"This village comprises the township of Middleton St. George, with the exception of the vill of Goosepool, which is within the ecclesiastical parish of Long Newton. It is bounded on the north-east by Long Newton, on the north by Sadberge, on the west by Dinsdale, on the south by the river Tees, and on the east by Egglescliffe, extending to within three and a half miles of Yarm, and four and a half east by south of Darlington. The area of the township is 2050 acres; ratable value, £6862. Its ratable value in 1875 was nearly £14,000, but since the closing of the blast furnaces, and diversion of the mineral traffic by the Simpasture route, the ratable value has fallen fifty per cent.
"The village of Middleton-one-Row, or Over Middleton, is situated five miles east-south-east from Darlington, and consists principally of one long row of good houses near the bank of the Tees. Owing to its proximity to the Dinsdale baths, this place has much improved of late years; many private dwellings of a superior character have been built, adding much to the appearance of the village.
"On the west of the village runs the branch of the Roman road called Rikenild Street, which crossed the river at Pounteys Bridge, some traces of which are visible at low water. AT this place, in the reign of one of the Plantagenet kings, the Pope's nuncio was robbed by the band under Sir Roger de Middleton. Owing to the bad repute of the district, and the lawless character of the people, the road by Croft was opened as being safer for travellers. Between the church of St. Laurence and the west end of the village are traces of earthworks, said to mark the site of one of Earl Seward's strong places. There are traditions of several monastic foundations, said to have existed in this parish, notably a friarage, occupying the site called the Friaries. On the sloping bank adjoining is the Friars' well, noted for its water; also on the site known as Towerhill stood what is generally understood to have been a British camp. Various fragments of Roman tiles, bricks, &c., were found by workmen when digging in Mr. Barnard's grounds. The street mentioned above, after crossing by Pountey's Bridge, ran directly northwards through Sadberge, Great Stainton, by way of Garmondsway Moor to South Shields, where a considerable Roman station existed."
[From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan , London, 1894]