"BASING, (or Old Basing), a parish and considerable village in the hundred, division, Union, and County Court district of Basingstoke, in the county of Southampton, 2 miles to the N.E. of Basingstoke, and 44 miles from London by the South Western railway, which, as well as the Berks and Hants railway, passes through the parish. It is situated on the river Loddon and the Basingstoke canal. This place was the scene of the victory gained by the Danes, in 871, over Ethelred I. and Alfred. At the Norman Conquest it was the head of the numerous lordships given by the Conqueror to Hugh de Port, from whom the Paulets are descended. Basing Caste was rebuilt by Sir William Paulet, treasurer of the household to Henry VIII., and first Marquis of Winchester, who had the honour of receiving Queen Elizabeth there in 1560. The queen was again a guest at the castle in 1601. "
[From The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) - transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003]