Periam Pole

Devon & Cornwall Notes & Queries vol. VII, (1912-1913), Exeter: James G. Commin. 1913, p. 206-209.


A.J.P. Skinner

Prepared by Michael Steer

The Note’s author queries the accuracy of Pole family heraldry on a memorial inscription in Cofton Church to George Kendal, D.D., Exeter College, Oxford, and his wife Mary, daughter of Periam Pole of Talaton. This Note refers to Notes on Churches, Deanery of Kenn, page 57 this volume. The article, from a copy of a rare and much sought-after journal can be downloaded from the Internet Archive. Google has sponsored the digitisation of books from several libraries. These books, on which copyright has expired, are available for free educational and research use, both as individual books and as full collections to aid researchers

Note 146. PERIAM POLE. - In Notes on Churches, Deanery of Kenn, page 57, is given the memorial inscription in Cofton Church to George Kendal, D.D., Exeter College, Oxford, and his wife Mary, daughter of Periam Pole of Talaton. On page 58 are given the arms of Kendal impaling Pole of Talaton. Why do the arms of Periam Pole differ, by having lozenges instead of fleur-de-lys, from the arms borne by his father and forefathers - Pole of Shute? One would have thought his arms would have been the same with the cadency difference of a third son. His descendants in Ireland bore the same arms as Pole of Shute, and the eventual heir, William Pole-Wellesley, Baron Maryborough, bore the arms of Pole of Shute in the first and fourth quarters of his shield.

Periam Pole, baptized at Shute 16 August, 1592, was the third son of Sir William Pole of Colcombe, Colyton, knight (the historian of Devon), and his wife Mary, daughter and co-heiress of Sir William Periam of Fulford, knight, Lord Chief Baron of the King's Majesties' Exchequer. He married at Colyton 1 January, 1617, Dorothy, daughter of John Hippisley, of Camley, Somerset. She is described in the Colyton registers as of "Stippleton." The Talaton registers have the entry: -

1642. Periam Pole, gent., was buried 29 August.

His will was proved in the Court of the Archdeacon of Exeter, 21 October, 1642. Peryam Pole of Talaton, esquire : All my lands in the maner of High Hayne in the burrough of Morton Hamsteed lyinge in the Parish of Moreton Hamsteed Co. Devon unto my fowr younger children to bee equally divided between them and I doo desire that my wife doo for them sell the saide lands for my fowr younger children to witt, Peryam Pole, Dorothy Pole, Mary Pole, and Theodore Pole, to have the money equally divided between them : Whereas I have subscribed two hundred pounds for Ireland I doo by this my will give and bequeath the benefit of that said subscription unto my younger sonnes v l - Peryam Pole and Theodore Pole: I doo give unto my son Nathaniell my roane nagge: I do constitute my wife to be the sole executrix to whome I giue and bequeath all the rest of my goods. Inventory appraised in six hundred and fifty pounds.

The will of his wife Dorothy was dated 24 Jan.; 1651; proved 18 Feb., 1651. P.C.C. (41 Bower). Dorothie Pole of Tallaton, widow: My daughters Dorothie and Marie Pole : my sons Theodor and Periam Pole: my son Nathanielle Pole sole executor. I am not able to give her burial, as the Talaton registers are missing between 1646 and 1653. The son Nathaniel, mentioned by his father and mother, is not given by Vivian in the Pole pedigree, page 603. The Talaton registers have the following entries: -

1655- Joanna Poole, dau. of Nathannell Poole, gent., born the ninth day of June.

1656. Elizabeth Pole, dau. of Nathaniell Pole, esqr., was born the sixth day of ffebruary.

1658. Susanna, dau. of Nathaniell Poole, esqr., borne 22 October.

1660. Jonne, wiffe to Nathanell Poole, gent., was buried 8th May.

After the death of his wife Nathaniel Pole probably emigrated to the United States of America, for Sir William Pole, fourth baronet, of Shute, Master of the Household to Queen Anne, in his will dated 6 May, 1733, proved 18 May, 1742, P.C.C. (165 Trenley), mentions - My kinsman William Pole of the Kingdom of Ireland Esq.: my kinsman Nathaniel Pole of New England linealy and regularly descended from Mr. Nathaniel Pole.

The son Periam settled in Ireland, probably with his brother Theodore, and was the ancestor of the Pole family of Ballyfin, the last of whom, William Pole, dying in 1778, devised his estate to his cousin, the Hon. William Wellesley, Baron Maryborough, brother to the Earl of Mornington, who took the name and arms of Pole by Act of Parliament.

The will of Periam's daughter, Dorothy Pole, was proved in the Court of the Archdeacon of Exeter 4 April, 1663, by her brother Nathaniel Pole. Dorothie Pole of Talliton, Co. Devon, spinster, dated 1 Dec, 1662. To the poore fortie shillings, brother Periam Pole twentie pounds, brother Theodor Pole fiftie pounds, Cosen George Tailor the younger sonne of George Tailor of Otterie St. Mary, gent, hue pounds. And whereas there remaines a considerable pte of my portion in my brother Nathaniell Pole's hands for which he hath made me a deed of gift of his goods, about which I have been att some charges alreadie and it maie be of greater to my executors in ye recouering of the same, my will is that my executors having received what is rightly due to me from my said brother Nathaniell with the charges and costs of suite should then pmitt and suffer my said brother Nathaniell to enjoy the residue and over plus (if any be) and then I also giue unto my said brother Nathaniell's three daughters, to witt, to his daughter Johane Pole fiftie pounds, to his daughter Elizabeth eightie pounds and to his daughter Susan one hundred pounds. The residue of all my goods and chattells I giue and bequeath unto my brother in law George Kendall doctor in divinitie, Mary his wife and Nathaniell Pole my brother whom I make my executors. Witnesses Geo. Taylor sen., Mary Carveth. The entry of her burial is not to be found in the Talaton Registers                    A.J.P.