" The town of Middleton. - This old-fashioned little town may be considered the capital of Upper Teesdale, as it is quite a centre for the industries, lead-mining and grass farming, in the district. The east end of the village is almost entirely occupied by the employees of the lead-mines, for whom the houses were specially built, and they have the appearance of being in every way comfortable. With its church, chapels, fine schools, public buildings, and places of business, the religious, educational, and commercial wants of the community are amply provided for. Middleton ranks as one of the principal market-towns of West Durham, when on its many fair days it presents quite an animated spectacle. The scenery includes landscapes of great variety, which are nowhere excelled in the district. The railway station stands on the Yorkshire side of the river, opposite the town. At the west end of the town stands an ancient cross, consisting of a small round pillar, surmounted by a sun-dial, and rising from the centre of a square base, on each side of which there are three or four steps."
"Forest and Frith is an extensive township, commencing about four and a half miles north-west from Middleton, and terminating on the borders of Westmorland, near the source of the Tees. It consists of three parts, known as Ettersgill, Middle Forest, and Harwood Parts, whose united area is 17,260 acres. The property assessed to the County Rate is valued at £3637.
"Harwood is a large district, occupying the western extremity of this township, where there are many lead-mines, in which great numbers of the inhabitants are employed. The population of this parish is chiefly employed on the land, as well as doing a little at the lead-mines. Lead is wrought at two mines, by London and Newcastle companies."
[From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan, London, 1894]