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Longstone

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GREAT LONGSTONE, a chapelry in the parish of Bakewell, hundred of High Peak, county Derby, 3 miles N.W. of Bakewell, its post town, and 12 W. of Chesterfield. It is a station on the Buxton branch of the Midland railway. The townships of Holme, Little Longstone, and a portion of Wardlow, are included in this chapelry The impropriation belongs to the Dean and Chapter of Lichfield. The vicarial tithes of Great and Little Longstone were commuted for land under an Enclosure Act in 1810.

The living is a perpetual curacy* in the diocese of Lichfield, value £180, in the gift of the vicar of the parish. The church is an ancient structure, dedicated to St. Giles. It contains monuments of the Eyre family, earls of Newburgh. There is a school, with an endowment of £15. The other charities produce about £30 per annum. The Wesleyans have a chapel. The Duke of Devonshire is lord of the manor. Longstone Hall is the principal residence." [Recorded as LONGSTONE MAGNA in Gazetteer -RL 2003]

"HOLME, a township in the parish of Bakewell, hundred of High Peak, county Derby, a quarter of a mile N. of Bakewell. In conjunction with the chapelry of Great Longstone it forms a township."

"LITTLE LONGSTONE, a township in the parish of Bakewell, hundred of High Peak, county Derby, 3½ miles N. W. of Bakewell. It is situated in the vicinity of the river Wye, at the base of some lofty hills. Divine service is performed in a room in which a Sunday-school is also held." [Recorded as LONGSTONE PARVA in Gazetteer -RL 2003]”

from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868

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Bibliography

THORNHILL, Robert - Longstone Notes. Edited by M L STUART and published by Longstone Local History Group, 1992.
Robert THORNHILL was born in 1892. He always had a keen interest in local and family history, and on his death, in 1973, the archives and papers he'd collected during his lifetime were presented to the Derbyshire Record Office. This publication reproduces his "Notes on Longstone Church, Village and People"; with two Appendixes. The first Appendix is a summary of the Will of the author's great grandfather, another Robert Thornhill who died in 1820; the second Appendix lists a selection of Robert Thornhill's other publications - mainly articles in Derbyshire Miscellany, the bulletin of the Local History Section of the Derbyshire Archaeological Society.

Note: This may be out of print, but Local Libraries in Derbyshire should have copies. Rosemary Lockie's copy is a slim A5-size booklet with a blue cover.

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Census

  • The parish was in the Bakewell sub-district of the Bakewell Registration District.
     
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
     
Census
Year
Piece No.
1851 H.O. 107 / 2149
1861 R.G. 9 / 2539
1891 R.G. 12 / 2773
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Church History

  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Giles.
     
  • The church was constructed in the 13th century.
     
  • The church was restored in 1873.
     
  • The church seats 300.
     
  • Alan HEARDMAN has a photograph of St. Giles Church at Geo-graph, taken in 2008.
     
  • John SALMON has a photograph of the church interior at Geo-graph, taken in 1991.
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Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1638.
     
  • A CD containing a transcription of The Parish Registers of St Giles's Church (also including Sheldon) is available for purchase from Valerie Neal.
     
  • Here is a list of Longstone Parish Registers available on Microfilm from LDS Family History Libraries. Film Numbers are reproduced on GENUKI by kind permission of the Genealogical Society of Utah.
Parish registers, 1637-1955. Microfilm Number
Baptisms, 1637-1742, 1765-1882;
Marriages, 1637-1739, 1766-1817;
Burials, 1637-1742, 1765-1812
1041704
item 5-10.
Marriages, 1855-1765, 1817-1881;
Banns of Marriage, 1868-1880;
Burials, 1813-1882.
1041705
item 1-6
Baptisms 1883-1955
Marriages 1880-1943
1751996
item 5-6
 
Bishops' Transcripts, 1665-1864. Microfilm Number
Baptisms, marriages and burials, 1665-1812 0428922
item 1
Baptisms, marriages and burials, 1813-1864 0498099
item 3
  • The Bishops' Transcripts covering the period 1665-1864, are known to have gaps 1667-69; 1681-83; 1750-53; 1757-67.
     
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Bakewell.
     
  • There was a Wesleyan Methodist chapel built here before 1891.
     
  • Alan HEARDMAN has a photograph of the Methodist chapel on Station Road on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2008.
     
  • There was a Congregationalist chapel built here before 1891.
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Civil Registration

  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.
     
  • The parish was in the Bakewell sub-district of the Bakewell Registration District.
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Description & Travel

To my mind, at least, LONGSTONE tends to be synonymous with Great Longstone [Rosmary LOCKIE, 2010].
You can see pictures of Longstone which are provided by:

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Directories

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Gazetteers

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Longstone has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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History

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Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK200720 (Lat/Lon: 53.244649, -1.701754), Longstone which are provided by:

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Military History

  • Alan HEARDMAN has a photograph of the War Memorial on Main Street on the Geo-graph website.
     
  • The War Memorial is a Grade II listed structure with British Heritage.
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Obituaries

Jane TAYLOR in Redcar contributes this snippet from the Derby Mercury of December 8, 1803: DIED: "On Thursday last in the 72nd year of his age, Robert WRIGHT Esq. of Great Longstone, one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace for this county."

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Politics & Government

  • This place was an ancient township in Bakewell parish in Derbyshire and became a separate, modern Civil Parish in December, 1866.
     
  • This parish was in the ancient High Peak Hundred (or Wapentake).
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Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Bakewell petty session hearings each Friday.
     
  • There is an index of Longstone Bastardy Papers held at the DRO on the Yesterdays Journey website. Select "Bastardy Papers" on the left side, then "Great Longstone" from the list of parishes displayed.
     
  • As a result of the Poorlaw Amendment Act reforms of 1834, this parish became a member of the Bakewell Poorlaw Union.