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Help and advice for Foulness

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Foulness at the time of "Doomesday Survey," the place belonged to Sweyne. It is situated in Rochford union and hundred.. 4 miles north-north-east of that town and 8 miles north of Southend, on high ground commanding a fine view over the river Crouch.. The parish contains 5,509 acres. Population in 1861 was 617 and 47 in that part of Wallasea Island belonging to Canewdon. [Kelly's Directory of Essex, 1862]

"FOULNESS, an island and parish in the hundred of ROCHFORD, county of ESSEX, 9 miles (E. by N.) from Rochford, containing 565 inhabitants. The living is a discharged rectory, within the jurisdiction of the court of the Commissary of Essex and Herts, concurrently with the Consistorial court of the Bishop of London, rated in the king's books at £15, and in the patronage of the Earl of Winchelsea. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, is nearly in the centre of the island, the floods having frequently prevented the inhabitants from attending their respective places of worship on the main land. There is a small endowment for the education of children. The circumference of Foulness is about twenty miles, exclusively of a tract called the Saltings, which is not yet embanked from the sea. Courts leet and baron are occasionally held by the lord of the manor. There is a fair for toys on the 10th of July." [From Samuel Lewis A Topographical Dictionary of England (1831) - copyright Mel Lockie 2016]



  • Census returns are available from the usual sources for 1841-1911, which includes most copies held at the ERO, Wharf Rd, Chelmsford. More information on other ways to view these census returns on the Essex


You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Foulness island area or see them printed on a map.


Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Foulness which are provided by:



Ask for a calculation of the distance from Foulness to another place.

Click here for a list of nearby places.


Historical Geography

  • Foulness was a member of the Rochford Hundred

You can see the administrative areas in which Foulness has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.


Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • Foulness was a member of the Rochford Poor Law Union