The English Peerage - Barons
(File 2 of 12)
TREVOR CHARLES ROPER, baron Dacre.
This nobleman was born 14 June 1745, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his maternal brother 12 January 1786.
Lord Dacre married 2 March 1773 Mary, daughter and heiress of sir Thomas Fludyer knight, alderman of the city of London.
The barony of Dacre is originally derived from the family of Vaux, who came over to England with William the conqueror. Hubert de Vaux, in the reign of that prince, obtained the barony of Gillesland in the county of Cumberland. Maud, daughter and heiress of Hubert third in descent from Hubert, married Thomas de Moulton; and Thomas, the great grandson of this marriage, received summons to parliament by the title of baron Moulton of Gillesland in the reign of king Edward the second, from the date of which summons lord Dacre takes precedency.
Margaret, his daughter and heiress, married Ranulph de Dacre, who had summons to parliament in right of his wife by the title of lord Dacre of Gillesland. Thomas sixth lord Dacre, third in descent from Ranulph, had issue.
- Thomas, father of Joan, married to sir Richard, nephew of James Fiennes first lord Say and Sele, lord high treasurer of England.
- Ranulph, who was killed in the battle of Towton 29 March 1461, fighting on the party of the house of Lancaster.
Upon the death of Thomas sixth lord Dacre 15 January 1459, sir Richard Fiennes was declared a baron in right of his wife. But soon after, a great contest arose respecting the barony, between sir Richard and Humphrey younger son of Thomas sixth lord Dacre; in consequence of which the title of baron Dacre was awarded by king Edward the fourth in the year 1473 to sir Richard Fiennes and Joan his wife, and the manor of Gillesland was adjudged to Humphrey, who was at the same time created baron Dacre of Gillesland, with right of precedency next after Richard Fiennes lord Dacre. In consequence of this adjudication the barons Fiennes lord Dacre were usually denominated lords Dacre of the south, and the barons Dacre lord Dacre were denominated lords Dacre of the north. The title of lord Dacre of the north became extinct in the year 1568, both the remaining heirs being attainted by act of parliament.
Thomas, third lord Dacre of the family of Fiennes, fourth in descent from Richard, was executed for murder in. the year 1541, having issue,
- Gregory, fourth lord Dacre.
- Margaret, who upon the death of her brother succeeded to the title, and married Sampson Lennard of Chevening. in the county of Sussex esquire.
Richard, second lord Dacre of the family of Lennard, the grandson of this marriage, had issue,
- Francis, third lord Dacre.
- Richard, who assumed the name of Barret in pursuance of the will of Edward Barret lord Newburgh, chancellor of the exchequer to king Charles the first.
Francis, third lord Dacre, embraced the party of the parliament in the civil wars of king Charles the first, but was a friend to moderate measures. He appeared in the house of lords against the ordinance for bringing that monarch to his trial; and in the year 1654, when Cromwel assembled a convention parliament, lord Dacre was chosen a member of the house of commons. He died in the year 1662 ; and Elizabeth his consort, daughter of Paul Bayning lord viscount Bayning, was created by king Charles the second 6 September 1680 countess of the island of Sheppey in the county of Kent for life.
Thomas, fourth lord Dacre, the issue of this marriage, married Anne, daughter of king Charles the second by Barbara duchess of Cleveland, and was created by that monarch 5 October 1674 earl of the county of Sussex. By his death in the year 1715 the earldom became extinct, and the title of baroness Dacre descended to Anne, the issue of this marriage. She was wedded first to Richard, grandson of Richard Barret Lennard, son of Richard second lord Dacre; by whom she has issue
- Thomas, her successor:
- and secondly to Henry eighth lord Teynham; by whom file had issue,
- Charles, who embraced the profession of the army, and married Gertrude, sister of John Trevor of Glyd in the county of Sussex esquire, by which lady he had issue
- Trevor Charles, present lord Dacre.
- Henry, who embraced the profession of the army, and was killed in a duel by ----- Puresoy -- December 1788;
- and Gertrude, married to Thomas Brand of the Hoo in the county of Hertford esquire.
Charles, the father, died 4 February 1755.
- Richard Henry, who embraced the clerical profession, and married first Mary, daughter of William Chetwynd esquire ; which lady dying -- February 1758, he married secondly Mary, daughter of Thomas Tenison of the kingdom of Ireland esquire ; by which lady he has issue
- Alice, born 1760;
- Henry, born 19 March 1761;
- Jane, born 1763;
- and Blayney, born 6 April 1765.
- Anne, born 20 August 1719, and married to Peter Taylor of the kingdom of Ireland esquire. Baroness Dacre died 26 June 1755.
- Charles, who embraced the profession of the army, and married Gertrude, sister of John Trevor of Glyd in the county of Sussex esquire, by which lady he had issue
Thomas, lord Dacre, her son, married Anna Maria, daughter of sir John Pratt lord chief justice of the court of king's bench, and sister of Charles earl Camden.
PRISCILLA BARBARA ELIZABETH BURREL, baroness Willoughby de Eresby; joint possessor of the office of hereditary lord great chamberlain of the kingdom of Great Britain.
This lady was born 15 February 1761, and succeeded to the title. upon the death of her brother 8 July 1779. She was admitted to the dignity of joint possessor of the office of hereditary lord. great chamberlain of the kingdom of Great Britain -- May 1781.
Lady Willoughby de Eresby married 23 February 1779 Peter Burrel of Beckenham in the county of Kent esquire, who was knighted by king George the third -- ----- 1781, and appointed deputy lord great chamberlain of the kingdom of Great Britain. He succeeded to the dignity of a baronet upon the death of his great uncle 6 April 1787. The issue of their marriage is Peter Robert, born 19 March 1782.
The barony of Eresby was originally bestowed upon Walter de Beck, who came over to England with William the conqueror. Walter, fourth in descent from Walter, had issue,
- John whose daughter Alice married William de Willoughby.
- Anthony, who was elected in the year 1283 lord bishop of Durham, and obtained from king Edward the first the principality of the isle of Man, and from the pope the titular dignity of archbishop and patriarch of Jerusalem. He is celebrated for his great riches, of a part of which he is said to have defrauded the natural son of lord Vesci, for whom he had been appointed trustee by that nobleman.
Robert Willoughby, son of William and Alice, inherited the estate of his great uncle the bishop of Durham, and had summons to parliament in the reign of king Edward the second by the title of lord Willoughby de Eresby from the date of which summons the barons Willoughby de Eresby take precedence. John, second lord Willoughby, his son, had a principal command at the battle of Cressy 26 August 1346.
Robert, third lord Willoughby, had issue,
- William, fourth lord Willoughby.
- Thomas, grandfather of Robert first lord Willoughby de Broke.
William, fifth lord Willoughby, son of William, had issue,
- Robert, sixth lord Willoughby.
- Thomas, whose great grandson Christopher had issue
- William tenth lord Willoughby;
- Christopher, ancestor to the extinct lords Willoughby of Parham;
- and Thomas, ancestor to lord Middleton of Middleton.
Robert, sixth lord Willoughby, was one of those leaders who immortalised themselves in the war begun by king Henry the fifth for the crown of France. By king Henry the sixth he was created a peer of that realm by the titles of baron Willoughby of Monblai and Beaumesnil, and count of Vendosme and Beaumont. He valiantly resisted the success of the French; and, the city of Paris being at length betrayed into their hands, he retired with a small garrison into the fortress of the Bastile, where he obtained honourable terms of surrender in the year 1436. He died in the year 1446, having issue
- Joan, married to Richard, son of Leo Welles, sixth lord Welles, who was seven years lord lieutenant of Ireland, and lost his life at the battle of Towton 29 March 1461 fighting on the party of the house of Lancaster. In right of this marriage the title of Willoughby descended to the family of Welles.
Sir Robert, son of Richard and Joan, engaged in an insurrection against king Edward the fourth; upon the news of which that monarch summoned Richard seventh lord Welles his father, to attend him in London; and having seduced him from a sanctuary in which he had taken refuge, obliged him to command his son to lay down his arms. Sir Robert refused to obey the commands of his father; and the king, enraged at his disobedience, caused the head of lord Welles to be immediately struck off. Sir Robert endeavoured to revenge this profligate injustice; but, having fought for some hours, and being forsaken by his soldiers, he was taken prisoner and beheaded 14 March 1470.
Joan, daughter and heiress of Richard seventh lord Welles, married Richard, brother to William first lord Hastings, lord chamberlain of the houshold to king Edward the fourth, who in her right was summoned to parliament by the title of lord Welles. Upon his death the title of Welles became extinct in this branch, and that of Willoughby reverted to William tenth lord Willoughby, fourth in descent from Thomas younger son of William fifth lord Willoughby.
William, tenth lord Willoughby, had issue
- Catherine, who married first Charles Brandon duke of Suffolk: and secondly Richard Bertie of Berstead in the county of Kent esquire; by whom she had issue
- Peregrine lord Willoughby de Eresby, ancestor to the duke of Ancaster.
- Peregrine, third duke of Ancaster, had issue,
- Robert, fourth duke of Ancaster.
- Priscilla Barbara Elizabeth, present baroness Willoughby de Eresby.
- Georgiana Charlotte, born 7 August 1764.
GEORGE WILLIAM TWISLETON, baron Say and Sele; an ensign the Coldstream regiment of foot guards.
This nobleman was born 14 April 1769 and appointed 11 July 1785 an ensign in the Coldstream regiment of foot guards. He succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 1 July 1788.
The barony of Say has descended to its present possessor from the family of Fiennes, whose ancestor John de Fiennes was hereditary governor of Dover Castle and warden of the Cinque Ports. Ingelram, third in descent from John, was killed at the battle of Acon in the Holy Land in the year 1190. Ingelram, third in descent from Ingelram, adhered to the party of king Henry the third in his wars against the barons. He had issue,
- William, who forfeited his estates to the crown in consequence of an illicit correspondence maintained by him with Philip the fourth king of France; but they were soon after restored.
- Giles, great grandfather of William who married Joan, daughter of Geoffrey Say lord Say and Sele.
William, the issue of this marriage, had issue,
- Roger, whose son Richard married Joan, granddaughter and heiress of Thomas Dacre lord Dacre, in right of which marriage he assumed the title of Dacre. It has since descended to the family of Lennard, and is now in that of Roper.
- James, who was created by king Henry the sixth baron Say and Sele, and constituted lord chamberlain to that monarch, which office he exchanged 30 October 1449 for that of lord high treasurer of England. He adhered to the party of William de la Pole duke of Suffolk, and was impeached together with that nobleman by the house of commons in the following year. To appease these proceedings, the duke of Suffolk was banished, and lord Say sequestered from his office, and soon after sent to the Tower. He was taken from thence in the insurrection of Jack Cade, and beheaded by the rioters 4 July 1451.
William, second lord Say and Sele, his son, was constituted in the year 1461 vice admiral to the earl of Warwic lord high admiral of England, and was killed fighting for king Edward the fourth at the battle of Barnet 14 April 1471. He suffered great calamities in the wars of York and Lancaster; and his estates being dissipated, the title remained dormant, till it was confirmed to Richard fifth in descent by king James the first 9 August 1603.
William, son of Richard, was created by that monarch 7 July 1624. viscount Say and Sele, and was constituted by king Charles the second upon his restoration lord keeper of the privy seal. He died 14 April 1662, having issue,
- James, second lord viscount Say and Sele, father of Elizabeth, who married John Twisleton of Horseman's Place in the county of Kent esquire; in consequence of which marriage the barony has descended to the family of Twisleton
- Nathaniel, who embraced the party of the parliament in the civil wars of king Charles the first, and was by Oliver Cromwel created a peer, and constituted speaker of the house of lords. He had issue
- William third lord viscount Say and Sele.
- John, who embraced the party of the parliament in the civil wars of king Charles the first, and was created a peer by Oliver Cromwel. He had issue
- Laurence, fifth lord viscount Say and Sele.
- Richard, grandfather of Richard sixth lord viscount Say and Sele, upon whose death 29 July 1781 the title of viscount Say and Sele became extinct.
John, third in descent from John Twisleton and Elizabeth daughter of James second lord viscount Say and Sele, married Anne, daughter of William Gardner of Little Bourton in the county of Oxford; by which lady, who died 14 January 1769, he had issue,
- John, who embraced the military profession, and was killed in the army of prince Ferdinand of Brunswic 24 June 1762.
- Francis, who married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Joseph Thompson of Kingston upon Hull in the county of York merchant; in consequence of which marriage he assumed the surname of Thompson.
John, the father, died -- ----- 1763.
Thomas, second son, embraced the profession of the army, and was admitted to the dignity of baron Say and Sele 21 June 1781. He married 12 December 1767 Elizabeth, daughter of sir Edward Turner of Ambroseden in the county of Oxford baronet; by which lady he had issue,
- George William, present and second lord Say and Se of the family of Twisleton.
- Thomas James, born 28 September 1770.
- Juliana Judith, born 24 October 1771, and married 8 December 1786 to James Henry Lee of Addlesthorpe in the county of Gloucester esquire.
- Cassandra, born 11 June 1774. Lord Say and Sele put an end to his own existence.
STOURTON, LORD STOURTON.
CHARLES PHILIP STOURTON, baron Stourton.
This nobleman was born 22 August 1752, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 3 October 1781. He professes the Roman Catholic religion.
Lord Stourton married 15 June 1775 Mary, daughter of Marmaduke Langdale lord Langdale; by which lady he has issue,
- William, born 6 June 1776.
- Constantia, born 30 June 1777.
- A daughter, born 7 March 1782.
- A daughter, born 28 June 1783.
- A daughter, born 1784.
- A daughter, born 4 January 1785.
- A daughter, born 19 September 1787.
The family of Stourton is descended from Botolph Stourton of Stourton in the county of Wilts, who defended the pass of Glastonbury against William the conqueror till he obtained from that prince the terms he required. John, his descendant, in the reign of king Henry the sixth, was appointed treasurer of the houshold to that monarch, and created baron Stourton of Stourton. Charles, seventh lord Stourton, fourth in descent from John, was convicted of murder in the reign of queen Mary, and executed 16 March 1557. William, tenth lord Stourton, his grand son, had issue
- Edward, who adhered to the party of king Charles the first in the civil wars, and died in the garrison of Bristol in the year 1644.
- William, fifteenth lord Stourton, third in descent from Edward, married Winifred daughter of William son of Henry sixth duke of Norfolk; by which lady, who died 15 July 1754, he had issue,
- Catherine, born 16 August 1750.
- Charlotte Mary, born 16 September 1751.
- Charles Philip, present and sixteenth lord Stourton.
JOHN PEYTO VERNEY, baron Willoughby de Broke; one of the lords of his majesty's bedchamber, a vice president of the humane society and doctor of laws.
This nobleman was born 4 August 1738, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his uncle 11 August 1752 He was constituted one of the lords of his majesty's bedchamber -- February 1763.
Lord Willoughby de Broke married 8 October 1761 Louisa, daughter of Francis earl of Guildford; by which lady he has issue,
- John Peyto, born 28 June 1762.
- Louisa, born 20 June 1769.
- William, born 16 September 1774.
- Henrietta, born 16 June 1778.
Robert, grandson of Thomas younger son of Robert third lord Willoughby de Eresby, early distinguished himself on the party of Henry earl of Richmond, afterwards king Henry the seventh, and, upon the defeat of Stafford duke of Buckingham, fled to that prince upon the continent. He shared in the decisive battle of Bosworth 22 August 1485, and by king Henry the seventh was created baron Willoughby de Broke. He was commander in chief of the army sent to the relief of the duke of Bretagne in 1489, and one of the commanders at the battle of Blackheath 22 June 1497. Robert, second lord Willoughby de Broke, was a leader in the expedition against Fontarabia in the year 1512, and had issue
- Edward, father of Elizabeth, married to Fulke Grevile. The issue of her marriage was Fulke, who had issue,
- Fulke, first lord Broke of Beauchamp's Court.
- Margaret, married to sir Richard Verney of Compton Mardock in the county of Warwick.
Sir Richard Verney had issue, by this marriage,
- Greville, whose male issue became extinct in William his great grandson 23 August 1683.
- Richard, who was admitted to the title of lord Willoughby de Broke in the reign of king William the third 13 February 1695.
George, second lord Willoughby de Broke of the family of Verney, his son, died 26 December 1728, having issue,
- Richard, third lord Willoughby de Broke.
- John, who was constituted 7 October 1738 master of the rolls in the court of Chancery. He married Abigail, daughter of Edward Harley of Eyewood in the county of Hereford esquire; by which lady, who died 10 June 1760, he had issue
- John Peyto, present and fourth lord Willoughby de Broke. John, his father, died 5 August 1741.
GEORGE WILLIAM FREDERIC OSBORNE, baron Coniers of Hornby.
This nobleman was born 2 January 1775, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his mother 26 January 1784. He is commonly called earl of Danby in right of his paternal descent, as son of Francis Godolphin marquis of Carmarthen, son of Thomas duke of Leeds.
The barony of Coniers has descended to its present possessor from the family of Coniers, whose ancestors came over to England in the reign of William the conqueror. William Coniers was created by king Henry the seventh baron Coniers of Hornby; and John, third lord Coniers, his grandson, had issue
- Elizabeth, married to Thomas, grandson of Thomas Darcy lord Darcy; by whom she had issue
- Coniers, who in right of his mother succeeded to the title of lord Coniers; and by the failure of the elder branch of Thomas lord Darcy to the title of Darcy.
Coniers lord Darcy, his son, adhered to the party of king Charles the first in the civil wars, and was created by king Charles the second 5 December 1682 earl of Holdernesse in the county of York. Robert, third earl of Holdernesse, third in descent from Coniers, was constituted by king George the first 31 January 1718 first lord commissioner of trade and plantations which office he resigned 9 May 1719.
Robert, fourth earl of Holdernesse, his son, was constituted by king George the second 12 July 1751 one of the principal secretaries of state, which office he resigned in March 1761. He was farther declared 12 April 1771 governor to the prince of Wales and the duke of York, and resigned that appointment 28 May 1776. Lord Holdernesse married Mary, daughter of Francis Doublet, one of the nobles of the province of Holland; by which lady, who was appointed in the year 1770 one of the ladies of her majesty's bedchamber, He had issue,
- Amelia. Upon the death of the earl of Holdernesse 16 May 1778 the titles of baron Darcy and earl of Holdernesse became extinct, and the barony of Coniers descended to his only daughter.
Amelia, baroness Coniers, married first 21 July 1773 Francis Godolphin marquis of Carmarthen, son of Thomas duke of Leeds; by whom she had issue,
- George William Frederic, present baron Coniers and earl of Danby.
- Mary Henrietta Juliana, born 7 September 1776.
- Francis Godolphin, born 11 October 1777. Her marriage being dissolved by act of parliament -- May 1779, she married secondly, in the following month, John, grandson of William fourth lord Byron; by whom she had issue
- Augusta Maria, born 26 January 1783.
HENRY BEAUCHAMP SAINT JOHN, baron Saint John of Bletshoe and a baronet.
This nobleman was born 2 August 1758, and succeeded to the title upon the death of his father 27 April 1767.
Lord Saint John married 2 December 1780 Emma, daughter of Samuel Whitbread of Cardington in the county of Bedford esquire; by which lady he has issue,
- A daughter, born 1 January 1782.
- A daughter, born 3 December 1782.
- A daughter, born 31 October 1785.
The family of Saint John is descended from Hugh de Port, who was proprietor of the barony of Basing in the county of Southampton at the time that William the conqueror came into England. William de Port, third in descent from Hugh, assumed the surname of Saint John in right of his grandmother Muriel, daughter of Roger de Saint John, whose ancestors came over to England with William the conqueror. Robert, grandson of William, had issue,
- John, who was created by king Edward the first in the year 1299 baron Saint John of Basing. This title descended through the families of Saint Philibert and Poinings to that of the present duke of Bolton.
Oliver, sixth in descent from William, married Margaret, sister and heiress of John Beauchamp lord Beauchamp of Bletshoe; by which lady, who married secondly John Beaufort duke of Somerset, and was grandmother of king Henry the seventh, he had issue,
- Oliver, ancestor to George Samuel lord viscount Bolingbroke.
Oliver, grandson of John, was created by queen Elizabeth baron Saint John of Bletshoe. Oliver, third lord Saint John, his son, had issue,
- Oliver, fourth lord Saint John.
- Rowland, whose son Oliver was created a baronet 28 June 1660.
Oliver, fourth lord Saint John, was created by king James the first 28 December 1624 earl of Bolingbroke in the county of Lincoln, and had issue,
- Oliver lord Saint John, who embraced the party of the parliament in the civil wars of king Charles the first and was killed at the battle of Edgehil 23 October 1642.
- Paulet, father of Oliver second earl of Bolingbroke, and of Paulet third earl of Bolingbroke; upon whose death 5 October 1711 that title became extinct, and the title of baron Saint John devolved upon sir Saint Andrew, son of sir Oliver, who had been created a baronet by king Charles the second.
John, eleventh lord Saint John, son of Saint Andrew tenth lord Saint John, married Elizabeth, daughter of sir Ambrose Crowley of Greenwich in the county of Kent; by which lady, who died 24 October 1769, he had issue,
- John, twelfth lord Saint John.
- Mary, born 21 November 1728, and married 6 October 1754 to Thomas Erle Drax of Cherborough in the county of Dorset esquire.
- Saint Andrew, born 17 January 1732, who embraced the clerical profession, and was promoted to be dean of Worcester 4 February 1783. He married -- ----- 1759 Sarah, daughter of Thomas Chafe of Bromley in the county of Kent esquire; by which lady he has issue
- John Francis Seymour, who embraced the clerical profession, and married 26 May 1788 ----- daughter of Richard Fleming esquire;
- and Thomas.
- Jane, born 19 July 1735, and married to Humphrey Hall esquire.
- Barbara, born 19 September 1737, and married to George William earl of Coventry.
- Henry, a captain in the royal navy, who married Mary, daughter of ----- Schuyler of the province of New York esquire; by which lady, who died 6 November 1786, he had issue,
- Henry. Captain Saint John was killed in the fleet of sir George Rodney in the West Indies 17 April 1780.
- Lettice, born 7 December 1741. Lord Saint John died 24 June 1757.
John, twelfth lord Saint John, married 13 December 1755 Susannah Louisa, daughter of Peter Simmond of the city of London esquire; by which lady he had issue,
- Susannah, born 28 September 1757.
- Henry Beauchamp, present and thirteenth lord Saint John.
- Saint Andrew, born 22 August 1759, and elected 1780 and 1784 to represent the county of Bedford. He was appointed secretary to Mr. Fox in the office of secretary of state -- April 1783.
- Matilda, born 30 January 1761.
- Elizabeth Barbara, born 22 February 1762.
- Charlotte, born 15 March 1763, and married 28 March 1787 to Joseph Yates of the county of Lancaster esquire.
- George, born 19 October 1764, and constituted 2 June 1786 a captain in the seventy-third regiment of foot. He married 14 March 1783 Charlotte, daughter of Collins esquire.
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