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Help and advice for Croxdale

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"This district, comprising the townships of Hett and Sunderland Bridge, formerly belonging to the parishes of Merrington and St. Oswald respectively, with a small portion of the townships of Elvet and Ferryhill, was formed by an Order in Council, bearing date June 10, 1843. It is bounded on the north by the River Wear, on the north-west and west by Brancepeth parish, on the south by the road which divides the townships of Hett and Ferryhill in the parish of Merrington, and on the south-east and east by the parishes of Kelloe and Bishop Middleham. The population of the district in 1851 was 438 souls. "Hett, a township and village formerly included in the parish of Merrington, was attached to that of Croxdale in June 1843. The township comprises and area of 1279 acres, and its annual value is £2964. Sunderland Bridge is a township and village containing 1376 acres, and its annual value is £5673." [From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan, London, 1894]



"The number of inhabitants in 1801 was 157; in 1811, 178; in 1821, 233; in 1831, 227; in 1841, 234; in 1851, 234; in 1861, 227; in 1871, 394; in 1881, 338; and in 1891 was 357 souls."

Sunderland Bridge

"The population of the township in 1801 was 250; in 1811, 224; in 1821, 204; in 1831, 283; in 1841, 262; in 1851, 204; in 1861, 285; in 1871, 355; in 1881, 1372; and in 1891 was 1359 souls."
[From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan, London, 1894]


You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Croxdale area or see them printed on a map.


Church History

"The Church, built in 1845, and dedicated to St. Bartholomew, is a handsome structure in the Norman style, consisting of nave, chancel, and western tower, and is situated at the western extremity of the village of Sunderland Bridge. In exchange for the ancient chapel, Gerard Salvin, Esq., gave the site for this church, the old chapel being now their mortuary chapel. In 1878 the church was enlarged by adding a nave and new chancel; the new nave was added on the north side of the original one; this and the chancel are in Early Decorated style. The church will now seat 412. The cost of the enlargements, which was defrayed by grants and private donations, was about £2000. This was formerly a chapel under the parish of St. Oswald's, and in 1866 it was constituted a rectory. The value of the living, which is in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Durham, is £350; Rev. Edward Greatorex, M.A., rector.
"The Chapel of Ease, situated at Hett, is a structure of wood and plaster, dedicated to St. Michael, and was erected in 1881, having seats for 80."
[From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan, London, 1894]

There is a picture (30 kbytes) of the parish church of the Old Church, Croxdale; supplied by Richard Hird.

There is a further picture (31 kbytes) of the parish church of the Old Church, Croxdale; supplied by Richard Hird.

There is a picture (30 kbytes) of the parish church of the St. Bartholomew, Croxdale; supplied by Bill Henderson.


Church Records

The Parish Registers for the period 1696-1977 are deposited at Durham County Record Office, County Hall, Durham, DH1 5UL (EP/Cr).

Index to Baptisms 1813 to 1893.

Marriage indexes for 1732-1837 (7 kbytes) from the George Bell Collection of Durham and Northumberland Indexes.

The Marriages (1732-1837) are included in the Joiner Marriage Index.


Description and Travel

"The village of Hett is pleasantly situated about four miles south of Durham, and possesses a green of some acres in extent, round which the houses form a square. At the high end the Chapel of Ease to Croxdale is situated.
"Butcher Race is a hamlet in the township, on the Ferryhill road, about five miles south of Durham.
"Sunderland Bridge Village occupies a pleasant situation on the ridge of a steep hill between the River Wear and the Croxdale water, about three and a quarter miles south by west of Durham, and contains two public-houses and a few tradesmen's shops. There is a commodious school on the south side of the churchyard. A skirmish took place near this village on the morning of the day of the battle of Neville's Cross between the English troops and the Scots under Douglas; the latter of whom, having been foraging at Ferry-on-the-hill, fell in with the main force of the advancing English, and fled fighting and retreating till he lost 500 of his best men near this place. The Wear is here crossed by a handsome bridge of four arches.
"Croxdale Colliery Village, where the schools and the Primitive Chapel are situated, is a little beyond the station. It is rather a straggling village, but the houses seem to be well built, and comfortable.
"The Wearside iron and Coal Co. about the year 1875 opened out Croxdale Colliery. When fully employed, the output of this colliery amounts to 600 tons per day, which gives employment to 400 hands in the pit and at the coke ovens."
[From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan, London, 1894]

You can see pictures of Croxdale which are provided by:



Ask for a calculation of the distance from Croxdale to another place.

Click here for a list of nearby places.

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Croxdale has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.