Description from Cassell's Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland, 1899 Transcription by Brian WiILLEY © 2005
Township, Chapelry and village; parish of Hathersage, North Derbyshire, 5 miles north-north-east of Bakewell. Acreage, 1,168.
The chapel of St. Martin, at the lower end of the village, is an octagonal building erected in 1759, in place of an earlier structure, of which the Perpendicular tower remains. Here is a Wesleyan chapel.
A charity of £7.5s. yearly is for clothing; there is also a Christmas dole of £3.
The village has a very picturesque appearance, some of the houses being situated one above the other on the ledges of rock, and others at the foot of the overhanging precipices which rise above them. Near to the village, on the road to Tideswell, and at the foot of a hill, is a fine spring, discharging a great volume of water, which in a dry summer is of great service to the district. In the village is a warm spring, possessing all the properties for curing rheumatism, for which Buxton is so much frequented.
The baths were erected by the second Lord Denman on the site of an ancient bath of supposed roman origin. Here are places for manufacturing barites and, in the dale, are several limekilns. The seat of Lord Denman, near the church, is a gabled mansion of stone, in grounds of about 4 acres; through which a brook meanders and creates a waterfall, and when the mines do not discharge too much refuse, trout abound in the brook, which flows into the Derwent.
Nearest Railway station: Rowsley, 4½ miles.
Distance from London: 149 miles.
Population: 423 (Census 1891)
[Content dated 1892]
[Transcribed by Brian WILLEY in July 2005]