ROSLISTON, a parish in the hundred of Repton, county Derby, 4 miles S.W. of Burton-on-Trent, its post town, and 4 N.W. of the Oakley railway station. The village, which is of small extent, is chiefly agricultural. The tithes have been commuted for a rent-charge of £90, and the glebe comprises 60 acres. The living is a perpetual curacy in the diocese of Lichfield, value £180. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, was rebuilt by subscription in 1827, with the exception of the spired tower. There are Sunday and day schools, supported by voluntary contributions. The Baptists have a place of worship.”

from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868


Archives & Libraries

Rosliston village is served by the Mobile Library on route 5, which stops on the Main Street every fourth Thursday in the early afternoon.



Colin PARK also has a photograph of St. Mary's Church and churchyard on Geo-graph, taken in August, 2017.



  • The parish was in the Gresley sub-district of the Burton on Trent Registration District.
  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:
Piece No.
1861 R.G. 9 / 1963
1891 R.G. 12 / 2200

Church History

  • There was an earlier church here, probably of Norman origin.
  • The Anglican parish church is dedicated to Saint Mary the Virgin.
  • The church was re-built in 1819 from the earlier building.
  • The church tower and spire are from a much older chapel that stood on this site from the 14th century.
  • The church seats 120. (This number varies considerably depending on source.)
  • Geoff PICK has a photograph of St. Mary's Church on Geo-graph, taken in May, 2004.

Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1568 for burials and baptisms, and from 1570 for marriages.
  • Michael SPENCER provides an extract of Parish Register burials in a text file for your review. Your additions and corrections are welcomed.
  • Rob BURNS has a One-Parish Study of Rosliston with census and church records you should examine.
  • The church was in the rural deanery of Repton.
  • The United Methodists had a chapel here by 1912.

Civil Registration

  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.
  • The parish was in the Gresley sub-district of the Burton on Trent Registration District.

Correctional Institutions

Jane TAYLOR in Redcar has this announcement from the Derby Mercury of 3 October, 1804: "MISC: At the General Quarter Session of the Peace for this county, which ended here this day,- John POINTER, for stealing a strike and a half of wheat out of a barn in the parish of Rolleston, to be imprisoned 12 months."


Description & Travel

"ROSLISTON is a parish (having no dependent town-ship), in the hundred of Repton and Gresley, 4 miles and a half S.W. from Burton-upon-Trent. The church, which is dedicated to St. Mary, was rebuilt by subscription in 1827; the living is a curacy, subordinate to the rectory of Walton-upon-Trent. The parish contained, in 1831, 360 persons, being one more inhabitant than it contained, at the census taken in 1821."

[Description from Pigot and Co's Commercial Directory for Derbyshire, 1835]

The parish is 121 miles north of London and is due south of Burton-on-Trent.

Alex McGREGOR has a photograph of the Village Sign on Geo-graph, taken in January, 2014. Surely you could use your artistic talent and creative nature to make them a more enticing sign.

J. THOMAS also has a photograph of the Village Sign on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2012.

You can see pictures of Rosliston which are provided by:






Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Rosliston has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.



  • The parish feast has traditionally been on the Sunday after September 12th.
  • Brian WEBSTER has a photograph of the South Derbyshire Miners Memorial on Geo-graph, taken in May, 2007.
  • Mick MALPASS has a photograph of The Bulls Head in Rosliston on Geo-graph, taken in July, 2011.
  • J. THOMAS has a side-view of The Bulls Head on Geo-graph, taken in October, 2012.
  • These are the names associated with the Bulls Head in various directories:
Year Person
1829 Joseph SHAW, vict.
1835 Joseph SHAW
1855 George WETTON, vict.
1857 George WOTTON, vict.
1874 Alan DURRANT, joiner
1891 Harry PEACH
1912 Harry PEACH


There is an 1840 land occupancy map for Rosliston available from the Derby Record Office.

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK243167 (Lat/Lon: 52.747379, -1.641457), Rosliston which are provided by:


Military History

  • There is a Calvary Cross in St. Mary's Churchyard outside the south church door dedicated to the men of both World Wars who died.
  • The parish has a row of Chestnut trees which are a Holocaust Memorial, dedicated 27 January 2011 at the Rosliston Forestry Centre.
  • In 2011, a new War Memorial was added inside St. Mary's Church.

Military Records

There are the 2 men from World War II in Commonwealth War Graves in Rosliston churchyard:

  1. Pte. William Henry GEARY, RASC, died 10 Feb 1941, age 25, husband of Beatrice Maud GEARY
  2. L/Cpl Martin Edward HOUGH, Leics. Regt., died 24 March 1946, age 39, husband of Ida Annie HOUGH

In St. Mary's church there is a white marble tablet to the memory of Private Albert E. BURTON of the Royal Scots Fusiliers who died in France on 26 Sept. 1917 at age 30.

Also in the churchyard is a family gravestone with this addition: "Jessie F. ELSON, killed in action at Anzio in 1944 age 20."


Names, Geographical

The parish and village sometimes are misspelled as "Rolleston".


Politics & Government

  • This place was an ancient Chapelry of Walton Parish in Derby county, but was incorporated as a separate, modern Civil Parish when those were established.
  • This parish was in the ancient Repton and Greasley Hundred (or Wapentake) in the southern division of the county.
  • You may contact the Rosliston Parish Council regarding civic or political issues, but they are NOT staffed to assist with family history searches. They also have a Facebook page.
  • District governance is provided by the South Derbyshire District Council.

Poor Houses, Poor Law

  • Bastardy cases would be heard in the Swadlincote petty seeesion hearings every other Tuesday.
  • There is a partial list of Rosliston Bastardy Papers held at the DRO on the Yesterdays Journey website. Select "Bastardy Papers" on the left side, then "Rosliston" from the list displayed.
  • In 1802, Rosliston and some neighboring parishes formed a Poorlaw Union under the Gilbert Act of 1782. A House of Industry was built in Rosliston. This building was sold after the formation of the Burton-on-Trent Poorlaw Union and was later demolished.
  • What were the Rules for the House of Industry?
  • As a result of the 1834 Poorlaw Amendment Act, this parish became a member of the Burton upon Trent Poorlaw Union.

Probate Records

In an 1858 Will, James PIPE, a Rosliston farmer mentions:

  • wife Louisa
  • bro in law Thomas BACH Coton in the Elms farmer
  • M. A. BACK, witness


Mike SPENCER contributes a list of School Admissions.