"ROSS, a market-town and parish in the hundred of GREYTREE, county of HEREFORD, 14 miles (S. E.) from Hereford, and 120 (W. N. W.) from London, containing 2957 inhabitants. ... It was formerly a free borough, having been made so by Henry III. In the thirty-third year of the reign of Edward I. it sent members to parliament, but this privilege was relinquished, on the petition of the inhabitants, the following year, and has never been resumed. ... The town is situated on an eminence, at the foot of which the river Wye runs, ... Ross had formerly a considerable trade in iron, which has long declined, cider and wool being the principal articles of produce at present. A weekly market was granted by King Stephen to Bishop Betren, to be held on Thursday; it is well supplied with cattle and provisions: there are fairs on Thursday after March 10th, Ascension-day, June 21st, July 20th, Thursday after October 10th, and December llth. The town is divided into two parts, called the Borough and the Foreign; and a serjeant at mace, four constables, and some other subordinate officers, are chosen at a court leet and baron, which is held about Michaelmas, by the nominal mayor, for the former, and two constables for the latter: the petty sessions for the hundred are holden here. The living is a rectory and a vicarage united, in the .archdeaconry and diocese of Hereford, rated in the king's books at £38. 16. 3., and in the patronage of the Bishop of Hereford. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, ... There are places of worship for Baptists, the'Society of Friends, and Independents. In the churchyard is a free school, called St. Mary's, founded and endowed with £ 10 per annum by Lord Weymouth, in 1709; ... The Blue-coat school was founded, in 1709, by Dr. Whiting, Lord Scudamore, and others, and endowed, in 1786, with £200 per annum, by Walter Scott, who had been educated in it; sixty boys and girls' are clothed and instructed. Two National schools for boys and girls are supported by voluntary contributions, as well as a dispensary, and an infant school recently established. There is an hospital for seven poor parishioners, ... " [From Samuel Lewis A Topographical Dictionary of England (1831) ©Mel Lockie]
- Hughes, Pat and Hurley, Heather - The Story of Ross. Published by Logaston Press, 1999, 198p. £12.95. (p/b)
- ISBN 1-873827-11-3
Chapters are on 1: Early Beginnings; 2: Iron Age to the Norman Conquest; 3: Growth and Trade in the Town; 4: Woodlands and Manors; 5: The Palace and the Church; 6: The Markets and the Market House; 7: The People and the Town; 8: The Impact of Nonconformity; 9: Charities and Care; 10: Schools and Education; 11: Travel and Tourism; 12: Improvement and Change; 13: Industry, Trade and Commerce; 14: The Twentieth Century.
In addition an Appendix lists two 17th century Inventories which can be linked with houses in the town - Alton Court and John Kyrle's House, for which the authors have supplied conjectural floor plans, and rather unique 'walk through' of the properties!
- The transcription of the section for Ross from the National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Ross to another place.
You can see the administrative areas in which Ross has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SO600242 (Lat/Lon: 51.914573, -2.582474), Ross which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- Old Maps Online (Other old maps.)
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- English Jurisdictions in 1851 (Unfortunately the LDS have removed the facility to enable us to specify a starting location, you will need to search yourself on their map.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)