Extract from Kelly's Directory of Gloucestershire, 1861
Transcribed by Brian Kings in Geraldton, West Australia © 1996
"LYDNEY is a parish, town, and railway station: the parish is bounded on the east by the river Severn, which is here connected with the Wye by means of a tramway; the town is situated on the high road from Gloucester to Chepstow and Swansea, distant from Chepstow 9 miles north- east, 123 miles west-by-north from London by road, and 134 by rail, and 20 south-west from Gloucester, in the Bledisloe hundred, union and county court district of Chepstow, rural deanery of the Forest. Gloucester archdeaconry, and bishopric of Gloucester and Bristol.
The church of St. Mary is a large structure in the Early English style of architecture, with a square tower, surmounted by a handsome spire, nave, north and south aisles, chancel, clock, and a peal of 6 bells; it has been restored and repewed at considerable expense; a new and beaut- ifully carved stone pulpit, a modern font, and several handsome painted windows (by Wailes, of Newcastle,) have been added. The living is a vicarage with the chapelry of Ailburton annexed, annual value 600 Pounds in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Hereford; the Rev. Benjamin PHILPOT, M.A., late archdeacon of Sodor and Man, and formerly Fellow of Christ College, Cambridge, is the incumbent, and the Rev. Smithett SWINFORD, M.A., is curate.
There is a boys' and girls' school, educating about 250 children, hitherto supported by Charles BATHURST, Esq. There are places of worship for Baptists, Wesleyans and Primitive Methodists. Here is also a mechanics' institute. Fairs are held on May 4th and November 8th, and a general wool and stock fair on 25th June.
Lydney is by some writers supposed to have been the Roman station "Abona," and there are certain evidences of its occupation by the Romans. In Lydney park, where stands the mansion of the late Charles Bathurst, Esq., are remains of a Roman villa and of two camps; and near a Roman bath, in tolerably perfect preservation, fragments of tesselated pavement, urns, statues, coins, &c., have likewise been found.
The population in 1861 was 2,285; the acreage is 4,861; rateable value, 10,761.18s.1d Pounds. The Rev. William BATHURST, Edward Owen JONES, and James CROOME, Esqs., are chief landowners. There are charities of about 5 Pounds yearly value.
The town is situated in the district of the Forest of Dean. In the vicinity numerous coal and iron mines are worked, and a very superior kind of stone is quarried. There is also an extensive iron and tinplate works. The Lydney station on the Gloucester, Carmarthen and Swansea line is about half a mile east of the town. Petty sessions are held at the Feathers hotel every four weeks. Lydney creek, port of Gloucester, is the term given to the harbour; the width of the outer gates is 26 feet; and within, vessels of 400 tons find birth."
"AILBURTON is a tithing in the parish of Lydney, and lies on the high road, 1 mile south-by west. The church was rebuilt in 1857, at the expense of Charles Bathurst, Esq., except 25 Pounds given by the lessee of the great tithes. The acreage is 1,506a. 1r. 16p.; rateable value, 2,844.19s.10d Pounds. The population in 1861 was 604. Parish Clerk, John HADFIELD."
LYDNEY - PRIVATE RESIDENTS.
ALLAWAY Thomas, Esq. J.P. Highbury BATHURST Rev. William Lydney park CROOME Daniel, Jun. Esq. Lydney DAVIES David, Esq. Althorpe house GIMBLETT John, Esq. Tuthill house GOLLOP James, Esq. Lydney GREENHAM Charles, Esq. Highfield house HILL Mr. William Yevily Moorlands HOLDER Mrs Lydney HOOKE Mr. Richard Lydney KEELING George Baker, Esq. Severn cottage NICHOLSON Thomas, Esq. Lydney PHILPOT Rev. Benjamin, M.A. (incumbent) Lydney PROUDFOOT Thomas, Esq. Lydney RIDLEY Rev. Morris S. (Baptist) Lydney
LYDNEY - COMMERCIAL.
ALLAWAY Wm. & Sons iron & tinplate works Lydney BAILEY William blacksmith Newerne BAILEY Thos. Pearce farmer Dairy farm BARNARD John Fisher. grocer, draper, baker & farmer Rodley's Manor farm BARNES Frederick William butcher Lydney BATTEN Jemima (Mrs.) Feathers Hotel & posting house Lydney BOON Robt. market gardener Ayland Ldg. BRICE Thomas butcher Lydney BUDDING Thos. photographer Newerne CLIFT John farmer Purton farm COLLINS John ironmonger Newerne COLLINS Thomas agent Spring cottage CORBETT & Co. coal proprietors Lydney COURTEEN George Albert Inn & maltster Newerne CRADDOCK James haulier Lydney CROOME Daniel, jun. solicitor Lydney DAVIES Edward E. agent for New Lydney Trading & Carrying Co. Lydney DAVIS David shipwright Lydney lock DEAN & Son plumbers, painters, glaziers & paperhangers Lydney DEAN Emily Harriet (Miss) draper Lydney EDWARDS Benjamin wheelwright Lydney EDWARDS Charles beer retailer Lydney EDWARDS Thomas farmer Gurshill farm FARMER Thomas Henry hairdresser Lydney FREEMAN Charles tailer Lydney FREEMAN George carpenter Lydney GARLAND Charles general agent Lydney GIMBLETT John surgeon Tuthill house GLANVILLE Elizabeth (Mrs.) milliner Lydney GLANVILLE Oliver Thomas stationer Lydney Gloucestershire Banking Co. (Edward Owen JONES, manager) Lydney GOLLOP, RIDLER & Co. coal merchants Lydney HARRIS Charles boot & shoe maker Lydney HATHAWAY Frederick Henry chemist & druggist, stationer, stamp dbtr. & agent for the Birmingham fire office Lydney HENDERSON John agent for J. MORRELL - coal proprietor Lydney HEWLETT Thomas farmer Lydney HILL & FISHER grocers, drapers & tallow chandlers Lydney HILL Charles butcher Newerne HOLDER Samuel maltster & hop merchnt Lydney HOLFORD James blacksmith Lydney HOWELL James shopkpr & beer retlr. Newerne ILES Albert farmer Hurst farm JAMES John ironmonger Newerne JAMES Margaret (Mrs.) beer retailer Forest road JENKINS Thomas sawyer & beer retlr. Lydney JONES Edward Owen Mgr. for Gloucestershire Banking Co. Lydney JONES George Swan (Innkpr.) Lydney JONES Richard shopkeeper Lydney JONES William beer retailer Lydney JORDAN Charles shoemaker Lydney KEELING George Baker Sec. to the Severn & Wye railway & Canal Co. Lydney KELSEY James grocer, asst. overseer & collector of Income & assessed taxes, & agent for Norwich fire & life. Lydney LEE John farmer Warrens LONG George farmer Duffield farm Lydney Trading & Carrying Co. (George PROVIS, manager) Lydney MERRETT John shopkeeper, beer retlr. & harbour master - Lydney lock Lydney MERRICK Samuel saddle & harness maker Lydney MORGAN Richard shoemaker Lydney MORRELL James coal proprietor (John HENDERSON, agent) Lydney NELIU'S Charles shoemaker Lydney New Lydney Trading & Carrying Co. (Edward E. DAVIES, agent) Lydney NEWMAN John Blanton manager of the Co-op. Ind. Society's stores Lydney OAKEY Giles farmer Clift farm Park End Coal Co. (James Wood SULLY, manager) Lydney Pearce & Robinson iron foundry Lydney POPE Alfred tailer Newerne POWELL James carpenter Lydney POWELL John Veterinary surgeon Lydney POWELL Joseph blacksmith Newerne PROTHEROE Richard beer retailer Lydney PROUDFOOT Thomas physician Lydney PROVIS George Mgr. for the Lydney trading & carrying Co. Lydney READ William custom house officer Lydney REYNOLDS George boot & shoe maker Lydney RIDLER James farmer Soilwell farm RIDLER John Railway hotel Lydney ROBERTS Thomas plumber & glazier Forest road SAINSBURY Thomas farmer Nass farm SANDERS John farmer Nass SANDERS Thomas farmer Blackrock farm SAUNDERS Thomas beer retailer Lydney SAUNDERS Wm. butcher & beer retlr. Lydney Severn & Wye Railway & Canal Office (George Baker KEELING, secretary) Lydney SMALE John Rowe grocer & draper Lydney SMITH John chemist, druggist & stationer Lydney SMITH Thomas accountant Lydney SMITH William shopkeeper & baker Newerne SMOOTHY Stephen steward to Rev. W. BATHURST Lydney park STEPHENS Mary (Mrs.) saddler Newerne SULLY James Wood Mgr. for Park End Coal Co. Lydney TAMPLIN John, jun. farmer & spirit mrchnt. Lydney TAYLOR Joseph farmer Holmes farm TAYLOR Joseph shoemaker TAYLOR Walter farmer Wards THOMAS Rees tailor Lydney THORNTON John watch & clockmaker Newerne TROTTER Thomas & Co. coal & stone proprtrs Lydney VALE Charles ferry, & Purton Passage hotel Purton WALKER Charles mason Lydney WATTS Elizabeth (Mrs.) grocer & draper Newerne WATKINS William hairdresser Newerne WESCOTT William accountant Lydney WILLIAMS Fredk. farmer Allistone court WILLIAMS Mary Rose (Mrs.) cooper Newerne WILLIAMS Thomas farmer Nass Court farm & Nass house WINTER John butcher Newerne WINTER Richard carrier Lydney WOOLES George tiler & plasterer Lydney WOOLES William Beer retlr. tiler & plasterer Lydney
Tithing of AILBURTON - PRIVATE RESIDENTS.
ADDISON William Thos. Esq. The Warrens GEM George, Esq. Tankerhopes KNIGHT Mrs. Sarah Devonshire villa TROTTER Theophilus, Esq. Ailburton TUCKWELL William John Stephens, Esq. Ailburton
Tithing of AILBURTON - COMMERCIAL.
BRINKWORTH George nailmaker Ailburton COWELL Henry cooper Ailburton DAVIS John shopkeeper Ailburton GARDINER Mary Anne (Miss) bookseller Ailburton GARLAND Samuel farmer Lodge farm GARLAND Thomas farmer Park farm GARLAND William farmer Cross GARLAND William farmer Tump farm HANDCOCK William shoemaker & postmaster Ailburton HOWELL Felix beer retailer Ailburton HOWELL Henry grocer & draper Ailburton JONES Herbert boot & shoemaker Ailburton LEWIS Sarah (Miss) shopkeeper Ailburton LIGG James beer retlr. & shpkpr. Ailburton LUCAS Emanuel farmer Bream lodge PAGE Phoebe (Mrs.) farmer Ailburton POWELL John beer retailer Ailburton POWELL William blacksmith Ailburton ROBBINS James shopkeeper Ailburton ROWLAND John beer retailer Ailburton TUCKWELL Wm. John Stephens surgeon Ailburton WATKINS William shopkeeper & butcher Ailburton WILLIAMS William miller Ailburton YOUNG Andrew Hare & Hound (Innkpr.) Ailburton
POST OFFICE & POST OFFICE SAVINGS BANK.- William IMM, postmaster. money orders are granted and paid at this office from 9 a.m. till 6 p.m.
Letters from London & all parts arrive at 3:11 a.m. & are delivered at 7; dispatched 9:40 p.m., box closes 9:15. Letters with an extra stamp - affixed may be posted till 9:30. North mail arrives at 8 a.m.; dispatched 5:55 p.m. Box closes 5:30. Mail from Coleford arrives 11:20 a.m.; dispatched 4:40 p.m.
POST OFFICE, NEWERNE.- John Rowe SMALE, receiver. Letters are posted - here till 7 p.m.
MAGISTRATES.- George ORMOROD, Esq., Sedbury park; Major Edward A. NOEL, Clannafalls; Robert Castle JENKINS, Esq., Beachley lodge; William Aeneas SEYS, Esq., Tutshill lodge; & Thomas ALLOWAY, Esq., Highbury.
Birmingham Fire, Frederick Henry HATHAWAY.
Eagle, John R. SMALE.
Life Association of Scotland, Thomas SMITH.
Norwich Fire & Life, James KELSEY.
Severn & Wye Railway & Canal Office, George Baker KEELING, secretary.
RAILWAY STATION, William ALLEN, station master.
LYDNEY MECHANICS' INSTITUTE.
STAMP OFFICE, Frederick Henry HATHAWAY, sub-distributor.
HARBOUR OFFICE, Lydney lock, John MERRETT, harbour master.
INLAND REVENUE OFFICE, Feathers hotel.
POLICE STATION, Charles TANNER, sergeant.
PUBLIC OFFICERS.- Assistant Overseer & Collector of Assessed, Property & Income Taxes, James KELSEY.
Harbour Master, John MERRETT, Lydney lock.
Free School (boys), Elijah HOOK, master; (girls), Mrs. Sarah MATHEWS & Mrs. Fanny MORGAN, mistresses.
CONVEYANCE.- Mail coach from Coleford arrives at the Feathers hotel, thence to the Railway station, every morning (sundays excepted) at 11, returning at 4:30 p.m.
New Lydney Trading & Carrying Co. between Lydney & Bristol; takes in goods at the former place every monday, & leaves on tuesday morning & takes in goods at the latter place on thursday, & leaves for Lydney on friday morning, Edward E. DAVIES, agent.
Lydney Trading & Carrying Company
TO COLEFORD- James DOBBS, three or four times a week; Richard WINTER, every saturday.
[Transcribed by Brian Kings in Geraldton, West Australia on 5th October 1996]