The Hundred of Hartland and the Geld Roll
Trans. Devon Assoc., vol. XXVI, (1894), pp. 416-418.
Oswald J. Reichel, B.C.L. & M.A., F.S.A.
Prepared by Michael Steer
The paper was presented in August at the Association’s July 1894 South Molton Conference. Taxation in medieval England was the system of raising money for royal and governmental expenses. During the Anglo-Saxon period, the main forms of taxation were land taxes, although custom duties and fees to mint coins were also imposed. The most important tax of the late Anglo-Saxon period was the geld, a land tax first regularly collected in 1012 to pay for mercenaries. After the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, the geld continued to be collected until 1162, but it was eventually replaced with taxes on personal property and income. In this paper, the author has provided a template that he suggests would be useful in correctly identifying the myriad place-names to be found in the Devonshire Domesday Book. To this end he has focussed on locating the several unusual names in Hartland Hundred’s Geld Roll. The article, from a copy of a rare and much sought-after journal can be downloaded from the Internet Archive. Google has sponsored the digitisation of books from several libraries. These books, on which copyright has expired, are available for free educational and research use, both as individual books and as full collections to aid researchers.
|Baldwin the Sheriff||417-8|
|Coluin the Reeve||417|
|Coutances, Bishop of||417-8|
|Bocheland (Beckland)||416, 418|
|Herlescombe (Yarnscombe)||416, 418|
|Hertiland; Hertitone (Hartland)||416|
|Hole cum Hardsworthy||417|
|Nistenestoch (Stoke St Nectan)||416|
|Stoke St Nectan||417|