, Edensor, Pilsley, Beeley. Ashridge Press/Country Books, 2008. ISBN 978-1-906789-06-0.
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Cemeteries

Trevor RICKARD has a photograph of the Duke of Devonshire family graves on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2011.

Philip HALLING has a photograph of the Grave of Kathleen Devonshire (nee Kennedy) on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2014.

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Census

  • The parish was in the Bakewell sub-district of the Bakewell Registration District.
     
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
     
Census
Year
Piece No.
1851 H.O. 107 / 2149
1861 R.G. 9 / 2540
1891 R.G. 12 / 2774
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Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Peter.
     
  • The church is of Norman origin, but the date of construction is not reported.
     
  • The church was almost entirely rebuilt in 1867.
     
  • The church seats 250.
     
  • Roger McLACHLAN has a photograph of St. Peter's Church on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2006.
     
  • Graham HOGG also has a photograph of St. Peter's Church on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2012.
     
  • David SMITH also has a photograph of the north-side of St. Peter's Church on Geo-graph, taken in August, 2017,
     
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Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1540.
     
  • A CD containing a transcription of The Parish Registers of St Peter's Church is available for purchase from Valerie NEAL.
     
  • Michael SPENCER has provided an extract of Parish Register burials for.your use. Your additions and corrections are welcomed.
     
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Bakewell.
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Civil Registration

  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.
     
  • The parish was in the Bakewell sub-district of the Bakewell Registration District.
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Description & Travel

"EDENSOR-WITH-CHATSWORTH and PILSLEY hamlet forming a parish, in the hundred of High Peak, is remarkable as containing one of the wonders of the Peak, viz. the splendid seat of His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, which is situate about four miles N. E. of Bakewell. The house is built in the ionic order, with a flat roof, surrounded by a neat balustrade; its form is nearly a square, of about 190 feet surrounding a spacious quadrangular court, having a fountain in the centre, surmounted by a Statue of Orpheus. The principal entrance, on the west is by a noble flight of steps to a terrace, the whole length of the building; the fronts which form the quadrangle are decorated with rich sculptures, representing military trophies."

[Description from Pigot and Co's Commercial Directory for Derbyshire, 1835]

  • David SMITH has a photograph of the village from the south-west on Geo-graph, taken in August, 2017.
     
  • Chris GUNNS has a photograph of the Emperor Fountain in Chatsworth township on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2017.
     
  • Pilsley sits on a rise above Edensor. It did not have its own church and divine services were held at the local schoolhouse by the vicar from Edensor.
     
You can see pictures of Edensor which are provided by:

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Directories

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Gazetteers

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Genealogy

Sir Joseph Paxton died at his home at Rockhills, Sydenham, in 1865 and was buried on the Chatsworth Estate in St Peter's Churchyard, Edensor.

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Edensor has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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History

Mary, Queen of Scots, was held prisoner at Chatsworth House in 1570.

The new village of Edensor was built in 1858 on a site close to the old church and invisible from Chatsworth House.

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Manors

Ian S. has a photograph of the entrance to Chatsworth House on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2015.

There are also photograph of Chatsworth House decorated for Christmas on Pinterest.

A garden design dating back to 1699 has been revealed in the drought-withered lawns of Chatsworth House. Reported in Archaeology Magazine, Nov/Dec 2018.

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Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK251700 (Lat/Lon: 53.226456, -1.625487), Edensor which are provided by:

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Military History

During World War I the Red Cross established Chatsworth Royal Naval Convalescent Hospital here. It opened in September 1915.

The Chatsworth Library was used for storage during World War II.

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Military Records

Basher EYRE has a photograph of the memorial plaque to Peverill HALL on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2015.

Basher EYRE has a photograph of the World War II memorial plaque on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2015.

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Names, Geographical

  • Most readers will know this already, but just in case not, this place-name is pronounced 'EnZer'!
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Obituaries

Jane TAYLOR in Redcar contributes this snippet from the Derby Mercury of December 8, 1803 DIED:"At Edensor, in this county, the Rev. James PEAKE, M.A. Domestic Chaplain to his Grace the Duke of Devonshire, Rector of Kingsley, in the county of Stafford, minister of Edensor, and of Cartmel, in the county of Lancaster."

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Occupations

  • Many local craftsmen and artisans would have been employed at Chatsworth. One such was John GARDOM, an ironsmith of Baslow, who worked as an assistant to Jean Tijou, the French master ironsmith employed at Chatsworth. GARDOM is also believed to have been responsible for the garden gates at Beauchief Hall, and for the garden ironwork at Hassop Hall.
    (Ref: A History of Derbyshire, Gladwyn TURBUTT, 1999)
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Politics & Government

  • This place was an ancient parish in county Derby and it became a modern Civil Parish when those were established.
     
  • This parish was in the ancient High Peak Hundred (or Wapentake) in the Western division of the county.
     
  • The citizens of this parish have elected to forgo a formal Parish Council and instead hold periodic Parish Meetings to discuss civic and Political issues.
     
  • District governance is provided by the Peak District Council.
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Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Bakewell petty session hearings.
     
  • As a result of the Poorlaw Amendment Act reforms of 1834, this parish became a member of the Bakewell Poorlaw Union.
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Population

The population 1811 was 601.

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Schools

A Public Elementary School was built here in 1839.

A Public Elementary School (girls and infants) was built in Pilsley in 1843.

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Social Life & Customs

The annual Royal Horticultural Society Chatsworth flower show is quite popular and draws tourists from around the country.

Steve FAREHAM has a photograph of the Chatsworth Flower Show on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2017.

Steve FAREHAM also provides a close-up of one the Stainless steel dandelions on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2017.