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Egglescliffe

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"The parish of Egglescliffe is bounded on the north by Stockton, on the north-west by Redmarshall, on the west by Middleton St. George, and on the east and south by the river Tees. It comprises the townships of Aislaby, Egglescliffe, and Newsham.

"The village of Aislaby is situated one mile west-north-west of Yarm, and five south-west by south of Stockton. The old manor house is now used as a public house and farm.

" Egglescliffe Township contains 1350 acres, and the property assessed to the county rate in 1891 was valued at £10,939, 10s.

"The Stockton and Darlington Railway intersects this township, and has a station at Eaglescliffe Junction. The North-Eastern Railway enters the county of Durham at Egglescliffe by the Yarm Viaduct, a handsome structure of 43 arches, each of about 40 feet span; and the Yarm station, for passengers, goods, &c., is situated near the High Road.

"Egglescliffe is supposed to derive its name from Ecclesia Church-on-the-Cliffe, or, as it has been interpreted by those who claim an earlier origin, Church-by-the-Flood, being Celtic.

"The village of Egglescliffe is situated on the steep and lofty northern bank of the Tees, and overlooks the curve on that river which nearly surrounds the peninsula upon which the town of Yarm is situated. The time worn pedestal of an ancient cross stands in the open space in the centre of the village. A paper-mill was commenced here in 1830 by Charles T. Bainbridge & Sons, and is still carried on under the same name. Egglescliffe is connected to Yarm by a stone bridge, said to have been erected about the year 1400. It consisted originally of five pointed arches; and there is a tradition that the north arch was cut, and formed into a drawbridge, during the civil wars, when Egglescliffe, with Stockton, was garrisoned by the Royalists. The north arch has, since that time, been rebuilt in a semicircular form. An iron bridge was erected here in 1805, at a cost of £8000; but, owing to some defect in its construction, it fell in 1806, and has not since been restored.

"Urlay Nook is a hamlet in this township, about three-quarters of a mile north of Egglescliffe, where there is a chemical works."

[From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan , London, 1894]

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Cemeteries

The monumental inscriptions in the churchyard have been transcribed, indexed and published by the Cleveland Family History Society.

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Census

"The population of Aislaby in 1801 was 116; in 1811, 148; in 1821, 166; in 1831, 143; in 1841, 128; in 1851, 141; in 1861, 152; in 1871, 142; in 1881, 125; in 1891, 95 souls.

"The population of Egglescliffe Township in 1801 was 270; in 1811, 293; in 1821, 332; in 1831, 424; in 1841, 443; in 1851, 493; in 1861, 496; in 1871, 539; in 1881, 665; and in 1891, 791 souls."

[From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan , London, 1894]

The 1851 Census Index, booklet 1, was the first published by the Cleveland Family History Society and may be of value to researchers interested in this parish.

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Church History

"The Parish Church is dedicated to St. John the Baptist, and stands near the brink of the declivity which slopes from the western extremity of the village to Yarm bridge. It consists of nave, chancel, south aisle, and embattled tower, and will accommodate about 200 persons. The aisle just mentioned bears the name of Pemberton's Porch, and under an arch in its south wall is a recumbent effigy of a knight in chain armour, fully armed, with the legs crossed, and the feet resting on a lion. The church contains several mural monuments."

[From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan , London, 1894]

There is a picture (19 kbytes) of the parish church of St. John the Baptist, Egglescliffe; supplied by Paul R. Joiner.

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Church Records

"The parish register commences in 1539." [From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan , London, 1894]

The Parish Registers for the period 1539-1989 are deposited at Durham County Record Office, County Hall, Durham, DH1 5UL (EP/Eg).

Marriage indexes for 1540-1837 (35 kbytes) from the George Bell Collection of Durham and Northumberland Indexes.

The Marriages (1540-1837) are included in the Joiner Marriage Index.

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Gazetteers

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Egglescliffe has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference NZ421132 (Lat/Lon: 54.512364, -1.351253), Egglescliffe which are provided by: