Name Index


Notes on the Devonshire Colic and its connection to Cider

Trans. Devon Assoc., vol. 17 (1885), pp. 324-334.


Frederick Willcocks

Prepared by Michael Steer

Devon colic is a condition caused by lead poisoning that occurred in Devonians during parts of the 17th and 18th centuries. The first written account comes from 1655. Symptoms began with severe abdominal pains and the condition was occasionally fatal. William Musgrave's publication De arthritide symptomatica (1715) included the first scientific description of "Devonshire colic" However, the precise cause was not discovered until the 1760s when Dr George Baker observed that the symptoms were similar to those of lead poisoning. He pointed out that lead was used in the cider making process both as a component of the cider presses and in the form of lead shot which was used to clean them. Publication of his results met with some hostile reaction from cider manufacturers, keen to defend their product. Google with the Archive Organization has sponsored the digitisation of books from several libraries. The Internet Archive makes available, in its Community Texts Collection (originally known as Open Source Books), books that have been digitised by Google from a number of libraries. These are books on which copyright has expired, and are available free for educational and research use. This rare book was produced from a copy held by the University of Michigan Library, and is available from the Internet Archive.
Andrew, Dr 332
Baker, Sir Frederick 331
Baker, Rev George 331-3
Baker, Sir George Bt. MD 325, 329-31, 334
Bamfylde, Sir Richard Warwick Bt 331
Blane, Sir Gilbert, Bt, MD, FRS 327
Boerhaave 329
Budd, Dr Christian 333-4
Cecil, Secretary 327
Citois, Dr Francois 332
Courtenay, Sir William Bt 328
Drewe, Rev Herman 327
Dymond, R 328
Edward I 326
Elizabeth I 325, 328
George I 328
George III 331
Hawker, Rev Treasurer 324
Harrison 325-6
Henry IV 326
Henry VII 326
Henry VIII 326
Hollinshed 325-6
Humphrey, Ozias RA 331
Huxham, Dr John 330-2
Huxham, Dr Samuel 325, 327-32
Jenner 327
Lind 327
Lysons 325
Munk, Dr 328
Munk, William MD 328-9, 331
Musgrave, Richard 328
Musgrave, Samuel 328
Musgrave, Dr William 325, 328, 332
Oliver, Dr 326
Parker, John Esq 331
Peacock, Edward FSA 329
Pole, Sir John Bt 328
Polwhele 325, 327, 329-30, 333
Richelieu, Cardinal 332
Rolle, Robert Esq 328
Stallenge, William 326
Westcote 326-7
Weston, Dr Stephen 331
Worth, Mr 330