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Devon County Members of Parliament, Part V. The Early Oligarchic Period (1688-1760)

Trans. Devon Assoc., vol. 48, (1916), pp. 320-340

by

J.J. Alexander

Prepared by Michael Steer

The paper was read at the Association’s July 26th, 1917 Barnstaple meeting.  The early oligarchic period in this series of papers focuses on Devon’s Members of Parliament during the reigns of the late Stuarts and early Hanoverians. This was a period when the monarch was no longer the most important element in the English constitution. In theory the king now ruled, not by right of inheritance, but by the will of the people, and in virtue of an implied contract with them. Therefore, the House of Commons, which was presumed to represent the people, and was entrusted with the enforcement of the contract, was the supreme authority. However, in practice the Lower House did not represent the people. It was usually controlled by a few dozen territorial magnates, of whom some were peers, and others were wealthy men who wanted titles; some were honest patriots, and others were greedy adventurers. These magnates possessed extensive patronage. Through their influence in the smaller boroughs they secured the return of members pledged to vote as they wished; and among unpledged members their following was augmented by money presents, gifts of appointments, and the allurements of social position. The paper is from a copy of a rare and much sought-after journal that can be downloaded from the Internet Archive. Google has sponsored the digitisation of books from several libraries. These books, on which copyright has expired, are available for free educational and research use, both as individual books and as full collections to aid researchers.

 

  Page
Abingdon, Earl of 371
Acland, Elizabeth 374
Acland, Elizabeth Dyke 374
Acland, Sir Hugh 374
Acland, Sir Thomas 370
Acland, Sir Thomas Dyke 374-5
Albemarle, Christopher Duke of 365
Albemarle, George Duke of 365
Anne, Queen 366, 368-9, 372
Aylesbury, Robert Earl of 372
Aylesford, Second Earl of 374
Baker, Charles 366
Bampfylde, Sir Charles Warwick 374
Bampfylde, Sir Coplestone 373
Bampfylde, Sir Coplestone Warwick 368, 373-5
Bampfylde, Gertrude 373
Bampfylde, Hugh 373
Bampfylde, Jane 374
Bampfylde, John 369, 373, 375
Bampfylde, Margaret 373
Bampfylde, Sir Richard Warwick 370, 374-5
Bertie, Anne 371
Boscawen, Bridget 374
Boscawen, High 374
Bovey, Mary 370
Bruce, Christiana 372
Bute, Lord 370
Carew, Sir John 373
Carew, Gertrude 373
Chandler 369
Charles II 366
Clinton, Arabella 371
Clinton, Baron 374
Codrington, Jane 374
Codrington, Colonel John 374
Courtenay, Anne 371
Courtenay, Francis Esq. 366-7, 370-1, 375
Courtenay, Margaret 370
Courtenay, Mary 370
Courtenay, Sir William 366-75
Courtenay, Sir William Snr 374-5
Coxe 370
Crawthorne, Matthew 365
Drewe, Francis 371
Drewe, Margaret 371
Drewe, Mary 371
Drewe, Thomas 367, 371, 375
Duke, Elizabeth 372
Duke, Richard 372
Dyke, Elizabeth 374
Dyke, Thomas 374
Fenwick 366
Finch, Heneage, Earl of Aylesford 374
Finch, Frances 374
Fortescue, Bridget 374
Fortescue, Hugh 374
Fortescue, Theophilus 369-70, 374-5
George I 368, 373
George II 366, 368, 373
George III 364, 370, 375
Hutchings, Richard 366
James I 363
James II 365-7
Lincoln, IV Earl of 371
Louis XIV 367
Morice, Anne 372
Morice, Sir William 372
Oldmixon 367
Pelham, Henry 369, 373
Pole, Sir Courtenay 371
Pole, Elizabeth 372
Pole, Sir John 367-8, 371-2, 375
Pole, Urith 371
Pole, Sir William 368, 372, 375
Prideaux, Sir Peter 371
Prideaux, Margaret 371
Risdon, Tristram 367
Rolle, Arabella 371
Rolle, Christiana 372
Rolle, Elizabeth 372
Rolle, Henry 369-70, 373, 375
Rolle, Isabella Charlotte 372
Rolle, John 368, 372-3, 375
Rolle, John 2 372
Rolle, Sir John, M.P. 368
Rolle, Robert 368, 371-2, 375
Rolle, Samuel, Esq. 365-7, 370-1, 375
Sacheverell 368
Seymour, Sir Edward 366-7
Shapcote, Anne 372
Shapcote, Thomas 372
Shapcote, Urith 371
Waller, Margaret 370
Waller, Sir William 370
Walpole 369-70, 373-4
Walrond, Mary 371
Walrond, Richard 371
Walter, Isabella Charlotte 372
Walter, Sir William 372-3
Warre, Margaret 374
Warre, Sir Francis 374
Warry, Elizabeth 372
Warry, Robert 372
William III 365-7, 370
Wills, Samuel 366
Wrothe, Elizabeth 374
Wrothe, Sir Thomas 374