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Monmouth Rebels 1685

Provided by Jean E. Harris, Toronto, Canada

 

The Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries Vol 6 1910/11 (Karl Cherry - pgs 12-16) and Vol 42 (J.B.R. - pgs 63-64) have articles about the Devon men who were tried and executed for taking part in this rebellion. All of the following names and details of the 1685 broadside are taken from Vol 6.

On 5th October 1685 the Justices of Peace in Devon issued an order that the Bishop of Exeter requested the clergy to publish. Author Karl Cherry writes that a copy of this broadside "may be seen in the Exeter Reference Library" and in the same library ". . . an interesting contemporary volume Western Martyrology, or Bloody Assize". Information he gave relating to their sentences, etc., are from the Gaol Book of the Western Circuit for the Autumnal Assizes 1685, and the Vernal and Autumnal Assizes, 1686.

Cherry's conclusions at the end of his article:

"A careful consideration of these documents will show that the "Black Assize" so far as Devon was concerned, was not so black as had been painted by Macaulay, who borrowed almost verbatim from the ultra-Protestant Western Martyology, already quoted. The result of that Assize, as far as Devonians were concerned, was as follows:
     Indicted at Exeter, 41; executed, 2
     Indicted at Dorchester, 13; executed, 12."

1685 BROADSIDE:

AN ACCOUNT
of the
PROCEEDINGS
against the
REBELS
at an ASSIZE holden at
EXETER

On the 14th of this Instant September 1685, where in the Number of
     26 Persons were tryed for High Treason and found Guilty.

As also an Account of the several Persons Names that were appointed
     to be Executed, and the places they are to be Executed at.

SIR,
I Having already given an Account of the Proceedings at Dorchester;
I shall now proceed to that at Exeter; where of the 14th of
this instant, were Arraigned for High Treason the Persons whose
names follow,

John OliverThomas Broughton
Henry KnightPeter Bird
Abraham HuntJohn Kamplin
Christopher CooperJohn Gosling
Edmond BovetJohn Sprake
Samuel PotsWilliam Clegg
William Siller, junWalter Teape
John KnowlesJames Cox
John FolletTimothy Dunkin
Elias HolmanJohn Ross
William ParsonsThomas Connet
Thomas Quintin 

     The Persons above-named, being in Number, Twenty Three, were
Indicted for High Treason, and upon their Arraignment of Death,
pleaded Guilty, and have since received Judgment.
     John Foweracres and Robert Drower putting themselves upon
Tryal were found Guilty, and received Judgment as the former.
     Thomas Hobbs, Tryed for proclaiming Monmouth King at Crediton
in the County of Devon, was found Guilty, and received Judgment.
     These are all the persons that were Tryed at Exeter and received
Judgment, in Number Twenty Six, out of which Number, Fourteen are
ordered to be Executed at the several places following, viz:-

John Foweracres, Executed at Exeter
Thomas Hobbs, at Crediton
William PARSONS   )   at Ottery St Mary
Thomas Quintin) 
John Sprake)at Collyton
William Clegg) 
John Oliver) 
Henry Knight) 
Samuel Pots)at Honiton
John Knowles) 
Thomas Broughton) 
John Gosling) 
Timothy Dunkin)at Axminster
John Ross) 

     The Heads and Quarters of these Persons are to be fixed where
the King shall appoint.
                               Your Servant, T.S.
                              September 15 15th, 1685
    This may be printed. R.L.S.
    September the 25th 1685

    LONDON; Printed by E.Mallet in Black-Horse-Alley near
                         Fleet-Bridge, 1685

LIST OF DEVON NAMES from Vol 6:

         *from 1685 broadside and in the Gaol Book of the Western Circuit for the
Autumnal Assizes, 1685, and Vernal & Autumnal Assizes, 1686
         **from the contemporary volume Western Martyrology, or Bloody Assize
         ***   from a MS in the Bodleian Library (Oxford) [as Cherry's article]
         BIRD*Peter 
         BOVET*Edmund 
         BROUGHTON*Thomas 
         BULL
 
John
 
of Axminster
executed @ Bridport, Dorset***
         BULL
 
Robert
 
of Axminster
executed @ Bridport, Dorset***
         CLAP
 
T.
 
of Sidmouth
executed @ Bridport, Dorset***
         CLEGG*
 
William
 
of Colyton
executed @ Colyton **
         COLLIER
 
G.
 
of Uplyme
executed @ Bridport, Dorset***
         CONNETT*Thomas 
         COOK
 
T.
 
of Kilmington
executed @ Bridport, Dorset***
         COOPER*Christopher 
         COX*James 
         DROWER*
 
Robert
 
convicted & sentenced to death
but afterwards reprieved
         DUNKIN*Timothy 
         EVANSMr (a minister)   executed @ Honiton **
         FOLLET*John 
         FOWRACRES*John 
         GOSLING*John 
         HALL
 
Richard
 
of Colyton
executed @ Sheborne, Dorset**
         HOBBS*
 
 
 
Thomas
 
 
 
convicted with Lewis JAMES for
high treason in proclaiming
Monmouth king, HOBBS alone being
left for execution.
         HOLMAN*Elias 
         HUNT*Abraham 
         JAMES
 
 
 
 
Lewis
 
 
 
 
his name does NOT appear on the
broadside BUT is recorded in the
Gaol Book with the others. Convicted
of high treason in proclaiming
Monmouth king
         KAMPLIN*John 
         KNIGHT*Henry 
         KNOWLES*John 
         LEE
 
John
 
of Buckerell
executed @ Bridport, Dorset***
         OLIVER*John 
         PARSONS*William 
         PINNEY
 
Amyas
 
of Axmouth
executed @ Bridport, Dorset***
         POTTS*Samuelexecuted @ Honiton**
         QUINTIN*Thomas 
         QUINTON
 
William
 
of Shute
executed @ Bridport, Dorset***
         ROSS*
(or ROSE)
 
John
 
 
executed @ Axminster**
(not a local man, but a gunner who
landed with Monmouth)
         SANDFORD
 
Benjamin
 
of Combpyne
executed @ Bridport, Dorset***
         SAVAGE
 
John
 
of Colyton
executed @ Sherborne, Dorset**
         SILLER*William Jun 
         SPRAKE*
 
John
 
of Axmouth
executed @ Bridport, Dorset***
         SPRAKE
(or SPRAGUE)
John
 
of Colyton
executed @ Colyton**
         TEAPE*Walter 
         Two others unnamed executed @ Honiton**
            
         TWELVE OTHERS, whose names do not appear on the broadsheet,
were convicted of speaking seditious words. Except for Henry
ABBOTT, who was fined five pounds, their sentences do not appear
(in the Gaol Book of Dorchester):
            
         ABBOTHenry 
         BURROUGHStephen 
         CRANERobert 
         CRANERobert (sic) 
         CURTISWilliam 
         FISHERWilliam 
         HADDERWilliam 
         HOLMESJohn 
         SEARLERobert 
         SMALERIDGEJohn 
         SMITHJacob 
         STAPLESamuel 
            
         Two others were charged with "wilfully suffering George Legg to escape":
            
         GAMMONDaniel"was acquitted"
         BREWERJohn"sentence on Brewer not recorded"