"This parish was anciently dependent upon Merrington, but for many years it has enjoyed all the privileges of a distinct parish, the date of its separation not being accurately known. It comprises the township of Old Park, and that part of Whitworth township not within the parish of Spennymoor. The parish of Spennymoor was formed out of this parish, and nearly the whole of the town is in Whitworth township. The boundaries of the parish are, on the north by Willington parish and part of Tudhoe, as well as the Wear; on the east by Tudhoe and Spennymoor; on the south and south-east by Merrington and Coundon; and on the west by Byers Green.
"Old Park Township or manor adjoins Whitworth on the south-west, and comprises an area of 414 acres. The ratable value of this township was in 1893, £15,150.
"The coal royalties of this manor are worked by Messrs. Bolckow, Vaughan and Co., at their Binchester and Westerton pits, which lie within the township of Westerton, though the workmen's cottages are in this township, and called Binchester Blocks.
"Binchester Blocks is a colliery village situated about half a mile south from Byers Green Station, and the same distance north from the main road between Bishop Auckland and Spennymoor. Here there is a chapel-of-ease to Whitworth, an iron structure, well fitted with seats for 200.
"Whitworth Township contains an area of 1465 acres, and its ratable value in 1891 was £14,115.
"There is a small colliery in this township, where the Low Main seam is worked at a depth of 25 fathoms, having a thickness of 2 feet 9 inches. This is called Whitworth Colliery, and is only working the one seam, Thomas M. Reay being the proprietor. There are about 150 men employed, and the output is 250 tons per day. Whitworth Park Colliery, opened in 1841, was exhausted in 1882.
"There is also a small colliery at Bishop's Close, worked by the Weardale Iron Co.
"The village of Whitworth, or Newton, as it is now called, is pleasantly situated about three-quarters of a mile south and above the river Wear, four and a half miles east-north-east from Bishop Auckland.
"Old Park Terrace is another small village in this township near the railway line and about half a mile from the Byers Green Road
[From History, Topography and Directory of Durham, Whellan , London, 1894]